Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 131 in total

  1. Jamaludin NI, Sahabuddin FNA, Raja Ahmad Najib RKM, Shamshul Bahari MLH, Shaharudin S
    PMID: 32575511 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17124418
    The study investigated the influence of ankle strength and its range of motion (ROM) on knee kinematics during drop landing. Fifteen male and fifteen female university athletes with a normal range of dynamic knee valgus (DKV) (knee frontal plane projection angle: men = 3° to 8°, females = 7° to 13°) were recruited. They performed drop landing at height 30 cm and 45 cm with three-dimensional motion capture and analysis. Knee angles were compared at specific landing phases. Isokinetic ankle strength was tested at 60°/s angular velocity while the weight-bearing lunge test was conducted to evaluate ankle ROM. For males, strength for both plantarflexors and dorsiflexors were associated with knee kinematics at both heights (30 cm: r = -0.50, p = 0.03; 45 cm: r = -0.45, p = 0.05) during maximum vertical ground reaction force (MVGRF) phase. For females, ankle invertor strength and knee kinematics were associated at both 30cm (r = 0.53; p = 0.02,) and 45 cm landing heights (r = 0.49, p = 0.03), while plantarflexor strength and knee kinematics showed a significant association during initial contact (r = 0.70, p < 0.01) and MVGRF (r = 0.55, p = 0.02) phases at height 30 cm only. Male and female athletes with normal range of DKV showed a significant relationship between ankle strength and knee kinematics at specific landing phases. These relationships varied with increased landing height.
    Matched MeSH terms: Range of Motion, Articular*
  2. Roohi SA, Barritault D
    Clin Case Rep, 2019 Apr;7(4):619-625.
    PMID: 30997049 DOI: 10.1002/ccr3.2054
    CACIPLIQ20® significantly improved the outcomes of severe burn injuries of the hand. Healing was accelerated, with little or no scarring, allowing for greater mobility over the joints and maintained suppleness. Functional recovery was achieved in all cases.
    Matched MeSH terms: Range of Motion, Articular
  3. Sukari AAA, Singh S, Bohari MH, Idris Z, Ghani ARI, Abdullah JM
    Malays J Med Sci, 2021 Apr;28(2):100-105.
    PMID: 33958964 DOI: 10.21315/mjms2021.28.2.9
    Background: This paper outlines a summary of examination technique to identify the range of movement of the cervical spine. Due to common difficulties in obtaining tools for cervical examination within the district, a standardised compilation of easy-to-replicate examination techniques are provided using different tools.

    Methods: Bedside instruments that can be used includes a measuring tape, compass, goniometer, inclinometer and cervical range of motion (CROM) instrument.

    Discussion: Cervical flexion-extension, lateral flexion and rotation will be assessed with bedside instruments. This would aid in increasing accuracy and precision of objective measurement while conducting clinical examination to determine the cervical range of motion.

    Matched MeSH terms: Range of Motion, Articular
  4. Saliem AM, Nimir AR, Abdul Kadir FA
    BMJ Case Rep, 2012;2012.
    PMID: 23087269 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2012-006668
    Absence of the distal crease of the fingers is usually associated with a flexion deformity. A single crease of one or more fingers is found in many syndromes. We present this report as a rare case of absence of interphalangeal crease of the right ring finger with restriction of flexion but without any other anomaly.
    Matched MeSH terms: Range of Motion, Articular*
  5. Aminudin CA, Samsudin OC, Hyzan MY, Hamzaini AH, Zahiah M
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 Dec;59 Suppl F:57-9.
    PMID: 15941165
    We are reporting a case of a patient with a symptomatic intra-articular ganglion of the knee arising from infrapatellar fat pad. Plain radiograph and Magnetic Resonance (MR) images were correlated with arthroscopic examination and histological findings. The cyst was removed and post operatively patient regained full extension.
    Matched MeSH terms: Range of Motion, Articular
  6. Tai, C.C., Abbas, A.A., Varaprasad, M., Choon, S.K.
    Malays Orthop J, 2007;1(1):22-25.
    We report on the medium term outcome of five patients (ten hips) who underwent one stage bilateral total hip arthroplasty. Both Harris Hip Scores and Oxford Hip Scores improved postoperatively as did range of motion. There was no radiographic evidence of loosening in any hip arthroplasty involved in this study, however one revision surgery was needed due to periprosthetic fracture. There were no increased medical complications. Based on our limited experience, we believe that one stage bilateral total hip arthroplasty is safe in selected patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Range of Motion, Articular
  7. Keller M, Kastenberger T, Anoar AF, Kaiser P, Schmidle G, Gabl M, et al.
    Arch Orthop Trauma Surg, 2020 Jun;140(6):835-842.
    PMID: 32124031 DOI: 10.1007/s00402-020-03386-7
    INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the use of a free vascularized bone graft with and without cartilage from the medial femoral condyle (MFC) in patients with recalcitrant scaphoid non-union, with a special focus on union rates and the osteochondral graft for proximal pole destruction.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight avascular scaphoid non-unions in 37 patients who were treated with a free osteoperiosteal or osteochondral MFC graft were retrospectively evaluated (mean follow-up 16 months). Bone union, the scapholunate and the radiolunate angles were evaluated on X-ray images. The range of motion, grip strength, VAS, DASH and PRWE scores were evaluated clinically.

    RESULTS: The overall union rate was 95%. Bone union was achieved in 27 out of 29 (93%) scaphoids treated with a free osteoperiosteal MFC grafts and in 9 out of 9 (100%) scaphoids treated with a free osteochondral MFC graft. The range of motion remained almost unchanged, while grip strength increased significantly (34 kg vs. 44 kg) and the VAS (22-5), DASH (59-19) and PRWE (62-30) score decreased significantly. The scapholunate (71°-65°) and radiolunate (28°-18°) angle decreased. No major donor site morbidity was observed. Postoperative complications were observed in eight cases (21%).

    CONCLUSIONS: The vascularized medial femoral bone graft leads to a good functional outcome in the treatment of scaphoid non-unions. The graft provides adequate blood supply and structural stability to the scaphoid. A proximal pole destruction can be replaced using an osteochondral graft with promising short-term results preventing carpal osteoarthritis and collapse.

    Matched MeSH terms: Range of Motion, Articular
  8. Wahab AH, Kadir MR, Harun MN, Kamarul T, Syahrom A
    Med Biol Eng Comput, 2017 Mar;55(3):439-447.
    PMID: 27255451 DOI: 10.1007/s11517-016-1525-6
    The present study was conducted to compare the stability of four commercially available implants by investigating the focal stress distributions and relative micromotion using finite element analysis. Variations in the numbers of pegs between the implant designs were tested. A load of 750 N was applied at three different glenoid positions (SA: superior-anterior; SP: superior-posterior; C: central) to mimic off-center and central loadings during activities of daily living. Focal stress distributions and relative micromotion were measured using Marc Mentat software. The results demonstrated that by increasing the number of pegs from two to five, the total focal stress volumes exceeding 5 MPa, reflecting the stress critical volume (SCV) as the threshold for occurrence of cement microfractures, decreased from 8.41 to 5.21 % in the SA position and from 9.59 to 6.69 % in the SP position. However, in the C position, this change in peg number increased the SCV from 1.37 to 5.86 %. Meanwhile, micromotion appeared to remain within 19-25 µm irrespective of the number of pegs used. In conclusion, four-peg glenoid implants provide the best configuration because they had lower SCV values compared with lesser-peg implants, preserved more bone stock, and reduced PMMA cement usage compared with five-peg implants.
    Matched MeSH terms: Range of Motion, Articular/drug effects; Range of Motion, Articular/physiology*
  9. Wang C, Bea K, Zulkiflee O
    Malays Orthop J, 2013 Nov;7(3):18-20.
    PMID: 25674302 MyJurnal DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1311.002
    Clavicle fracture is commonly treated conservatively. However uncommon complication can arise causing impingement. We report a patient who sustained distal clavicle fracture and was treated conservatively. However he developed persistent shoulder pain that affected his daily life. Shoulder impingement was diagnosed and arthroscopic subacromioclavicular decompression was done. Following early physiotherapy the early recovery was good with full range of motion of the shoulder.
    Matched MeSH terms: Range of Motion, Articular
  10. Taran S, Nawfar S
    Malays Orthop J, 2013 Mar;7(1):79-81.
    PMID: 25722813 MyJurnal DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1303.004
    Traumatic brachial plexus injuries rarely recover spontaneously and if the window period for neurotisation has elapsed, the only option for restoration of function lies in a salvage procedure. Many such salvage procedures have been described in the literature with variable functional results. We report the case of a 16-year-old boy who presented after unsuccessful treatment for a complete brachial plexus injury; we performed a pectoralis major tendon transfer to attain elbow flexion. Postoperatively, the elbow was splinted with flexion at 100°. After 4 weeks of immobilization the splint was removed and the patient could actively flex his elbow from 30° to 100°.
    Matched MeSH terms: Range of Motion, Articular
  11. Ali Md Nadzalan
    This study was conducted to investigate i) while the shoulder was in 180° of flexion and the elbow extended, which of the forearm position (supination, pronation and neutral) can generate the greatest handgrip strength, ii) is there any correlation of the handgrip strength between the dominant hand (right hand) and non-dominant hand (left hand) in each forearm position, and iii) will the dominant hand possessed 10% higher handgrip strength than the non-dominant hand. 100 right handed sedentary active students age 22.20 years old (± 1.03), height 172.83 cm (± 6.37), body mass 68.87 (± 11.52) and grip position 3.77 (± 0.77) were recruited in this study. The result indicated that for both the dominant and non-dominant hand, when the shoulder is in 180˚ flexion of the body with the elbow extended, the greatest grip strength was obtained when the forearm was in neutral position followed by pronation and supination position. Post Hoc analysis showed that for both dominant hand and non-dominant hand, pronation and supination forearm position produced greater strength score compared to supination forearm position (p0.05). In all forearm position, participants were shown to produced significantly greater strength in their dominant hand and all the scores were more than 10% greater compared to when using non-dominant hand. Positive relationships were also found for the strength score between dominant hand and non-dominant hand. As the conclusion, different shoulder, elbow and forearm position can affect handgrip strength.
    Matched MeSH terms: Range of Motion, Articular
  12. Sulaiman, A.R., Munajat, I., Mohd, E.F., Sharifudin, M.A.
    Malays Orthop J, 2010;4(3):29-31.
    Patients with cubitus varus deformity secondary to malunited supracondylar fracture are at risk for lateral humeral condylar (LHC) fracture. This report describes a child presenting with preexisting malunion of supracondylar fracture presenting along with nonunion of a LHC fracture following a recent injury. The patient underwent resection osteotomy of the metaphyseal proximal fragment of the fracture surface, reduction of the displaced LHC fragment and screw fixation. This procedure corrected the cubitus varus and treated the nonunion of the lateral condyle thus avoiding a supracondylar osteotomy procedure. Treatment resulted in solid union, good range of motion and no avascular necrosis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Range of Motion, Articular
  13. Yoga, R., Sivapathasundaram, N., Suresh, C.
    Malays Orthop J, 2009;3(1):78-80.
    The posterior slope of the tibial plateau is an important feature to preserve during knee replacement. The correct slope aids in the amount of flexion and determines if the knee will be loose on flexion. This is a study on the posterior tibial plateau slope based on preoperative and postoperative radiographs of 100 consecutive patients who had total knee replacements. The average posterior slope of the tibia plateau was 10.1 degrees. There is a tendency for patients with higher pre-operative posterior tibial plateau slope to have higher post-operative posterior tibial plate slope.
    Matched MeSH terms: Range of Motion, Articular
  14. Shamsul, H., Saw, A., John, G.
    Malays Orthop J, 2007;1(1):29-33.
    This study involved evaluation of the elbows of 50 children between 4 to 14 years of age. Clinical examination for elbow flexion, extension, range of motion and carrying angle were performed, followed by ultrasonographic examination to determine position of the ulnar nerve in relation to the medial epicondyle upon elbow flexion and extension. Thirty-one elbows showed anterior displacement of the ulnar nerve, of which 14 were due to subluxation and 17 to dislocation. We found that anterior translation of ulnar nerve is present in the elbows up to 31% of children, especially those with increased range of elbow motion.
    Matched MeSH terms: Range of Motion, Articular
  15. Yin, Jerusha Chan Poe, Ashril Yusof, Victor Selvarajah Selvanayagam
    Journal of Sports Science and Physical Education 5(2): 1-8, 2016 - The objective of this
    study was to determine the number of familiarisation sessions required for isokinetic knee
    extension and flexion in female varsity athletes. Thirty right footed dominance female varsity
    athletes (n=30; age: 21.73 ±0.22 years, body mass index (BMI): 22.58 ±0.52 kg/m2), with no
    history of knee injuries were recruited. The design started with either with the dominant or
    non-dominant limb, followed by the opposite limb. Four sets of isokinetic maximal voluntary
    contraction at 60 o/s were performed for each limb. The results showed that for knee
    extension regardless of which limb starts first is 2 sessions, however for knee flexion, 3
    sessions is required for dominant limb while 2 for non-dominant. In addition, the presence of
    cross-education effect is observed for knee flexion from non-dominant to dominant limb,
    where the number of session was reduced from three to two. In conclusion, we propose that
    two sessions of familiarisation are required for female varsity athletes and should begin with the non-dominant limb followed by dominant limb.
    Matched MeSH terms: Range of Motion, Articular
  16. Nema SK, Behera G, Poduval M
    Malays Orthop J, 2018 Jul;12(2):65-67.
    PMID: 30112134 DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1807.016
    We present an unusual case of five months old neglected anterior dislocation of the right elbow joint in a 19-year old man. The patient had been initially treated by a traditional bone setter, but the elbow remained unreduced. He presented to us with pain, deformity and limited range of motion of his right elbow joint. Radiographs revealed an unreduced anterior dislocation of the right elbow joint. We describe the problems encountered during open reduction and rehabilitation and result one year after the operation with the patient having a stable elbow and a functional range of motion.
    Matched MeSH terms: Range of Motion, Articular
  17. Ahmad RS, Barritault D
    Clin Case Rep, 2018 Nov;6(11):2061-2069.
    PMID: 30455892 DOI: 10.1002/ccr3.1797
    CACIPLIQ20® was used to accelerate the healing process and stimulate the viability of flaps and skin grafts, thereby improving amputation outcomes. An excellent range of motion was achieved with hardly any contracture or scarring. Pain relief and reduced sensitivity was noted, while healing of bone and tendon also improved, resulting in functional recovery.
    Matched MeSH terms: Range of Motion, Articular
  18. Dhar SA, Mir NA, Dar TA
    Malays Orthop J, 2020 Nov;14(3):161-165.
    PMID: 33403078 DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.2011.025
    Introduction: The purpose of the study was to assess the efficacy of the dorsal closing wedge osteotomy for the treatment of Freiburg's infraction.

    Material and Methods: Twenty patients with Freiburg's infraction were admitted at our hospital over a period of six years. Patients with a normal plantar contour of the metatarsal head were included. All patients underwent a dorsal closing wedge osteotomy of the metatarsal.

    Results: The mean Leeds Movement Performance Index (LMPI) score was 84 (range 70-86). The mean metatarsal shortening was 2mm. the passive flexion restriction was 16° and extension restriction was 10°. Also, a strong negative correlation was found between Smillie classification and American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Score (AOFAS) final score (r's = -0.85, P < .001).

    Conclusion: The dorsal closing wedge osteotomy is an efficient and reproducible method for the management of Freiburg's infraction.

    Matched MeSH terms: Range of Motion, Articular
  19. Siong FT, Kim TW, Kim SC, Lee ES, Jaffar MSA, Lee YS
    J Arthroplasty, 2020 02;35(2):380-387.
    PMID: 31587980 DOI: 10.1016/j.arth.2019.09.005
    BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to (1) describe our functional stepwise multiple needle puncturing (MNP) technique as the final step in medial ligament balancing during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and (2) evaluate whether this technique can provide sufficient medial release with safety.

    METHODS: A total of 137 patients with 212 consecutive knees who underwent TKAs with or without functional stepwise MNP of superficial medial collateral ligament was recruited in this prospective cohort. Eighty-one patients with 129 knees who performed serial stress radiographs were enrolled in the final assessment. Superficial medial collateral ligament was punctured selectively (anteriorly or posteriorly or both) and sequentially depending on the site and degree of tightness. Mediolateral stability was assessed using serial stress radiographs and comparison was performed between the MNP and the non-MNP groups at postoperative 6 months and 1 year. Clinical outcomes were also evaluated between 2 groups.

    RESULTS: Fifty-five TKAs required additional stepwise MNP (anterior needling 19, posterior needling 3, both anterior and posterior needling 33). Preoperative hip-knee-ankle angle and the difference in varus-valgus stress angle showed significant difference between the MNP and the non-MNP groups, respectively (P = .009, P = .037). However, there was no significant difference when comparing the varus-valgus stress angle between the MNP and the non-MNP groups during serial assessment. Clinical outcomes including range of motion also showed no significant differences between the 2 groups.

    CONCLUSION: Functional medial ligament balancing with stepwise MNP can provide sufficient medial release with safety in TKA with varus aligned knee without clinical deterioration or complication such as instability.

    LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, Prospective cohort study.

    Matched MeSH terms: Range of Motion, Articular
  20. Soni A, Kansay R, Gupta S, Malhotra A
    Malays Orthop J, 2019 Mar;13(1):57-59.
    PMID: 31001387 DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1903.014
    Femoral condyle fracture in coronal plane, also known as Hoffa fracture, is a rare fracture. Non-union of Hoffa fracture is even rarer. We present a case of fibrous nonunion of a Hoffa fracture in which the fractured fragment, though not freely movable, led to painful walking. Since the fragment was un-displaced and non-movable we fixed the fractured fragment in situ. Patient regained full range of motion of the knee and was asymptomatic on follow-up.
    Matched MeSH terms: Range of Motion, Articular
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