Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 219 in total

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  1. Mohammed Nawi A, Che Jamaludin FI
    Malays J Med Sci, ;22(4):47-56.
    PMID: 26715908 MyJurnal
    Co-morbidities in adulthood is a significant problem and is associated with obesity during adolescent.
    Matched MeSH terms: Comorbidity
  2. Mazlin MB, Chang CC, Baba R
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2012 Oct;67(5):518-21.
    PMID: 23770870
    All around the world, there is growing evidence of the association between psoriasis and comorbidities which increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. This study aims to determine the prevalence of various comorbidities among adult psoriasis patients in Malaysia. A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients in the Malaysian Psoriasis Registry from January 2007 to December 2008. A total of 2,267 adult patients with psoriasis from 13 dermatology centers were included. Prevalence of various comorbidities were: hypertension 25.9%, diabetes mellitus 17.7 %, dyslipidaemia 17.8%, overweight 33.2%, obesity 20.7%, ischaemic heart disease 5.8% and cerebrovascular disease 1.4%. These comorbidities were more prevalent in patients with psoriasis of late-onset and longer duration. Active screening of these comorbidities in all adult psoriasis patients is recommended.

    Matched MeSH terms: Comorbidity*
  3. Marhani Midin, Reddy, Jaya Prakash, Nik Ruzyanei Nik Jaafar
    ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry, 2009;10(1):95-98.
    MyJurnal
    Objective: This is a case report discussing the comorbidity of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and schizophrenia. Such clinical phenomenon merits recognition as a distinct subgroup of schizophrenia with unique challenges and treatment needs. Method: A case report presenting schizophrenia with preceding obsessive-compulsive disorder over five years. Results: This report describes the clinical course and treatment challenges of a patient with obsessive compulsive schizophrenia (OCS). Conclusion: This case illustrates that OCS is a complex disorder with atypical clinical characteristics. In managing this patient, several clinical dilemmas including diagnostic ambiguity, problems with pharmacotherapy and difficulties in his rehabilitation were highlighted.
    Matched MeSH terms: Comorbidity
  4. Khadijah, H.A.A., Seed, H.F., Lee, V.Y., Wan Salwina, W.I.
    MyJurnal
    Although comorbidity of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) with schizophrenia is well-established, the occurrence of psychotic symptoms especially hallucinations with OCD still requires further studies. We report a case of a child with OCD who experienced auditory hallucination with the recurrence of his OCD symptoms and the management involved. We discussed the possible differentials when auditory hallucinations occur in the context of OCD.
    Matched MeSH terms: Comorbidity
  5. AR Siti Nurul Fazlin, H Hairul Aini, HM Hadzri, MM Mohammed Imad
    MyJurnal
    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotyping is very important for the clinical management of HCV-infected patients. The aim of this study was to determine the genotypes of HCV-infected patients and to identify their risk factors and comorbidities.
    Matched MeSH terms: Comorbidity
  6. Lone JB, Koh WY, Parray HA, Paek WK, Lim J, Rather IA, et al.
    Microb. Pathog., 2018 Nov;124:266-271.
    PMID: 30138755 DOI: 10.1016/j.micpath.2018.08.036
    Obesity and obesity-related comorbidities have transformed into a global epidemic. The number of people suffering from obesity has increased dramatically within the past few decades. This rise in obesity cannot alone be explained by genetic factors; however, diet, environment, lifestyle, and presence of other diseases undoubtedly contribute towards obesity etiology. Nevertheless, evidence suggests that alterations in the gut microbial diversity and composition have a role to play in energy assimilation, storage, and expenditure. In this review, the impact of gut microbiota composition on metabolic functionalities, and potential therapeutics such as gut microbial modulation to manage obesity and its associated comorbidities are highlighted. Optimistically, an understanding of the gut microbiome could facilitate the innovative clinical strategies to restore the normal gut flora and improve lifestyle-related diseases in the future.
    Matched MeSH terms: Comorbidity
  7. Lai, M.H., Marhani, M.
    MyJurnal
    The holistic approach of assertive community treatment (ACT) may provide better care and lead to better outcomes in populations with difficult-to-treat comorbid mental and physical illnesses. This paper describes the complex issues in managing a person with multiple chronic medical illnesses who also
    had comorbid treatment-resistant depression and poor social support. The patient achieved improvement after the implementation of the therapeutic ingredients of ACT.
    Matched MeSH terms: Comorbidity
  8. Tai, C.C., Tan, S.H., Misnan, N.A., Nam, H.Y., Choon, S.K.
    Malays Orthop J, 2008;2(1):38-43.
    MyJurnal
    The safety of simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remains controversial. The objective of the current study was to investigate perioperative morbidity and mortality rates within 30 days of simultaneous bilateral TKA. A detailed analysis of medical, surgical and anaesthesia records of 183 consecutive patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty between 2002 and 2006 was performed. The mean age of the patients was 67.6 years old. More than 80% had one or more co-morbidities, but none of them had ASA score greater than class 2. The mean hospital stay was 10 days, and the mean surgical time 156 minutes. Less than half of the patients (42.6%) required blood transfusion. The rate of perimorbidity was 15.3 % and there was no mortality in this series. We believe that simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty is a safe and cost effective option for our patients, provided that patients are selected and informed appropriately.
    Matched MeSH terms: Comorbidity
  9. Mohamad Isa, M.F., Tan, C.L., Gill, J.S.
    MyJurnal
    About 60% of people with mental illness developed co-morbid medical and physical illness that invariably worsens their lives. However, most of the studies regarding this issue were done either in the out-patient or community settings, ignoring long stay inpatients. Locally, no data exists among long stay patients in psychiatric institutions. The aim of this retrospective study was to look at the prevalence of physical illness among long-stay patients and to compare the occurrence of physical illness before and after admission to the psychiatric institution. We found that 85 (63.4%) out of 134 subjects there was suffering with co-morbid physical and medical illnesses. There were 33 (24.6%) subjects with hyperlipidaemia, 22 (16.4%) subjects with hypertension and 17 (12.7%) subjects with diabetes. Approximately 75 (55.9%) subjects developed medical illness after admission. In conclusion, long-stay psychiatric patients are at a high risk of developing medical problems that tends to begin after admission to the psychiatric institution.
    Study site: Hospital Bahagia, Ulu Kinta, Perak, Malaysia
    Matched MeSH terms: Comorbidity
  10. Nor Zuraida, Z.
    MyJurnal
    The vital importance of the mental health of a nation for the overall well being of the population and socioeconomic development is increasingly recognized. In Malaysia, psychiatric disorders were responsible for 8.6% of the total Disability Adjusted Life Years and were ranked fourth as the leading cause of burden of disease by disease categories. More and more evidence shows that physical illnesses are strongly associated with psychiatric disorders. Those with physical illnesses have much higher risk of developing psychiatric disorders compared to that without. The mechanisms of co-morbidity of psychiatric and physical illness are complex. It is a two-way interaction and there are five different possible ways to describe this.
    Matched MeSH terms: Comorbidity
  11. Ek Zakuan Kalil, Tan, Susan M.K., Loh, Sit Fong, Norazlin Kamal Nor, Suzaily Wahab
    ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry, 2010;11(2):216-219.
    MyJurnal
    Objective: This case report highlights males as victims of sexual abuse, ascertain the factors that are associated with male sexual abuse and outline problems in management of sexual abuse with the presence of co morbidities. Methods: We report a case of sexual abuse in a 14 year old boy who has borderline mental retardation and ADHD. Results: The victim was
    traumatized due to the abuse. The perpetrator was not charged due to lack of evidence of the abuse and stigma. Conclusion: Sexual abuse that occurs in males can be influenced by multiple factors such as the presence of comorbidities. Strong awareness must be present in caregivers to prevent abuse in this population and to take appropriate and early action to effect the necessary intervention.
    Matched MeSH terms: Comorbidity
  12. Fashiham Taib, Nur Arzuar Abdul Rahim, Mohd Rizal Mohd Zain, Mohamad Ikram Ilias, Nik Mohd Rizal Mohd Fakri, Zabidi Azhar Hussin
    MyJurnal
    The paper discusses on the complexity of the issues surrounding a patient with subluxation of cervical spine in a Down syndrome child. Several relevant issues are discussed including consent in a minor, conflicting decision making between parents and doctors, end-of-life issues, supporting handicapped child with minimal co-morbidities, community ethics, neglect of care by the caregiver and decision making after allowing zonal of parental discretion. Despite the difficulties surrounding parental actions, there are still ethical priorities which have to be considered individually to alleviate the suffering of the patients and the family members. Dealing with patients with chronic illnesses is a challenge for any medical doctors. The case warrants sensitive approach to allow appropriate respect for parental decision despite in disagreement with the clinical team. The term ‘zone of parental discretion’ refers to a controversial area of decision making; and has still many potential conflicts on day to day clinical cases, especially among the conservative society in the East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Comorbidity
  13. Sabrina B, Tan KL, Johann FK, Andre D
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2018 Aug;73(4):255-256.
    PMID: 30121691 MyJurnal
    Ureteric and bladder injuries are uncommon, difficult to diagnose and rarely occur in isolation. Diagnosis is often delayed or missed at presentation. Therefore, high clinical suspicion and appropriate timing of computed tomography (CT) are of paramount importance. We report two cases (ureteropelvic junction avulsion and ruptured dome of bladder) whereby the presentations were subtle and would have been missed if not for high clinical suspicion. This article discusses the problems associated with these urologic injuries, as well as how to develop a high index of suspicion based on the pattern of anatomical disruption, mechanism of injury, physiological abnormality and comorbidity.
    Matched MeSH terms: Comorbidity
  14. Song YL, Yap AU, Türp JC
    J Oral Rehabil, 2018 Dec;45(12):1007-1015.
    PMID: 30125394 DOI: 10.1111/joor.12704
    The aim of this systematic review (SR) was to determine the association between temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) and pubertal development. Due to the inadequacy of the conventional PICO (Population, Interventions, Comparisons and Outcome) format used for intervention-based SRs, the Joanna Briggs Institute's guidelines for synthesising evidence related to associations with a focus on aetiology were adopted. A search of the PubMed and LIVIVO databases covering the period from January 1980 to May 2018 yielded four publications, which fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Analysis of articles based on the Pubertal Development Scale showed that TMD prevalence increases with pubertal development. Although no sex difference in TMD prevalence and diagnosis was observed, more females reported TMD anamnestic variables, including accounts of temporomandibular pain during pubertal maturity. The higher prevalence of depression and somatisation during pubertal development may contribute to more TMD symptom reporting in females. More prospective studies incorporating standardised methods for diagnosing TMDs and detecting comorbid psychosocial and somatic problems are desired to further elucidate the relationship between TMDs and pubertal development.
    Matched MeSH terms: Comorbidity
  15. Tahir NSM, Zakaria R, Draman N
    Korean J Fam Med, 2018 Nov 27.
    PMID: 30477049 DOI: 10.4082/kjfm.18.0001
    Anxiety disorders are the most prevalent psychiatric disorders in the general population. The relationship between dyspepsia and particularly gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and psychiatric comorbidity such as anxiety is poorly defined. However, GERD was noted to be strongly associated and often coincident in onset with generalized anxiety disorder in the community. In this paper, we report the case of an adult man who presented with severe weight loss and underlying GERD, and was later found to have an anxiety disorder as the cause of both.
    Matched MeSH terms: Comorbidity
  16. Poynard T
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2005 Jul;60 Suppl B:70-1.
    PMID: 16108178
    Matched MeSH terms: Comorbidity*
  17. Khor CG, Tan BE, Kan SL, Tsang EE, Lim AL, Chong EY, et al.
    J Clin Rheumatol, 2016 Jun;22(4):194-7.
    PMID: 27219306 DOI: 10.1097/RHU.0000000000000362
    OBJECTIVE: There is paucity of data for Takayasu arteritis (TAK) among South Asians. We aimed to evaluate the clinical features, angiographic findings, as well as treatment and outcome of TAK among Malaysian multiethnic groups.

    METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 40 patients with TAK seen in major rheumatology centres in Malaysia between April 2006 and September 2013.

    RESULTS: Majority were female patients (92.5%), with a female-to-male ratio of 12:1. Median duration of disease from diagnosis was 66 months (interquartile range, 33-177 months). Fifteen (37.5%) were Malays, 9 (22.5%) each were Indians and indigenous from East Malaysia and 7 (17.5%) were Chinese. Indian and indigenous from East Malaysia were overrepresented in this disease. The mean (SD) age of symptom onset and diagnosis were 25.5 (8.1) and 27.4 (8.4), respectively. The 3 most common clinical presentations at diagnosis were diminished or absent pulse, which occurred in 80% of the patients, followed by blood pressure discrepancy (60%) and arterial bruit (52.5%). There was no difference in clinical presentation among ethnic groups. The subclavian artery was the commonest vessel involved (72.5%), followed by the carotid artery (65%) and renal artery (47.5%). Eight patients had coronary artery involvement, and 2 patients had pulmonary artery involvement. Type I arterial involvement was the commonest (80.0%), followed by type IV (35%), present in isolation or mixed type. Glucocorticoid was the main medical treatment (90.0%). Nineteen patients (47.5%) underwent revascularization procedures. Five patients died during the follow-up period.

    CONCLUSIONS: The Malaysian TAK cohort had similarities with and differences from other published TAK cohort. A nationwide TAK registry is needed to determine the prevalence of the disease among different ethnic groups.

    Matched MeSH terms: Comorbidity
  18. Habib Khan Y, Sarriff A, Hayat Khan A, Azreen Syazril A, Mallhi TH
    Malays J Med Sci, ;22(4):73-5.
    PMID: 26715911 MyJurnal
    Infective endocarditis (IE) is the one of the most important causes of increased mortality and morbidity among haemodialysis patients. The reason for this increasing prevalence of infection among these patients is the use of haemodialysis catheters during dialysis, as these patients are highly susceptible to infections that are easily transmitted via blood access points. The present case was a geriatric end stage renal disease (ESRD) patient who was readmitted to the hospital two days after her scheduled haemodialysis session with symptoms of nosocomial endocarditis. Her concurrent medical complications were hypertension, non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, and ischemic heart disease. Based on her previous medical history and current examination, the patient was suspected to have IE due to catheter related infection. The goal of therapy is to manage the comorbidities and infection by provision of appropriate treatment based on close monitoring of the patient condition.
    Matched MeSH terms: Comorbidity
  19. McCormick A, Sultan J
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2005 Jul;60 Suppl B:83-7.
    PMID: 16108182
    Liver transplantation has been successfully used in the treatment of a large number of liver diseases. The largest patient group comprises patients with end stage decompensated liver disease. Decompensation is defined as the presence of cirrhosis and one or more of the following: jaundice, ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, hepatorenal syndrome or bleeding oesophageal varices. In general patients in this category should be considered for liver transplantation, if available. Guidelines for liver transplant assessment have been published by both the British Society of Gastroenterology and the American Association for the Study of Liver Disease. These guidelines provide a good basis for patient selection. As new information becomes available the indications for individual diseases may change somewhat. One of the most important changes in recent years was the introduction of the MELD/PELD scoring system. This is the model for end stage liver disease which provides a reasonably robust estimate of prognosis for individual patients. Prior to this patient waiting time on the transplant list was one of the principal determinants of priority for liver allocation. The MELD scoring system has been widely adopted with the aim of allocating the available livers to patients in the greatest clinical need.
    Matched MeSH terms: Comorbidity
  20. Ang, H. L., Mohamad Adam, B., Tajuddin, A., Isnoni, I., Suzanna, A., Anwar Hau M., et al.
    MyJurnal
    The incidence of hip fractures is increasing within the aging population.We determined the risk factors of in-hospital
    mortality following hip fracture across major hospitals in Malaysia. This is a retrospective cohort review from 18
    hospitals across Malaysia in National Orthopaedic Registry of Malaysia (NORM) . We collected demographic data, prefracture
    co-morbidities, previous hip fracture, pre-fracture walking ability, fracture type and stability, mechanism
    of injury, type of management (operative or non-operative), operation types and grade of surgeon. Between 2008
    and 2009, 685 patients were admitted with a hip fracture to 18 government hospitals with orthopaedic service. The
    overall in-hospital mortality was 2.2%. We found more in-hospital mortality in elderly patients and patients with eye
    and hearing problems as pre-fracture morbidity. In conclusion, patients who were elderly with multiple comorbidities
    especially those with eye and hearing impairment were had higher risk for immediate mortality
    Matched MeSH terms: Comorbidity
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