Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 41 in total

  1. Raman R, Gopalakrishnan G
    Trop Doct, 1999 Jul;29(3):160-1.
    PMID: 10448240
    Matched MeSH terms: Nasal Obstruction/complications; Nasal Obstruction/diagnosis*; Nasal Obstruction/physiopathology; Nasal Obstruction/surgery
  2. Raja Ahmad RLA, Gendeh BS
    Med J Malaysia, 2003 Dec;58(5):723-8.
    PMID: 15190659
    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the use of acoustic rhinometry in assessing surgical outcomes in sinonasal surgery. This prospective study was carried out from January till December 2001. A group of 44 patients who presented with nasal obstruction due to various rhinologic abnormality were examined with acoustic rhinometry pre and post-operatively. They were examined with acoustic rhinometry pre and post decongestion with cocaine and adrenaline. A highly significant correlation existed between minimal cross sectional area (MCA) and the subjective feeling of nasal problem, pre and post surgery. Thus MCA is a valuable parameter to express objectively the nasal patency. The mucovascular component of the nasal cavity plays a major role in the nasal patency as determined in the pre and post-decongestion acoustic rhinometry measurement. Acoustic rhinometry is a good tool to evaluate the nasal patency in cases where sinonasal surgery is considered in correcting the abnormality as well as for the post-operative evaluation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nasal Obstruction/diagnosis; Nasal Obstruction/surgery*
  3. Abdullah A, Abdul Rahman R, Aziz S, Abu Bakar S, AbAziz AA
    Med J Malaysia, 2013;68(1):76-8.
    PMID: 23466775 MyJurnal
    Nasal obstruction in neonates is a potentially fatal condition because neonates are obligatory nasal breathers. Bilateral choanal atresia is therefore a neonatal emergency. Several approaches for corrections of choanal atresia are available including the helium laser: YAG. A 5-year-old Chinese girl born with bilateral choanal atresia, had birth asphyxia that required intubation. She underwent multiple surgeries for correction of choanal atresia at other hospitals but failed to improve. She was referred to Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Center (UKMMC) after presenting with intermittent respiratory distress and cyanosis following an upper respiratory tract infection. A repeat computed tomography (CT) scan done preoperatively showed complete bony stenosis over the left choana and finding was confirmed by examination under general anesthesia. She underwent endoscopic transnasal removal of left bony atretic plate. There was no intra or postoperative complications. During follow up 10 years later, the airway on both sides remains patent.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nasal Obstruction*
  4. Abdullah Alwi AH, Zahedi FD, Husain S, Wan Hamizan AK, Abdullah B
    Am J Rhinol Allergy, 2023 May;37(3):307-312.
    PMID: 36537140 DOI: 10.1177/19458924221145084
    PURPOSE: Nitric oxide (NO) is a potential marker in the diagnosis and monitoring of treatment for the management of patients with allergic rhinitis (AR). The study aimed to determine the value of nasal fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in the diagnosis and treatment response of AR patients.

    METHODS: The participants were divided into control and allergic rhinitis groups based on the clinical symptoms and skin prick tests. The AR group was treated with intranasal corticosteroid after the diagnosis. The nasal fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) levels were compared between control and AR groups. In the AR group, the visual analogue scale (VAS), Nasal Obstruction Symptoms Evaluation (NOSE) questionnaire, and nasal fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) were assessed pre- and post-treatment.

    RESULTS: One hundred ten adults were enrolled. The nasal FeNO level was significantly higher in AR compared to control (p nasal FeNO, p nasal FeNO in the diagnosis of AR was 390.0 ppb (sensitivity of 73% and specificity of 80%) based on the receiver operator characteristic curve.

    CONCLUSION: Nasal FeNO level is significantly higher in AR compared to control group with significant difference pre- and post-treatment. The findings suggest nasal FeNO can serve as an adjunct diagnostic tool together with the monitoring of treatment response in AR.

    Matched MeSH terms: Nasal Obstruction*
  5. Zahedi FD, Husain S, Gendeh BS
    Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 2016 Jun;68(2):218-23.
    PMID: 27340641 DOI: 10.1007/s12070-015-0899-3
    A prospective single blinded interventional study was held in Otorhinolaryngology Clinic, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre in August 2010 until November 2012 to evaluate the functional outcome of septorhinoplasty objectively and subjectively. Objective assessment was done using rhinomanometry and subjective assessment using Nasal Obstruction Symptoms Evaluation (NOSE) scale and Health-Related Quality of Life Questionnaires (HRQOL) in Rhino Surgery. All measurements were taken preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively. A total of 29 patients were enrolled and completed the study. Septorhinoplasty was commonly performed in Malays and Indians and rare amongst Chinese, with age ranged from 18 to 54 years. Majority had no history of trauma. Twisted nose was the most common external nose abnormality followed by crooked and saddle nose. All patients had internal valve insufficiency. There were significant improvement of the total and of all the parameters in the NOSE scale post septorhinoplasty (p  0.05). Significant correlations were noted in the improvement between the two subjective assessments (NOSE scale and HRQOL score). However, there was no significant correlation in the improvement between the subjective (NOSE scale and HRQOL score) with objective (rhinomanometry score) assessments. Septorhinoplasty improves the nasal airflow and quality of life of patients with nasal obstruction.
    Study site: Otorhinolaryngology Clinic, Pusat Perubatan Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (PPUKM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Matched MeSH terms: Nasal Obstruction
  6. Sani A, Primuharsa P
    Med J Malaysia, 2001 Jun;56(2):174-9.
    PMID: 11771077
    Hypertrophy of the inferior turbinates are the major cause of nasal obstruction. CO2 lasers have been used to reduce the size of the inferior turbinates over the last 20 years. However, the many techniques of delivery of the laser show that there is no one standard method reducing the size of the turbinates. We now describe how the laser can be applied directly to the turbinates using a handpiece with a special nasal tip, thus overcoming the disadvantages delivery via arthroscopic devices, microscopes and fibers. This technique is further enhanced by coupling it with Swiftlase which swirls the focused beam in a 3 mm spot thus ablating tissue more quickly. This procedure is done under local anaesthesia. The ablation of the anterior third of the inferior turbinates effectively overcomes nasal obstruction. This new method was compared to the more traditional submucus diathermy. 22 patients were subjected to laser treatment whilst 20 patients were subjected to diathermy. The outcome was evaluated subjectively by the patients themselves at 2 weeks, 3 months and 6 months. At the end of the study, the laser group reported a more significantly improved nasal airway (91% against 75%) and decreased rhinorrhea (72.7% against 35%) when compared to the diathermy group.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nasal Obstruction/etiology*; Nasal Obstruction/pathology; Nasal Obstruction/surgery*
  7. Yeong, Lee-chian, Veno Rajendran, Che Zubaidah Che Daud, Hung, Liang-choo
    Neonates are obligate nasal breather until they are at least two to five months old. Congenital nasal airway obstruction is one of the commonest causes of respiratory problem in newborn. Congenital nasal pyriform aperture stenosis (CNPAS) was first described by Brown et al in 1989 [1] and is a rare cause of nasal airway obstruction which may clinically mimic choanal atresia.(Copied from article)
    Matched MeSH terms: Nasal Obstruction
  8. Vengatesh Rao, Irfan Mohamad
    The unilateral nasal symptom should trigger a treating physician to a certain diagnosis. The differential
    diagnosis includes foreign body, rhinolith and tumour. The chronicity of symptom helps a lot with the diagnosis.
    Foreign body for example, tends to present with positive history of insertion, mainly by children or the acute
    symptom of local infection. In the presence of prolonged symptom, rhinolith should be suspected especially when
    the patient presents with pathognomonic nasal obstruction with foul smelly discharge. A referral should be made
    for a nasoendoscopy evaluation whenever a rhinitis-like symptoms remain after a period of medical treatment for
    allergy. We share a case of a missed diagnosis of a rhinolith after six years of symptoms.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nasal Obstruction
  9. Tang IP, Prepageran N
    Med J Malaysia, 2007 Oct;62(4):337-8.
    PMID: 18551941 MyJurnal
    We reported a patient with an extensive benign sinonasal squamous papilloma in the right nasal cavity with involvement of right sphenoid, ethmoid, maxillary sinuses and intracranial extension. This tumour is rare with very few reported cases in the literature of such extensive in nature. The tumour is excised completely with combined endoscopic transnasal and transcranial approaches. The patient remains disease free at a year interval of follow-up.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nasal Obstruction/diagnosis; Nasal Obstruction/etiology*
  10. Alazzawi S, Sivalingam S, Raman R, Mun KS
    Ann Saudi Med, 2015 10 29;35(5):400-2.
    PMID: 26506975 DOI: 10.5144/0256-4947.2015.400
    We report an extremely rare case of mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the nasal septum. A patient with a history of right-sided nasal obstruction presented to our clinic. Clinical examination revealed a mass in the right nasal cavity originating from the nasal septum. Biopsy revealed a high-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma. The patient was treated with surgical resection only. Surgery alone might be suitable for small tumors when direct inspection of the surgical site is feasible to detect early recurrence.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nasal Obstruction/etiology; Nasal Obstruction/pathology
  11. Mo S, Gupta SS, Stroud A, Strazdins E, Hamizan AW, Rimmer J, et al.
    Laryngoscope, 2021 02;131(2):260-267.
    PMID: 32386248 DOI: 10.1002/lary.28682
    OBJECTIVES: Nasal peak inspiratory flow (NPIF) is a practical and affordable tool that measures maximum inspiratory flow rate through both nostrils. Although NPIF values for healthy controls and patients appear to differ considerably, a generally expected value for populations with and without nasal obstruction has yet to be established. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine the mean NPIF value in populations with and without nasal obstruction.

    METHODS: Medline (1946-) and Embase (1947-) were searched until July 1, 2017. A search strategy was used to identify studies that reported NPIF values for defined healthy or disease states. All studies providing original data were included. The study population was defined as having either normal nasal breathing or nasal obstruction. A meta-analysis of the mean data was presented in forest plots, and data were presented as mean (95% confidence interval [CI]).

    RESULTS: The search yielded 1,526 studies, of which 29 were included. The included studies involved 1,634 subjects with normal nasal breathing and 817 subjects with nasal obstruction. The mean NPIF value for populations with normal nasal breathing was 138.4 (95% CI: 127.9-148.8) L/min. The mean value for populations with nasal obstruction was 97.5 (95% CI: 86.1-108.8) L/min.

    CONCLUSIONS: Current evidence confirms a difference between mean NPIF values of populations with and without nasal obstruction. The mean value of subjects with no nasal obstruction is 138.4 L/min, and the mean value of nasally obstructed populations is 97.5 L/min. Prospective studies adopting a standardized procedure are required to further assess normative NPIF values. Laryngoscope, 131:260-267, 2021.

    Matched MeSH terms: Nasal Obstruction/diagnosis*; Nasal Obstruction/physiopathology
  12. Singh S, Ramli RR, Wan Mohammad Z, Abdullah B
    Auris Nasus Larynx, 2020 Aug;47(4):593-601.
    PMID: 32085929 DOI: 10.1016/j.anl.2020.02.003
    OBJECTIVE: Patients suffering from persistent inferior turbinates hypertrophy refractory to medical treatments require surgical intervention where the main aim is symptomatic relief without any complications. Extraturbinoplasty is one of the preferred procedures for turbinate reduction due to its efficacy in freeing up nasal space by removing the obstructing soft tissue and bone while preserving the turbinate mucosa. We sought to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of microdebrider assisted turbinoplasty (MAT) and coblation assisted turbinoplasty (CAT) performed as an extraturbinoplasty procedure.

    METHODS: A prospective randomized comparative trial was conducted among patients with bilateral nasal blockage secondary to inferior turbinates hypertrophy. Patients were randomly assigned to MAT or CAT. An extraturbinal medial flap turbinoplasty was performed for both techniques. Symptom assessment was based on the visual analogue score for nasal obstruction, sneezing, rhinorrhea, headache and hyposmia. Turbinate size, edema and secretions were assessed by nasoendoscopic examination. The assessments were done preoperatively, at 1st postoperative week, 2nd and 3rd postoperative months. Postoperative morbidity like pain, bleeding, crusting and synechiae were documented. The clinical outcomes of both techniques were analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA.

    RESULTS: A total of 33 participants were recruited, 17 patients randomized for MAT and 16 patients for CAT. Nasal obstruction, discharge, sneezing, headache and hyposmia significantly reduced from 1st week until 3 months for both procedures. Similar significant reductions were seen for turbinate size, edema and secretions. However, there was no significant difference in symptoms and turbinate size reduction were seen between both groups at the first postoperative week, 2nd and 3rd postoperative months. There was significant longer operating time for CAT when compared to MAT (p = 0.001). The postoperative complications of bleeding, crusting and synechiae did not occur in both groups.

    CONCLUSION: Both MAT and CAT were equally effective in improving nasal symptoms and achieving turbinate size reduction in patients with inferior turbinate hypertrophy. Both MAT and CAT offer maximal relieve in patients experiencing inferior turbinates hypertrophy by removing the hypertrophied soft tissue together with the turbinate bone without any complications.

    Matched MeSH terms: Nasal Obstruction/physiopathology; Nasal Obstruction/surgery*
  13. Yogeetha R, Raman R, Quek KF
    Singapore Med J, 2007 Apr;48(4):304-6.
    PMID: 17384876
    This study aims to assess the difference in nasal patency and resistance to temperature changes objectively and subjectively.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nasal Obstruction/pathology; Nasal Obstruction/physiopathology*
  14. Suzina AH, Hamzah M, Samsudin AR
    J Laryngol Otol, 2003 Aug;117(8):609-13.
    PMID: 12956914
    Nasal obstruction is a subjective complaint in patients with nasal disease. The ability to quantitate the nasal ventilation dysfunction would be useful for making the appropriate choice of nasal disease management. This cross-sectional study comprised of 200 adult subjects. They underwent assessment of relevant symptoms, nasal examination and investigations before undergoing active anterior rhinomanometry (AAR) assessment. A group of 88 normal subjects and 112 patients with nasal disease were included. The mean total nasal air resistance (NAR) was significantly higher in patients with nasal disease (0.33 Pa/cm(3)/s) as compared to normal subjects (0.24 Pa/cm(3)/s). There was no significant difference in total NAR between patients with symptoms of nasal obstruction and those without the symptoms (p = 0.42). It is concluded that AAR is a sensitive but not a specific tool for the detection of abnormalities in NAR and it failed to relate to the symptom of nasal obstruction.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nasal Obstruction/diagnosis; Nasal Obstruction/physiopathology
  15. Liew YT, Soo SS, Nathan AM, Manuel AM
    Auris Nasus Larynx, 2017 Oct;44(5):635-638.
    PMID: 27793496 DOI: 10.1016/j.anl.2016.10.001
    Congenital bony nasal stenosis (CBNS) is a very rare but life-threatening cause of airway obstruction in neonates and infants. This review aims to assess the presentation and early airway management of 4 new cases of craniosynostosis with bilateral nasal cavity stenosis. Patients were treated with endoscopic endonasal widening of the nasal cavity and stenting. All patients were extubated well post-operatively with resolution of symptoms. They remained asymptomatic with stents in situ for at least 6 months with no complications reported. Minimally invasive endoscopic endonasal widening of the nasal cavity with stenting is an effective and safe way of addressing nasal cavity stenosis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nasal Obstruction/congenital*; Nasal Obstruction/surgery
  16. Dipak S, Prepageran N, Haslinda S, Atiya A, Raman R
    PMID: 22319710 DOI: 10.1007/s12070-010-0067-8
    To assess if sensation of nasal mucosa affect the subjective sensation of nasal patency. This is a case control study with 50 patients, using 2% lignocaine as the active drug and normal saline as the placebo (2 groups of 25 patients each). Each subject had 2 ml of solution sprayed into the test nose. These subjects had no prior nasal symptoms, allergy or surgery. They were evaluated subjectively using Likert scale and objectively by acoustic rhinometry before and after lignocaine or normal saline. The patients in both normal saline and lignocaine groups demonstrated no significant change based upon Likert scale. The study also demonstrated the mean cross sectional area 1 (CSA1), mean cross sectional area 2 (CSA2), with mean Volume 1 and mean Volume 2, these results did not vary significantly in both groups with Acoustic Rhinometry. The analysis thus shows that the use of topical anesthetic spray on nasal mucosa produces no objective effect on nasal resistance or subjective sensation of altered nasal patency. Thus the study concludes that, tactile sensation of nasal mucosa does not play a role in the sensation of nasal obstruction.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nasal Obstruction
  17. Shahrjerdi B, Angoyaroko A, Abdullah B
    Acta Inform Med, 2012 Dec;20(4):261-3.
    PMID: 23378696 DOI: 10.5455/aim.2012.20.261-263
    Sinonasal tumors may grow to considerable size before presentation and in view of their relation to the base of skull, orbit, cranial nerves and vital vessels; a precise diagnostic and therapeutic planning is needed to achieve the optimal results. We report a case who presented with unilateral nasal blockage, rhinorrhea and episodes of epistaxis which diagnosed as sinonasal inverted papilloma and angiofibroma.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nasal Obstruction
  18. Ewe S, Dayana F, Fadzilah FM, Gendeh BS
    J Clin Diagn Res, 2015 Dec;9(12):MD03-5.
    PMID: 26816925 DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2015/14921.6947
    Juvenile angiofibromas (JAs) are well-characterised in literature, arising typically in the posterolateral wall of the nasal cavity of young males. Numerous theories have been proposed to explain the occurrence of this unique and rare tumour. Angiofibromas originating in other sites within the head and neck have been described but this is exceedingly rare, constituting less than 2% of all diagnosed cases. Extranasopharyngeal angiofibroma is a rare lesion, and more importantly, controversial. It is not known whether it is actually a relative of the well-known JA that is seen exclusively in adolescent males. We present the case of a post-menopausal woman with unilateral nasal obstruction who was unexpectedly diagnosed as nasal septal angiofibroma.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nasal Obstruction
  19. Nazli Zainuddin, Irfan Mohamad, Khan, Shamim Ahmed
    Fungal ball is an extramucosal mycosis. The patient may present with facial pain, nasal blockage, purulent nasal discharge and cacosmia, the fungal ball being present unnoticed for years. Some patients do present as having other nasal problems and later on are found out to have a fungal ball incidentally. We present a case of 38 yearold man who was clinically diagnosed as having left antrochoanal polyp. Intraoperatively, a fungal ball was discovered in the left maxillary antrum.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nasal Obstruction
  20. Fadzilah I, Salina H, Khairuzzana B, Rahmat O, Primuharsa Putra SH
    Ear Nose Throat J, 2014 Jun;93(6):E33-5.
    PMID: 24932827
    Schwannomas of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses are quite rare, especially in the nasal vestibule. We report the case of a 61-year-old woman who presented with a 2-month history of progressively worsening right-sided epistaxis and nasal blockage. Rigid nasoendoscopy showed a mobile, smooth, globular mass occupying the right nasal vestibule. The mass arose from the lateral nasal wall and impinged on the anterior part of the middle turbinate posteriorly. Computed tomography of the paranasal sinuses showed a 3.8 × 1.7-cm enhancing mass in the right nostril. The mass obliterated the nasal cavity and caused mild deviation of the septum. The preoperative histopathologic examination showed positivity for vimentin and S-100 protein, suggesting a diagnosis of schwannoma. The patient underwent an intranasal laser-assisted excision biopsy. The histopathologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of schwannoma. Postoperative recovery was uneventful, and no recurrence was seen in the follow-up period.
    Matched MeSH terms: Nasal Obstruction/etiology
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