• 1 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, UCSI University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • 2 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, UCSI University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • 3 Department of Pharmacy, Abasyn University, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • 4 Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jinnah University for Women, Karachi, Pakistan
  • 5 District Headquarter Hospital, District Loralai, Balochistan, Pakistan
  • 6 Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, University of Balochistan, Quetta, Pakistan
  • 7 Department of Surgery, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
J Relig Health, 2017 Apr;56(2):635-648.
PMID: 27640195 DOI: 10.1007/s10943-016-0308-6


Pakistan is one of the two countries where polio remains endemic. Among multiple reasons of polio prevalence, false religious beliefs are accounted as major barriers towards polio immunization in Pakistan. Within this context, religious scholars are now engaged in polio immunization campaigns to dismantle the myths and battle the resurgence of polio in Pakistan. The objective of this study was to assess knowledge, attitudes and perceived barriers of Muslim scholars towards polio immunization in Pakistan. A descriptive, cross-sectional survey of Muslim scholars was conducted in Quetta and Peshawar divisions of Pakistan. From October to December 2015, a convenience sample of 770 Muslim scholars was recruited from the local mosques and religious institutions to participate in this study. Knowledge, attitudes, and perceived barriers were assessed by using self-administered, anonymous and pretested questionnaire. Descriptive and regression analyses were used to express the results with p 

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.