Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 39 in total

  1. Khairuddin Y
    Family Practitioner, 1985;8:27-30.
    Matched MeSH terms: Social Problems
  2. Rusdi, A.R., Noor Zurani, M.H.R., Muhammad, M.A.Z., Mohamad, H.H.
    JUMMEC, 2008;11(1):3-6.
    Substance abuse is one of the leading and most complicated health and social problems faced by our country. Unfortunately, after three decades of managing these problems, outcomes are unpromising and poor.(Copied from the article).
    Matched MeSH terms: Social Problems
  3. Arokiasamy JT
    Med J Malaysia, 1997 Sep;52(3):231-7.
    PMID: 10968091
    Several countries of Asia, including Malaysia, have in recent years experienced spectacular economic growth and social change. This, together with declining fertility
    rates and mortality rates, and accompanying increased
    expectation of life at birth have resulted in rapid population ageing of these countries. However, relative
    to the developed countries, where fertility and mortality declines, and improvements in social and economic conditions have evolved gradually over a period of a century, these phenomena in the developing countries of Southeast Asia are evolving in a much shorter time period aided by the availability of medical and technological advances and interventions that can prevent deaths and births and prolong the duration of disability free years of life. This poses a challenge to countries like Malaysia who have to cope with the ageing phenomenon with limited resources that are available. The elderly are a heterogeneous group who are affected by both health and non health factors. The latter are largely social factors related to health that contribute to social problems faced by the elderly. This paper addresses these before looking at the care of the elderly.
    Matched MeSH terms: Social Problems*
  4. Loke KH, Alves K
    Med J Malaysia, 1983 Sep;38(3):232-6.
    PMID: 6672567
    Physical abuse of women has been documented since the dawn of history. However, it is not frequent that such patients come for help as such. Rather, they present as part ofrelated complicated problems such as marital discord, attempted suicide, depression and even psychotic illness. Women have been traditionally considered to be the inferior sex and as such, in many countries, social rehabilitation is difficult within the legal rights granted by the provisions of the appropriate laws. Two cases of physical abuse were admitted to the University Hospital in 1981-82 and their difficult rehabilitation is described to highlight the inadequacies of the existing laws under which protection and rehabilitation of the patients were sought. An account of what was and could be done for them is given.
    Matched MeSH terms: Social Problems*
  5. Nurul Mahfuzah Ahmad Yani, Nur Zakirah Zahari, Nur Fatini Haziqah Abu Samah, Muhammad Ammar Faidhi Mohamed Azahar, Siti Munira Yasin, Mohd Shahril Ahmad Saman, et al.
    Homelessness continues to exist in our country even though we hear of various initiatives that have been put in place to solve this ongoing issue. The objectives of this study are, first, to explore factors that lead to homelessness, second, to determine the associated medical conditions and third, to shed light on the views of homeless individuals regarding their future perspectives.
    Matched MeSH terms: Social Problems
  6. Caracelli I, Olivato PR, Traesel HJ, Valença J, Rodrigues DN, Tiekink ER
    PMID: 26396889 DOI: 10.1107/S2056989015014565
    In the title β-thio-carbonyl compound, C16H16O3S, the adjacent meth-oxy and carbonyl O atoms are synperiplanar [the O-C-C-O torsion angle is 19.8 (4)°] and are separated by 2.582 (3) Å. The dihedral angle between the rings is 40.11 (16)°, and the meth-oxy group is coplanar with the benzene ring to which it is connected [the C-C-O-C torsion angle is 179.1 (3)°]. The most notable feature of the crystal packing is the formation of methine and methyl C-H⋯O(carbon-yl) inter-actions that lead to a supra-molecular chain with a zigzag topology along the c axis. Chains pack with no specific inter-molecular inter-actions between them.
    Matched MeSH terms: Social Problems
  7. AIDS Wkly, 2000 Aug 7.
    PMID: 12349742
    Urgent action is needed to fight the alarming spread of HIV/AIDS that infected 1.3 million people in Southeast Asia last year alone, Malaysia's foreign minister said July 24, 2000. Syed Hamid said the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) should tackle at regional and national level an epidemic that was taking its most drastic toll among the region's youth. "HIV/AIDS not only represents a major public health and social problem but is a serious challenge to development as well," Syed Hamid told the opening ceremony of ASEAN's 33rd annual foreign ministers' meeting. The crisis requires commitment at the "highest political level," he said, warning that HIV/AIDS could become a transnational problem within the 10-member group. Foreign ministers have recommended their leaders discuss the crisis later this year at an informal summit in Singapore and hold a summit on HIV/AIDS in conjunction with the 7th ASEAN Summit in Brunei next year. "I think people recognized the importance and the adverse impacts on our social development," Syed Hamid told reporters later. "I think it is a real issue that we cannot run away from." Among ASEAN members, Thailand, Cambodia, and Myanmar have some of the highest infection rates in Asia of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.
    Matched MeSH terms: Social Problems*
  8. Khachatryan V, Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Bergauer T, Dragicevic M, et al.
    Eur Phys J C Part Fields, 2015 04 11;75(4):151.
    PMID: 25983648
    A search has been performed for long-lived particles that could have come to rest within the CMS detector, using the time intervals between LHC beam crossings. The existence of such particles could be deduced from observation of their decays via energy deposits in the CMS calorimeter appearing at times that are well separated from any proton-proton collisions. Using a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 18.6[Formula: see text] of 8[Formula: see text] proton-proton collisions, and a search interval corresponding to 281 h of trigger livetime, 10 events are observed, with a background prediction of [Formula: see text] events. Limits are presented at 95 % confidence level on gluino and top squark production, for over 13 orders of magnitude in the mean proper lifetime of the stopped particle. Assuming a cloud model of R-hadron interactions, a gluino with mass [Formula: see text]1000[Formula: see text] and a top squark with mass [Formula: see text]525[Formula: see text] are excluded, for lifetimes between 1 [Formula: see text]s and 1000[Formula: see text]. These results are the most stringent constraints on stopped particles to date.
    Matched MeSH terms: Social Problems
  9. Siti Mariam Norrulashikin, Fadhilah Yusof, Ibrahim Lawal Kane
    Sains Malaysiana, 2018;47:409-417.
    The vector autoregressive (VAR) approach is useful in many situations involving model development for multivariables
    time series. VAR model was utilised in this study and applied in modelling and forecasting four meteorological variables.
    The variables are n rainfall data, humidity, wind speed and temperature. However, the model failed to address the
    heteroscedasticity problem found in the variables, as such, multivariate GARCH, namely, dynamic conditional correlation
    (DCC) was incorporated in the VAR model to confiscate the problem of heteroscedasticity. The results showed that the use
    of the VAR coupled with the recognition of time-varying variances DCC produced good forecasts over long forecasting
    horizons as compared with VAR model alone.
    Matched MeSH terms: Social Problems
  10. Mohamed A-A, Eleuch H, Ooi CHR
    Sci Rep, 2019 Dec 23;9(1):19632.
    PMID: 31873086 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-55548-2
    We analytically investigate two separated qubits inside an open cavity field. The cavity is initially prepared in a superposition coherent state. The non-locality correlations [including trace norm measurement induced non-locality, maximal Bell-correlation, and concurrence entanglement] of the two qubits are explored. It is shown that, the generated non-locality correlations crucially depend on the decay and the initial coherence intensity of the cavity field. The enhancement of the initial coherence intensity and its superposition leads to increasing the generated non-locality correlations. The phenomena of sudden birth and death entanglement are found.
    Matched MeSH terms: Social Problems
  11. Rafidah Mohd Azli, Nasif Sidque Pauzi, Ahmad Faiz Ubaidah, Dziauddin Sharif, Mohd Asmadi Yakob, MakiahTussaripah Jamil, Hajah
    In Islamic transaction, the disputations between two or more parties could affect the roles and responsibilities. Furthermore, when the court received a case from disputed parties, there will be a perception among each of parties of win-lose situation, whereby one party embellished with satisfaction, while the other party will beat in suffering, so the impact is the relationship between two parties are become farther. Therefore, alternative dispute resolution (ADR) in Islamic Finance is suggested in by many Muslim economist and legal experts as a substitute to any further legal activities. This is because it will satisfy many of litigants and it provides a complementary substitute to litigation. The study about ADR in Islamic finance has been done by previous literature. By the way, the implementation of ADR in Islamic financial institutions still needs to be elaborated. Therefore, this paper aims to discuss about updated issues and challenges of implementations of ADR in Islamic finance. This paper found that the ADR in Islamic finance need a model to make the ADR more flexible and eligible with different kinds of conflicts.
    Matched MeSH terms: Social Problems
  12. Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Ambrogi F, Bergauer T, Brandstetter J, et al.
    Phys Rev Lett, 2019 Apr 05;122(13):132001.
    PMID: 31012626 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.132001
    Signals consistent with the B_{c}^{+}(2S) and B_{c}^{*+}(2S) states are observed in proton-proton collisions at sqrt[s]=13  TeV, in an event sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 143  fb^{-1}, collected by the CMS experiment during the 2015-2018 LHC running periods. These excited b[over ¯]c states are observed in the B_{c}^{+}π^{+}π^{-} invariant mass spectrum, with the ground state B_{c}^{+} reconstructed through its decay to J/ψπ^{+}. The two states are reconstructed as two well-resolved peaks, separated in mass by 29.1±1.5(stat)±0.7(syst)  MeV. The observation of two peaks, rather than one, is established with a significance exceeding five standard deviations. The mass of the B_{c}^{+}(2S) meson is measured to be 6871.0±1.2(stat)±0.8(syst)±0.8(B_{c}^{+})  MeV, where the last term corresponds to the uncertainty in the world-average B_{c}^{+} mass.
    Matched MeSH terms: Social Problems
  13. Dahlui M, Azahar N, Bulgiba A, Zaki R, Oche OM, Adekunjo FO, et al.
    PLoS One, 2015;10(12):e0143749.
    PMID: 26658767 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0143749
    HIV/AIDS remain a major public health concern in Nigeria. People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) face not only personal medical problems but also social problems associated with the disease such as stigma and discriminatory attitudes. This study provides an insight into HIV/AIDS related stigma and discrimination against PLWHA in Nigeria.
    Matched MeSH terms: Social Problems
  14. Bailey W, Truong L
    J Southeast Asian Stud, 2001;32(2):173-93.
    PMID: 19192502
    Matched MeSH terms: Social Problems/economics; Social Problems/ethnology; Social Problems/history; Social Problems/legislation & jurisprudence; Social Problems/psychology
  15. van der Meij SE
    Zookeys, 2015.
    PMID: 25987871 DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.500.9244
    A new species of gall crab is described from the free-living stony coral Trachyphylliageoffroyi. Specimens were collected during field work in Lembeh Strait (Indonesia) and off Kudat (Malaysian Borneo). This new species, here named Lithoscaptussemperi sp. n., is the ninth species assigned to the genus. It can be separated from its congeners by not having the internal orbital angle extending beyond the external orbital angle, and by the stout female P2 merus with prominent distomesial projection. In addition, the carapace surface appears smooth, despite having small tubercles on the anterior half, and is without noticeable spines, other than those on the frontal margin. The distinctive carapace pattern in life is a diagnostic character in male specimens.
    Matched MeSH terms: Social Problems
  16. Malaysia. High Court
    Annu Rev Popul Law, 1989;16:73.
    PMID: 12344524
    Matched MeSH terms: Social Problems
  17. Noor Zurani, M.H.R., Hussain, H., Rusdi, A.R., Muhammad Muhsin, A.Z.
    Substance misuse, in particular heroin addiction contributes to health and social problems. Although effective medical treatment was available, earlier efforts confined the treatment of heroin addicts to in-house rehabilitation which required them to be estranged from the community and their families for 2 years. The in-house rehabilitative programme, implemented for at least three decades has produced low abstinence rates. On the other hand, being ‘away’ meant that many heroin addicts faced employment problems and family relationship difficulties upon completing the in-house rehabilitation. However, recently, the concerted efforts by various government and non-government organisations, and the acknowledgement that heroin addiction is a medical illness has resulted in a revamp to approaching treatment of heroin addiction. At present, methadone substitution programmes have been offered as part of treatment programme for heroin addicts in Malaysia. This new programme has been shown to be effective in treating heroin addiction and would need support and cooperation from all groups involved.
    Matched MeSH terms: Social Problems
  18. Norain Abdul Rashid
    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major medical and socioeconomic
    problem. Patients with severe TBI shows physical and functional improvement but
    remain with cognitive and psycho-social problem throughout recovery. Despite all the
    issues, the impact of TBI on long-term survivors in Malaysia is unknown. The aim of this
    study is to measure the functional level of ICU survivors with severe TBI within 6 months
    post injury. (Copied from article).
    Matched MeSH terms: Social Problems
  19. Ng PKL
    Zookeys, 2017.
    PMID: 29134027 DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.711.20621
    A new species of lowland freshwater crab of the family Gecarcinucidae, Salangathelphusa peractio, is described from Langkawi, an island off the northwestern coast of peninsular Malaysia. Salangathelphusa peractiosp. n. can be separated from S. brevicarinata (Hilgendorf, 1882) in having a proportionately broader external orbital tooth, a distinctly concave posterolateral margin, and the terminal segment of the male first gonopod is not distinctly bent laterally outwards; and from S. anophrys (Kemp, 1923) by its more quadrate carapace and the terminal segment of the male first gonopod possessing a relatively longer and less curved distal part. This is sixth wholly freshwater brachyuran species known from the island.
    Matched MeSH terms: Social Problems
  20. Ali S, Yusop Z, Kaliappan SR, Chin L
    PMID: 32944853 DOI: 10.1007/s11356-020-10845-6
    Being closely correlated with income and economic growth, trade openness impacts the environmental quality through different means. The study analyzes the robustness of the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis in OIC countries by examining the extent to which trade openness influence environmental quality through different environmental indicators for the period 1991 to 2018. A new methodology dynamic common correlated effects (DCCE) is applied to resolve the issue of cross-sectional dependence (CSD). We have used greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) along with ecological footprint as indicators of environmental quality. Results of DCCE estimation identify a negative association of trade openness with CO2, N2O, and CH4, while the positive relationship with the ecological footprint in overall OIC countries and higher income OIC countries. On the other hand, trade openness has a positive association with all environmental indicators in lower income OIC countries. Our findings confirm that inverted-U-shaped EKC exists in all groups of OIC countries when CO2, CH4, and ecological footprint are used as environmental indicators. However, a U-shaped EKC exists in overall OIC countries and lower income OIC countries when N2O is used. Eventually, it is recommended that if OIC countries continue trade openness policies and energy sector reforms and maintain sustainable use of biocapacity; then, they will be able to combat environmental issues with the increase in income.
    Matched MeSH terms: Social Problems
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