MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 344OH employed in present study was synthesized based on the protocol in previous study. The vascular responses towards the cumulative addition of 344OH were evaluated using in vitro rat aortic rings assays.
KEY FINDINGS: The pEC50 and Rmax values were found to be 4.33 ± 0.05 and 106 ± 3.99%, respectively. Results showed that the vasorelaxation of 344OH were predominated by G-protein-coupled muscarinic- (M3) and β2-adrenergic receptors, followed by PGI2/AC/cAMP- and NO/sGC/cGMP-dependent pathways. It was also identified that 344OH employed voltage-activated- (Kv), calcium-activated- (Kca) and inwardly-rectifying (Kir) potassium channels and act as an antagonist for both VOCC and IP3R while regulating the action potential in the vasculature.
SIGNIFICANCE: The different position of hydroxyl substituent located in A-ring of the stilbenoid backbone in 344OH compared to resveratrol resulted in a significant difference in mechanistic actions that lead to 344OH's fast-acting and less time-dependent vasorelaxation behaviour. This has substantially increased the potential of 344OH to be developed as an effective antihypertensive drug in future. Present findings further strengthen our inferences where the SARs study approach should be carried out as the mainstream methodology in future drug development research.