Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 428 in total

  1. Vijayasingham L, Allotey P
    Lancet Glob Health, 2017 11;5(11):e1070.
    PMID: 29025625 DOI: 10.1016/S2214-109X(17)30326-1
    Matched MeSH terms: Chronic Disease*
  2. Ramli AS, Sri Wahyu T
    Malays Fam Physician, 2008;3(1):7-13.
    PMID: 25606105 MyJurnal
    Chronic diseases are the major cause of death and disability in Malaysia, accounted for 71% of all deaths and 69% of the total burden of disease. The WHO in its report Preventing Chronic Disease: A Vital Investment has highlighted the inaction of most governments of the low and middle income countries in tackling the problem urgently, is clear and unacceptable. The acute care paradigm is no longer adequate for the changing pattern of diseases in today's and tomorrow's world. An evolution of primary health care system beyond the acute care model to embrace the concept of caring for long term health problems is imperative in the wake of the rising epidemic of chronic diseases and its crushing burden resulting in escalating healthcare costs. Compelling evidence from around the world showed that there are innovative and cost-effective community-based interventions to reduce the morbidity and mortality attributable to chronic diseases, but these are rarely translated into high quality population-wide chronic disease care. This paper describes the current situation of chronic disease management in the Malaysian primary care setting - to highlight the need for change, discuss the barriers to the implementation of effective chronic disease management programmes in the community, and consider fundamental solutions needed to instigate the change in our setting.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chronic Disease*
  3. Chia YC
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2013 Apr;68(2):101-2.
    PMID: 23629551
    Matched MeSH terms: Chronic Disease*
  4. Cheah YK
    Malays J Med Sci, 2013 Jan;20(1):46-55.
    PMID: 23613658 MyJurnal
    In light of the fact that chronic diseases were becoming more prevalent recently, the primary objective of the study was to examine the socio-demographic, health, and lifestyle determinants of the use of preventive medical care in Penang, Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chronic Disease
  5. Abdul Razack AH
    JUMMEC, 2007;10(1):1-2.
    Healthy lifestyle issues have been very much in the news in both the lay press and the medical journals. The incidence of chronic non-communicable diseases is increasing worldwide and it is no different in Malaysia. Preventing and decreasing the incidence is related to lifestyle issues.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chronic Disease
  6. Md Shajahan MY
    Family Physician, 1994;6:1-1.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chronic Disease
  7. Mohd Saleh N, Nasir NH, Ibrahim NI
    Citation: Mohd Saleh N, Nasir NH, Ibrahim NI. Designing Health Benefits Policies In Malaysia (ENPHC): A Country Assessment Report. Putrajaya: Joint Learning Network for Universal Health Coverage; 2018
    Matched MeSH terms: Chronic Disease
  8. Amal NM, Paramesarvathy R, Tee GH, Gurpreet K, Karuthan C
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2011 Mar;66(1):36-41.
    PMID: 23765141 MyJurnal
    The third National Health Morbidity Survey was conducted in 2006 on a nationally representative sample of population in Malaysia in order to obtain community-based data and information on the prevalence of chronic illness. Of 57,500 eligible respondents 56710 (98.6%) participated in the study. Estimated overall prevalence of chronic illness in the Malaysian population within a recall period of one year was 15.5% (95% CI 15.1% - 15.9%). Chronic illness was reported significantly higher among the females, 16.8% (16.3 - 17.3). The most common chronic illness was hypertension (7.9%, 7.6 - 8.2), followed by diabetes mellitus (4.0%, 3.8 - 4.2) and highest reported by the Indians (19.7%, 18.4 - 21.0). Among the respondents who had sought treatment for chronic illness from government health facilities, Malays (65.8%) and those with monthly household income of less than RM400 (76.6%) were the highest. Chinese (44.5%) and those with household income of RM5000 and above (54.3%) were the highest groups who sought treatment from the private health facilities. Most of the respondents reported mild illness was the main reason for not seeking treatment for their chronic illness. It is hoped that the results of this survey will help the Ministry of Health Malaysia to enhance health programmes and planning resource allocation in order to improve health status of the population.
    Study name: National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS-2006)
    Matched MeSH terms: Chronic Disease*
  9. Allotey P, Reidpath DD, Yasin S, Chan CK, de-Graft Aikins A
    Lancet, 2011 Feb 5;377(9764):450-1.
    PMID: 21074257 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)61856-9
    Matched MeSH terms: Chronic Disease/economics*; Chronic Disease/therapy*
  10. Low WY, Lee YK, Samy AL
    PMID: 26159943 DOI: 10.2478/s13382-014-0326-0
    Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) lead to substantial mortality and morbidity worldwide. The most common NCDs are cardiovascular diseases (CVD), diabetes, cancer and chronic respiratory diseases. With the rapid increase in NCD-related deaths in Asia Pacific countries, NCDs are now the major cause of deaths and disease burden in the region. NCDs hamper achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG). People in the low socio-economic group are most affected by NCDs as they have poor access to policies, legislations, regulations and healthcare services meant to combat NCDs. This results in loss of productivity by a decreasing labor force with implications at the macroeconomic level. The 3 major NCDs in the Asia Pacific region are CVDs, cancer and diabetes due to the increasing loss of disability adjusted life years (DALYs). The 4 major behavioral risk factors for NCDs are: tobacco use, alcohol consumption, inadequate physical activity and unhealthy diet. The underlying risk factors are urbanization, globalization, sedentary lifestyle, obesity and hypertension. Strategies to combat NCDs in the Asia Pacific region are as follows: population-based dietary salt reduction, health education, psychological interventions, i.e., cognitive behavioral therapy and motivational-interviewing, taxation and bans on tobacco-related advertisements, implementing smoke-free zones and surveillance by the World Health Organization. Control measures must focus on prevention and strengthening inter-sectorial collaboration.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chronic Disease*
  11. Riddell MA, Edwards N, Thompson SR, Bernabe-Ortiz A, Praveen D, Johnson C, et al.
    Global Health, 2017 Mar 15;13(1):17.
    PMID: 28298233 DOI: 10.1186/s12992-017-0242-8
    BACKGROUND: The imperative to improve global health has prompted transnational research partnerships to investigate common health issues on a larger scale. The Global Alliance for Chronic Diseases (GACD) is an alliance of national research funding agencies. To enhance research funded by GACD members, this study aimed to standardise data collection methods across the 15 GACD hypertension research teams and evaluate the uptake of these standardised measurements. Furthermore we describe concerns and difficulties associated with the data harmonisation process highlighted and debated during annual meetings of the GACD funded investigators. With these concerns and issues in mind, a working group comprising representatives from the 15 studies iteratively identified and proposed a set of common measures for inclusion in each of the teams' data collection plans. One year later all teams were asked which consensus measures had been implemented.

    RESULTS: Important issues were identified during the data harmonisation process relating to data ownership, sharing methodologies and ethical concerns. Measures were assessed across eight domains; demographic; dietary; clinical and anthropometric; medical history; hypertension knowledge; physical activity; behavioural (smoking and alcohol); and biochemical domains. Identifying validated measures relevant across a variety of settings presented some difficulties. The resulting GACD hypertension data dictionary comprises 67 consensus measures. Of the 14 responding teams, only two teams were including more than 50 consensus variables, five teams were including between 25 and 50 consensus variables and four teams were including between 6 and 24 consensus variables, one team did not provide details of the variables collected and two teams did not include any of the consensus variables as the project had already commenced or the measures were not relevant to their study.

    CONCLUSIONS: Deriving consensus measures across diverse research projects and contexts was challenging. The major barrier to their implementation was related to the time taken to develop and present these measures. Inclusion of consensus measures into future funding announcements would facilitate researchers integrating these measures within application protocols. We suggest that adoption of consensus measures developed here, across the field of hypertension, would help advance the science in this area, allowing for more comparable data sets and generalizable inferences.

    Matched MeSH terms: Chronic Disease/therapy*
  12. Abdul Rashid AR
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2008 Aug;63(3):185-7.
    PMID: 19248686
    Matched MeSH terms: Chronic Disease/therapy*
  13. Chiou CF, Wang BC, Caldwell R, Furnback W, Lee JS, Kothandaraman N, et al.
    Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat, 2015;11:1989-94.
    PMID: 26346330 DOI: 10.2147/NDT.S86722
    Schizophrenia results in substantial health care utilization costs. Much of these costs can be attributed to health care use resulting from nonadherence to treatment, relapse, and hospitalization.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chronic Disease
  14. Smith KV, Grimmond T, Monk I
    Med. J. Aust., 1975 Sep 20;2(12):479-80.
    PMID: 1196186
    This report is of a man who suffered from chronic melioidosis contracted in Malaysia. In the course of the disease he had a lobe of a lung resected, developed empyema and, while this was still draining, developed infection in an ankle. Both the empyema thoracis and the ankle infection were due to Pseudomonas pseudomallel. He now appears to be cured, probably by massive doses of tetracycline.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chronic Disease
  15. Mohd Ridzwan, J., Rafidah, B.
    Bipolar Mood Disorder (BMD) is one of the most common, severe, and persistent mental illnesses. The Malaysian Consensus Statement for the Treatment of Bipolar Mood Disorder, published in 2007 is still the major reference for managing the condition in this country. However, recently the Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) guidelines was revised and at the moment, this contains the most up-to-date recommendations. This paper reviewed and compared both documents to establish the latest information on managing Bipolar Mood Disorder.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chronic Disease
  16. Zhu L, Kim Y, Yang Z
    J Acupunct Meridian Stud, 2018 Dec;11(6):343-354.
    PMID: 30195824 DOI: 10.1016/j.jams.2018.08.209
    Auriculotherapy has been extensively used for chronic spontaneous urticaria in China. However, the evidence of its effectiveness and safety for the treatment of chronic spontaneous urticaria is insufficient. Hence, we conducted this study to compare auriculotherapy or auriculotherapy joint treatment with Western medicine for the cure of chronic spontaneous urticaria. This meta-analysis of seven randomized controlled trials showed that auriculotherapy or auriculotherapy joint treatment was significantly superior to Western medicine in curing clinical signs and symptoms of chronic spontaneous urticaria [odds ration (OR), 2.61; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.54-4.43; p = 0.0004) and also better in total effect rate (OR, 3.81; 95% CI, 2.07-7.01; p<0.0001). But, auriculotherapy or auriculotherapy joint treatment was similar to Western medicine in improving clinical signs and symptoms of chronic spontaneous urticaria (OR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.35-1.56; p = 0.42). Auriculotherapy or auriculotherapy joint treatment was safer than Western medicine for curing chronic spontaneous urticaria (OR, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.09-0.80; p = 0.02). Auriculotherapy alone or auriculotherapy joint treatment appears to be more effective and safer than Western medicine that contains antihistamines in the treatment of chronic spontaneous urticaria. However, these findings should be interpreted with caution due to the unclear risk bias of methodological quality, and further studies with large-scale, better, and more rigorously designed protocol are necessary to prove these findings.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chronic Disease
  17. Gasanov I, Rudyk Y
    PMID: 30829590
    Aim - optimization of the treatment of obesity and chronic heart failure (CHF) patients by identifying key factors for the progression of cardiac decompensation and the principles of using metoprolol succinate, taking into account pharmacogenetic aspects in the complex treatment of this comorbidity. 127 patients with CHF 2nd-3rd stages, 1st-4th functional class by New York Heart Association at the age of 32-87 (61 [57; 65]) years were examined, including 93 men and 34 women. A comparative analysis of certain clinical criteria using the sequential analysis of Wald A.A. The results were statistically plausible with p<0.05. Conducting factor analysis allowed to separate groups of indicators and estimate the specific weight of individual factors in the pathogenesis of combined pathology - obesity and heart failure. The first two factors determine 76.8% of the variability of the indicators, given the indicators that load them, they were given descriptive titles "clinical-hemodynamic factor", "clinical and anthropometric factor". The proposed prognostic protocol provides new possibilities for predicting the efficacy of metoprolol succinate in patients with obesity and chronic heart failure. The developed discriminatory models allow to objectify the criteria for determining the doses of metoprolol succinate in patients with obesity and chronic heart failure - the maximum initial, maximal endpoint, and also to evaluate the expediency of a subsequent stepwise increase in dose. Perspective of further studies - development and clinical approbation of the protocol of the use of metoprolol succinate in patients with CHF in the context of obesity, taking into account the results of the conducted factor analysis and developed prognostic means.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chronic Disease
  18. Ali Ahmed AB, Taha RM
    Adv. Food Nutr. Res., 2011;64:403-16.
    PMID: 22054964 DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-387669-0.00031-4
    Biofilms are a natural part of the ecology of the earth. Many biofilms are quite harmful and must be treated or controlled. Other biofilms are beneficial and can be used to help fix serious problems. Biofilms can grow on many different surfaces, including rocks in water, foods, teeth, and various biomedical implants. This bacterial colonization may present the need for additional operations, amputation, or it may even lead to death. The fundamental principles of bacterial cell attachment and biofilm formation are discussed. Biofilms represents a new, wide-open field practice and research that is only going to get hotter with time. Functional organic plasma polymerized coatings are also discussed for their potential as bio-sensitive interfaces, connecting metallic electronic devices with their physiological environments.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chronic Disease/prevention & control
  19. Nazri SM, Imran MK, Ismail IM, Faris AA
    PMID: 18567457
    This cross-sectional study was designed to determine the socio-demographic characteristics and prevalence of overweight/obesity and self-reported diabetes mellitus, hypertension and heart disease among the population in Pulau Kundur, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia. This study was conducted in September 2005. We randomly selected 120 of 240 households in Pulau Kundur, Kota Bharu, Kelantan. Fifteen interviewers were trained to use a structured questionnaire to interview 348 adult respondents age 18 years and older in the selected houses. The mean age was 40.7 years; 52.7% were females and 99.4% were Malay. Sixty-two point seven percent were married and 50.9% of them had Ujian Penilaian Sekolah Rendah (UPSR) or less education. The mean head of family income was RM 532.4. The mean body mass index was 25.3. The overall prevalence of overweight/obesity, known hypertension, diabetes mellitus and heart disease were 49.1, 12.6, 7.8 and 2.0% respectively. Adults in this village had a high prevalence of overweight and obesity and self-reported chronic diseases. Health education and lifestyle modification are needed for those adults.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chronic Disease/epidemiology*
  20. Binns C, Lee M, Low WY
    Asia Pac J Public Health, 2016 Jan;28(1):7-14.
    PMID: 26792873 DOI: 10.1177/1010539515624964
    Breastfeeding has many health benefits, both in the short term and the longer term, to infants and their mothers. There is an increasing number of studies that report on associations between breastfeeding and long-term protection against chronic disease. Recent research evidence is reviewed in this study, building on previous authoritative reviews. The recent World Health Organization reviews of the short- and long-term benefits of breastfeeding concluded that there was strong evidence for many public health benefits of breastfeeding. Cognitive development is improved by breastfeeding, and infants who are breastfed and mothers who breastfeed have lower rates of obesity. Other chronic diseases that are reduced by breastfeeding include diabetes (both type 1 and type 2), obesity, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, hyperlipidemia, and some types of cancer.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chronic Disease/prevention & control*
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