Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 55 in total

  1. Loh KY
    Aust Fam Physician, 2008 Nov;37(11):946.
    PMID: 19037470
    A boy, 12 years of age, was being treated for pneumonia. The cold haemagglutination test was positive for Mycoplasma pneumoniae. He developed an isolated asymptomatic skin lesion on his lower limb which disappeared completely after 1 week.
    Matched MeSH terms: Erythema Multiforme/diagnosis*; Erythema Multiforme/etiology; Erythema Multiforme/physiopathology
  2. Ilyas M, Apandi AB
    Med J Malaysia, 1979 Dec;34(2):181-3.
    PMID: 548725
    Matched MeSH terms: Erythema/etiology
  3. Ting HC, Adam BA
    Australas J Dermatol, 1984 Aug;25(2):83-8.
    PMID: 6529404
    Matched MeSH terms: Erythema Multiforme/diagnosis; Erythema Multiforme/epidemiology*
  4. Ridley DS, Rea TH, McAdam KP
    Lepr Rev, 1981 Mar;52(1):65-78.
    PMID: 7242219
    Matched MeSH terms: Erythema Nodosum/pathology*
    Med J Malaya, 1957 Dec;12(2):427-34.
    PMID: 13515874
    Matched MeSH terms: Erythema Multiforme/etiology*
  6. Giam YC, Ong BH, Tan T
    Ann Acad Med Singap, 1987 Oct;16(4):658-62.
    PMID: 3446008
    Erythema Nodosum Leprosum (ENL) or Type II reaction is an immune complex syndrome seen in multibacillary leprosy. 20 patients with histological confirmation of ENL in leprosy were studied from 1982 to 1986. These patients had a range of clinical signs, from fever, tender dusky nodules, bullae, ulcers to lymphadenopathy, arthralgia and neuritis. The four major histological patterns are: a) classical pattern showing heavy infiltrations of neutrophils in three cases, b) sub-epidermal bulla pattern with marked oedema of the upper dermis, and collections of neutrophils in five cases, c) vasculitis pattern, affecting superficial and mid-dermal vessels, leading to epidermal necrosis, bulla formation and ulceration. Dilated vessels, congestion, lumenal fibrin clots and fibrinoid necrosis of vessels were seen, d) non-specific picture in nine cases with mild oedema, infiltration with neutrophils, and two cases with minimal reaction had chronic ENL with clinical vasculitis. All the five cases with vasculitis showed C1q, C3 and fibrinogen in the vessels. Comparing ENL reactions reported in Asia, our pattern is similar to that of Malaysians with the majority showing sub-epidermal oedema. Vasculitis is more common in India. Oedema with collagen necrosis as seen in acute ENL with iritis in New Guinea. The Lucio's phenomenon was not seen in any of the countries in Asia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Erythema Nodosum/pathology*
  7. Yap FB, Lee BR
    Arch Dermatol, 2011 Jun;147(6):735-40.
    PMID: 21690541 DOI: 10.1001/archdermatol.2011.128-a
    Matched MeSH terms: Erythema Nodosum/diagnosis*; Erythema Nodosum/drug therapy; Erythema Nodosum/parasitology*
  8. Kamaliah MD, Zainal D, Mokhtar N, Nazmi N
    Int J Dermatol, 1998 Jul;37(7):520-3.
    PMID: 9679693
    BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported that drugs and infections are common causes of erythema multiforme (EM) and Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS). Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is mainly related to drugs. No study has been conducted in Kelantan, the northeastern state of Malaysia, to assess these cutaneous reactions.

    METHODS: A retrospective study of all hospitalized cases of EM, SJS, and TEN was conducted covering an 8-year period from 1987 to 1994.

    RESULTS: There were four cases (13.8%) of EM, 22 cases (75.9%) of SJS, and three cases (10.3%) of TEN. Drugs as a definitive cause was observed in one case (25%) of EM, 12 cases (54.5%) of SJS, and two cases (66.7%) of TEN. Drugs as a probable cause was observed in seven cases (31.8%) of SJS and one case (33.3%) of TEN. The male to female ratio was equal in EM and SJS. Antiepileptics were the commonest culprits, followed by antibiotics. One patient died of SJS and one patient died of TEN, giving mortality rates of 4.5% and 33.5% respectively. Fever was noted in 18 patients (62.1%). Leukocytosis was noted in 10 patients (34.5%), and nine patients (31.0%) had elevated liver transaminase enzymes. No significant correlation was noted between these biochemical changes and cutaneous eruption. Secondary infections were observed in 11 patients (37.9%): Staphylococcus aureus was the commonest isolated organism.

    CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that drugs remain the commonest culprit in SJS and TEN. Despite adequate treatment, the mortality rate remains high, especially in TEN. These findings are similar to those of other reported studies.

    Matched MeSH terms: Erythema Multiforme/chemically induced; Erythema Multiforme/drug therapy; Erythema Multiforme/epidemiology*
  9. Yap FB, Kiung ST, Yap JB
    Indian Dermatol Online J, 2016 Jul-Aug;7(4):255-8.
    PMID: 27559497 DOI: 10.4103/2229-5178.185495
    There is a paucity of data on quality of life issues in patients with leprosy suffering from erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL). Thus, we aim to study the effect of ENL on quality of life.
    Matched MeSH terms: Erythema Nodosum
  10. Rasool AH, Abdul Rahman AS, Abd Ghaffar NA, Nik Mahmood NM, Wong AR
    Malays J Med Sci, 2010 Oct;17(4):14-9.
    PMID: 22135556 MyJurnal
    Post-occlusive skin reactive hyperaemia (PORH) is a model used to assess microvascular reactivity. This study aims to compare PORH response among pregnant hypercholesterolaemic patients with age and gestational age-matched controls.
    Matched MeSH terms: Erythema
  11. Choon SE, Tey KE
    Int J Dermatol, 2009 Sep;48(9):984-8.
    PMID: 19702985 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-4632.2009.04078.x
    Lucio's phenomenon is a rare and aggressive necrotising variant of erythema nodosum leprosum that classically occur in patients with undiagnosed, diffuse non-nodular lepromatous leprosy. It is a potentially fatal leprosy reaction characterised by extensive, bizarrely-shaped, painful purpuric skin lesions and ulcerations. Lucio's phenomenon is very rarely reported outside of Mexico and Costa Rica.
    Matched MeSH terms: Erythema Nodosum/pathology*
  12. Jayalakshmi P, Ganesapillai T, Ganesan J
    Int. J. Lepr. Other Mycobact. Dis., 1995 Mar;63(1):109-11.
    PMID: 7730709
    Matched MeSH terms: Erythema Nodosum/pathology*
  13. Irmi Z, Zaiton A, Faezah H
    Malays Fam Physician, 2013;8(1):24-7.
    PMID: 25606264 MyJurnal
    Reactive arthritis and erythema are uncommon presentations of tuberculosis (TB). Reactive arthritis in tuberculosis (TB) is known as Poncet's disease, a rare aseptic form of arthritis observed in patients with active TB. We report a case of Poncet's disease in a 20-year old man whose reactive arthritis overshadowed other clinical symptoms of TB resulting in delayed diagnosis and treatment. Although a conclusive diagnosis of Poncet's disease is not possible, reactive immunologic reactions such as reactive arthritis and erythema nodosum even without respiratory symptoms should raise suspicion on possible TB. Thus, taking a thorough medical history as well as performing relevant examinations and investigations for possible TB will help expedite the diagnostic process.
    Matched MeSH terms: Erythema; Erythema Nodosum
  14. Yusof, N., Jaswir, I., Jamal, P., Jami, M.S., Octavianti, F.
    Extraction of gelatin using traditional acid-base pretreatment method has several limitations
    such as time consuming and causes serious water pollution. Chemical treatment often being used
    as an alternative process to overcome the weaknesses of the conventional method. However,
    excessive chemical elements would damage the structure of the gelatin due to its high sensitivity
    to the acid content. High Pressure Processing (HPP) is a novel and environmental friendly
    method that has been suggested to assist gelatin extraction. Pressurization during pretreatment
    could reduce the extraction time and amount of acid used. It also has a potential in enhancing the
    properties of the gelatin extract and increasing the gelatin yield. In this research, One-Factor-
    at-Time (OFAT) and optimization study were done to determine the optimum parameters for
    extraction of gelatin assisted by HPP from red tilapia skin. Four parameters; applied pressure,
    pressure holding time, ratio of acid to skin and extraction time have been selected for the OFAT
    design and concentration of the gelatin extract and percentage of yield gelatin were evaluated.
    From OFAT, optimum technical parameters for response surface optimization design were 250
    MPa pressure, 7.5 ml of acid to 1 g of skin and 12 hours extraction time. Pressure holding
    time was fixed for 10 min. FCCCD has been used for optimization study. Results from the
    data shows that the optimum conditions for gelatin extraction from red tilapia skin were 250
    MPa for pressure, 10 min of pressure holding time, 7.5 ml of acid for 1 g of skin and 12 hours
    of extraction time while the maximum concentration and yield were 19.51 mg/ml and 32.04%
    (320.4 mg/g), respectively. These findings proved that HPP could increase the concentration
    and the yield of the gelatin while reducing the chemical waste and shortening the extraction
    Matched MeSH terms: Erythema
  15. Dasrilsyah RA, Ahmad S, Tan GC, Lim PS
    Congenital leukemia is an extremely rare disease but frequently fatal. We report a case of intrauterine death (IUD) secondary to congenital erythroid leukaemia associated with maternal Parvovirus B19 infection. Further research is needed to ascertain the association between maternal Parvovirus B19 infection and congenital leukemia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Erythema Infectiosum
  16. Abidin, N.S.A., Rukunudin, I.H., Zaaba, S.K., Wan Omar, W.A.
    This work aimed to evaluate the effect of Atmospheric Cold Plasma (ACP) on the quality of mango flour noodles (NMF). ACP treatment of 5 minutes duration on the surface of the noodles strands were performed and evaluated during three days of storage by monitoring parameters related to colour, water activity, antioxidant activity and total phenolic content. The lightness value (L*) was higher for untreated samples (NMF (U)) than for treated samples (NMF (T)), while a greater increased in the redness (a*) and yellowness (b*) values were observed for the NMF (T). The changes in aw, antioxidant activity and total phenolic content (TPC) were negligible. However the NMF (T) showed significant different (p
    Matched MeSH terms: Erythema
  17. Ismail NFF, Neoh CF, Lean QY, Abdullah AH, Lim SM, Ramasamy K, et al.
    J Pharm Bioallied Sci, 2018 12 21;10(4):199-207.
    PMID: 30568377 DOI: 10.4103/JPBS.JPBS_33_18
    Aims: Facial candling is one of the traditional treatments that is claimed to be able to help in curing or reducing various allergy and inflammation conditions such as allergic rhinitis. We aimed to explore the perceptions of participants with allergic rhinitis toward their disease conditions and facial candling treatment.

    Materials and Methods: The study used a qualitative exploratory design, comprising 12 in-depth interviews. A semi-structured topic guide was used to explore all relevant aspects of the topic, which were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim. All the interviews were conducted in a few beauty salons in purposively selected city areas in the state of Kedah, Malaysia.

    Results: Of the 12 patients, seven (58%) reported a positive experience of facial candling treatment, with improvement in the condition of their allergic rhinitis. Specific themes about the experience of facial candling treatment that were identified within the transcript data included knowledge about facial candling, options for disease treatment, effectiveness of facial candling, sources of information, comparison, application of treatment, treatment budget, and safety. The major strength lies in the fact that reasons for using facial candling were uncovered from the perspectives of people with allergic rhinitis through the in-depth interviews.

    Conclusions: The motives of these participants for using facial candling are mainly due to cultural influence and its low cost of treatment. There were mixed responses from the participants about the usefulness of facial candling. Most of the respondents had not assessed the safety of prolonged use of facial candling and regarded it as a safe procedure as this has been practiced for generations.

    Matched MeSH terms: Erythema Nodosum
  18. Mohamad Yusof Maskat, Lee LY
    Due to the increase in consumer interest, mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia) extract is being produced in several forms including dry powder. One of the methods that can be used to produce dry powder is spray drying. This study was done to determine the physical properties of powdered mengkudu extract produced by spray drying from different sections of the spray-dryer. Mengkudu extract at 50% (v/v) dilution was spray-dried using two levels of feed flow rate (350 mL/hr and 475 mL/hr) and inlet air temperature (170oC and 190oC). Spray dried mengkudu extract from the cyclone and colletion sections of the spray dryer was collected and analyzed for amount produced, moisture content and colour. No significant interaction between feed flow rate and inlet air temperature used was observed for all parameters measured. Inlet temperature used did not show any significant effect on amount of production. However, increasing the inlet air temperature from 170oC to 190oC did produce lower moisture content for samples from the cyclone but no significant difference for samples from the collection bottle, while lowering the degree of redness of samples from the collection bottle, while lowering the degree of brightness for samples from both cyclone and collection sections of the spray-dryer. Feed flow rate used did not produce any significant effect on all parameters measured.
    Matched MeSH terms: Erythema
  19. Chean KY
    Aust Fam Physician, 2014 Jul;43(7):443-4.
    PMID: 25006604
    Matched MeSH terms: Erythema Multiforme/complications; Erythema Multiforme/diagnosis*
  20. Wee LK, Chong TK, Quee DK
    Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed, 1997 Oct-Dec;13(5-6):169-72.
    PMID: 9542751
    Ninety normal individuals were included in this study on skin types, skin colours and cutaneous responses to ultraviolet radiation. Skin types were recorded using Fitzpatrick's classification, skin colours were measured using the Minolta Chromameter CR-300, and cutaneous responses to UV radiation were measured in terms of minimal erythema dose (MED) to UVA, UVB and the immediate pigment darkening dose to UVA (IPDDA). Skin colour measurements were taken from the right cheek to represent facultative skin colours, and from the buttock to represent constitutive skin colours. The colours measured were expressed by the L x a x b colour space. Skin types and some colour parameters (L and b from covered parts of body) correlated fairly well with the minimal erythema doses (MED) to UVA and UVB. Skin colour measurements are more objective than skin type assessment and could be better markers of photosensitivity. However, there is still considerable overlap in MEDs for persons with different skin colours, and further studies of these parameters are warranted. Our MEDs are higher than other reports on similar skin types and skin colours. This could be due to differences in methodology, genetic make-up or acclimatization from chronic sun exposure. This illustrates the importance of local controls for each institution dealing with photosensitive disorders.
    Matched MeSH terms: Erythema/etiology; Erythema/pathology
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