Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 87 in total

  1. Teong L, Lens YS
    Dent J Malaysia Singapore, 1972 May;12(1):39-45.
    PMID: 4507356
    Matched MeSH terms: Bicuspid/injuries
  2. Yusof WZ
    J Can Dent Assoc, 1990 Feb;56(2):147-9.
    PMID: 2407326
    Multiple supernumerary teeth without any associated systemic conditions or syndromes are not common. The author reviewed most of the cases reported in the English-language literature from 1969 to the present. It was found that there was a predilection of non-syndrome multiple supernumerary teeth to occur in the mandible. When analyzed according to specific sites for both jaws, there was a predominance of the multiple supernumerary teeth to occur in the premolar area, followed by the molar and the anterior regions respectively. The mandibular premolar region had the highest frequency of occurrence for both jaws combined.
    Matched MeSH terms: Bicuspid/abnormalities
  3. Shanmuhasuntharam P, Thong YL
    Singapore Dent J, 1990 Dec;15(1):27-31.
    PMID: 2097726
    Transposition of teeth is a rare and special type of ectopic eruption where two contiguous teeth are found occupying each other's respective normal positions. Nine patients with transposed maxillary teeth are reported. The literature on transpositions, especially on the theories regarding the aetiology, is reviewed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Bicuspid/abnormalities
  4. Ngeow WC, Dionysius DD, Ishak H, Nambiar P
    Singapore Dent J, 2010 Jun;31(1):15-9.
    PMID: 23739252 DOI: 10.1016/S0377-5291(12)70004-4
    Mental foramen is an opening of the mental canal onto the lateral surface of the mandible. In this pilot radiographical study, in Malay population the effects of ageing towards the location and visibility of the mental foramen were determined. Most of the mental foramina were found to be located inferior to the apex of the second premolar. Non-visibility of the foramen was greatly increased in patients aged 50 years and above (Pearson Chi-square; p = 0.00). This finding may provide a guide to dental surgeries in Malay patients of different age groups.
    Matched MeSH terms: Bicuspid
  5. Ahmed T, Rahman NA, Alam MK
    Prog Orthod, 2019 Jul 08;20(1):26.
    PMID: 31281954 DOI: 10.1186/s40510-019-0277-x
    BACKGROUND: To introduce an orthodontic bracket debonding device capable of measuring debonding force clinically by a novel sensor mechanism MATERIALS AND METHOD: A prototype orthodontic debonding device was constructed utilizing a lift-off debonding instrument (LODI) and force-sensitive resistor (FSR). For data interpretation, the force sensor was equipped with a microcontroller and C++ programming software running on a computer. Ninety-nine (99) 0.022-in. conventional metallic brackets were bonded to premolar teeth in vitro by a single clinician applying the same adhesive and bonding technique. For validation, the mean debonding force measured by the prototype debonding device (n = 30) and the universal testing machine (n = 30) was compared. Both intra- and inter-examiner reliability tests were done by holding and operating the device in a standardized manner. Following debonding by the prototype device, the bracket failure pattern was evaluated (n = 30) by adhesive remnant index (ARI) under the stereomicroscope at × 30 magnification. Statistical analysis included independent samples t test for validation and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) with a 95% confidence interval for both intra- and inter-examiner reliability.

    RESULTS: Mean orthodontic bracket debonding force measured by the prototype device (9.36 ± 1.65 N) and the universal testing machine (10.43 ± 2.71 N) was not significantly different (p 

    Matched MeSH terms: Bicuspid
  6. Ngeow, W.C.
    Ann Dent, 1996;3(1):-.
    Supernumerarypremolars have been reported to occur in 0.29% of the general populationand to represent about 9.1% of all supernumerary teeth. Most of the supernumerary teeth reported in the literature were detected by radiographsas most of them were unerupted or impacted.Asearch of the literature revealed not many cases of fully erupted and well aligned supernumerary premolars being reported. A case of a unilateral transposed supernumery premolarthat had erupted into alignment is presented here. The remarkable featureof this case is that the supernumery premolar is transposed between the first and second permanent maxillary molars. The etiology of supernumeraryteeth is also reviewed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Bicuspid
  7. Normaliza Ab. Malik, Marhazlinda Jamaludin, Seow, Liang Lin
    Malaysian Dental Journal, 2010;31(1):52-57.
    Objectives: To evaluate the marginal microleakage of Class II cavities restored with various types of composite resins.
    Materials and Methods: Standard Class II slot cavities were prepared at the proximal surfaces of 40 intact premolars which were divided into 4 groups. Four types of composite resins (Esthet-X-Denstply, USA, FiltekTMZ350- 3M ESPE, USA, Beautifil- Shofu, Japan and Solare P-GC, Japan) were used to restore the slot cavities. All the specimens were thermocycled and immersed in 0.5% basic fuschin dye for 24 hours. The specimens were then sectioned in mesio-distal direction. The marginal microleakage at the occlusal and cervical margin was scored using the ISO microleakage scoring system. Data was entered using SPSS Version 12.0 and analyzed using STATA software programme.
    Results and discussion: All composite resins exhibited worse microleakage at the cervical margin compared to occlusal margin. Esthet-X showed significantly better microleakage score at the occlusal margin compared to Beautifil and Solare P. FiltekTMZ350 and Beautifil showed mainly microleakage into enamel only at the occlusal margin. Solare P demostrated better resistance against microleakage at the cervical margin compared to other composite resin tested. Esthet-X, Filtek Z350 and Beautiful is not significantly different from each other in terms of microleakage at the cervical margin.
    Conclusion: This study showed that none of the materials used in this study is able to eliminate microleakage. Composite resin restorations exhibited worse micorleakage at cervical margin in comparison to occlusal margin.
    Matched MeSH terms: Bicuspid
  8. Khurana NA, Khurana G, Uppal N
    Contemp Clin Dent, 2010 Oct;1(4):255-8.
    PMID: 22114433 DOI: 10.4103/0976-237X.76396
    Socket sclerosis is usually asymptomatic and does not require any treatment. The only potential complication arises during orthodontic treatment, wherein sclerosed socket of the premolar teeth may be an obstacle in closing the space by movement of teeth through the extraction space. This article demonstrates the problems encountered during the orthodontic treatment of a 20-year-old Malaysian woman with socket sclerosis and the treatment strategy employed to overcome the same.
    Matched MeSH terms: Bicuspid
  9. Al-Afifi NA, Abdullah M, Al-Amery SM, Abdulmunem M
    J Appl Biomater Funct Mater, 2016 Jul 26;14(3):e307-13.
    PMID: 27149939 DOI: 10.5301/jabfm.5000273
    BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the obturation quality between canals obturated with gutta-percha/AH Plus sealer (GP group) and resin-coated GP/EndoREZ® sealer (ER group).

    METHODS: A total sample of 90 mandibular premolar teeth was divided into 2 groups (2 × 45 canals): the GP group and ER group. Each group was further divided into 3 subgroups (n = 15): cold lateral compaction (CLC), warm lateral compaction (WLC) and single cone (SC). The teeth were subsequently embedded in resin and sectioned horizontally at 1, 3, 6 and 9 mm. All sections were then viewed with a stereomicroscope at ×40 magnification. The area occupied by core filling materials was determined using Cell^D software.

    RESULTS: With CLC, the percentage of core filling materials in the ER group was significantly higher than in the GP group at the 1- and 3-mm levels. Similarly, with WLC, the percentage of core filling material in the ER group was significantly higher than in the GP group at the 1-, 3- and 9-mm levels. With SC, the percentage of core filling materials in the ER group was significantly higher than in the GP group at all levels.

    CONCLUSIONS: It can be concluded that the resin-coated GP/EndoREZ® sealer is superior to the gutta-percha/AH Plus in the percentage of core filling material.

    Matched MeSH terms: Bicuspid*
  10. Nik-Hussein NN
    Aust Orthod J, 1989 Oct;11(2):93-5.
    PMID: 2639661
    An investigation of the prevalence and distribution of hypodontia was carried out in Malaysian children between the ages of five to fifteen years. Hypodontia occurred in 2.8 per cent of these children. A greater number of females were found to have hypodontia, the ratio of affected females to males is 1.6:1. The teeth most frequently missing were the maxillary lateral incisors followed by the mandibular lateral incisors, then the mandibular second premolars. The aetiology of the condition is discussed. It is noteworthy that studies showing the lower second premolars to be most commonly missing have younger subjects. This suggests delayed development of these teeth in some individuals.
    Matched MeSH terms: Bicuspid/abnormalities
  11. Siar CH
    Med J Malaysia, 1986 Jun;41(2):161-5.
    PMID: 3821613
    The light microscopic features of the dentine in three teeth from two cases of osteogenesis imperfecta (OJ) are presented. Results show that teeth in OJ distinctively have a more uniform and tubular mantle dentine, and a characteristic laminated circumpulpal dentine formed by distorted incremental bands alternating with parallel rows of interglobular dentine and interrupted by comet-shaped vascular canals. The study indicated that in the absence of overt OJ features, the changes in dentine alone are sufficiently characteristic to establish such a diagnosis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Bicuspid/pathology
  12. Saber SEDM, Ahmed MHM, Obeid M, Ahmed HMA
    Int Endod J, 2019 Mar;52(3):267-278.
    PMID: 30225932 DOI: 10.1111/iej.13016
    AIM: To investigate the number of roots and root canal configurations using two coding systems and the root canal diverging and merging levels in extracted maxillary premolars in an Egyptian subpopulation using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).

    METHODOLOGY: A total of 700 maxillary premolars were examined using CBCT in an Egyptian subpopulation. The number of roots was identified, and root canal configurations were classified according to Vertucci's classification and a new system for classifying root and canal morphology. In addition, the position where roots bifurcated and the levels where canals merged or diverged were identified. Fisher's exact test and independent t-test were used for statistical analysis, and the level of significance was set at 0.05 (P = 0.05).

    RESULTS: More than half of maxillary first premolars were double-rooted, and the majority of maxillary second premolars were single-rooted (P 

    Matched MeSH terms: Bicuspid/anatomy & histology*
  13. Al-Juboori MJ
    PMID: 25678816 DOI: 10.2147/CCIDE.S76637
    The displacement of a dental implant into the maxillary sinus may lead to implant failure due to exposure of the apical third or the tip of the implant beyond the bone, resulting in soft tissue growth. This case report discusses dental implant placement in the upper first molar area with maxillary sinus involvement of approximately 2 mm. A new technique for progressive implant loading was used, involving immediately loaded implants with maxillary sinus perforation and low primary stability. Follow-up was performed with resonance frequency analysis and compared with an implant placed adjacent in the upper second premolar area using a conventional delayed loading protocol. Implants with maxillary sinus involvement showed increasing stability during the healing period. We found that progressive implant loading may be a safe technique for the placement of immediately loaded implants with maxillary sinus involvement.
    Matched MeSH terms: Bicuspid
  14. Modi R, Kohli S, Rajeshwari K, Bhatia S
    Eur J Dent, 2015 6 4;9(2):255-261.
    PMID: 26038660 DOI: 10.4103/1305-7456.156847
    OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to evaluate the stress distribution in tooth supported 5-unit fixed partial denture (FPD) having tooth as pier abutment using rigid and nonrigid connectors respectively, under simultaneous and progressive loading.

    MATERIAL AND METHODS: The three-dimensional (3D) finite element program (ANSYS software) was used to construct the mathematical model. Two 5-unit FPD'S were simulated, one with rigid connector and another one with nonrigid connector. For analysis, each of these models were subjected to axial and oblique forces under progressive loading (180, 180, 120, 120, 80 N force on first and second molars, premolars and canine respectively) and simultaneous loading (100, 100, 100, 100, 100 N force on first and second molars, premolars and canine respectively).

    RESULTS: The rigid and nonrigid connector design have effect on stress distribution in 5-unit FPDs with pier abutments.

    CONCLUSION: Oblique forces produce more stresses than vertical forces. Nonrigid connector resulted in decrease in stress at the level of prosthesis and increase in stress at the level of alveolar crest.

    Matched MeSH terms: Bicuspid
  15. Mohd Zambri M.M., Wan Nurazreena W.H.
    Ann Dent, 2018;25(1):1-10.
    This report aimed to describe an effective biomechanics to control the upper incisors inclination during the
    correction of gummy smile with bimaxillary proclinations. A 14-year-old female presented with a Class II
    division I incisor relationship complicated with bimaxillary proclination on a Class 2 skeletal base. The lips
    were incompetent, showing 7 mm of upper incisors at rest and 5mm maxillary gingival display on smiling
    with normal upper lip length. Treatment involved extraction of all first permanent premolars followed by
    upper and lower fixed appliances. Intrusion of the upper incisors with controlled labial crown torque was
    accomplished with mini-implant anchorage placed bilaterally on the infrazygomatic crests with the retraction
    forces above the centre of resistance using 0.019x0.025-in stainless steel archwire in 0.022-in slot. The
    0.019x0.025-in stainless steel archwire in 0.022-in slot provided the vertical play to favour lingual crown
    tipping despite having forces above the centre of resistance for concurrent anterior segment intrusion.
    Matched MeSH terms: Bicuspid
  16. Asif MK, Ibrahim N, Sivarajan S, Heng Khiang Teh N, Chek Wey M
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 2020 Oct;158(4):579-586.e1.
    PMID: 32826123 DOI: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2019.09.022
    INTRODUCTION: The study aimed to investigate the effects of micro-osteoperforations (MOPs) on the mandibular bone volume/tissue volume (BV/TV) ratio changes and the rate of orthodontic tooth movement using cone-beam computed tomography images. Another objective was to evaluate the effects of MOP frequency intervals (4 weeks, 8 weeks, and 12 weeks) on the BV/TV ratio and rate of tooth movement.

    METHODS: In 24 participants, 140-200 g of force was applied for mandibular canine retraction. Three MOPs were made according to the scheduled intervals of the 3 different groups: group 1 (MOP 4 weeks), group 2 (MOP 8 weeks), and group 3 (MOP 12 weeks) directly at the mandibular buccal cortical bone of extracted first premolars sites. Cone-beam computed tomography scans were obtained at the 12th week after MOP application. Computed tomography Analyzer software (version; Skyscan, Kontich, Belgium) was used to compute the trabecular alveolar BV/TV ratio.

    RESULTS: A significant difference was observed in the rate of canine movement between control and MOP. Paired t test analysis showed a significant difference (P = 0.001) in the mean BV/TV ratio between control and MOP sides in all the frequency intervals groups. However, the difference was significant only in group 1 (P = 0.014). A strong negative correlation (r = -0.86) was observed between the rate of canine tooth movement and the BV/TV ratio at the MOP side for group 1 and all frequency intervals together (r = -0.42).

    CONCLUSIONS: The rate of orthodontic tooth movement can be accelerated by the MOP technique with frequently repeated MOPs throughout the treatment.

    Matched MeSH terms: Bicuspid
  17. Yahya, N.A., Youngson, C.C.
    Ann Dent, 2007;14(1):7-13.
    The purpose of this study were to compare the emergence profiles of crowns with their contralateral tooth, in vitro, and to determine if there is any association between the design of tooth preparations and the resultant emergence profile. 50 working models used for single crown construction were examined. Measurements of the faciolingual width of the crowns and contralateral teeth were taken using digital calipers. Internal line angles and the margin width of dies and the emergence profile of the corresponding crowns were measured from longitudinally sectioned polyvinylsiloxane indices mounted on a flat-bed scanner using image analysis software. Using Students t tests, no statistically significant differences (p>0.05) were found for shoulder width (mean 0.94 ± 0.23mm), internal line angle (mean 105.83 ± 13.57°) or emergence profiles (28.56 ± 12.95°) in the different (anterior, premolar or molar) preparations or crowns. The mean emergence profiles for all crowns was statistically significantly greater (p
    Matched MeSH terms: Bicuspid
  18. Wey, M.C., Wu, C.L., Wong, W.K., Zamri, R., Hagg, U.
    Malaysian Dental Journal, 2008;29(2):113-118.
    A case report of a 16 year old male oligodontia patient who presented with a Class I malocclusion on a skeletal I base. He had multiple missing teeth of upper lateral incisors and all premolars except for lower right first premolar. Treatment involved fixed appliance with the aid of mini-implants to mesialize posterior teeth in order to reduce the number of prosthodontic replacement of the remaining missing teeth planned for the future. The application of the mini-implants in the sequence of treatment is presented
    Matched MeSH terms: Bicuspid
  19. Lee, S.W., Tan, S.T., Che Ab Aziz, Z.A.
    Ann Dent, 2005;12(1):-.
    Thirty extracted mandibular premolars were randomly divided into 3 groups. Canals were cleaned, obturated and the teeth incubated. Guttapercha removal was performed using: Hedström files with xylene (Group 1); ProFile® alone (Group 2) and combination of both (Group 3). Time required to remove the gutta-percha was recorded. Postoperative radiographs were taken. Specimens were split longitudinally and photographed. Amount of gutta-percha left at coronal, middle and apical thirds was calculated by computer (QWIN software) and the photographs were also evaluated visually by two endodontists. Results showed that the combined technique was fastest in removing gutta-percha. Radiographically, more residual was left in Group 2. Although computer analysis also showed more residual was left in Group 2, they were in a small percentage and there were no significant differences (P>0.05, SPSS paired-samples T test) among groups. Although there were significant differences between the two evaluators in their scoring, both generally agreed (Kappa’s analysis= 0.64) there was more guttapercha residual in Group 2 compared to Group 3 in the apical thirds. Although the differences in efficacy of guttapercha removal among these techniques were not significant, the use of ProFile® increased the speed of the procedure. The combined technique showed the most superior efficacy in gutta-percha removal.
    Matched MeSH terms: Bicuspid
  20. Babar, Muneer Gohar, Gonzalez, Ma Angela
    Background: The importance of tooth sectioning is realized in disasters such as earthquake, airplane crash investigation, terror, micro leakage studies, age estimation etc. The objective of this study was to develop a simple method to make thin sections (approximately 100 mm) from freshly extracted teeth.

    Methods: One hundred and twenty human premolars recently extracted for orthodontic purpose were used for this study. The teeth were stored in 0.5% chorlaramine for 2 weeks and were not allowed to dry at any stage of the experiment. The teeth were thoroughly washed in distilled water teeth and then were sectioned buccolingually from crown to the root portion.

    Results: A detailed embedding-cutting-mounting procedure is described. The prepared thin ground sections were then examined under a Polarised light microscope for the enamel and the dentine, as well as the caries lesions can clearly be distinguished.

    Conclusion: This is an effective and efficient method for preparation of ground sections in which the hard tissue details are preserved.
    Matched MeSH terms: Bicuspid
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