Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 517 in total

  1. Ng, K.M., Adam, N.M., Azmi, B.Z.
    A numerical simulation of UPM Solar Bowl is presented in this paper. The numerical analysis considereda general model of solar bowl, which was divided into three modules: (a) reflection characterisation ofthe bowl, (b) solar flux density along the receiver, and (c) radiation contour mapping of the receiver.The governing equations are resolved in a segregated manner using Matlab programming environment.The influence of the tropical clear sky irradiance on the collector was numerically studied, whereas thecollector performance in time domain was also quantified. Single reflection is a major element in thermalconcentration. It was observed that solar flux density of collector substantially deteriorated during offsolar noon hour, in which during 08:00 and 16:00 under clear sky of tropics, the percentage reductionof flux density is over 82% at all points of the receiver. The simulated radiation contour mapping of thereceiver supports the finding. Other results of the UPM Solar Bowl simulation model are also shownand discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Government
  2. Al-Janabi A, Al-Wahdani B, Ammar W, Arsenault C, Asiedu EK, Etiebet MA, et al.
    Lancet Glob Health, 2018 11;6(11):e1144-e1145.
    PMID: 30196091 DOI: 10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30372-3
    Matched MeSH terms: Government Programs*
  3. Suhaida Abdullah, Sharipah Soaad Syed Yahaya, Abdul Rahman Othman
    Sains Malaysiana, 2011;40:1187-1192.
    Ujian Alexander-Govern merupakan ujian kesamaan sukatan memusat yang teguh pada keadaan varians heterogen. Malangnya ujian ini tidak teguh pada keadaan data tidak normal. Adaptasi penganggar teguh seperti penganggar M satu langkah terubah suai (MOM) sebagai sukatan memusat menggantikan min didapati berupaya meningkatkan keteguhan ujian ini apabila dijalankan pada data terpencong. Penganggar ini mempunyai kelebihan berbanding min kerana tidak dipengaruhi oleh data yang tidak normal. Kajian ini mendapati bahawa ujian Alexander-Govern yang telah diubah suai ini berupaya mengawal Ralat Jenis I dengan baik pada data terpencong untuk semua keadaan. Kadar Ralat Jenis I yang dihasilkan kebanyakannya berada di dalam selang kriteria teguh ketat (0.045 hingga 0.055) pada aras keertian 0.05. Berbeza dengan kaedah pengujian asal yang mana pada kebanyakan keadaan, ujian teguh tetapi hanya dengan kriteria liberal (0.025 hingga 0.075), malahan ada kedaan yang mana ujian tidak teguh. Prestasi kaedah yang diubah suai ini juga setanding dengan keadah asal pada keadaan data normal. Kajian ini juga membandingkan kaedah Alexander Govern yang diubah suai dengan kaedah pengujian klasik seperti ujian-t dan ANO VA dan menyaksikan bahawa kaedah klasik tidak teguh pada keadaan varians heterogen.
    Matched MeSH terms: Government
  4. Rampal KG
    Med J Malaysia, 2000 Sep;55(3):295-8.
    PMID: 11200706
    Matched MeSH terms: Government Programs/trends*
  5. Manaf RA, Mahmud A, Ntr A, Saad SR
    BMC Public Health, 2021 05 06;21(1):876.
    PMID: 33957870 DOI: 10.1186/s12889-021-10917-3
    BACKGROUND: The challenges faced by healthcare personnel in relation to dengue prevention and control are perennial but noticeably unexplored. It is often difficult to translate policies and decision making by the elite into astute management in consonance with the needs of rank-and-file personnel. In this study, we assess the impact of governance on dengue prevention and control activities in Malaysia as narrated by the elite.

    METHODS: A qualitative study using a case-study approach was conducted between January 2019 and November 2019 in the districts of Gombak and Klang, where the relevant key informants were located. Nineteen interviews were conducted among elite healthcare personnel from different divisions: management, vector, laboratory, inspectorate, health promotion and entomology. Semi-structured interviews were conducted. The sample size was determined through saturation point criteria. Purposive sampling techniques were used to recruit the participants. The interviews were audio recorded, and the transcribed text was analysed with deductive thematic analysis.

    RESULTS: Data analysis led to the development of 5 themes and 13 categories. The major principles of governance were embodied in a milieu of predicament, linked to constraints but also opportunities. The constraints resulted from inherent determinants of dengue outbreaks, the serviceability of governing policies and the macro-economics of budget allocation. The opportunities to sustain governance at the local operating level stem from a prevalent supportive internal management system, collaborative efforts among corresponding external government agencies and willingness to innovate and embrace novel technology.

    CONCLUSION: Elites are influential, often well-informed personnel tasked with making decisions that can reverberate across an organisation, impacting future plans and strategic policies. Political arrangements at higher levels will reflect in advance the tone of how governance in dengue prevention and control is operationalised by entities and individuals at lower levels of the health system. The prevailing centralised structure in the Malaysian health system will continue to entrench the position of the elite and intertwine it with governance and its predicaments.

    Matched MeSH terms: Government Programs*
  6. Suzei Mat Nurudin, Nor Suhaiza Md Khalid, Zarina Mohd Zain
    The local government is the closest government to the local community and identified as the third level
    of government after the state and federal governments. Each local government has their own power to
    enact by-laws under their respective administration. By-laws is a formulation of the law under the
    jurisdiction of local government in performing its duties and functions covering the administrative area
    that has been identified by the state government. Some of the by-laws play a part in shaping the
    personality of the community, especially in local government areas which are quite different approach
    such as Kota Bharu Municipal Council of Islamic Cities (MPKB-BRI). By-laws implemented by
    MPKB-BRI are very different compared to other states in Malaysia which is the provisions of the bylaws
    that suggests the aurat closure and appropriate clothing among traders, business premises owners
    and local communities. The purpose of this study is to review the extent of the by-laws implemented by
    MPKB-BRI to influence and shaping the personality of the local community in Kota Bharu district,
    Matched MeSH terms: Local Government; State Government; Federal Government
  7. Suzei Mat Nurudin, Nor Suhaiza Md Khalid, Zarina Mohd Zain
    Jurnal Inovasi Malaysia, 2020;4(1):79-97.
    The local government or also known as the local authority is the last tier and most important unit in the government’s administrative structure in Malaysia after the federal and state governments. Local government is fully responsible for the delivery of services as well as the provision of basic facilities to the local people within its administrative area that has been designated by the state government. The existence of local government acted as a facilitator to the federal government and the state government because the roles and responsibilities held by the local government are very large and essential to the nation’s development. This study discussed students’ understanding of local government where the average between people and students is particularly confused about the concepts that are often used in the local government as well as local government-related jurisdictions. With the creation of these Pocket Dictionary on local Government, Glossary of local government terms and QR Code Mode for Local Government Terms Word Index, it help students and the local people to better understand the local government in Malaysia by knowing the concepts related.
    Matched MeSH terms: Local Government; State Government; Federal Government
  8. Mohsin M, Zhang J, Saidur R, Sun H, Sait SM
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int, 2019 Aug;26(22):22494-22511.
    PMID: 31161545 DOI: 10.1007/s11356-019-05564-6
    In this study, we proposed integrated tools to evaluate the wind power potential, economic viability, and prioritize 15 proposed sites for the installation of wind farms. Initially, we used modified Weibull distribution model coupled with power law to assess the wind power potential. Secondly, we employed value cost method to estimate per unit cost ($/kWh) of proposed sites. Lastly, we used Fuzzy Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (F-TOPSIS) to rank the best alternatives. The results indicate that Pakistan has enormous wind power potential that cost varies from 0.06 $/kWh to 0.58 $/kWh; thus, sites S12, S13, S14, and S15 are considered as the most economic viable locations for the installation of wind power project, while remaining sites are considered to be less important, due to other complexities. The further analysis using Fuzzy-TOPSIS method reveals that site S13 is the most optimal location followed by S12, S14, and S14 for the development of wind power project. We proposed that government should formulate wind power policy for the implementation of wind power projects in order to meet energy demand of the country.
    Matched MeSH terms: Government
  9. Anuar Ishak
    The effect of radiation on magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) boundary layer flow of a viscous fluid over an exponentially stretching sheet was studied. The governing system of partial differential equations was transformed into ordinary differential equations before being solved numerically by an implicit finite-difference method. The effects of the governing parameters on the flow field and heat transfer characteristics were obtained and discussed. It was found that the local heat transfer rate at the surface decreases with increasing values of the magnetic and radiation parameters.
    Matched MeSH terms: Government
  10. Tay W, Yap S, Wong C
    Sains Malaysiana, 2014;43:583-594.
    The electrical characteristics of a filamentary dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) are studied experimentally and numerically. The DBD system which has parallel plate electrodes geometry is powered by a 50 Hz power supply and operated at atmospheric air. A dynamic electric circuit model considering the discharge region and the non-discharge region being connected by a surface resistance is proposed. Simulation using this model is shown to fit the experimentally measured QV diagram satisfactorily. The effects of the air gap distance and the dielectric surface on the discharge behavior are then investigated. It is found that the surface resistivity of the dielectric is one of the important parameters governing the discharge behavior.
    Matched MeSH terms: Government
    This research explores the issue of local management system governing the heritage preservation in UNESCO World Heritage Site (WHS) Stadthuys, Melaka. Thus far, there is no clearly defined value of cultural heritage that justifies the benefits of preserving cultural heritage as a tourism product and as a sustainable heritage site. Most studies have proven that visitors in general are less interested in visiting cultural heritage sites due to the lack of information available there. Another issue identified in the recent research on cultural heritage assessment is the lack of empirical references on the economic valuation of cultural heritage preservation. This study used contingent valuation method (CVM) and questionnaire for data collection. Four sets of questionnaires were designed and distributed to a total of 100 respondents consisting of local community and domestic tourists. On average, respondents are willing to pay RM8.82, in which this value is higher than the current fee, RM5.00, showing that visitors have the awareness to value cultural heritage through preservation in Stadthuys, Melaka, WHS. Finally, this research has established a framework to be considered by the management regarding the WTP value of the cultural heritage in order to create a more sustainable Melaka Historical City.
    Matched MeSH terms: Government
  12. Pocock NS, Phua KH
    Global Health, 2011;7:12.
    PMID: 21539751 DOI: 10.1186/1744-8603-7-12
    Medical tourism is a growing phenomenon with policy implications for health systems, particularly of destination countries. Private actors and governments in Southeast Asia are promoting the medical tourist industry, but the potential impact on health systems, particularly in terms of equity in access and availability for local consumers, is unclear. This article presents a conceptual framework that outlines the policy implications of medical tourism's growth for health systems, drawing on the cases of Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia, three regional hubs for medical tourism, via an extensive review of academic and grey literature. Variables for further analysis of the potential impact of medical tourism on health systems are also identified. The framework can provide a basis for empirical, in country studies weighing the benefits and disadvantages of medical tourism for health systems. The policy implications described are of particular relevance for policymakers and industry practitioners in other Southeast Asian countries with similar health systems where governments have expressed interest in facilitating the growth of the medical tourist industry. This article calls for a universal definition of medical tourism and medical tourists to be enunciated, as well as concerted data collection efforts, to be undertaken prior to any meaningful empirical analysis of medical tourism's impact on health systems.
    Matched MeSH terms: Government; Government Programs
  13. Sivanandam AF, Hon YK, Yuen S, Muninathan P, Goh PP, Lim TO
    Med J Malaysia, 2010 Jun;65 Suppl A:138-42.
    PMID: 21488475
    The objective of this review is to better understand the concept of investigator-initiated trials and its benefits. While investigator-initiated trials can be an invaluable tool, there are several challenges in its initiation and management. However, it is for these reasons that Clinical Research Centre (CRC) had developed the Investigator Initiated Trial (IIT) Programme where financial support and technical assistance are provided to local investigators embarking on their own clinical trials. In the course of preparing the review, we found that the inclination of investigator-initiated trials has yet to be well established in Ministry of Health, Malaysia. Given the potential and impact of such trials, clinicians should be aware of their ability as well as the availability of a supportive network in mobilising their concerted research efforts. Greater research collaboration among investigators could foster more innovative, insightful and constructive research.
    Matched MeSH terms: Government Agencies*
  14. Nurushshahirah Sabodin, Adekunle Qudus Adeleke
    This paper examined the significant relationship between government regulation and
    construction waste management among Malaysian construction industries. Survey
    was conducted among 10 contractors registered G7, using proportionate stratified
    random sampling, out of which 10 questionnaire were collected for data analysis with
    five point Likert scale categories of waste management from previous studies,
    statistical analysis affirmed a significant positive relationship between government
    regulation and construction waste management in Malaysian construction industries
    through Statistical Package for the Social Sciences.
    Matched MeSH terms: Government; Government Regulation
  15. Alsaleh M, Abdul-Rahim AS, Abdulwakil MM
    J Environ Manage, 2021 Sep 15;294:112960.
    PMID: 34116310 DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.112960
    This study examined the impact of worldwide governance indicators on the sustainability of the bioenergy industry in selected European countries for the period 1996-2018. Applying the Fixed Effect (FE) Model, the results reveal that the bioenergy industry can significantly grow by improving the quality of worldwide governance indicators in European countries, especially in Western European Countries (WEC). Government effectiveness, rule of law, regulatory quality, and voice and accountability are found to be increasing the growth of the bioenergy industry. Precisely, the results further show that the magnitude of the effect of government effectiveness, voice and accountability, and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on bioenergy output is higher in Western European Countries (WEC) as compared to the Central and Eastern European Countries (CEEC). Also, the findings further elaborate that the significant positive impact of regulatory quality and rule of law on bioenergy output is higher in CEEC countries compared to the WEC countries. The finding implies that the growth of the bioenergy industry in European countries can be effectively increased by improving the practice and quality of worldwide governance indicators. The study recommends for European countries to increase the efficiency of worldwide governance in their bioenergy industry to increase the sustainability of bioenergy production and reduce Dioxide Carbon (CO2) emissions. Policymakers in these countries should also invest more in worldwide governance to increase its effectiveness and transparency in the bioenergy industry. The authorities should equally emphasize the effectiveness and transparency of worldwide governance indicators to attain bioenergy security and lessen the dependence on fossil fuels.
    Matched MeSH terms: Government*
  16. Lo S, Gaudin S, Corvalan C, Earle AJ, Hanssen O, Prüss-Ustun A, et al.
    Health Syst Reform, 2019;5(4):366-381.
    PMID: 31860403 DOI: 10.1080/23288604.2019.1669948
    Safeguarding the continued existence of humanity requires building societies that cause minimal disruptions of the essential planetary systems that support life. While major successes have been achieved in improving health in recent decades, threats from the environment may undermine these gains, particularly among vulnerable populations and communities. In this article, we review the rationale for governments to invest in environmental Common Goods for Health (CGH) and identify functions that qualify as such, including interventions to improve air quality, develop sustainable food systems, preserve biodiversity, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and encourage carbon sinks. Exploratory empirical analyses reveal that public spending on environmental goods does not crowd out public spending on health. Additionally, we find that improved governance is associated with better performance in environmental health outcomes, while the degrees of people's participation in the political system together with voice and accountability are positively associated with performance in ambient air quality and biodiversity/habitat. We provide a list of functions that should be prioritized by governments across different sectors, and present preliminary costing of environmental CGH. As shown by the costing estimates presented here, these actions need not be especially expensive. Indeed, they are potentially cost-saving. The paper concludes with case examples of national governments that have successfully prioritized and financed environmental CGH. Because societal preferences may vary across time, government leaders seeking to protect the health of future generations must look beyond electoral cycles to enact policies that protect the environment and finance environmental CGH.
    Matched MeSH terms: Financing, Government/methods*; Government Programs/economics; Government Programs/trends
  17. Fahrni ML, Franklin BD, Rawaf S, Majeed A
    JRSM Open, 2014 Feb;5(2):2042533313515475.
    PMID: 25057369 DOI: 10.1177/2042533313515475
    In the UK, there are policy and regulatory concerns regarding the governance of care homes and healthcare provision within these homes. From a public health perspective, these issues can pose significant challenges to the provision of safe and quality medication use services to care home residents. The objective of this paper is to highlight an important and neglected issue for the growing population of institutionalized older adults. We reviewed relevant literature for the years 2000 to present and identified recent efforts undertaken to improve medication safety standards in UK care homes. We consider the limitations and reasons for the National Health Service's restricted role and lack of leadership in providing medical services for this institutionalized population. The efforts taken by the Department of Health and other healthcare authorities targeting medication safety in care homes are also highlighted. In order to improve the quality of healthcare, specifically in areas related to medication safety and quality use of medicines, interventions need to be taken by the national government and similarly by local authorities and NHS commissioners.
    Matched MeSH terms: Government; Federal Government
  18. Mohamad N, Abu Bakar NH, Mohamed NA, Baharudin KA, Noh AY, Ahmad R, et al.
    Malays J Med Sci, 2007 Jan;14(1):79-83.
    PMID: 22593659 MyJurnal
    Emergency Medicine and Disaster Medicine are two specialties which are similar in the multidisciplinary involvement during the acute phase of the disaster. Recently, there was an increase in the number of disasters in the world but not many physicians are familiar with the principles for dealing with such situations, the unique organizational demands, coordination and the urgent need for medical assistance and relief. This case report delineates our experiences at a tsunami disaster area and the approach to setting up a medical relief team in the affected area. A medical reconnaissance team comprising of an emergency doctor from Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (H.U.S.M) and two MERCY Malaysia members was assembled. The team flew to Colombo on day 5 after the tsunami with medical supplies and related materials. The mission started from December 31(st) 2004 until January 8(th) 2005. Our surveillance area covered the Southern and Eastern Province with a total distance of 1700 km along the coast. The strategies employed during this medical reconnaissance included risk analysis, devising a resources matrix, developing lines of communication and rapport with other relief teams, Sri Lankan government agencies, and local and international non-government organizations. As a result, our team was able to set up a medical relief camp and distribute the relief items to the tsunami victims. In conclusion, the Disaster Emergency Medical Assistant Team (DEMAT) from H.U.S.M and MERCY Malaysia were able to set up and provide medical relief with our limited resources to a large scale disaster situation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Government; Government Agencies
  19. Nur`ain Achim, Nur Idayu Badrolhisam, Nurfitriah Zulkipli
    Every individual at some point will make critical career decision making in life. Making a wrong career decision will affect a person’s fu ture including feeling unhappy, job stress and eventually job withdrawal. This study examined the factors affecting career decision making among government servants in Malaysia. The population and sample were taken from three departments. The population wa s 140 employees and 103 respondents were identified as the sample. Convenience sampling was employed to collect the primary data. The result from several statistical analysis found that all the independent variables; salary and benefits, working environmen t and job security were correlated with the dependent variable that is career decision making. Therefore, from the findings, employers, especially from the government agencies, were urged to increase recruiting permanent position instead of contract employ ment and offering better benefits to improve employees’ career decision making.
    Matched MeSH terms: Government; Government Agencies
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