Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 171 in total

  1. Osman Y, Wan Chak PWC
    Family Physician, 1990;2:41-42.
    Matched MeSH terms: Malnutrition
  2. Burgess RC
    Med J Malaya, 1948;2:239-246.
    Malnutrition is one of the most important causes of ill-health in Malaya. The incidence of deficiency diseases was extremely high during the Japanese occupation, but there has been satisfactory improvement since 1945, though in some respects, particularly in the case of beriberi, this improvement can only be regarded as due to artificial and transitory circumstances, mainly the importation of Australian wheat. Surveys have recently been undertaken of nutritional status in rural areas in Malaya, embracing clinical, dietary, sociological and economic aspects of the problem. Data derived from clinical examinations, height and weight data and vital statistics indicate deficiency in almost all nutrients, and these are confirmed by dietary survey. Poverty is the main cause of the poor dietary intake. Investigations have shown that protein and calorie intakes are directly related to the money available in the family for expenditure on food. Vitamin A and riboflavin intakes are, on the other hand, largely uninfluenced by economic factors and their deficiency in the diet is mainly a matter of ignorance, prejudice and the unavailability of foodstuffs rich in these nutrients. As the economic side of the survey showed that the money spent on food, in most families, is over 80 per cent. of the total expenditure, the problem is clearly an economic one, and can only be solved by country-wide measures of increased and better food production, education and economic betterment. Dean A. Smith.
    Matched MeSH terms: Malnutrition
  3. Tan ECH, Manah AM
    hildhood undernutrition while being a preventable condition remains a major public health issue because it contributes to the mortality and morbidity of children globally. Intervention to improve the nutritional status of children includes supplementary feeding, fortified foods, cash transfers and nutritional education.
    Matched MeSH terms: Malnutrition*
  4. Menon KC
    Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 2014;15(6):2933-4.
    PMID: 24761928
    Involvement of a multidisciplinary team in cancer care may have added benefits over the existing system of patient management. A paradigm shift in the current patient management would allow more focus on nutritional support, in addition to clinical care. Malnutrition, a common problem in cancer patients, needs special attention from the early days of cancer care to improve quality of life and treatment outcomes. Patient management teams with trained oncology dietitians may provide quality personalized nutritional care to cancer patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Malnutrition/diagnosis*; Malnutrition/etiology; Malnutrition/therapy*
  5. Chen ST
    Med J Malaysia, 1977 Jun;31(4):266-9.
    PMID: 412037
    Matched MeSH terms: Protein-Energy Malnutrition/epidemiology*
  6. Aziz N, He J, Raza A, Sui H, Yue W
    Front Public Health, 2021;9:696789.
    PMID: 34458224 DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2021.696789
    Undernourishment is a big challenge for humanity across the world. Considering the significance of reducing undernourishment, the current study focuses on exploring the macroeconomic determinants of undernourishment in the South Asian panel. The study employed econometric models that are more robust to underpin cross-sectional dependency and heterogeneity in a panel data set. The overall findings reveal that an increase in food production increases undernourishment and infer that food availability at the national level is insufficient to reduce undernourishment unless poor people also had economic and physical access to food. In the case of economic growth and governance, the results are negatively significant in some countries. The results infer that GDP and quality of governance are nuanced in declining the rate of undernourishment in some countries, while in other countries where the results are found insignificant, the government should seek other interventions to curtail the prevalence of undernourishment. Unexpectedly, an increase in food prices lessens the undernourishment in developing countries that reflect that food prices might transform the dietary patterns of poor people from nutrient-rich foods to nutrient-poor staples, thus lead to undernourishment reduction but trigger overweight and obesity alongside. In conclusion, the results depict that policymakers should devise strategies keeping in view fundamental aspects of the country to reduce undernourishment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Malnutrition*
  7. Khor GL
    Asia Pac J Public Health, 2005;17(2):65.
    PMID: 16425647 DOI: 10.1177/101053950501700201
    Matched MeSH terms: Malnutrition/prevention & control*
  8. Chen ST
    PMID: 4209141
    Matched MeSH terms: Protein-Energy Malnutrition/etiology*; Protein-Energy Malnutrition/epidemiology; Protein-Energy Malnutrition/prevention & control
  9. Meor Yusoff, M.S., Muhd Asshar Khalid, Ideris Abu Seman
    The paper describes the uses of microfocus XRF to identify infected Basal Stem Rot (BSR) disease in Malaysian palm oil plants. Among symptoms of BSR are wilting of the leaves and plant malnutrition. The study involves determining the inorganic element content of normal and infected leaves. Si, Mo, Cl, K, Ca and Mn had been identified as the major elements. Their distribution was determined by constructing an elemental map of each of this element on the leaves. Line scan was also performed to look into changes on the element composition on a defined region. Quantitative analysis of Cl, Ca and K on the normal and infected leaves show that the infected leaves have lower Cl content and a higher Ca/K ratio than the normal leaves.
    Matched MeSH terms: Malnutrition
  10. Osman A, Johari M, Abalos M, Banjong O, Dheerasawad C, Sanchez I, et al.
    Family Physician, 1993;5(2):26-30.
    Analysis of the nutritional status and its related factors of three different geographic areas was conducted. The areas were Kampong Sungai Gulang-Gulang, a traditional village in Kuala Selangor, vegetable farming area in Kuala Terla, Cameron Highland and housing flats in Kuala Lumpur. Assessment of nutritional status was done using anthropometric, clinical, biochemical, dietary and stool examination. The results show that 13% of the children in traditional village were stunted, 8% were wasted and 17% were underweight. In vegetable farming area the prevalence were 16.5%, 10.2% and 20.2% respectively. The prevalence of anaemia among toddler was 81.0% in traditional village, 77.2% in vegetable farming area and 55.3% in urban flats. Anaemia in the three areas was strongly associated with inadequate intake of iron.
    Matched MeSH terms: Malnutrition
  11. Kuppusamy I
    Family Physician, 1993;5:5-6.
    Matched MeSH terms: Malnutrition
  12. Ng TKW
    Med J Malaysia, 1984 Mar;39(1):28-34.
    PMID: 6439983
    Correlation analysis of mid-arm circumference (MAC), weight-for-age and weight-for-height obtained from 807 Malay preschool children aged 12-71 months show that MAC had a relatively low correlation with weight-for-age (r = 0.59, P <0.001) and weight-for-height (r = 0.63, P<0.001). MAC percentiles and sensitivity-specificity analysis indicate that when weight-for-age and weight-for-height were used separately to define 'true' malnutrition, MAC was not sensitive enough to detect Malaysian children with only mild to moderate protein-energy malnutrition (PEM). The value of MAC as a screening measure in malnutrition is only limited to identifying the more severe forms of PEM in young children and the present study indicates that a MAC of 13.0-13.7 cm may be used for identifying moderate to severe PEM and under 13.0 cm for severe PEM.
    Matched MeSH terms: Protein-Energy Malnutrition/diagnosis*
  13. Chandrasekharan N, Ho CL
    Med J Malaysia, 1976 Jun;30(4):266-72.
    PMID: 824533
    Matched MeSH terms: Protein-Energy Malnutrition/metabolism*
  14. Carrero JJ, Thomas F, Nagy K, Arogundade F, Avesani CM, Chan M, et al.
    J Ren Nutr, 2018 11;28(6):380-392.
    PMID: 30348259 DOI: 10.1053/j.jrn.2018.08.006
    OBJECTIVE: To better define the prevalence of protein-energy wasting (PEW) in kidney disease is poorly defined.

    METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of PEW prevalence from contemporary studies including more than 50 subjects with kidney disease, published during 2000-2014 and reporting on PEW prevalence by subjective global assessment or malnutrition-inflammation score. Data were reviewed throughout different strata: (1) acute kidney injury (AKI), (2) pediatric chronic kidney disease (CKD), (3) nondialyzed CKD 3-5, (4) maintenance dialysis, and (5) subjects undergoing kidney transplantation (Tx). Sample size, period of publication, reporting quality, methods, dialysis technique, country, geographical region, and gross national income were a priori considered factors influencing between-study variability.

    RESULTS: Two studies including 189 AKI patients reported a PEW prevalence of 60% and 82%. Five studies including 1776 patients with CKD stages 3-5 reported PEW prevalence ranging from 11% to 54%. Finally, 90 studies from 34 countries including 16,434 patients on maintenance dialysis were identified. The 25th-75th percentiles range in PEW prevalence among dialysis studies was 28-54%. Large variation in PEW prevalence across studies remained even when accounting for moderators. Mixed-effects meta-regression identified geographical region as the only significant moderator explaining 23% of the observed data heterogeneity. Finally, two studies including 1067 Tx patients reported a PEW prevalence of 28% and 52%, and no studies recruiting pediatric CKD patients were identified.

    CONCLUSION: By providing evidence-based ranges of PEW prevalence, we conclude that PEW is a common phenomenon across the spectrum of AKI and CKD. This, together with the well-documented impact of PEW on patient outcomes, justifies the need for increased medical attention.

    Matched MeSH terms: Protein-Energy Malnutrition/epidemiology*
  15. Abd Aziz NAS, Teng NIMF, Abdul Hamid MR, Ismail NH
    Clin Interv Aging, 2017;12:1615-1625.
    PMID: 29042762 DOI: 10.2147/CIA.S140859
    PURPOSE: The increasing number of elderly people worldwide throughout the years is concerning due to the health problems often faced by this population. This review aims to summarize the nutritional status among hospitalized elderly and the role of the nutritional assessment tools in this issue.

    METHODS: A literature search was performed on six databases using the terms "malnutrition", "hospitalised elderly", "nutritional assessment", "Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA)", "Geriatric Nutrition Risk Index (GNRI)", and "Subjective Global Assessment (SGA)".

    RESULTS: According to the previous studies, the prevalence of malnutrition among hospitalized elderly shows an increasing trend not only locally but also across the world. Under-recognition of malnutrition causes the number of malnourished hospitalized elderly to remain high throughout the years. Thus, the development of nutritional screening and assessment tools has been widely studied, and these tools are readily available nowadays. SGA, MNA, and GNRI are the nutritional assessment tools developed specifically for the elderly and are well validated in most countries. However, to date, there is no single tool that can be considered as the universal gold standard for the diagnosis of nutritional status in hospitalized patients.

    CONCLUSION: It is important to identify which nutritional assessment tool is suitable to be used in this group to ensure that a structured assessment and documentation of nutritional status can be established. An early and accurate identification of the appropriate treatment of malnutrition can be done as soon as possible, and thus, the malnutrition rate among this group can be minimized in the future.

    Matched MeSH terms: Malnutrition/epidemiology*
  16. Nurjasmine Aida Jaman, Nor Azam Kamaruzaman, Abdul Hadi Said
    Malaysian Family Physician, 2020;15(2):46-49.
    Undernutrition remains a major public health concern, especially in developing countries. Despite
    being rich in resources, Malaysia is still home to children sufering from severe undernutrition.
    Tis paper presents the case of a 5-month-old boy with kwashiorkor stemming from improper
    weaning which was overlooked. Tis case highlights the importance of recognizing the early signs of
    kwashiorkor to allow for early referrals for proper management and prevent its possible complications.
    Matched MeSH terms: Protein-Energy Malnutrition; Malnutrition
  17. Tamang MK, Yadav UN, Hosseinzadeh H, Kafle B, Paudel G, Khatiwada S, et al.
    BMC Res Notes, 2019 Apr 30;12(1):246.
    PMID: 31039794 DOI: 10.1186/s13104-019-4282-4
    OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at assessing the nutritional status among the elderly population and factors associated with malnutrition in the community setting in rural Nepal.

    RESULTS: Out of 339 participants, 24.8% (95% CI 20.21-29.30) fell into the normal nutritional status range; 49.6% (95% CI 44.29-54.91) were at risk for malnutrition while 24.8% (95% CI 20.21-29.30) were in the malnourished range, based on Mini Nutritional Assessment scores. Our findings revealed that belonging to a Dalit community, being unemployed, having experience of any form of mistreatment, lack of physical exercise, experiencing problems with concentration in past 30 days and taking medication for more than one co-morbidity was significantly associated with the malnutrition status of the elderly.

    Matched MeSH terms: Malnutrition/epidemiology*
  18. Cheah WL, Wan Manan WM, Zabidi-Hussin ZM, Chang KH
    Malays J Nutr, 2007 Mar;13(1):19-28.
    PMID: 22692186 MyJurnal
    Underlying causes of most nutrition related problems are diverse, including biological, social, cultural, and economic factors. Qualitative approaches complement quantitative methods in identifying the underlying meanings and patterns of relationships involved in managing malnutrition. This study examined perceptions regarding malnutrition among health workers from 7 clinics (community and health clinics) in Tumpat, Kelantan. A total of 18 nurses and 2 doctors, who were involved in monitoring child health and nutrition, were included in the study. These health workers were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire adapted from Sastry's framework on malnutrition (Sastry, 1996). The questionnaire included biological, behavioral and environmental factors that influence child health and nutrition. All the health workers perceived that mothers/caregivers play the main role in improving the health of malnourished children. The quality of childcare was rated as moderately satisfactory by the health workers. Most of the affected families who were given the Food Baskets did not fully use all the items for the malnourished child. Child feeding practice was based on the needs of the whole family rather than according to the target child's needs. Most of the mothers preferred processed cereals than rice porridge because the former is easier to prepare for the child. Although they were from a low socioeconomic background, most of the mothers were not earning additional income for the family. The qualitative methodology provided information that can be used as a basis for the designing of quantitative questionnaires to assess malnutrition among children. The induction characteristic of qualitative methods was used to gain an understanding of the underlying reasons or phenomena such as behaviours that are directly observable.
    Study site: Klinik kesihatan, Tumpat, Kelantan, Malaysia
    Matched MeSH terms: Malnutrition*
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