Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 41 in total

  1. Khairul Nizam Tahar, Anuar Ahmad
    The objective of this study was to investigate the capabilities of low-cost digital cameras in volume determination. Low-cost digital cameras are capable of many applications including aerial photogrammetry and close-range photogrammetry. Low-cost digital cameras have the potential to be used in landslide monitoring and mapping. In this study, a low-cost digital camera was used as a tool to acquire digital images of a model of a simulated landslide. The model was constructed using cement and sand with the dimensions of 3m in length and 1m width. Digital images of the simulated model were acquired using the technique of aerial photogrammetry and were subsequently processed using digital photogrammetric software. A portion of the simulated model was excavated to simulate a landslide and volume determination was carried out for the excavated sand. The results showed that low-cost digital cameras can be used in photogrammetric application including volume determination.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Cements
  2. Muhd Norhasri Mohd Sidek, Mohd Fadzil Arshad, Megat Azmi Megat Johari, Zaid Mohd Yazid, Amir Khomeiny, R.
    Metakaolin is a manufactured pozzolan produced by thermal processing of purified kaolinitic clay using electrical furnace. This study has examined the effect of Metakaolin on the properties of cement and concrete at a replacement level of 0%, 5%, 10% and 15%. The parameters studied were divided into two groups which are chemical compositions, water requirement, setting time and soundness test were carried out for cementitous properties. Workability, compressive strength and bending strength were test for concrete properties. Hardened concrete was cured under different type of curing conditions and tested.. The result showed that the inclusions of Metakaolin as cement replacement minerals have change some of the cementitous and concrete properties. This research reveals, the optimum effect for cementitous and concrete properties for metakaolin was 10%.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Cements
  3. Rosli H. Mahat
    A month hourly measurement of radon concentration was taken in the bedroom of a two story link house in Kuala Lumpur. The house is a typical urban house in Malaysia, constructed with bricks, concrete and cement plaster. These materials are natural sources of radon in the house. The hourly radon concentration was found to vary from 0 pCiL-1 to 3 pCiL-1. It was found to peak during early morning and to minimize in the evening. The daily average radon concentration varied from 0.2 pCiL-1 to 1.0 pCiL-1.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Cements
  4. Rosnani Ahmad, Rohaidah Md Nor, Siti Azliya Ismail
    Sawdust is considered a waste material and a number of innovative ways are being taken to mitigate its effects on the environment. The use of sawdust as additional admixture in cement-sand brick production is an alternative option to mitigate the problem. In this study, three different types of cement-sand brick mixture in proportion of 1%, 2% and 3% of sawdust added to the normal mixture are prepared. Compression test was conducted on the brick mixture and results indicated 1% sawdust satisfy the Class 1 loadbearing brick whilst the 2% sawdust is slightly above the minimum required strength of 5.2 MN/ m2 for an ordinary quality brick set by the Standards MS 76:1972. Thus, the use of sawdust as admixture in cement-sand brick should not exceed 3%.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Cements
  5. Al-Kadhim, A.H.A., Abdullah H.
    Introduction: The purpose of this study was to decide on the relation between types of mixing and the porosity of diameter (1-100) µm and compressive strength of RMGIC. Methods: Fifteen specimens 6mm height and 4mm in diameter were prepared for each type of luting cement and were stored in distilled water at 37° C for 24 hours. The compressive strength was determined. The fractured surfaces of 10 randomly selected specimens of each cement type were analyzed using SEM at 250 times magnification, and five photomicrographs were taken at five random places. All the photomicrographs were analyzed using image analyzer software to determine the amount and size of porosity present. Results: There was no significant difference in compressive strength between different mixing methods, but it had a significant impact by increasing the percentage of porosity of diameter (1-100) µm in diameter of RMGIC. There was no linear relationship between compressive strength and porosity (1-100) µm in diameter for both types of luting cements (P>0.05). Conclusion: No significant differences in compressive strength were found using different mixing methods. The size and number of porosity in the specimens of encapsulated cements were greater than those of hand-mixed cements. The porosity (1-100) µm in diameter and the compressive strength bore no linear relationship to each other.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Cements
  6. Kaniraj, Shenbaga R., Fung, Y. C.
    Addition of chemical binders such as lime and cement improves the strength and stiffness
    of fine grained soils. However, the treated soils exhibit brittle stress-strain behaviour.
    Inclusion of randomly oriented discrete fibers in the soil-binder mixture changes its brittle
    behaviour into ductile behaviour. Most synthetic fibers, however, tend to get entangled
    and cannot be easily separated from one another. Therefore, it is difficult to realize soilbinder-
    fiber mixtures in which the fibers are distributed uniformly throughout the mass.
    This issue has been an impediment in the utilization of the positive modification in the
    behaviours of soils and soil-binder mixtures by the fibers. The present study aims to address
    the limitations in using fibers as soil reinforcement. Further, it also aims to investigate
    the use of synthetic mesh or net elements as an alternative type of soil reinforcement.
    The paper presents the experimental study on a fine grained soil. Lime has been chosen
    as the binder due to its low cost and the scarcity of fiber reinforced soil studies in which
    lime has been used as a binder. The main experimental program is a series of unconfined
    compression tests on samples prepared using untreated soil, soil-reinforcement mixture,
    soil-lime mixture, and soil-lime-reinforcement mixture. The lime treated samples were
    cured up to 120 days at laboratory temperature. The results demonstrate the combinational
    effects of lime and discrete reinforcement
    elements on the behaviour and mechanical
    properties of the soil. The performances of
    the fiber and mesh element reinforcements
    have also been compared.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Cements
  7. Abdullah H, Pearson GJ
    Asian J Aesthet Dent, 1993 Jul;1(2):91-4.
    PMID: 7921802
    The effect of temperature change on the working and setting time of a glass ionomer luting cement and a resin luting cement was measured using the oscillating rheometer. The time taken for each cement to set was calculated from the chart recordings. It was observed that as the temperature increased, the working and setting time of both materials decreased. However, the reduction was much more marked for the dual curing resin cement.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Cements/chemistry*
  8. Ahmed T, Rahman NA, Alam MK
    Biomed Res Int, 2021;2021:6663683.
    PMID: 33959664 DOI: 10.1155/2021/6663683
    Objective: To compare the orthodontic bracket debonding force and assess the bracket failure pattern clinically between different teeth by a validated prototype debonding device. Materials and Method. Thirteen (13) patients at the end of comprehensive fixed orthodontic treatment, awaiting for bracket removal, were selected from the list. A total of 260 brackets from the central incisor to the second premolar in both jaws were debonded by a single clinician using a validated prototype debonding device equipped with a force sensitive resistor (FSR). Mean bracket debonding forces were specified to ten (10) groups of teeth. Following debonding, Intraoral microphotographs of the teeth were taken by the same clinician to assess the bracket failure pattern using a 4-point scale of adhesive remnant index (ARI). Statistical analysis included one-way ANOVA with post hoc Tukey HSD and independent sample t-test to compare in vivo bracket debonding force, Cohen's kappa (κ), and a nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test for the reliability and the assessment of ARI scoring.

    Results: A significant difference (p < 0.001) of mean debonding force was found between different types of teeth in vivo. Clinically, ARI scores were not significantly different (p = 0.921) between different groups, but overall higher scores were predominant.

    Conclusion: Bracket debonding force should be measured on the same tooth from the same arch as the significant difference of mean debonding force exists between similar teeth of the upper and lower arches. The insignificant bracket failure pattern with higher ARI scores confirms less enamel damage irrespective of tooth types.

    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Cements/chemistry*
  9. Chai, L.F., Chai, L.C., Suhaimi, N., Son, R.
    Local wood charcoal was used as the main component of the electrodes of an air-cathode microbial
    fuel cell (air-cathode MFC) in current study. The air cathode was build with finely milled charcoal powder and cement plaster as binder; while anode was made up of a packed bed of charcoal granules. Mangrove estuary brackish water was inoculated in the anodic chamber as the fuel and a source of exoelectrogens. The constructed fuel cell was monitored by measuring the potential over time. The MFC generated a stable power density at 33mW/m2 (0.5V) under a load of 200Ω after 72 hours of operation. An open circuit voltage (OCV) of 0.7mV was obtained after 15 hours operating under open circuit. The result of power generation by the constructed fuel cell indicating that wood charcoal could be used as electrode in an MFC and that brackish water contained potential exoelectrogens. However, further investigation and modification is required to increase the performance of the fuel cell.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Cements
  10. Rahman, M. E., Leblouba, M., Pakrashi, V.
    The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of Palm Oil Clinker (POC) added as a stabilizer for improving the strength of peat. Cement and POC are added into peat up to 50% of the maximum dry unit weight. Treated peat achieved higher dry unit weight, almost 2.5 times as compared to untreated peat. Unconfined compressive strength (UCS) of treated peat is also investigated for soaked and unsoaked conditions. The results show that curing time improved the unconfined compressive strength of treated sample and increased by a factor of 20 and 11 for unsoaked and soaked conditions after 28 days of curing, respectively. The treated samples added with POC can be related to an increase in unconfined compressive strength for long time curing.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Cements
  11. Lin GSS, Ghani NRNA, Noorani TY, Ismail NH, Mamat N
    Odontology, 2021 Jan;109(1):149-156.
    PMID: 32623538 DOI: 10.1007/s10266-020-00535-7
    To compare the dislodgement resistance and the adhesive pattern of four different endodontic sealers to root dentine walls. Ninety lower premolars were assigned to five groups (n = 18), Group 1: no sealer (control); Group 2: EndoRez (ERZ); Group 3: Sealapex (SPX); Group 4: EndoSeal MTA (ESA) and Group 5: BioRoot RCS (BRS). They were instrumented up to size 30 taper 0.06 and obturated using single cone technique with matched-taper gutta-percha cones and one of the mentioned sealers. Six teeth from each group were then randomly subjected to 100, 1000 and 10,000 thermocycles, respectively. 1 mm slice of mid root region, measuring 6 mm from the apical foramen was prepared and subjected to push-out test under a Universal Testing Machine. Adhesive patterns of sealers were assessed using a stereomicroscope at 20 × magnification and classified using a new system. Statistical analyses were performed using two-way ANOVA, complemented by Tukey HSD and Chi-square tests. ESA and BRS showed significantly higher (p  0.05) at 100, 1000 and 10,000 thermocycles, respectively. Both ESA and BRS exhibited a significant higher rate (p 
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Cements
  12. Marlynda Ahmad, Dayang Fadzlina Abang Ibrahim, Nur Hafizah Hazmi, Natasya Ahmad Tarib, Kamarul Hisham Kamarudin
    Malaysian Dental Journal, 2010;31(2):65-70.
    Aim of the study: To compare the weight of retrieved food accumulated under the dentures base with and without adhesive treatment.

    Materials and Method: Each subject was given 32 g of non-salted dry roasted peanuts to chew and swallow. After finishing all the peanuts, the subject was asked to brush their denture using toothbrush and toothpaste without removing the denture from the mouth and rinsed their mouth vigorously with water. The weight of the retrieved peanuts accumulated under the denture base collected, dried, and weighted. All procedures were repeated with denture adhesive.

    Results: On average, the mean weight of peanuts particles recovered beneath upper dentures without application of denture adhesive was 51.21 mg which is higher than the mean weight of upper denture with adhesive treatment (35.36 mg). The similar pattern was detected for the lower dentures but at higher mean weight.

    Conclusion: Application of denture adhesive significantly reduced the amount of retrieved peanut particles collected under the denture base compared to no-adhesive treatment (p< 0.005).
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Cements
  13. Ahmad, Z., Wee, L.S., Fauzi, M.A.
    ASM Science Journal, 2011;5(1):27-35.
    This paper reports the mechanical properties of cement composite boards made using wood-wool from a lesser known Malaysian timber species. A total of 108 specimens were fabricated using Portland cement (Type I) and wood-wool from Kelampayan (Neolamarckia cadamba). The cement to wood ratio of the specimens was 2 to 1 by weight. The aim of the study was to determine the density; flexural, compressive and tensile strength of wood-wool cement composite boards (WWCCB) by studying boards with wood-wool sized 1.5 mm, 2.5 mm and 3.5 mm and board thickness 25 mm, 50 mm and 75mm. The physical and mechanical properties of the boards were evaluated according to ASTM D 1037-96a (Standard testing method for evaluating properties of wood-based fibre and particle panel materials) and MS934:1986. Results showed that mechanical properties of WWCCB were greatly influenced by the density; as the density decreased, the mechanical strengths also decreased. However, the strength properties of the composite boards did not display a similar trend when subjected to different types of loading conditions. The compressive strength increased with thicker boards (50 mm and 75 mm) but the modulus of elasticity and modulus of rupture declined as the thickness of the board was increased.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Cements
  14. Ainul Haezah Noruzman, Mohammad Ismail, Taliat Ola Yusuf, Parham Forouzani
    The volume of waste generated from surface coating industries is of global concern. The disposal of this waste in the form of effluent has put enormous pressure on land and also poses as a health hazard when it leaches into soil and underground water. The study aims to examine the utilization of vinyl acetate effluents from water based paint factories as an admixture in concrete. Concrete specimens containing 0%, 2.5%, 5% and 10% of vinyl acetate effluents by weight of cement were prepared. The specimens were tested for drying shrinkage for 28 days and porosity was tested using mercury intrusion porosimetry. Findings show that concrete containing various proportions of vinyl acetate effluents manifests higher shrinkage behaviour compared to the control item. An investigation of pore size distribution reveals that polymer effluents have particles size larger than 50 nm which are categorize as macroporous in accordance to IUPAC classification. It can be concluded that adding polymer vinyl acetate effluents affects concrete deformation due to the condition of its pore structures. The utilization of this material may provide beneficial effect in terms of the durability performance of concrete and minimize environmental pollution.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Cements
  15. Al-Makramani BMA, Razak AAA, Abu-Hassan MI, Al-Sanabani FA, Albakri FM
    Open Access Maced J Med Sci, 2018 Mar 15;6(3):548-553.
    PMID: 29610618 DOI: 10.3889/oamjms.2018.111
    BACKGROUND: The selection of the appropriate luting cement is a key factor for achieving a strong bond between prepared teeth and dental restorations.

    AIM: To evaluate the shear bond strength of Zinc phosphate cement Elite, glass ionomer cement Fuji I, resin-modified glass ionomer cement Fuji Plus and resin luting cement Panavia-F to Turkom-Cera all-ceramic material.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Turkom-Cera was used to form discs 10mm in diameter and 3 mm in thickness (n = 40). The ceramic discs were wet ground, air - particle abraded with 50 - μm aluminium oxide particles and randomly divided into four groups (n = 10). The luting cement was bonded to Turkom-Cera discs as per manufacturer instructions. The shear bond strengths were determined using the universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. The data were analysed using the tests One Way ANOVA, the nonparametric Kruskal - Wallis test and Mann - Whitney Post hoc test.

    RESULTS: The shear bond strength of the Elite, Fuji I, Fuji Plus and Panavia F groups were: 0.92 ± 0.42, 2.04 ± 0.78, 4.37 ± 1.18, and 16.42 ± 3.38 MPa, respectively. There was the statistically significant difference between the four luting cement tested (p < 0.05).

    CONCLUSION: the phosphate-containing resin cement Panavia-F exhibited shear bond strength value significantly higher than all materials tested.

    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Cements
  16. Nor Umairah Abd Rahim, Mohd Fadzil bin Arshad
    Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) is widely used by the construction industry. Research to find the precise proportion of cement replacement material which can be used to produce a product called Ternary Blended Cement (TBC) is not new. The objective of this study is to determine the effect of POFA and SF as TBC on the heat of hydration and compressive strength of mortar. Before producing TBC, specimens using BBC is required. Mix design proportion for POFA and SF are 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20%. Mix design proportion TBC are chose from the highest compressive strength value achieved at 7 days of curing. This research found the heat of hydration of TBC containing 20% POFA and 5% SF is high in the beginning to drop at the end of hydration process in addition to producing lower compressive strength.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Cements
  17. Chauhan NS, Saraswat N, Parashar A, Sandu KS, Jhajharia K, Rabadiya N
    J Int Soc Prev Community Dent, 2019 04 12;9(2):144-151.
    PMID: 31058064 DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_334_18
    Aims and Objectives: To compare the effect for fracture resistance of different coronally extended post length with two different post materials.

    Materials and Methods: One hundred and sixty endodontically treated maxillary central incisors embedded in acrylic resin with decoronated root portion were taken for the study. The postspaces were prepared according to standard protocol. The samples were divided into two groups according to the post material: glass-fiber post and Quartz fiber post. These groups were further subdivided on the basis of coronal extension of 4 and 6 mm for glass fiber and Quartz fiber posts, respectively. The posts were then luted with dual-polymerizing resin cement followed by core buildup. Samples were subjected to increasing compressive oblique load until fracture occurred in a universal testing machine. Data were analyzed with one-way ANOVA and independent Student's t-test. Analysis was done using SPSS version 15 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) Windows software program.

    Results: Glass fiber post with coronal extension of 4 mm (182.8 N) showed better results than with 6-mm length (124.1 N). Similarly, in quartz fiber posts group, 4-mm postlength (314 N) was better when compared with 6 mm (160 N). The 4-mm coronal extension of quartz fiber post displayed superior fracture resistance.

    Conclusions: Glass fiber posts showed better fracture resistance than Quartz fiber posts. 4-mm coronal length showed more fracture resistance than 6 mm.

    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Cements
  18. Al-Khadim Aws H., Abdullah H., Al-Ani Sarah T.
    Introduction: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of thermocycling on the compressive strength of selected luting cements. Material and methods: 5 types of luting cements were tested. A total of thirty cylindrical specimens measuring 6mm in height and 4mm in diameter were prepared for each type of cement which were then divided into two groups ie Group 1: Exposure, and Group 2: Control. Both groups were stored in distilled water at 37°C for 24 hours. Group 1 was subjected to 500 cycles in a thermocycling baths of 5ºC and 55ºC with 20 seconds in each bath. Group 2 was not exposed to thermocycling procedure. The compressive strength for each cement type was determined by using a universal testing machine. Results: Resin adhesive cement had the highest compressive strength; followed by conventional glass ionomer cement (GIC) whilst resin modified GIC was the least. Thermocycling had no significant effect on the compressive strength of RelyXTM ARC and Fuji I (p>0.05), but a significant effect on Fuji I CAPSULE, Fuji CEM, Fuji Plus CAPSLUE (p
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Cements
  19. Zalina Laili, Muhamad Samudi Yasir, Mohd Abdul Wahab Yusof
    Sains Malaysiana, 2017;46:1617-1623.
    The influence of water-to-cement ratio (w/c) on the compressive strength of cement-biochar-spent resins matrix was
    investigated. Spent resins waste from nuclear reactor operation was solidified using cement with w/c ranging from 0.35
    to 0.90 by weight. In this study, biochar was used as a cement admixture. Some properties of spent resins and biochar
    were determined prior to the formulation study. Compressive strength of harden cement-biochar-spent resins matrix
    was determined at 28 days. The compressive strength of cement-biochar-spent resins matrix was found to depend on the
    w/c and the amount of spent resins added to the formulation. The immersion test of cement-biochar-spent resins matrix
    showed no significant effects of cracking and swelling. The compressive strength of the cement-biochar-spent resins
    matrix increased after two weeks in water immersion test.
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Cements
  20. Mohammad Razaul Karim, Sumiani Yusoff, Hashim Abdul Razak, Faisal I. Chowdhury, Hossain Zabed
    Sains Malaysiana, 2018;47:523-530.
    Technical benefit of incorporation of Palm Oil Clinker (POC) in cement-based applications has been proven in recent
    studies. The aim of this work was to assess the heavy metal leaching behavior to ensure environmental safety of using
    POC in cement-based applications. The chemical composition, morphology, total organic carbon (TOC) and mineralogy
    were determined using XRF, FESEM, TOC analyzers and XRD to select appropriate chemical reagents for complete digestion.
    , HF and HClO4
    were used for digestion of POC to measure heavy metal content using ICP-MS. The chemical reagents
    COOH, NH2
    OH-HCl, H2
    and HF+HNO3
    +HCl were used for extraction of acid soluble, reducible,
    oxidizable and residual fractions of heavy metals in POC, respectively. The leaching toxicity of the POC was investigated
    by the USEPA 1311 TCLP method. The result showed the presence of Be, V, Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Ag, Cd, Ba and Pb with
    levels of 5.13, 11.02, 2.65, 1.93, 45.43, 11.84, 15.07, 0, 0, 81.97 and 1.76 mg/kg, respectively, in POC. The leaching value
    in mg/L of As (4.56), Cu(1.05), Be (0.89), Zn(0.51), Ba(0.26), Ni (0.17), V(0.15), Cr(0.001) and Se (0.001) is found well
    below the standard limit of risk. Risk assessment code (RAC) analysis confirms the safe incorporation of POC in cementbased
    Matched MeSH terms: Dental Cements
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