Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 1027 in total

  1. Chua CT
    Family Physician, 1991;3:16-8.
    Matched MeSH terms: Acute Kidney Injury
  2. Jairoun AA, Ping CC, Ibrahim B
    Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci, 2023 Nov;27(21):10595-10604.
    PMID: 37975384 DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202311_34339
    The International Diabetes Federation estimates that by 2035, there will be 592 million people with diabetes worldwide, substantially increasing from the 382 million patients with diabetes recorded in 2013. Diabetes-related nephropathy is a leading cause of end-stage renal disease. Recently, the therapeutic use of statins in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) was explored in a series of meta-analyses, which revealed their potential for decreasing mortality and cardiovascular complications in this population, although not in patients undergoing hemodialysis. The current study reviews the current state of knowledge on statin therapy regarding its safety and efficacy concerning renal outcomes in diabetic patients with CKD. The evidence shows that statins may offer a beneficial renoprotective effect in inhibiting the progression of renal function decline. This effect is time-dependent and particularly strong in patients with type 2 diabetes and nephropathy. In addition, whether certain statin types are more beneficial than others in slowing renal function loss and reducing proteinuria remains unclear. Prior research has not examined the impact of high-intensity statin therapy on CKD patient outcomes.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney
  3. Christopher, C.K.H., Praveen, S., Goh, E.H., Tan, G.H., Rozman, Z., Zulkifli, M.Z., et al.
    Dermoid cyst in a kidney is rarely seen. We report a case of intrarenal dermoid cyst which mimics malignant renal tumour and discuss the dilemma in managing this disease.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney; Kidney Neoplasms
  4. Mohd Kamil A, Draman CR, Seman MR, Kalavathy R, Mubarak MY
    Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl, 2016 Jul-Aug;27(4):787-90.
    PMID: 27424699 DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.185259
    Malignancy is a significant long-term complication of successful renal transplantation. Not only the rate is higher but also cases are highly aggressive. We report a case of metastatic, small cell, neuroendocrine tumor in a post-renal transplant patient with progressive left inguinal nodes and right lumbar swellings. He had a remarkably elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase levels with multiple metastatic masses in the left inguinal, left iliac fossa, and right lower abdominal wall on abdominal computed tomography scan. Excisional biopsy of a left inguinal node revealed extensive infiltration with malignant cells in it. Immunohistochemistry staining was positive for synaptophysin, prostatic specific antigen, and CD56. While the primary small cell carcinoma of genitourinary organs is rare, the case illustrates the highly aggressive nature of the disease in a kidney transplant recipient.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney; Kidney Neoplasms; Kidney Transplantation
  5. Songib NA, Nazri M, Yaakup NA, Nor HM, Sun Z
    Clin Imaging, 2013 Nov-Dec;37(6):1037-42.
    PMID: 24035803 DOI: 10.1016/j.clinimag.2013.08.005
    The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility of eliminating the nephrographic phase from the four-phase renal computed tomography (CT) imaging to a three-phase protocol without affecting its diagnostic value. Thirty patients undergoing four-phase renal CT scans for assessment of renal lesions (>10 mm) were included in the study. A three-phase renal CT, without nephrographic phase, had similar diagnostic ability to a four-phase renal CT in the detection and characterization of renal lesions. A three-phase CT (plain, corticomedullary, and excretory phase) is therefore adequate in the clinical diagnosis of renal lesions.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Cortex/pathology; Kidney Cortex/radiography*; Kidney Medulla/pathology; Kidney Medulla/radiography*; Kidney Neoplasms/pathology; Kidney Neoplasms/radiography*
  6. Lal C, Gupta A, Khaira A, Tiwari SC
    Med J Malaysia, 2009 Jun;64(2):184.
    PMID: 20058588
    Sir, We here are highlighting the scenario of presentation of renal dysfunction in developing countries like India where a large number of patients present clinically as acute renal failure (ARF) but on thorough evaluation found to have advanced stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD stages 4 and 5)1 . Historically these patients are symptomatic for few days prior to presenting. Preceding slight unwell-ness is ignored either by patient or his family physician. They are often being treated with non-specific medications like analgesics and multivitamins which act as placebo. Iron deficiency anemia is unevaluated for a renal cause. Non-standardized laboratories under diagnose early CKD. Ultrasound imaging too is of poor quality. All the more there are no nationalized health screening programmes. To add to the dismal scenario, at the tertiary care centres they are initially admitted as ARF, with a hope of significant recovery. But later on they turn out to be CKD 5.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Failure, Chronic/diagnosis*; Acute Kidney Injury/diagnosis*
  7. Viswalingam A
    Ind Med Gaz, 1920 Jun;55(6):220.
    PMID: 29008210
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney
  8. YEOH GS
    Med J Malaya, 1954 Jun;8(4):351-7.
    PMID: 13193273
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Neoplasms*; Kidney Pelvis*
  9. Supian Samat
    A description is given of the numerical integration method for the calculation of the mean kidney dose for a Co-57 external radiation source. Based on this theory, a computer program was written. Initial calculation of the kidney volume shows that the method has a good accuracy. For the mean kidney dose, this method gives a satisfactory result, since the calculated value lies within the acceptable range of the central axis depth dose.
    Satu huraian diberikan tentang kaedah pengkamiran berangka untuk mengira dos buah pinggang purata untuk satu sumber sinaran luar Co-57. Berdasarkan teori ini, satu program komputer ditulis. Pengiraan awal isipadu buah pinggang menunjukkan yang kaedah ini mempunyai ketepatan yang baik. Untuk dos buah pinggang purata, kaedah ini memberikan keputusan yang baik, kerana nilai kiraan terletak diantara julat dos kedalaman paksi pusat yang diterima.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney
  10. Nadesan K
    JUMMEC, 1996;1:37-39.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney
  11. Nik Mhd Nor NS, Ahmad Khairuddin SND, Ramli R
    BMJ Case Rep, 2024 Jan 09;17(1).
    PMID: 38199665 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2023-259175
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney/abnormalities*; Kidney Diseases/congenital*
  12. Sinnathuray TA
    Med J Malaya, 1971 Jun;25(4):253-6.
    PMID: 4261295
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Calculi/complications; Kidney Diseases*; Kidney Diseases, Cystic/complications; Acute Kidney Injury/complications
  13. Al-Shamasneh AR, Jalab HA, Palaiahnakote S, Obaidellah UH, Ibrahim RW, El-Melegy MT
    Entropy (Basel), 2018 May 05;20(5).
    PMID: 33265434 DOI: 10.3390/e20050344
    Kidney image enhancement is challenging due to the unpredictable quality of MRI images, as well as the nature of kidney diseases. The focus of this work is on kidney images enhancement by proposing a new Local Fractional Entropy (LFE)-based model. The proposed model estimates the probability of pixels that represent edges based on the entropy of the neighboring pixels, which results in local fractional entropy. When there is a small change in the intensity values (indicating the presence of edge in the image), the local fractional entropy gives fine image details. Similarly, when no change in intensity values is present (indicating smooth texture), the LFE does not provide fine details, based on the fact that there is no edge information. Tests were conducted on a large dataset of different, poor-quality kidney images to show that the proposed model is useful and effective. A comparative study with the classical methods, coupled with the latest enhancement methods, shows that the proposed model outperforms the existing methods.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney; Kidney Diseases
  14. Lim WTH, Ooi EH, Foo JJ, Ng KH, Wong JHD, Leong SS
    Ultrasound Med Biol, 2021 08;47(8):2033-2047.
    PMID: 33958257 DOI: 10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2021.03.030
    Early detection of chronic kidney disease is important to prevent progression of irreversible kidney damage, reducing the need for renal transplantation. Shear wave elastography is ideal as a quantitative imaging modality to detect chronic kidney disease because of its non-invasive nature, low cost and portability, making it highly accessible. However, the complexity of the kidney architecture and its tissue properties give rise to various confounding factors that affect the reliability of shear wave elastography in detecting chronic kidney disease, thus limiting its application to clinical trials. The objective of this review is to highlight the confounding factors presented by the complex properties of the kidney, in addition to outlining potential mitigation strategies, along with the prospect of increasing the versatility and reliability of shear wave elastography in detecting chronic kidney disease.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney/blood supply
  15. Mallhi TH, Khan AH, Sarriff A, Adnan AS, Khan YH
    J Bras Nefrol, 2016 12;38(4):483-484.
    PMID: 28001178 DOI: 10.5935/0101-2800.20160078
    Matched MeSH terms: Acute Kidney Injury*
  16. Mallhi TH, Khan AH, Khan YH, Adnan AS, Sarriff A
    Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl, 2017 5 26;28(3):667-669.
    PMID: 28540914 DOI: 10.4103/1319-2442.206453
    Matched MeSH terms: Acute Kidney Injury*
  17. Ng KH, Wong JHD, Leong SS
    Phys Eng Sci Med, 2024 Mar;47(1):17-29.
    PMID: 38078996 DOI: 10.1007/s13246-023-01358-w
    Chronic kidney disease is a leading public health problem worldwide. The global prevalence of chronic kidney disease is nearly five hundred million people, with almost one million deaths worldwide. Estimated glomerular filtration rate, imaging such as conventional ultrasound, and histopathological findings are necessary as each technique provides specific information which, when taken together, may help to detect and arrest the development of chronic kidney disease, besides managing its adverse outcomes. However, estimated glomerular filtration rate measurements are hampered by substantial error margins while conventional ultrasound involves subjective assessment. Although histopathological assessment is the best tool for evaluating the severity of the renal pathology, it may lead to renal insufficiency and haemorrhage if complications occurred. Ultrasound shear wave elastography, an emerging imaging that quantifies tissue stiffness non-invasively has gained interest recently. This method applies acoustic force pulses to generate shear wave within the tissue that propagate perpendicular to the main ultrasound beam. By measuring the speed of shear wave propagation, the tissue stiffness is estimated. This paper reviews the literature and presents our combined experience and knowledge in renal shear wave elastography research. It discusses and highlights the confounding factors on shear wave elastography, current and future possibilities in ultrasound renal imaging and is not limited to new sophisticated techniques.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney/pathology
  18. Segasothy M, Tong BK, Kamal A, Murad Z, Suleiman AB
    Aust N Z J Med, 1984 Feb;14(1):23-6.
    PMID: 6590001
    Seven cases of analgesic nephropathy due to excessive ingestion of paracetamol are reported. None of these patients had been taking any other analgesic. All had radiological features of papillary necrosis. With the increasing use of paracetamol as a mild analgesic it is necessary to be aware of the possibility that paracetamol may induce analgesic nephropathy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Diseases/chemically induced*; Kidney Diseases/diagnosis; Kidney Failure, Chronic/chemically induced; Kidney Failure, Chronic/diagnosis; Kidney Function Tests; Kidney Papillary Necrosis/chemically induced; Kidney Papillary Necrosis/diagnosis
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