Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 37 in total

  1. Loh KY, Ogle J
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 Oct;59(4):562-8, quiz 569.
    PMID: 15779599
    Visual impairment among the elderly is a major health problem. With advancing age, the normal function of eye tissues decreases and there is an increased incidence of ocular pathology. Demographic studies have shown that age is the best predictor of blindness and visual impairment. The most common causes of age related visual impairment in the elderly are presbyopia, cataracts, age related macular degeneration, primary open angle glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy. Untreated visual impairment leads to physical handicap, increased incidence of fall, depression, social isolation and dependency. Active screening for visual loss in the elderly should be part of the health examination. The elderly should be encouraged to come for formal 1-2 yearly eye assessment for early detection of visual impairment and to treat all associated problems in order to prevent permanent visual loss.
    Matched MeSH terms: Glaucoma, Open-Angle/etiology
  2. Adlina AR, Alisa-Victoria K, Shatriah I, Liza-Sharmini AT, Ahmad MS
    PMID: 25540578 DOI: 10.2147/OPTH.S71136
    There are limited data concerning the optic disc topography in normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) and primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients living in Southeast Asian countries. This study aims to compare optic disc parameters in patients with NTG and POAG in Malaysia and to discuss the results in comparison with studies of NTG and POAG in other Asian countries.
    Matched MeSH terms: Glaucoma, Open-Angle
  3. Sumasri K, Raju P, Aung T, Tin A, Wong TY
    Am J Ophthalmol, 2008 Apr;145(4):766-7; author reply 767.
    PMID: 18358854 DOI: 10.1016/j.ajo.2007.12.028
    Matched MeSH terms: Glaucoma, Open-Angle/diagnosis; Glaucoma, Open-Angle/ethnology*
  4. Agarwal P, Daher AM, Agarwal R
    Mol. Vis., 2015;21:612-20.
    PMID: 26019480
    Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) in glaucomatous eyes is often due to increased resistance to aqueous outflow. Previous studies have shown that increased extracellular material deposition in outflow pathways leads to increased resistance to aqueous outflow, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β seems to play a role in the deposition of extracellular material. TGF-β2 is the predominant isoform in ocular tissue. Hence, comparison of the aqueous humor TGF-β2 level between patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) and controls would provide direct evidence for the role of TGF-β2 in the etiology of OAG. Hence, we performed this meta-analysis to develop an accurate estimate of the changes in aqueous humor TGF-β2 levels among OAG patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Glaucoma, Open-Angle/etiology; Glaucoma, Open-Angle/metabolism*
  5. Singh M, Kaur B
    Int Ophthalmol, 1992 May;16(3):163-6.
    PMID: 1452420
    Postural behaviour of intraocular pressure (IOP) was studied in 29 glaucomatous eyes before and after argon laser trabeculoplasty (ALT) and compared with that of 60 normal eyes. Although argon laser trabeculoplasty was successful in lowering the IOP below 21 mm Hg, it produced little effect on the postural behaviour of the IOP. No significant change was observed in the amplitude of postural rise of IOP in ALT treated eyes.
    Matched MeSH terms: Glaucoma, Open-Angle/physiopathology*; Glaucoma, Open-Angle/surgery
  6. Tajunisah I, Reddy SC, Fathilah J
    Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol., 2007 Dec;245(12):1851-7.
    PMID: 17901971
    BACKGROUND: A case-controlled prospective study was conducted to evaluate the diurnal variation of intraocular pressure (IOP); the mean, the amplitude of variation and the peak and trough times of pressure readings in the suspected open-angle glaucoma patients as compared with a control group. We also looked at the outcome of these suspects after diurnal variation of IOP measurements.

    METHODS: Diurnal variation of intraocular pressure was measured in 202 eyes of suspected open-angle glaucoma patients and 100 control eyes, at 4-hourly intervals for 24 hours (phasing). Based on the phasing results, optic disc changes and visual field defects, the patients were diagnosed as primary open angle glaucoma (POAG), normal tension glaucoma (NTG), ocular hypertension (OHT), or physiologic cup (PC), or still remained as glaucoma suspects due to inconclusive diagnosis. The last group (glaucoma suspects) was then followed up 6-monthly for their eventual outcome.

    RESULTS: The highest percentage of suspected glaucoma patients had peak (maximum) readings in the mid-morning (10-11 A.M.) and trough (minimum) readings after midnight (2-3 A.M.); the highest percentage of control group had peak readings in the late evening (6-7 P.M.) and trough readings after midnight (2-3 A.M.). The mean amplitude of variance was 6 mm Hg in suspected glaucoma group and 4 mm Hg in the control group. After 'phasing', 18.8% of the suspected glaucoma patients were diagnosed as POAG, 16.8% as NTG, 5% as OHT, and 28.7% as physiologic cup; 30.9% remained as glaucoma suspects. After 4 years follow-up, 70% of the glaucoma suspects still remained as glaucoma suspects, 6.7% developed NTG and another 6.7% POAG; 16.6% were normal.

    CONCLUSIONS: Serial measurement of IOP ( phasing) in a 24-hour period is still needed, in order not to miss the peak and the trough IOP readings in suspected open-angle glaucoma patients, which helps in better management of glaucoma. Among 30.9% of patients who remained as glaucoma suspects after the initial phasing, 13.4% developed NTG/POAG over a period of 4 years.

    Matched MeSH terms: Glaucoma, Open-Angle/diagnosis; Glaucoma, Open-Angle/physiopathology*
  7. Zhao D, Kim MH, Pastor-Barriuso R, Chang Y, Ryu S, Zhang Y, et al.
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 2014 Oct;55(10):6244-50.
    PMID: 25183763 DOI: 10.1167/iovs.14-14151
    To examine the longitudinal association between age and intraocular pressure (IOP) in a large sample of Korean men and women.
    Matched MeSH terms: Glaucoma, Open-Angle/diagnosis; Glaucoma, Open-Angle/epidemiology; Glaucoma, Open-Angle/physiopathology*
  8. Mimivati Z, Nurliza K, Marini M, Liza-Sharmini A
    Mol. Vis., 2014;20:714-23.
    PMID: 24883016
    To screen for mutations in the coding region of the myocilin (MYOC) gene in a large Malay family with juvenile-onset open angle glaucoma (JOAG).

    A total of 122 family members were thoroughly examined and screened for JOAG. Venipuncture was conducted. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes. The presence of a mutation and a polymorphism was ascertained with PCR amplification followed by the direct sequencing technique.

    Thirty-two of the 122 screened family members were identified to have JOAG (11 new cases and 21 known cases). An autosomal dominant inheritance pattern with incomplete penetrance was observed. A C→A substitution at position 1440 in exon 3 that changes asparagine (AAC) to lysine (AAA) was identified in affected family members except two probands (III:5 and IV:6). Six probands were identified as having the Asn480Lys mutation but have not developed the disease yet. An intronic polymorphism IVS2 730 +35 G>A was also identified. There was a significant association between Asn480Lys (p<0.001) and IVS2 730+35G>A (p<0.001) in the affected and unaffected probands in this family.

    The Asn480Lys mutation and the IVS2 730+35 G>A polymorphism increased susceptibility to JOAG in this large Malay pedigree. Identifying the MYOC mutations and polymorphisms is important for providing presymptomatic molecular diagnosis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Glaucoma, Open-Angle/genetics*; Glaucoma, Open-Angle/epidemiology*; Glaucoma, Open-Angle/physiopathology
  9. Sahoo S, Thevi T, Soe HHK
    Malays J Med Sci, 2018 Feb;25(1):96-100.
    PMID: 29599639 MyJurnal DOI: 10.21315/mjms2018.25.1.11
    The purpose of this study was to determine the association of well-being and cognitive impairment with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) patients attending a tertiary care hospital in Malaysia. Fifty-four individuals were recruited for study as cases were matched with 60 individuals as the control subjects, and data were collected using the WHO well-being index and the validated 6-item cognitive impairment test dementia test. The results showed that there was no significant association between gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status and POAG. Patients with POAG had significantly lower well-being index scores (mean 67.93) than the control group (mean 81.60) withP-value < 0.001. Similarly, patients with POAG had a significantly higher score of cognitive impairment (CIT test) (mean 6.15) compared to the control group (mean 0.40) withP-value < 0.001. Consequently, POAG is likely to be associated with higher cognitive impairment and lower well-being index.
    Matched MeSH terms: Glaucoma, Open-Angle
  10. Patel DK, Ali NA, Iqbal T, Subrayan V
    Ann Ophthalmol (Skokie), 2008;40(3-4):177-9.
    PMID: 19230359
    Colloid cysts are rare intracranial tumors most commonly found in the third ventricle. We present a case of colloid cyst of the third ventricle that manifested as bilateral advance optic disc cupping, superior hemifield defects in the visual fields and normal intraocular pressure.
    Matched MeSH terms: Glaucoma, Open-Angle/diagnosis*
  11. Ong LB, Liza-Sharmini AT, Chieng LL, Cheong MT, Vengadasalam SR, Shin HC, et al.
    J Ocul Pharmacol Ther, 2005 Oct;21(5):388-94.
    PMID: 16245965
    The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of timolol gel-forming solution as a monotherapy and to compare the efficacy of timolol gel-forming solution morning instillation versus at night application in Asians with newly diagnosed open-angle glaucoma.
    Matched MeSH terms: Glaucoma, Open-Angle/drug therapy*
  12. Li Z, Allingham RR, Nakano M, Jia L, Chen Y, Ikeda Y, et al.
    Hum Mol Genet, 2015 Jul 01;24(13):3880-92.
    PMID: 25861811 DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddv128
    Primary open angle glaucoma (POAG), a major cause of blindness worldwide, is a complex disease with a significant genetic contribution. We performed Exome Array (Illumina) analysis on 3504 POAG cases and 9746 controls with replication of the most significant findings in 9173 POAG cases and 26 780 controls across 18 collections of Asian, African and European descent. Apart from confirming strong evidence of association at CDKN2B-AS1 (rs2157719 [G], odds ratio [OR] = 0.71, P = 2.81 × 10(-33)), we observed one SNP showing significant association to POAG (CDC7-TGFBR3 rs1192415, ORG-allele = 1.13, Pmeta = 1.60 × 10(-8)). This particular SNP has previously been shown to be strongly associated with optic disc area and vertical cup-to-disc ratio, which are regarded as glaucoma-related quantitative traits. Our study now extends this by directly implicating it in POAG disease pathogenesis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Glaucoma, Open-Angle/genetics*
  13. Teoh SL, Allan D, Dutton GN, Foulds WS
    Br J Ophthalmol, 1990 Apr;74(4):215-9.
    PMID: 2186795
    The visual acuity, the difference in sensitivity of the two eyes to light (brightness ratio), and contrast sensitivity were assessed in 28 patients with chronic open angle glaucoma and compared with those of 41 normal controls of similar ages and visual acuity. The results obtained were related to the results of Tübingen visual field analysis in patients with glaucoma. Twenty-four of the 28 glaucoma patients (86%) had a significant disparity in brightness ratio between the two eyes. This was found to match the frequency of visual field loss. Moreover, there was a significant relationship between the interocular differences in brightness sense and the difference in the degree of visual field loss between the two eyes. Of the glaucoma patients 39% had sum contrast sensitivities outside the normal range for age-matched normal controls. No significant correlation was found between the interocular difference in brightness sense and the visual acuity or the interocular difference in sum contrast sensitivity. It is concluded that, in the presence of a normal visual acuity, the brightness ratio test warrants evaluation as a potential screening test for chronic open angle glaucoma.
    Matched MeSH terms: Glaucoma, Open-Angle/physiopathology*
  14. Singh M, Kaur B
    Int Ophthalmol, 1987 Jun;10(3):161-5.
    PMID: 3596909
    Twenty two Asian eyes suffering from open angle glaucoma were treated by argon laser trabeculoplasty and were followed for an average of eleven months. 77.27% of eyes were controlled with ALT alone. The pressure lowering effect of argon laser trabeculoplasty in this series was found to be consistent. Argon laser trabeculoplasty may become the preferred method of treating open angle glaucoma in the Asian population.
    Matched MeSH terms: Glaucoma, Open-Angle/surgery*
  15. Amerasinghe N, Wong TY, Wong WL, Mitchell P, Shen SY, Loon SC, et al.
    Arch. Ophthalmol., 2008 Aug;126(8):1101-8.
    PMID: 18695105 DOI: 10.1001/archopht.126.8.1101
    To describe the distribution and determinants of the optic cup to disc ratio (CDR) in Malay adults in Singapore.
    Matched MeSH terms: Glaucoma, Open-Angle/ethnology; Glaucoma, Open-Angle/genetics*
  16. Tan HK, Ahmad Tajuddin LS, Lee MY, Ismail S, Wan-Hitam WH
    PMID: 26065503 DOI: 10.1097/APO.0000000000000058
    PURPOSE: To determine the mean central corneal thickness (CCT) and the relationship between the CCT and visual field progression in primary angle closure (PAC) and primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG).
    DESIGN: A combined cross-sectional and prospective study on PAC and PACG.
    METHODS: A total of 35 eyes were included in the study for each group of normal control, PAC, and PACG patients from eye clinics in Kota Bharu, state of Kelantan, Malaysia, from January 2007 to November 2009. The PAC and PACG patients were divided into thin and thick CCT groups. They were followed up for 12 to 18 months for visual field progression assessment with their mean Advanced Glaucoma Intervention Study (AGIS) score.
    RESULTS: The CCT was 516.8 ± 26.0 µm for PAC and 509.7 ± 27.4 µm for PACG. Both were significantly thinner compared with the control group with CCT of 540 ± 27.8 µm (P < 0.001). There was a statistically significant increase in the mean AGIS score after 12.9 ± 1.7 months of follow-up in the thin CCT group for PACG (P = 0.002). However, no significant increase in the mean AGIS score was found for the thick CCT group in PACG and for both thin and thick CCT in PAC.
    CONCLUSIONS: The PAC and PACG had statistically significant thinner CCT compared with the controls. Thin CCT was associated with visual field progression based on the mean AGIS score in PACG.

    Study site: eye
    clinics in Kota Bharu, Kelantan
    Matched MeSH terms: Glaucoma, Open-Angle/diagnosis*; Glaucoma, Open-Angle/physiopathology
  17. Subramaniam S, Jeoung JW, Lee WJ, Kim YK, Park KH
    Jpn. J. Ophthalmol., 2018 Nov;62(6):634-642.
    PMID: 30229404 DOI: 10.1007/s10384-018-0620-7
    PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic capability of three-dimensional (3D) neuro-retinal rim thickness (NRR) with existing optic nerve head and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) scan parameters using high-definition optical coherence tomography (HD-OCT).

    DESIGN: Retrospective study.

    METHODS: Based on the mean deviation (MD) of the Humphrey Field Analyzer (HFA), the 152 subjects were categorized into mild (MD > - 6 dB, 100), moderate (MD - 6 to - 12 dB, 26), and severe (MD glaucoma. The HD-OCT values of NRR, RNFL and ganglion cell inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thicknesses, along with those of other parameters (rim area, disc area) were obtained, and the average NRR thickness was calculated.

    RESULTS: For all of the HD-OCT parameters, RNFL thickness showed a higher area under the ROC (AUROC) curve (range: 0.937-1.000) than did NRR thickness (range: 0.827-1.000). There were significant RNFL, NRR, and GCIPL AUROC curve differences among the mild, moderate and severe glaucoma groups. RNFL thickness for mild glaucoma showed a significantly larger area than did NRR thickness [area difference: 0.110 (± 0.025); p value glaucoma.

    CONCLUSION: RNFL thickness remains significantly better than 3D NRR thickness in terms of glaucoma-diagnostic capability in HD-OCT.

    Matched MeSH terms: Glaucoma, Open-Angle/diagnosis*; Glaucoma, Open-Angle/physiopathology
  18. Kashiwagi K, Chono E, Koesters S, Yap PS
    BMC Ophthalmol, 2020 Jun 10;20(1):223.
    PMID: 32522181 DOI: 10.1186/s12886-020-01508-8
    BACKGROUND: Poor persistence with glaucoma therapy can lead to disease progression and subsequent blindness. Persistence with second-line glaucoma combination treatment in a Japanese real-world setting and whether it differed from fixed and unfixed combination drugs was investigated.

    METHODS: This was a retrospective, non-interventional, cohort study using data from a Japanese medical claims database. Patients with glaucoma aged ≥20 years with a first drug claim for glaucoma treatment between 01 July 2005 and 30 October 2014 and with data for > 6 months before and after this first prescription were included. The primary endpoint was duration of drug persistence among glaucoma patients with and without the use of fixed combination drugs in the year following initiation of second-line combination treatment.

    RESULTS: Of 1403 patients included in the analysis, 364 (25.94%) received fixed combination drugs and 1039 (74.06%) received unfixed combination drugs as second-line treatment. Baseline characteristics were generally comparable between the groups. A total of 39.01% of patients on fixed combination drugs, compared with 41.67% of patients on unfixed combination drugs, persisted on their glaucoma drugs 12 months post second-index date. Median persistence durations for the fixed combination drugs and unfixed combination drugs groups were 6 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 5-8) and 7 months (95% CI 6-9), respectively. Patients who received prostaglandin analogs (PGAs) were the most persistent with their treatment (n = 99, 12.84%). Patients diagnosed with primary open-angle glaucoma were less likely to experience treatment modification (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.800, 95% CI 0.649-0.986, P = 0.036), while those diagnosed with secondary glaucoma were more likely to experience treatment modification (HR: 1.678, 95% CI 1.231-2.288, P = 0.001) compared with glaucoma suspects.

    CONCLUSIONS: In this retrospective claims database study, the persistence rate of second-line glaucoma combination treatment was low, with no difference in persistence between glaucoma patients receiving unfixed combination drugs compared with fixed combination drugs. Patients on PGA showed greater persistence rates compared with other treatments.

    Matched MeSH terms: Glaucoma, Open-Angle/drug therapy*; Glaucoma, Open-Angle/physiopathology
  19. Lee MY, Teh NC, Nur Zulekha M, Thayanithi S, Jelinar MN, Rizal AM, et al.
    Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila), 2012 Jul-Aug;1(4):208-12.
    PMID: 26107474 DOI: 10.1097/APO.0b013e31825c5b1b
    To compare the effects of fixed combination of bimatoprost-timolol and travoprost-timolol on intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension.
    This was a prospective, randomized, observer-masked, crossover parallel comparison trial.
    Forty-one patients with primary open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension on nonfixed combination of latanoprost and timolol with IOP of 21 mm Hg or less were randomized to either bimatoprost-timolol or travoprost-timolol fixed combinations for 8-week treatment period. Intraocular pressure was measured at 8 AM, 12 PM, 4 PM, and 8 PM at the baseline and at the end point. Conjunctiva hyperemia and superficial punctate keratopathy after treatment with each fixed combination therapy were assessed and compared with the baseline. Patients were then switched to the opposite drug without a medication-free period for another 8-week, and diurnal IOP measurement was repeated.
    Bimatoprost-timolol fixed combination reduced the baseline mean diurnal IOP statistically significantly from 17.3 mm Hg [95% confidence interval (CI), 16.8-17.7 mm Hg] to 16.4 mm Hg (95% CI, 15.9-17.0 mm Hg) (P = 0.036). Travoprost-timolol fixed combination lowered the mean diurnal IOP to 17.1 mm Hg (95% CI, 16.5-17.7 mm Hg), but it was not significant. Direct comparison between the 2 fixed combinations showed no significant difference. Both fixed combinations had no significant effect on conjunctiva hyperemia. Interestingly, patients on travoprost-timolol fixed combination had significantly less superficial punctuate keratopathy (P = 0.012).
    Both fixed combination of bimatoprost-timolol and travoprost-timolol had no significantly different ocular hypotensive effect. However, bimatoprost-timolol fixed combination produced additional IOP lowering in patients previously treated with nonfixed combination of latanoprost and timolol.
    Matched MeSH terms: Glaucoma, Open-Angle
  20. Nurul Hanim Nasaruddin, Nurul Hanim Nasaruddin, Ahmad NazlimYusoff, Sharanjeet, Kaur
    The purpose of this study was to characterize, differentiate and correlate visual field and brain activation in visual cortex
    for normal, glaucoma suspect (GS) and primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) participants using Standard Automated
    Perimetry (SAP) and functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) respectively. The fMRI scans and SAP test were both
    carried out in Pusat Perubatan Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (PPUKM). Two types of black-and-white checkerboard
    pattern were displayed to the participants during the fMRI scans. The fMRI data were analyzed using WFU pickatlas
    toolbox targeting visual cortex area. The results showed that there was no significant difference in number of activated
    voxel between the three groups in visual cortex (BA 17, 18 and 19) while viewing all the given stimuli (p > 0.05). The
    pattern standard deviation (PSD) of SAP for visual field also revealed no significant differences (p > 0.05) in all groups of
    participants. However, negative correlation between PSD and fMRI activation was observed. The PSD values increased with
    a decrease in fMRI activation. With reference to visual field analysis, the results suggest that glaucomatous neuropathy of
    POAG patients has led to a gradual decrease in visual cortex activation and a gradual increase in PSD.
    Matched MeSH terms: Glaucoma, Open-Angle
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