Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 117 in total

  1. Sharifah MI, Noryati M, Che Zubaidah CD, Zakaria Z
    Med J Malaysia, 2010 Jun;65(2):150-1.
    PMID: 23756803 MyJurnal
    Foetus-in-fetu is a rare condition in which a calcified mass is in the abdomen of its host, a newborn or an infant. We report a case of a newborn in whom abdominal radiograph and ultrasonography revealed a mass in which the contents favour a foetus-in-fetu. Diagnosis was confirmed by macroscopic examination that showed a soft tissue mass resembling a foetus, attached to the membranous sac. It was covered entirely with intact skin. There were two malformed lower limbs with a rudimentary digit and one malformed upper limb.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fetus*
  2. Idris B
    Malays J Med Sci, 2011 Jan;18(1):52-9.
    PMID: 22135574 MyJurnal
    The present study aimed to evaluate the impact of multiple factors and outcomes (ambulatory function and sphincter function) on children with myelomeningocoele (MMC) following surgical repair.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fetus
    Med J Malaya, 1954 Jun;8(4):343-50.
    PMID: 13193272
    Matched MeSH terms: Fetus*
  4. Pang T, Wong PY, Puthucheary SD, Sihotang K, Chang WK
    J Med Microbiol, 1987 May;23(3):193-8.
    PMID: 3585956
    Studies were performed on a cytotoxin (CT) from human strains of Campylobacter jejuni isolated in Malaysia. CT was detected by cytopathic effect (CPE) on HeLa cells at titres from 8 to 32, in culture filtrates from 14 (48%) of 29 human isolates. The CPE correlated well with a quantitative 51Cr-release assay where a specific release of 54-68% was noted. CT production was lost after 5-7 subcultures. CT activity was also detected in 5 (26%) of 19 faecal filtrates from which CT-producing isolates were subsequently obtained. The mol. wt of CT was estimated by Sephadex G-50 chromatography to be greater than 30,000. In a suckling-mouse assay, CT consistently failed to demonstrate fluid accumulation after intragastric inoculation of culture filtrate. The Removable Intestinal Tie Adult Rabbit Diarrhoea (RITARD) assay was also used. Rabbits given CT-producing strains of C. jejuni developed bacteraemia and severe watery mucus-containing diarrhoea for the duration of the experiment with death of some animals. Rabbits given CT non-producing strains had less severe disease and none died. Rabbits given partially-purified CT had diarrhoea for 3 days but none died.
    Matched MeSH terms: Campylobacter fetus/metabolism*; Campylobacter fetus/pathogenicity
  5. Lal M
    Med J Malaya, 1971 Jun;25(4):307-10.
    PMID: 4261309
    Matched MeSH terms: Fetus*
  6. Bibbo D, Klinkovsky T, Penhaker M, Kudrna P, Peter L, Augustynek M, et al.
    Sensors (Basel), 2020 Jul 25;20(15).
    PMID: 32722397 DOI: 10.3390/s20154139
    In this paper, a new approach for the periodical testing and the functionality evaluation of a fetal heart rate monitor device based on ultrasound principle is proposed. The design and realization of the device are presented, together with the description of its features and functioning tests. In the designed device, a relay element, driven by an electric signal that allows switching at two specific frequencies, is used to simulate the fetus and the mother's heartbeat. The simulator was designed to be compliant with the standard requirements for accurate assessment and measurement of medical devices. The accuracy of the simulated signals was evaluated, and it resulted to be stable and reliable. The generated frequencies show an error of about 0.5% with respect to the nominal one while the accuracy of the test equipment was within ±3% of the test signal set frequency. This value complies with the technical standard for the accuracy of fetal heart rate monitor devices. Moreover, the performed tests and measurements show the correct functionality of the developed simulator. The proposed equipment and testing respect the technical requirements for medical devices. The features of the proposed device make it simple and quick in testing a fetal heart rate monitor, thus providing an efficient way to evaluate and test the correlation capabilities of commercial apparatuses.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fetus*
  7. Mumtaz M
    Malays J Med Sci, 2000 Jan;7(1):4-9.
    PMID: 22844208 MyJurnal
    Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is the most common medical complication and metabolic disorder of pregnancy. This review provides an overview into the morbidity associated with GDM as well as the current methods of screening, diagnosis and management with the aim of early recognition and prevention of complications to both the mother and foetus.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fetus
  8. Hewitson M
    Matched MeSH terms: Fetus
  9. Ruzanna ZZ, Marhani M
    The phenomenon of 'lost fetus' to orang bunian is quite commonly heard of in our culture. It may present in psychiatric settings and may potentially create confusion and difficulties in diagnostic and management aspects. A case of feigned full-term pregnancy followed by a pregnancy loss is described. This review emphasizes the need to recognize this phenomenon of 'lost advanced pregnancy' in context of the Malay belief. Possible etiological factors, diagnostic indicators of factitious disorder and management strategies are discussed. The possibility of cultural beliefs being used as psychological defenses is also discussed. Keywords: lost pregnancy, orang bunian, Malay mystical belief, factitious disorder
    Matched MeSH terms: Fetus
  10. Tan CY, Lin CN, Ooi PT
    Transbound Emerg Dis, 2021 Nov;68(6):2915-2935.
    PMID: 34110095 DOI: 10.1111/tbed.14185
    Porcine circovirus 3 (PCV3) was first discovered in 2016, almost concomitantly by two groups of researchers in the United States. The novel case was reported in a group of sows with chronic reproductive problems with clinical presentation alike porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome (PDNS), where metagenomic sequencing revealed a genetically divergent porcine circovirus designated PCV3. The discovery of PCV3 in a PDNS case, which used to be considered as part of PCVAD attributed to PCV2 (porcine circovirus 2), has garnered attention and effort in further research of the novel virus. Just when an infectious molecular DNA clone of PCV3 has been developed and successfully used in an in vivo pathogenicity study, yet another novel PCV strain surfaced, designated PCV4 (porcine circovirus 4). So far, PCV3 has been reported in domestic swine population globally at low to moderate prevalence, from almost all sample types including organ tissues, faecal, semen and colostrum samples. PCV3 has been associated with a myriad of clinical presentations, from PDNS to porcine respiratory disease complex (PRDC). This review paper summarizes the studies on PCV3 to date, with focus on diagnosis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fetus
  11. Ismail NA, Kampan N, Mahdy ZA, Jamil MA, Razi ZR
    PMID: 17121293
    This was a retrospective study of patients with dengue infection in pregnancy from year 2000 till 2004. Data were analyzed by looking at the presentation, complications of patient and fetus, and pregnancy outcomes. There was a total of 16 cases with an increasing trend (0.12% in 2003 vs 0.25% in 2004). The mean age of patients was 30.19+/-6.85 years. Fifty percent of patients were multiparae and in their third trimester. The average gestation was 24.44 weeks with 7.5 days being the average duration of ward admission. Tourniquet test was positive in 62.5% of patients. Dengue serology IgM was positive in 50% whereas dengue serology IgG were positive in 68.8% of patients. There were three cases of maternal death. One patient presented as missed abortion. Preterm deliveries happened in 50.0% of the women. There were 4 premature babies, one in-utero fetal death, and two fetuses which suffered acute fetal distress. Three babies required intensive care. One unrelated fetal anomaly resulted in early neonatal death.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fetus/pathology*
  12. Yaacob R, Zainal Mokhtar A, Abang Jamari DZH, Jaafar N
    BMJ Case Rep, 2017 Sep 23;2017.
    PMID: 28942402 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2017-220801
    Fetus-in-fetu (FIF) is a rare entity in which malformed parasitic twin grows inside the body of its twin. It is most commonly presented with mass in the abdomen. We present a case of a 15-year-old boy who presented with abdominal mass since infancy. Radiological investigations are suggestive of FIF. Intraoperatively, malformed fetus in a sac was found and excised. Postoperatively the patient recovers well and was put on follow-up.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fetus/abnormalities*
  13. Singh HJ, Rahman A, Larmie ET, Nila A
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand, 2001 Feb;80(2):99-103.
    PMID: 11167202
    AIMS: The pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia is still unclear. Placental hypoperfusion, which precedes the maternal manifestations of pre-eclampsia, could be due to some vasoconstrictor factor/s like endothelin-1. The aim of the study therefore was to estimate the levels of endothelin-1 in feto-placental tissue homogenates from normotensive pregnant women and women with pre-eclampsia.

    METHOD AND MATERIAL: Fresh, vaginally delivered placentae from ten normotensive pregnant women and nine women with pre-eclampsia were carefully dissected and 4 gm each of amnion, chorion laeve, placental plate chorion, fetal placenta (fetal surface of the placenta) and maternal placenta (surface of the placenta attached to the uterine wall) were obtained. These tissues were then thoroughly washed in a 0.5 M phosphate buffer, pH 7.5, at room temperature and then individually homogenized for one minute in 4 ml of the same buffer. After centrifugation the supernatant was removed. The pellet was re-suspended in buffer, re-homogenized and then centrifuged. The supernatant was removed and the procedure was repeated once again and the three supernatants of each tissue were pooled. Endothelin-1 was estimated by RIA. All results are presented as mean+/-SEM. Statistical analysis was performed using students 't' test for unpaired samples and a 'p' value of <0.05 was considered significant.

    RESULTS: In tissues from normotensive pregnant women, no significant differences were evident in endothelin-1 concentrations in the chorion laeve, fetal placenta and maternal placenta but were significantly higher than those in the amnion and placental plate chorion (p<0.01). In tissues from pre-eclamptic women, no significant differences were evident between endothelin-1 concentrations in the chorion laeve, placental plate chorion and fetal placenta. Mean endothelin-1 concentration in the amnion and maternal placenta were significantly lower than those in chorion laeve, placental plate chorion and fetal placenta (p<0.01). Endothelin-1 concentrations were significantly higher in the amnion, chorion laeve, placental plate chorion and fetal placenta from women with pre-eclampsia when compared to tissues from normotensive pregnant women (p<0.01).

    CONCLUSIONS: Endothelin-1 levels were significantly higher in the placental tissues from women with pre-eclampsia. Endothelin-1, being a powerful vasoconstrictor, could cause significant vasoconstriction in the placental vasculature, and alterations in endothelin-1 levels in placental vasculature may therefore have a role in the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia.

    Matched MeSH terms: Fetus/metabolism*
  14. Mohd Fuad SK, Adznan N, Hayati AR, Virasamy V, Rahim NS
    Malays J Pathol, 2020 Dec;42(3):439-444.
    PMID: 33361726
    INTRODUCTION: Chronic histiocytic intervillositis (CHI) is a rare placental lesion strongly associated with recurrent miscarriages and fetal losses. It requires histopathological diagnosis and can only be made after delivery of the products of conception (POC). We describe a case of CHI in a 41-yearold lady with a 16-year history of thirteen recurrent consecutive first trimester miscarriages.

    CASE REPORT: The patient is a 41-year-old lady who suffered first trimester miscarriages in all her thirteen pregnancies. The relevant clinical investigations revealed neither significant nor helpful findings in determining the cause of recurrent miscarriages. Histological findings in each except one of the submitted conceptual tissue showed similar features of histiocytic aggregates primarily within the intervillous spaces, a characteristic description of CHI. One of the samples showed degenerative changes.

    DISCUSSION: Practicing pathologists are not familiar with the histological features of CHI and this may be a potential pitfall in routine examination of POCs. Recognising this entity allows for accurate diagnosis and hence better management. The aetiology remains unclear, although an immunopathological basis are being explored.

    Matched MeSH terms: Aborted Fetus/pathology*
  15. Leung AKC, Leong KF, Lam JM
    Case Rep Pediatr, 2020;2020:8824757.
    PMID: 32908765 DOI: 10.1155/2020/8824757
    Aplasia cutis congenita associated with fetus papyraceus, though rare, is well known. On the other hand, aplasia cutis congenita associated with fetus papyraceus presenting with symmetrical circumferential scarring encircling the trunk has not been previously reported. Herein, we report a 2-month-old girl with symmetrical circumferential scarring encircling the trunk associated with fetus papyraceus.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fetus
  16. Ganesh Raj S, Norliza I, Mansharan Kaur CS
    JUMMEC, 2020;23(2):22-24.
    Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the result of a complicated interplay between genetic and non-genetic, or “environmental,” factors acting on the foetus and one of those environmental factors is maternal hyperglycemia. Maternal diabetes has teratogenic effects on the evolution of the foetal cardiovascular system; as a consequence, cardiovascular malformations are the most common anomalies in infants of diabetic mothers with transposition of the great arteries, tricuspid atresia and truncus arteriosus being some of the common cardiac malformations encountered. Thus, it is important to perform a detailed heart examination at autopsy of perinatal deaths in order to ascertain related anomalies. We present a case of stillbirth in a woman with Type 1 Diabetes mellitus on insulin therapy who claims she was unaware about her pregnancy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fetus
  17. Chew MX, Teoh PY, Wong YP, Tan GC
    Malays J Pathol, 2019 Dec;41(3):365-368.
    PMID: 31901924
    INTRODUCTION: Umbilical cord abnormalities include short cord, long cord, knots, hyper-coiling, hypo-coiling, stricture, single umbilical artery, supernumerary umbilical vessels, cystic and vascular malformation, and abnormal insertion of cord like velamentous and furcate insertions. We report a case of intrauterine death in a fetus with multiple umbilical cord strictures and vascular thrombosis.

    CASE REPORT: A 35-year-old woman delivered a stillborn female fetus at 33 weeks of gestation. No fetal anomaly was detected. Examination of the umbilical cord showed multiple strictures, located 4.5 cm and 20 cm from the placental insertion site. Microscopically, the stricture site showed Wharton's jelly being replaced by fibrosis with presence of vascular thrombosis.

    DISCUSSION: Umbilical cord stricture is uncommon and has been described to be associated with intrauterine fetal death and a possibility of recurrent. There is a need to counsel the parents and close fetal surveillance in subsequent pregnancy is advise since the risk of recurrent remains uncertain.

    Matched MeSH terms: Fetus/pathology; Fetus/physiopathology
  18. Alitheen N, McClure S, McCullagh P
    Immunol. Cell Biol., 2007 Jul;85(5):391-3.
    PMID: 17515929
    The first stage in Peyer's patch development in the fetal lamb is characterized by the colonization of the rudimentary Peyer's patches by precursor cells expressing the IgM surface receptor. In the fetal lamb, the spleen has been implicated as the source of gene-rearranged IgM(+) B lymphocytes. This study was intended to quantitate IgM(+) lymphocytes in the spleen, lymph nodes and liver of fetal lambs at various gestational ages between 63 and 110 days using flow cytometry. Flow-cytometric analysis revealed that IgM(+) lymphocytes were rare in the liver being consistently less than 1% at every gestational age examined. IgM(+) lymphocytes were detected in the spleen (mean 9.18%) and prescapular lymph nodes (mean 11.89%) as early as 63 days. In both spleen and lymph nodes, the highest representation of IgM(+) lymphocytes occurred between 70 and 86 days gestation. The highest mean percentage of IgM(+) lymphocytes was observed in the spleen (22.63%) and lymph nodes (17.02%) at 75 days gestation. From 98 days onwards, B-lymphocyte density gradually decreased in both spleen and prescapular lymph nodes. This study indicates that substantial populations of IgM(+) lymphocytes were present in both the spleen and prescapular lymph nodes from 70 days gestation and implies that both of these locations could be potential sources for the normal colonization of the ileal Peyer's patches.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fetus/cytology; Fetus/immunology*
  19. Oppenheimer SJ
    Parasitol. Today (Regul. Ed.), 1989 Mar;5(3):77-9.
    PMID: 15463183
    Iron deficiency is common in the developing world; consequently, programmes of presumptive therapy and mass supplementation have been introduced in several countries. In this article Stephen Oppenheimer suggests caution, as recent evidence suggests that these practices may actually increase the likelihood of the subject developing patent malaria in endemic areas. This may be especially significant in infants, who are less likely to be immune to malaria, and in pregnant women, who are often routinely given iron supplements and in whom malaria may damage the foetus.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fetus
  20. Puthucheary SD, Lin HP
    Med J Malaysia, 1982 Dec;37(4):378-80.
    PMID: 7167093
    Campylobacter Jejuni is being increasingly recognised as a cause of bacteraemia enteritis and two infants with this condition are described. Awareness of the organism. as a possible cause of septicaemia is important because it has special growth requirements and delay in the diagnosis can be detrimental in a disease which usually only responds to erythromycin, gentamicin and chloramphenicol.
    Matched MeSH terms: Campylobacter fetus
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