Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 204 in total

    Med J Malaya, 1957 Mar;11(3):209-23.
    PMID: 13476998
    Matched MeSH terms: Occupational Diseases*; Occupations*
  2. Ramani S, McKimm J, Findyartini A, Nadarajah VD, Hays R, Chisolm MS, et al.
    Med Teach, 2021 Aug;43(8):966-971.
    PMID: 33108740 DOI: 10.1080/0142159X.2020.1839034
    Scholarship in Health Professions Education is not just original research, it also includes study of educational processes, and application of new knowledge to practice. The pathways to successful scholarship are not always clear to novice educators. In this article, we describe strategies to establish a Community of Scholars (CoS), where more experienced and senior members guide junior members in scholarship to advance the field. Drawing on Lave and Wenger's concepts of Communities of Practice (CoP), we describe twelve practical tips, which include generation of a shared vision, formation of a global community of scholars, engagement in scholarly initiatives, and development of a professional identity, categorised under three major steps: establish, grow, and sustain the community. The tips embrace inclusivity for diverse cultural contexts which further provide opportunities for Health Professions Educators, interested in forming communities of practice, to work on scholarly outputs and add value to the professional arena.
    Matched MeSH terms: Health Occupations*
  3. Mohamad Izzuan Mohd Ishar, Mohd Khata Jabor
    The existence of the gap between the expectation of culinary students and the realities of the job
    market has led the students to face the obstacles to entering or continuing their career in the same
    industry. As such, entrepreneurship is one of the best approaches in educating culinary students to
    prepare for any possible after graduation. However, there are no guidelines for determining and
    measuring the entrepreneurial level of culinary students. Therefore, this research aims to identify the
    elements of entrepreneurship in culinary. The results of this research is a culinary entrepreneurial
    framework. Side of this research is to build a measurement instrument of culinary entrepreneurship
    level and to produce culinary entrepreneurship profiles for culinary students. This research uses
    qualitative method in the first phase through document analysis and interviews with graduates and
    culinary entrepreneurs. At the end of the study, it will acquire a culinary entrepreneurial framework
    that is also used to produce an entrepreneurship measurement instrument in the second phase of
    Matched MeSH terms: Occupations
  4. Teoh Soon Teong
    Med J Malaysia, 1973 Dec;28(2):65-9.
    PMID: 4135195
    Matched MeSH terms: Health Occupations/education*
  5. Yahaghi J
    Sci Eng Ethics, 2018 02;24(1):331-332.
    PMID: 28155096 DOI: 10.1007/s11948-017-9871-9
    The durability of buildings which depends on the nature of the supervisory system used in their construction is an important feature of the construction industry. This article tries to draw the readers' attention to the effect of untrained and unprofessional building supervisors and their unethical performance on the durability of buildings.
    Matched MeSH terms: Occupations*
    Nature, 1946 Jul 13;158:63.
    PMID: 20991747
    Matched MeSH terms: Occupations*
  7. Kunyahamu MS, Daud A, Jusoh N
    PMID: 33924182 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18084381
    Obesity among health-care workers (HCWs) is an important issue as it can affect both their health condition and their professional capability. Although adult obesity is attributable to occupational factors, few reports are available on Malaysian health-care workers' obesity and whether different health-care job categories are related to workers' obesity. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of obesity among HCWs and the association between various HCW job categories and obesity. A cross-sectional study was conducted by analyzing secondary data from the 2019 annual cardiovascular health screening program, which included information regarding all government health-care workers in the east coast region of Peninsular Malaysia. The subject's body mass index (BMI) was categorized according to WHO criteria. Only 43% of the subjects had a normal BMI, while 33.1% were categorized as overweight, and 21.1% were obese. Different HCWs' job categories were shown to be significantly associated with their obesity status, with nurses apparently having a higher risk of being obese (Adj OR = 1.91, 95% CI 1.45, 2.53, p-value < 0.001). This study's results require further exploration of HCWs' working condition factors and for different job categories that contribute to obesity. Public health intervention programs to combat obesity should be implemented that primarily target HCW groups at the highest risk of obesity.
    Matched MeSH terms: Occupations*
  8. Syed Aznal SS, Nadarajah VDV, Kwa SK, Seow LL, Chong DW, Molugulu N, et al.
    Med Teach, 2021 Jul;43(sup1):S33-S38.
    PMID: 31854254 DOI: 10.1080/0142159X.2019.1697434
    BACKGROUND: There is a continuing concern about how graduate work readiness (WR) reflects on the success of universities meeting the requirements of employment. This study is to establish a valid and reliable instrument measuring WR in health professions (HP) graduates of medicine, pharmacy and dentistry.

    METHODS: The study from March 2016 to April 2017 was conducted to validate the 'Work Readiness Scale' (WRS; Deakin University) using Principal Component Analysis and Cronbach - α for internal consistency. It was modified to a four-item even-point scale and distributed as an online survey to 335 final year students of the three programs.

    RESULTS: A reduction from 64 to 53 items provided good internal consistency in all factors: WC 0.85, OA 0.88, SI 0.88 and PC 0.71. The PC domain had the greatest item reduction from 22 to 6, whilst the SI domain increased in items from 8 to 19. These changes may be associated with difference in understanding or interpretation of the items in the SI domain.

    CONCLUSION: The modified WRS can be used to evaluate job readiness in HP graduates. However, it needs further refinement and validation in specific educational and employment contexts.

    Matched MeSH terms: Health Occupations*
  9. Wong PS, Chen YS, Saw PS
    Med Teach, 2021 Jul;43(sup1):S39-S45.
    PMID: 31603016 DOI: 10.1080/0142159X.2019.1672864
    BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education (IPE) is an instructional approach for equipping health professions students with essential competencies needed to provide collaborative patient-centred care. The implementation and sustainability of IPE are challenging for many institutions. This qualitative study identified barriers and facilitators in the processes of IPE implementation.

    METHODS: We conducted mixed focus groups (FGs) with faculty members from medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, nutrition and dietetics, nursing, chiropractic, Chinese medicine, and other health sciences programmes; who were involved in the planning of IPE at institutional or programme level, or who participated in IPE activity. Transcripts were analysed using grounded theory.

    RESULTS: We identified 25 barriers and facilitators, clustered under five major categories of commitment, faculty engagement, IPE design, support, and delivery.

    CONCLUSIONS: Successful implementation of IPE may hinge on actions in 5 stages; commitment, faculty engagement, IPE design, support, and delivery. The processes will require consistent leadership to break down professional silos and enhance collaborative effort in IPE implementation.

    Matched MeSH terms: Students, Health Occupations*
  10. Er HM, Nadarajah VD, Chen YS, Misra S, Perera J, Ravindranath S, et al.
    Med Teach, 2021 Jul;43(sup1):S12-S17.
    PMID: 31522577 DOI: 10.1080/0142159X.2019.1659942
    Outcome-based education (OBE) has brought along a significant development in health professions education in the past decade. The shift from a process-driven to product-driven model of education is valuable for ensuring graduate quality and facilitating global movement of healthcare workers. Such a model can align the expectations of key stakeholders in an era of rapid knowledge expansion and technological advancement. Nevertheless, the experienced benefits of OBE depend on the effectiveness of its implementation. This article therefore provides practical tips and strategies for implementing OBE in order to maximize its potential.
    Matched MeSH terms: Health Occupations*
  11. Oleksandr Krasilshchikov
    Sports coaching and especially high performance coaching has long existed in some sort of duality. On one hand, sport coaching has been regarded by many as a prestigious and rewarding job, whereas on the other, sport coaching still lacks a reputation as a career opportunity mostly due to the fact that coaching is yet to receive its full professional recognition in the society. Given the vast variety of coaching qualifications, coaching roles and coaching occupations available within sport infrastructure in the society, the situation has got progressively complicated with the recognition of coaching qualifications. In addition, the growing popularity of high performance and participation sports in the society started drawing more attention from the public to the issues of coach education, competence and qualifications. Malaysian scenario on the issue is quite complicated as well, and growing demand to uplift the country’s performance in SEA, Asian, Commonwealth and Olympic Games requires interference from the higher education institutions and NGOs.
    Matched MeSH terms: Occupations
  12. Saravanan Dhanabal, Karmegam Karuppiah, Kulanthayan K.C Mani, Irniza Rasdi, Sivasankar Sambasivam
    Workplace accident is a big challenges for a safety professional. Workplace accidents may lead from minor to serious
    effects to both employees and employers alike. Accident is an unexpected and undesirable event, especially those
    resulting in damage, harm or unforeseen incidents. This paper also discussed all available accident theories that are
    commonly used in workplace as fundamental to mitigating accident. Throughout this paper, the author justified that a
    new or updated accident theory is needed in Malaysia. The author stated that current accident theories are based on
    different environments and are different in terms physical of the employee who involved in the accident. This author
    also stated that technology changes is also another factor which can be supporting the new or updated accident
    theory needed in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Occupations
  13. Sundram BM, Dahlui M, Chinna K
    Iran J Public Health, 2014 Mar;43(3):263-72.
    PMID: 25988085
    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of individual-focused stress management training namely Deep Breathing Exercise (DBE) on self-perceived occupational stress among male automotive assembly-line workers.
    Matched MeSH terms: Occupations
  14. Fatimah Abdul Razak, Faridatulazna Ahmad Shahabuddin
    Sains Malaysiana, 2018;47:2187-2194.
    Malaysian Household Income Survey data provided by the Malaysian Department of Statistics is used to provide evidence
    that the upper tails of the household income distribution follows a fractal based distribution known as power-law.
    Inequality measures are then applied to ascertain the levels of inequality based on this distribution. In addition to that,
    we analyzed the data in terms of different classes of occupation, obtained power-law exponents for each class and then
    highlighted the inequality between these classes.
    Matched MeSH terms: Occupations
  15. Balasbaneh AT, Ramli MZ
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int, 2020 Dec;27(34):43186-43201.
    PMID: 32734541 DOI: 10.1007/s11356-020-10141-3
    In recent years, off-site volumetric construction has been promoted as a viable strategy for improving the sustainability of the construction industry. Most prefabricated prefinished volumetric construction (PPVC) structures are composed of either steel or concrete; thus, it is imperative to carry out life cycle assessments (LCAs) for both types of structures. PPVC is a method by which free-standing volumetric modules-complete with finishes for walls, floors, and ceilings-are prefabricated and then transferred and erected on-site. Although many studies have examined these structures, few have combined economic and environmental life cycle analyses, particularly for prefinished volumetric construction buildings. The purpose of this study is to utilize LCA and life cycle cost (LCC) methods to compare the environmental impacts and costs of steel and concrete PPVCs "from cradle to grave." The results show that steel necessitates higher electricity usage than concrete in all environmental categories, while concrete has a higher emission rate. Steel outperforms concrete by approximately 37% in non-renewable energy measures, 38% in respiratory inorganics, 43% in land occupation, and 40% in mineral extraction. Concrete, on the other hand, performs 54% better on average in terms of measures adopted for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Steel incurs a higher cost in the construction stage but is ultimately the more economical choice, costing 4% less than concrete PPVC owing to the recovery, recycling, and reuse of materials. In general, steel PPVC exhibits better performance, both in terms of cost and environmental factors (excluding GHG emissions). This study endeavors to improve the implementation and general understanding of PPVC.
    Matched MeSH terms: Occupations
  16. Tay BA
    Phys Rev E, 2021 Apr;103(4-1):042124.
    PMID: 34005972 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.103.042124
    We consider the reduced dynamics of a molecular chain weakly coupled to a phonon bath. With a small and constant inhomogeneity in the coupling, the excitation relaxation rates are obtained in closed form. They are dominated by transitions between exciton modes lying next to each other in the energy spectrum. The rates are quadratic in the number of sites in a long chain. Consequently, the evolution of site occupation numbers exhibits longer coherence lifetime for short chains only. When external source and sink are added, the rate equations of exciton occupation numbers are similar to those obtained earlier by Fröhlich to explain energy storage and energy transfer in biological systems. There is a clear separation of timescale into a faster one pertaining to internal influence of the chain and phonon bath, and a slower one determined by external influence, such as the pumping rate of the source, the absorption rate of the sink, and the rate of radiation loss. The energy transfer efficiency at steady state depends strongly on these external parameters and is robust against a change in the internal parameters, such as temperature and inhomogeneity. Excitations are predicted to concentrate to the lowest energy mode when the source power is sufficiently high. In the site basis, this implies that when sustained by a high power source, a sink positioned at the center of the chain is more efficient in trapping energy than a sink placed at its end. Analytic expressions of energy transfer efficiency are obtained in the high power and low-power source limit. Parameters of a photosynthetic system are used as examples to illustrate the results.
    Matched MeSH terms: Occupations
  17. Amirudin A, Urbański M, Saputra J, Johansyah MD, Latip L, Tarmizi A, et al.
    Int J Environ Res Public Health, 2021 Jun 15;18(12).
    PMID: 34203631 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18126452
    Today, the spread of the Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continues to impact on world public health and bring about considerable human suffering partly due to government policies on reducing the spread. COVID-19 has significantly affected human health and it has impacted on the occupation of vulnerable groups such as tour guides, drivers and shop assistants. Of these, the present study aims to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 self-isolation policy on the occupation of vulnerable groups in Semarang City, Indonesia. To achieve this objective, this study uses a qualitative method with an ethnography approach considering a rational or non-rational thinking model. The binary opposition thinking pattern pioneered by Lévi-Strauss was used in the interview process with 25 informants in Semarang City, Indonesia. The data analyzed the response pattern of informants through the taxonomy analysis. Three levels of vulnerability among groups relating to occupation were identified; jobs lost, income decreased, and delayed salary. The result of the analysis found that the group who obeyed self-isolation was categorized as a rational thinking; these groups stay at home, do not go to work, and have no income. Besides that, the group who ignored self-isolation is categorized as non-rational thinking; they work, as usual, get their salary, and believe that the COVID-19 pandemic is a disaster and they pray for their safety to God. In conclusion, COVID-19 brings a significant impact on occupation in the forms of postponing, declining, and missing income besides the health effects among vulnerable groups in Semarang city, Indonesia. In avoiding COVID-19 infection, the circumstances of vulnerable groups are worse when self-isolation is required. Thus, this study suggests that the government needs to assist vulnerable groups by focusing on strategic policies, such as strategies for survival, providing access to basic needs, including health, and offering livelihood plans by providing access to medical services and other source of income.
    Matched MeSH terms: Occupations
  18. Chia CF, Nadarajah VD, Lim V, Kutzsche S
    Med Teach, 2021 Jul;43(sup1):S46-S52.
    PMID: 32552199 DOI: 10.1080/0142159X.2020.1776239
    BACKGROUND: Faculty development programmes should incorporate the transfer of knowledge, skills, and confidence from the training to educational practice. However, there is a risk that transfer may fail due to inadequate integration of knowledge, skills, and confidence. The study evaluated transfer levels, guided by learned principles from a faculty development programme.

    METHOD: The submitted self-reports on a pedagogical intervention of 92 out of 190 health professions educators who participated in a mandatory teaching and learning training programme, were analysed by a mixed-method approach guided by a structured conceptual framework.

    RESULTS: Overall 93.4% reported the successful transfer of learning. Participants incorporated sustainable changed practice (level A, 57.6%), showed reflection on the impact of changed practice (level B, 21.7%), and performed effect analysis (level C, 14.1%). The rest planned application of learning (level D, 4.4%) and identified gaps in current practice or developed an idea for educational intervention but did not implement (level E, 2.2%).

    CONCLUSION: The majority of participants transferred their learning. Faculty development programmes must ensure successful transfer of knowledge, skills, and confidence from the training to educational practice to ensure sustainable development of teaching and learning practices.

    Matched MeSH terms: Health Occupations
  19. Pau A, Jeevaratnam K, Chen YS, Fall AA, Khoo C, Nadarajah VD
    Med Teach, 2013 Dec;35(12):1027-41.
    PMID: 24050709 DOI: 10.3109/0142159X.2013.829912
    The Multiple Mini-Interview (MMI) has been used increasingly for selection of students to health professions programmes.
    Matched MeSH terms: Health Occupations*
  20. Che' Man AB, Lim HH
    Singapore Med J, 1983 Jun;24(3):135-9.
    PMID: 6635675
    A study was carried out to determine ventilatory capacity (Forced Expiratory Volume or FEV1 and Forced Vital Capacity or FVC) in apparently normal Malay office workers in Malaysia. The subjects, 78 males and 113 females, were interviewed using a standardized questionnaire to exclude those with symptoms or past history of cardiopulmonary disease. Measurements of age, height, weight, FEV, and FVC were made on each subject; the FEV, and FVC were measured using Vitalograph spirometers. The mean FEV, and FVC for males were 3.35 litres and 3.76 Iitres, respectively. For females, the mean FEV, and FVC were 3.46 and 2.72 Iitres, respectively. Height was positively correlated with FEV, and FVC (p
    Matched MeSH terms: Occupations*
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