Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 312 in total

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  1. Abdul Rahman R, Hwen-Yee C, Noordin R
    Filaria journal, 2007;6:10.
    PMID: 17961264
    Anti-filarial IgG4 antibody has been shown to be a good marker for detection of lymphatic filaria infection. Previous studies demonstrated that anti-filarial IgG4 assay using BmR1 recombinant antigen was highly specific and sensitive for detection of brugian filariasis. For bancroftian filariasis, an equivalent assay employing recombinant antigen expressed from the ORF of SXP1 gene has been reported. In order to detect infections by all species of lymphatic filarial, BmR1 and BmSXP recombinant antigens were employed in the development of a pan LF-ELISA.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunoglobulin G
  2. Mardziah, M., Nurasyikin, Y., Rafeah, T., Dian, N., Yousuf, R., Suria, A.A.
    Medicine & Health, 2017;12(1):103-108.
    MyJurnal
    Plasma cell myeloma is known to cause expansion of a single clone of munoglobulin (Ig) which results in the secretion of a unique homogeneous monoclonal protein (M component). However, there are cases which reported that it can also cause production of two different clones of these monoclonal proteins. Although it is relatively very rare as the prevalence is only 2% of all plasma cell myeloma cases, the clinical features are said to be similar to monoclonal gammopathy. It is suggested that these biclonal gammopathy results from either one monoclonal cell clone in monoclonal gammopathy or two different monoclonal cell clones. Whichever the mechanism of the disease be, the response to treatment seems to be similar as compared to the monoclonal cases although some reports shows chemoresistant. Here, we report a rare case of plasma cell myeloma with IgG (lambda) and IgA (lambda) type of biclonal gammopathy, the clinical presentation, the haematological and biochemical markers as well as the response to the treatment.
    Keywords: biclonal gammopathy, M protein, plasma cell myeloma
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunoglobulin G
  3. Lim CC, Choong YS, Lim TS
    Int J Mol Sci, 2019 Apr 15;20(8).
    PMID: 30991723 DOI: 10.3390/ijms20081861
    Antibodies leverage on their unique architecture to bind with an array of antigens. The strength of interaction has a direct relation to the affinity of the antibodies towards the antigen. In vivo affinity maturation is performed through multiple rounds of somatic hypermutation and selection in the germinal centre. This unique process involves intricate sequence rearrangements at the gene level via molecular mechanisms. The emergence of in vitro display technologies, mainly phage display and recombinant DNA technology, has helped revolutionize the way antibody improvements are being carried out in the laboratory. The adaptation of molecular approaches in vitro to replicate the in vivo processes has allowed for improvements in the way recombinant antibodies are designed and tuned. Combinatorial libraries, consisting of a myriad of possible antibodies, are capable of replicating the diversity of the natural human antibody repertoire. The isolation of target-specific antibodies with specific affinity characteristics can also be accomplished through modification of stringent protocols. Despite the ability to screen and select for high-affinity binders, some 'fine tuning' may be required to enhance antibody binding in terms of its affinity. This review will provide a brief account of phage display technology used for antibody generation followed by a summary of different combinatorial library characteristics. The review will focus on available strategies, which include molecular approaches, next generation sequencing, and in silico approaches used for antibody affinity maturation in both therapeutic and diagnostic applications.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunoglobulin G/genetics; Immunoglobulin G/immunology; Immunoglobulin G/chemistry
  4. Ahmad N., Osman, E., Abdul Ghani, N.A., Leong, W.Y., Arzaee, M.Z., Seow, Y.Y., et al.
    Medicine & Health, 2020;15(2):108-123.
    MyJurnal
    Toksoplasmosis pendam dapat menyebabkan pelbagai gangguan hormon dan tingkah laku dalam hos terjangkit. Kami berhasrat untuk mengkaji sero-prevalens Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) pendam serta hubungan antara jangkitan dengan pengetahuan dan tingkah laku dalam kalangan 400 ibu hamil. Sampel plasma diuji untuk kehadiran antibodi IgG T. gondii dan soal selidik berstruktur digunakan untuk merekodkan ciri-ciri sosio-demografi responden, maklumat umum dan pengetahuan mengenai faktor risiko, gejala, masa jangkitan, pengetahuan pencegahan serta tingkah laku pencegahan toksoplasmosis. Sero-prevalensi toksoplasmosis pendam dalam wanita hamil adalah 31.8%. Kajian menunjukkan, 69.5% daripada mereka mempunyai kurang pengetahuan mengenai toksoplasmosis. Walau bagaimanapun, majoritinya (99.8%) mengamalkan tingkah laku pencegahan. Analisis regresi logistik berganda menunjukkan wanita hamil dengan tahap pendidikan rendah mempunyai hampir dua kali lebih risiko (nisbah ods terlaras: 1.91, 95% SK 1.18, 3.10; p = 0.008) untuk T. gondii IgG seropositif. Wanita hamil yang mempunyai sejarah perubatan lalu mempunyai dua kali lebih kemungkinan (nisbah ods terlaras: 2.32, 95% SK 1.32, 4.06; p = 0.003) untuk T. gondii IgG seropositif. Selain itu, wanita yang tidak pasti mengenai mod penyebaran penyakit melalui pemindahan darah mempunyai empat kali lebih ods (nisbah ods terlaras: 3.93, 95% SK 1.54, 10.01; p = 0.004) untuk sero-prevalens kronik toksoplasmosis. Wanita yang tidak pasti mengenai keperluan menghindari kucing liar mempunyai nisbah ods terlaras: 0.42 (95% SK 0.24, 0.71, p = 0.001) untuk sero-prevalens kronik toksoplasmosis. Penterjemahan pengetahuan tentang toksoplasmosis kepada amalan tingkah laku pencegahan melalui program pendidikan kesihatan adalah penting untuk mengurangkan risiko penularan penyakit ini dalam kalangan wanita hamil.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunoglobulin G
  5. Kim HJ, Nakashima I, Viswanathan S, Wang KC, Shang S, Miller L, et al.
    Mult Scler Relat Disord, 2021 May;50:102849.
    PMID: 33676197 DOI: 10.1016/j.msard.2021.102849
    Background Eculizumab, a terminal complement inhibitor, significantly reduced the risk of relapse compared with placebo in patients with anti-aquaporin-4 immunoglobulin G-positive (AQP4+) neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) in the PREVENT trial. We report efficacy and safety analyses in Asian patients in PREVENT and its open-label extension (OLE). Methods PREVENT was a double-blind, randomized, phase 3 trial. Patients with AQP4+ NMOSD were randomly assigned (2:1) to receive intravenous eculizumab (maintenance dose, 1200 mg/2 weeks) or placebo. Patients who completed PREVENT could receive eculizumab in an OLE. Analyses were performed in a prespecified subgroup of Asian patients. Results Of 143 patients enrolled, 52 (36.4%) were included in the Asian subgroup (eculizumab, n = 37; placebo, n = 15); 45 Asian patients received eculizumab in the OLE. Most Asian patients (86.5%) received concomitant immunosuppressive therapy. During PREVENT, one adjudicated relapse occurred in patients receiving eculizumab and six occurred in patients receiving placebo in the Asian subgroup (hazard ratio, 0.05; 95% confidence interval: 0.01-0.35; p = 0.0002). An estimated 95.2% of Asian patients remained relapse-free after 144 weeks of eculizumab treatment. Upper respiratory tract infections, headache, and nasopharyngitis were the most common adverse events with eculizumab in the Asian subgroup. Conclusion Eculizumab reduces the risk of relapse in Asian patients with AQP4+ NMOSD, with a benefit-risk profile similar to the overall PREVENT population. The benefits of eculizumab were maintained during long-term therapy. Clinical trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov identifiers: NCT01892345 (PREVENT); NCT02003144 (open-label extension).
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunoglobulin G
  6. Sil BK, Jamiruddin MR, Haq MA, Khondoker MU, Jahan N, Khandker SS, et al.
    Int J Nanomedicine, 2021;16:4739-4753.
    PMID: 34267520 DOI: 10.2147/IJN.S313140
    Background: Serological tests detecting severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) are widely used in seroprevalence studies and evaluating the efficacy of the vaccination program. Some of the widely used serological testing techniques are enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay (ELISA), chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA), and lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA). However, these tests are plagued with low sensitivity or specificity, time-consuming, labor-intensive, and expensive. We developed a serological test implementing flow-through dot-blot assay (FT-DBA) for SARS-CoV-2 specific IgG detection, which provides enhanced sensitivity and specificity while being quick to perform and easy to use.

    Methods: SARS-CoV-2 antigens were immobilized on nitrocellulose membrane to capture human IgG, which was then detected with anti-human IgG conjugated gold nanoparticle (hIgG-AuNP). A total of 181 samples were analyzed in-house. Within which 35 were further evaluated in US FDA-approved CLIA Elecsys SARS-CoV-2 assay. The positive panel consisted of RT-qPCR positive samples from patients with both <14 days and >14 days from the onset of clinical symptoms. The negative panel contained samples collected from the pre-pandemic era dengue patients and healthy donors during the pandemic. Moreover, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of FT-DBA were evaluated against RT-qPCR positive sera. However, the overall efficacies were assessed with sera that seroconverted against either nucleocapsid (NCP) or receptor-binding domain (RBD).

    Results: In-house ELISA selected a total of 81 true seropositive and 100 seronegative samples. The sensitivity of samples with <14 days using FT-DBA was 94.7%, increasing to 100% for samples >14 days. The overall detection sensitivity and specificity were 98.8% and 98%, respectively, whereas the overall PPV and NPV were 99.6% and 99%. Moreover, comparative analysis between in-house ELISA assays and FT-DBA revealed clinical agreement of Cohen's Kappa value of 0.944. The FT-DBA showed sensitivity and specificity of 100% when compared with commercial CLIA kits.

    Conclusion: The assay can confirm past SARS-CoV-2 infection with high accuracy within 2 minutes compared to commercial CLIA or in-house ELISA. It can help track SARS-CoV-2 disease progression, population screening, and vaccination response. The ease of use of the assay without requiring any instruments while being semi-quantitative provides the avenue of its implementation in remote areas around the globe, where conventional serodiagnosis is not feasible.

    Matched MeSH terms: Immunoglobulin G/analysis*; Immunoglobulin G/blood; Immunoglobulin G/immunology
  7. Al-Alousy BM, Abdul-Razak SH, Al-Ajeeli KS, Al-Jashamy KA
    Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl, 2011 Nov;22(6):1269-74.
    PMID: 22089802
    In developing countries, the majority of infection by human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) occurs during childhood and continues as a latent infection. By adulthood, almost all the population may show anti-HCMV IgG as positive. This study was undertaken to determine the correlation between the prevalence of HCMV antibodies and HCMV infection during post transplant period among renal transplant patients in Baghdad. 43 renal transplant patients attending three renal transplantation centers, and 40 healthy individuals who served as controls were enrolled in this study. 18 (41.9%) were transplanted recently and they were under post-operative follow-up and 25 (58.1%) were transplanted more than one year ago. Detection of anti-HCMV IgG was carried out using enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA). The results revealed that anti-HCMV IgG was significantly higher among renal transplant recipients compared to healthy controls (97.7% vs 85%, P = 0.04). The anti-HCMV IgG positivity rate was not affected by patients' age, sex, and duration after transplantation or immunosuppressive therapy. We conclude that the high anti-HCMV IgG positivity rate among Iraqi renal transplant recipients make them prone to considerable risk of reactivation of HCMV infection.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunoglobulin G/immunology*
  8. Yusof AB, Selvanesan S, Norizah I, Zuridah H, Kumarasamy V, Mariam M, et al.
    Med J Malaysia, 2006 Aug;61(3):296-301.
    PMID: 17240579 MyJurnal
    An outbreak of rubella occurred amongst 303 newly recruited residential Form IV students in a military vocational training school in Malaysia. Of the 303 Form IV students, 77 gave a history of acute illness. Rubella specific IgM was detected in the sera of 46.5% (141/303) whereas rubella specific IgG was detected in 100% of all Form IV students. Sixty five students with no clinical history of acute illness during the outbreak period had detectable rubella IgM in their sera and rubella specific IgM was detected in the sera of all symptomatic students except one. Maculopapular rash was the commonest presenting clinical feature among students with acute rubella infection in this outbreak (97.4%) followed by fever (88.2%). The duration of rash ranged from one to nine days with a mean of 4.6 days. Of the 65 students that had both fever and rash, 56 (85.2%) students had maculopapular skin eruption on the same day as the date of onset of fever, six (9.2%) developed the rash a day after the onset of fever and three (4.6%) had the rash after two days of fever. The duration of fever ranged from one to eight days with a mean of 3.5 days. The duration of conjunctivitis ranged from one to four days with a mean of 2.3 days, and all those who developed conjunctivitis had mild eye-discharge without photophobia. The duration of arthralgia ranged from one to three days with a mean of 2.1 days. The commonest type of joints affected was knee joints (66.7%, 12/18), followed by elbow and shoulder joints (27.8%, 5/18) and wrist joints (5.6%, 1/18). A good clinical history of the temporal relationship between the occurrence of rash and fever during the outbreak could easily differentiate rubella illness from that of measles.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunoglobulin G/blood
  9. Ismail NA, Kampan N, Mahdy ZA, Jamil MA, Razi ZR
    PMID: 17121293
    This was a retrospective study of patients with dengue infection in pregnancy from year 2000 till 2004. Data were analyzed by looking at the presentation, complications of patient and fetus, and pregnancy outcomes. There was a total of 16 cases with an increasing trend (0.12% in 2003 vs 0.25% in 2004). The mean age of patients was 30.19+/-6.85 years. Fifty percent of patients were multiparae and in their third trimester. The average gestation was 24.44 weeks with 7.5 days being the average duration of ward admission. Tourniquet test was positive in 62.5% of patients. Dengue serology IgM was positive in 50% whereas dengue serology IgG were positive in 68.8% of patients. There were three cases of maternal death. One patient presented as missed abortion. Preterm deliveries happened in 50.0% of the women. There were 4 premature babies, one in-utero fetal death, and two fetuses which suffered acute fetal distress. Three babies required intensive care. One unrelated fetal anomaly resulted in early neonatal death.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunoglobulin G/blood
  10. Tan CT, Mao Z, Qiu W, Hu X, Wingerchuk DM, Weinshenker BG
    Neurology, 2016 Feb 2;86(5):491-2.
    PMID: 26833940 DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000002366
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunoglobulin G/blood
  11. Chia BL, Chew CH, Lee SK
    Med J Malaya, 1970 Mar;24(3):215-7.
    PMID: 4193671
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunoglobulin G/analysis*
  12. Yadav M, Shah FH
    Lancet, 1973 Aug 25;2(7826):450-1.
    PMID: 4124938
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunoglobulin G/analysis
  13. Yadav M, Shah FH
    Med J Malaysia, 1979 Mar;33(3):247-51.
    PMID: 522730
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunoglobulin G/analysis*
  14. Yadav M, Shah FH
    Trop Geogr Med, 1977 Sep;29(3):245-50.
    PMID: 595130
    Serum levels were determined in urban Chinese, Malays and Indians and in the forest-residing Orang Asli of age group 11 to 50. There was no difference in the IgM levels in the Chinese, Indians and Malays, but the serum IgG was elevated (p less than 0.05) in the Malays and the serum IgA level (p less than 0.01) in the Indians, when compared to the other two races. In contrast to the three other races there was a significant elevation of all three immunoglobulins in the Orang Asli. The mean immunoglobulin levels of the urban Malaysians are comparable to those reported for Caucasians residing in temperate countries. However, in the Orang Asli, the immunoglobulin levels were higher than observed for populations of the temperate regions but are comparable to the levels reported for several other populations of the tropical regions. Females had higher IgM levels than males in the Chinese, Indian and Malays but in the Orang Asli there was no sex difference in the immunoglobulin levels.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunoglobulin A*; Immunoglobulin G*; Immunoglobulin M*
  15. Lee JL, Mohamed Shah N, Makmor-Bakry M, Islahudin FH, Alias H, Noh LM, et al.
    J Clin Immunol, 2020 07;40(5):682-698.
    PMID: 32417999 DOI: 10.1007/s10875-020-00788-5
    PURPOSE: We conducted a systematic review and meta-regression analysis to evaluate the impact of increasing immunoglobulin G (IgG) trough levels on the clinical outcomes in patients with PID receiving intravenous immunoglobulin G (IVIG) treatment.

    METHODS: Systematic search was conducted in PubMed and Cochrane. Other relevant articles were searched by reviewing the references of the reviewed article. All clinical trials with documented IgG trough levels and clinical outcome of interest in patients receiving IVIG treatment were eligible to be included in this review. Meta-regression analysis was conducted using Comprehensive Meta-analysis Software. Additional sensitivity analyses were undertaken to evaluate the robustness of the overall results.

    RESULTS: Twenty-eight clinical studies with 1218 patients reported from year 2001 to 2018 were included. The mean IVIG dose used ranges from 387 to 560 mg/kg every 3 to 4 weekly, and mean IgG trough obtained ranges from 660 to 1280 mg/dL. Random-effects meta-regression slope shows that IgG trough level increases significantly by 73 mg/dL with every increase of 100 mg/kg dose of IVIG (p 

    Matched MeSH terms: Immunoglobulin G/metabolism*
  16. Sudo M, Yamaguchi Y, Späth PJ, Matsumoto-Morita K, Ong BK, Shahrizaila N, et al.
    PLoS One, 2014;9(9):e107772.
    PMID: 25259950 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0107772
    Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is the first line treatment for Guillain-Barré syndrome and multifocal motor neuropathy, which are caused by anti-ganglioside antibody-mediated complement-dependent cytotoxicity. IVIG has many potential mechanisms of action, and sialylation of the IgG Fc portion reportedly has an anti-inflammatory effect in antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity models. We investigated the effects of different IVIG glycoforms on the inhibition of antibody-mediated complement-dependent cytotoxicity. Deglycosylated, degalactosylated, galactosylated and sialylated IgG were prepared from IVIG following treatment with glycosidases and glycosyltransferases. Sera from patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome, Miller Fisher syndrome and multifocal motor neuropathy associated with anti-ganglioside antibodies were used. Inhibition of complement deposition subsequent to IgG or IgM autoantibody binding to ganglioside, GM1 or GQ1b was assessed on microtiter plates. Sialylated and galactosylated IVIGs more effectively inhibited C3 deposition than original IVIG or enzyme-treated IVIGs (agalactosylated and deglycosylated IVIGs). Therefore, sialylated and galactosylated IVIGs may be more effective than conventional IVIG in the treatment of complement-dependent autoimmune diseases.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunoglobulin G/immunology; Immunoglobulin G/metabolism; Immunoglobulin G/pharmacology
  17. Hosseini S, Azari P, Jiménez-Moreno MF, Rodriguez-Garcia A, Pingguan-Murphy B, Madou MJ, et al.
    Sensors (Basel), 2017 Oct 09;17(10).
    PMID: 28991214 DOI: 10.3390/s17102292
    In this article, a combination of far field electrospinning (FFES) and free-radical polymerization has been used to create a unique platform for protein immobilization via the physical attachment of biomolecules to the surface of the fiber mats. The large specific surface area of the fibers with its tailored chemistry provides a desirable platform for effective analyte-surface interaction. The detailed analysis of protein immobilization on a newly developed bio-receptive surface plays a vital role to gauge its advantages in bio-diagnostic applications. We relied on scanning electron microscopy (SEM), diameter range analysis, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), along with thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), water-in-air contact angle analysis (WCA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and atomic force microscopy (AFM) to study our developed platforms and to provide valuable information regarding the presence of biomolecular entities on the surface. Detailed analyses of the fiber mats before and after antibody immobilization have shown obvious changes on the surface of the bioreceptive surface including: (i) an additional peak corresponding to the presence of an antibody in TGA analysis; (ii) extra FTIR peaks corresponding to the presence of antibodies on the coated fiber platforms; and (iii) a clear alteration in surface roughness recorded by AFM analysis. Confirmation analyses on protein immobilization are of great importance as they underlay substantial grounds for various biosensing applications.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunoglobulin G
  18. Sivapatham G, Gong NC, Pang T
    Twenty-one patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were investigated for various immunological parameters, both humoral and cellular. IgG concentration was 1673+/-266 mg/dl, IgM 259+/-108 mg/dl and IgA 302 +/-7 mg/dl. Enumeration of T lymphocytes in peripheral blood revealed a value of 66% with a B cell count of 10%. Additionally, IgG levels, in 5 selected patients, appeared to fall to normal levels in the course of treatament with D-penicillamine. The significance of these findings are discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunoglobulin G
  19. Poddar, S., Hati, A.K., Pal, D., Bhattacharya, N., Mukim, Y.
    JUMMEC, 2018;21(2):10-14.
    MyJurnal
    Purpose: The object of this study was to identify patients with diagnosed dengue infection, who were positive
    for both dengue-specific NS1 antigen and IgM antibody.
    Method: From January 2013 to December 2016, in Central Kolkata in West Bengal in India, patients with
    symptoms of dengue infection, were sent to the laboratory by the physicians for confirmatory diagnosis of
    dengue infection. A total of 4762 patients were seen, and serum samples tested and distributed into seven
    panels, according to the investigations requested. 1436 patients were tested positive.
    Results: 1053 cases were tested for both NS1 and Ig M antibody, 835 for dengue-specific NS1 antigen, IgM and
    IgG antibodies and 218 for NS1 dengue-specific antigen and IgM antibody. Of these, dengue was confirmed in
    34.3 %, with 16.6% positive for both NS1 antigen and IgM antibody. Eleven were diagnosed, with late dengue
    infection, thirty-nine with late primary infections and ten with late secondary dengue infection.
    Conclusions: Many of the patients were reactive for both NS1 antigen and IgM antibody, and they required
    proper attention and strict vigilance with effective monitoring and treatment, not of early dengue infection,
    but of late dengue infection. Unless the serological tests for Ig M and IgG antibodies, and the dengue specific
    viral antigen NS1 are performed simultaneously, these types of cases would not all be detected.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunoglobulin G
  20. Kafilzadeh F, Kheirmanesh H, Karami Shabankareh H, Targhibi MR, Maleki E, Ebrahimi M, et al.
    ScientificWorldJournal, 2014;2014:165841.
    PMID: 25045726 DOI: 10.1155/2014/165841
    The object of this study was to determine the effect of prepartum supplementation of vitamin E with or without injective vitamin E and selenium (Se) on productive and reproductive performances and immune function in dairy cows. Sixty multiparous Holstein dairy cows were divided randomly into three groups at the end of gestation. Cows in each group received one of three treatments: (1) a single intramuscular (im) injection of vit. E + selenium 3 weeks prepartum; (2) daily supplementation of oral vit. E given from 3 weeks prepartum to parturition; (3) injective vit. E + Se with daily supplementation of oral vit. E. Blood samples were collected from cows at calving and from calves at 0 and 7 days of age. Concentration of IgG in serum of cows and calves as well as in colostrum was determined. No significant differences among treatments occurred in the concentrations of IgG, animal, and calf production and reproduction performance. Due to the lack of significant difference between injection and oral supplementation, it is recommended to replace the injection with oral supplementation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Immunoglobulin G/blood; Immunoglobulin G/metabolism
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