Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 73 in total

  1. Lee YH, Hussain ZA, Choong FP
    PMID: 2125616
    The in-vitro activity of cefotaxime and cefoperazone were compared using clinically isolated Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Cefotaxime was found on a weight to weight basis, to be much more active than cefoperazone. All the three species studied show the presence of cefoperazone-resistant population which were sensitive to cefotaxime. The possible mechanisms of resistance to these antibiotics were discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects*
  2. Palanisamy NK, Ferina N, Amirulhusni AN, Mohd-Zain Z, Hussaini J, Ping LJ, et al.
    PMID: 24422704 DOI: 10.1186/1477-3155-12-2
    Nanomedicine is now being introduced as a recent trend in the field of medicine. It has been documented that metal nanoparticles have antimicrobial effects for bacteria, fungi and viruses. Recent advances in technology has revived the use of silver nanoparticles in the medical field; treatment, diagnosis, monitoring and control of disease. It has been used since ancient times for treating wide range of illnesses. Bacterial cells adheres to surfaces and develop structures known as biofilms. These structures are natural survival strategy of the bacteria to invade the host. They are more tolerant to commonly used antimicrobial agents, thus being more difficult to be controlled. This leads to increase in severity of infection. In this study, we have investigated the effect of silver nanoparticles in the formation of biofilm in multidrug resistant strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Observation showed that biofilm formation occurred at bacterial concentration of 10(6) cfu/ml for the sensitive strain of P. aeruginosa while in the resistant strain, the biofilm was evident at bacterial concentration of about 10(3) cfu/ml. The biofilm were then tested against various concentrations of silver nanoparticles to determine the inhibitory effect of the silver nanoparticles. In the sensitive strain, 20 μg/ml of silver nanoparticles inhibited the growth optimally at bacterial concentration of 10(4) cfu/ml with an inhibition rate of 67%. Similarly, silver nanoparticles inhibited the formation of biofilm in the resistant strain at an optimal bacterial concentration of 10(5) cfu/ml with an inhibition rate of 56%. Thus, silver nanoparticles could be used as a potential alternative therapy to reduce severity of disease due to P. aeruginosa infections.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects*
  3. Norizan SN, Yin WF, Chan KG
    Sensors (Basel), 2013;13(4):5117-29.
    PMID: 23598500 DOI: 10.3390/s130405117
    Quorum sensing enables bacteria to control the gene expression in response to the cell density. It regulates a variety of bacterial physiological functions such as biofilm formation, bioluminescence, virulence factors and swarming which has been shown contribute to bacterial pathogenesis. The use of quorum sensing inhibitor would be of particular interest in treating bacterial pathogenicity and infections. In this work, we have tested caffeine as quorum sensing inhibitor by using Chromobacterium violaceum CV026 as a biosensor. We verified that caffeine did not degrade the N-acyl homoserine lactones tested. In this work, it is shown that caffeine could inhibit N-acyl homoserine lactone production and swarming of a human opportunistic pathogen, namely Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA01. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first documentation providing evidence on the presence of anti-quorum sensing activity in caffeine. Our work will allow caffeine to be explored as anti-infective drugs.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects*
  4. Tan LY, Yin WF, Chan KG
    Sensors (Basel), 2013;13(3):3975-85.
    PMID: 23519352 DOI: 10.3390/s130303975
    Various parts of Piper nigrum, Piper betle and Gnetum gnemon are used as food sources by Malaysians. The purpose of this study is to examine the anti-quorum sensing (anti-QS) properties of P. nigrum, P. betle and G. gnemon extracts. The hexane, chloroform and methanol extracts of these plants were assessed in bioassays involving Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA01, Escherichia coli [pSB401], E. coli [pSB1075] and Chromobacterium violaceum CV026. It was found that the extracts of these three plants have anti-QS ability. Interestingly, the hexane, chloroform and methanol extracts from P. betle showed the most potent anti-QS activity as judged by the bioassays. Since there is a variety of plants that serve as food sources in Malaysia that have yet to be tested for anti-QS activity, future work should focus on identification of these plants and isolation of the anti-QS compounds.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects
  5. Krishnan T, Yin WF, Chan KG
    Sensors (Basel), 2012;12(4):4016-30.
    PMID: 22666015 DOI: 10.3390/s120404016
    Quorum sensing controls the virulence determinants in most proteobacteria. In this work, the hexane, chloroform and methanol extracts of an Ayurveda spice, namely clove (Syzygium aromaticum), shown anti-quorum sensing activity. Hexane and methanol extracts of clove inhibited the response of C. violaceum CV026 to exogenously supplied N-hexanoylhomoserine lactone, in turn preventing violacein production. Chloroform and methanol extracts of clove significantly reduced bioluminescence production by E. coli [pSB1075] grown in the presence of N-(3-oxododecanoyl)-L-homoserine lactone. We demonstrated that clove extract inhibited quorum sensing-regulated phenotypes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA01, including expression of lecA::lux (by hexane extract), swarming (maximum inhibition by methanol extract), pyocyanin (maximum inhibition by hexane extract). This study shows that the presence of natural compounds that exhibit anti-quorum sensing activity in the clove extracts may be useful as the lead of anti-infective drugs.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects
  6. Khosravi Y, Tay ST, Vadivelu J
    Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci, 2010 Nov;14(11):999-1000.
    PMID: 21284350
    Matched MeSH terms: Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects
  7. Lim VKE, Halijah MY
    Med J Malaysia, 2001 Sep;56(3):365-9.
    PMID: 11732084
    The in vitro activity of sulperazon (cefoperazone/sulbactam) was tested against 94 ceftazidime-resistant strains of bacteria isolated from mostly seriously ill patients in critical care units. Acinetobacter baumanii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae made up 80% of the pathogens studied; 90% of the Klebsiella strains were producers of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL). The MIC90 of sulperazon for Klebsiella was 12 mg/l (range 1.5-16 mg/l), indicating that this drug may be a useful alternative for the treatment of ceftazidime-resistant, ESBL-producing Klebsiella.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects
  8. Habsah M, Amran M, Mackeen MM, Lajis NH, Kikuzaki H, Nakatani N, et al.
    J Ethnopharmacol, 2000 Oct;72(3):403-10.
    PMID: 10996279
    Dichloromethane and methanol extracts of 13 Zingiberaceae species from the Alpinia, Costus and Zingiber genera were screened for antimicrobial and antioxidant activities. The antimicrobial activity of most of the extracts was antibacterial with only the methanol extract of Costus discolor showing very potent antifungal activity against only Aspergillus ochraceous (MID, 15.6 microg per disc). All the extracts showed strong antioxidant activity comparable with or higher that of alpha-tocopherol.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects
  9. Ngeow YS, Puthucheary SD, Lai PS
    Med J Malaysia, 1985 Sep;40(3):196-201.
    PMID: 3939567
    170 clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa were tested for in vitro susceptibility to gentamicin, amikacin, tobramycin, netilmicin, kanamycin, streptomycin, cefotaxime, ceftriaxone, cefoperazone, ceftazidime, moxalactam, azlocillin, piperacillin and ticarcillin. Against 93 gentamicin-sensitive strains, the most active antibiotics were in descending order, ceftazidime, tobramycin, gentamicin, amikacin, and the ureidopenicillins. Against 77 gentamicin-resistant strains, only ceftazidime, amikacin and moxalactam had mode minimum inhibitory concentrations within achievable peak serum levels after standard therapeutic dosage. There was no correlation between cephalosporin resistance and aminoglycoside resistance except for cefoperazone, which, together with the ureidopenicillins and ticarcillin, showed marked decrease in activity against gentamicin-resistant strains.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects*
  10. Chong YM, How KY, Yin WF, Chan KG
    Molecules, 2018 04 21;23(4).
    PMID: 29690523 DOI: 10.3390/molecules23040972
    The quorum sensing (QS) system has been used by many opportunistic pathogenic bacteria to coordinate their virulence determinants in relation to cell-population density. As antibiotic-resistant bacteria are on the rise, interference with QS has been regarded as a novel way to control bacterial infections. As such, many plant-based natural products have been widely explored for their therapeutic roles. These natural products may contain anti-QS compounds that could block QS signals generation or transmission to combat QS pathogens. In this study, we report the anti-QS activities of four different Chinese herbal plant extracts: Poria cum Radix pini, Angelica dahurica, Rhizoma cibotii and Schizonepeta tenuifolia, on Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. All the plants extracted using hexane, chloroform and methanol were tested and found to impair swarming motility and pyocyanin production in P.aeruginosa PAO1, particularly by Poria cum Radix pini. In addition, all the plant extracts also inhibited violacein production in C.violaceum CV026 up to 50% while bioluminescence activities were reduced in lux-based E. coli biosensors, pSB401 and pSB1075, up to about 57%. These anti-QS properties of the four medicinal plants are the first documentation that demonstrates a potential approach to attenuate pathogens’ virulence determinants.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects*
  11. Chia PY, Sengupta S, Kukreja A, S L Ponnampalavanar S, Ng OT, Marimuthu K
    PMID: 32046775 DOI: 10.1186/s13756-020-0685-1
    Infections by multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative organisms (GN) are associated with a high mortality rate and present an increasing challenge to the healthcare system worldwide. In recent years, increasing evidence supports the association between the healthcare environment and transmission of MDRGN to patients and healthcare workers. To better understand the role of the environment in transmission and acquisition of MDRGN, we conducted a utilitarian review based on literature published from 2014 until 2019.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects
  12. Hamzah N, Kasmuri N, Tao W, Singhal N, Padhye L, Swift S
    Braz J Microbiol, 2020 Sep;51(3):1317-1326.
    PMID: 32399689 DOI: 10.1007/s42770-020-00295-0
    Bacterial adhesion on surfaces is an essential initial step in promoting bacterial mobilization for soil bioremediation process. Modification of the cell surface is required to improve the adhesion of bacteria. The modification of physicochemical properties by rhamnolipid to Pseudomonas putida KT2442, Rhodococcus erythropolis 3586 and Aspergillus brasiliensis ATCC 16404 strains was analysed using contact angle measurements. The surface energy and total free energy of adhesion were calculated to predict the adhesion of both bacteria strains on the A. brasiliensis surface. The study of bacterial adhesion was carried out to evaluate experimental value with the theoretical results. Bacteria and fungi physicochemical properties were modified significantly when treated with rhamnolipid. The adhesion rate of P. putida improved by 16% with the addition of rhamnolipid (below 1 CMC), while the increase of rhamnolipid concentration beyond 1 CMC did not further enhance the bacterial adhesion. The addition of rhamnolipid did not affect the adhesion of R. erythropolis. A good relationship has been obtained in which water contact angle and surface energy of fungal surfaces are the major factors contributing to the bacterial adhesion. The adhesion is mainly driven by acid-base interaction. This finding provides insight to the role of physicochemical properties in controlling the bacterial adhesion on the fungal surface to enhance bacteria transport in soil bioremediation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects*
  13. Perumal S, Mahmud R, Ramanathan S
    Nat Prod Res, 2015;29(18):1766-9.
    PMID: 25571920 DOI: 10.1080/14786419.2014.999242
    Euphorbia hirta (L.) plant is traditionally used in Malaysia for the treatment of gastrointestinal, bronchial and respiratory ailments caused by nosocomial infectious agents. Bioactivity-guided fractionation of the methanol extract of the aerial parts of E. hirta and analysis using high-performance liquid chromatography have led to the isolation of two antibacterial compounds. These compounds were identified as caffeic acid (CA) and (-)-epicatechin 3-gallate (ECG) based on spectroscopic analyses and comparison with previously published data. Using broth microdilution method, both ECG and CA had demonstrated significant minimum inhibitory concentration of 15.6 and 31.3 μg/mL respectively, against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Time-kill assessment of ECG and CA displayed bactericidal effect on P. aeruginosa cells.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects*
  14. Mishra RK, Ramasamy K, Lim SM, Ismail MF, Majeed AB
    J Mater Sci Mater Med, 2014 Aug;25(8):1925-39.
    PMID: 24831081 DOI: 10.1007/s10856-014-5228-y
    The present study investigates the development of methyl cellulose (MC)-sodium alginate (SA)-montmorillonite (MMT) clay based bionanocomposite films with interesting wound healing properties. The differential scanning calorimetry analysis of the composite films revealed presence of single glass transition temperature (Tg) confirming the miscible nature of the ternary blended films. The increase in MMT ratio in the composite films reduced the mobility of biopolymer chains (MC/SA) which increased the Tg of the film. Thermogravimetric analysis showed that dispersion of clay (MMT) at nano level significantly delayed the weight loss that correlated with higher thermal stability of the composite films. It was observed that the developed films were able to exhibit antimicrobial activity against four typical pathogenic bacteria found in the presence of wound. The developed films were able to significantly inhibit (10 mg/ml) the growth of Enterococcus faecium and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In vitro scratch assay indicated potential wound closure activities of MC-2-4 bionanocomposite films at their respective highest subtoxic doses. In conclusion, these ternary bionanocomposite films were found to be promising systems for wound healing applications.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects
  15. Priya K, Yin WF, Chan KG
    Sensors (Basel), 2013;13(11):14558-69.
    PMID: 24169540 DOI: 10.3390/s131114558
    The discovery of quorum sensing in Proteobacteria and its function in regulating virulence determinants makes it an attractive alternative towards attenuation of bacterial pathogens. In this study, crude extracts of Phyllanthus amarus Schumach. & Thonn, a traditional Chinese herb, were screened for their anti-quorum sensing properties through a series of bioassays. Only the methanolic extract of P. amarus exhibited anti-quorum sensing activity, whereby it interrupted the ability of Chromobacterium violaceum CVO26 to response towards exogenously supplied N-hexanoylhomoserine lactone and the extract reduced bioluminescence in E. coli [pSB401] and E. coli [pSB1075]. In addition to this, methanolic extract of P. amarus significantly inhibited selected quorum sensing-regulated virulence determinants of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA01. Increasing concentrations of the methanolic extracts of P. amarus reduced swarming motility, pyocyanin production and P. aeruginosa PA01 lecA::lux expression. Our data suggest that P. amarus could be useful for attenuating pathogens and hence, more local traditional herbs should be screened for its anti-quorum sensing properties as their active compounds may serve as promising anti-pathogenic drugs.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects
  16. Zainol MI, Mohd Yusoff K, Mohd Yusof MY
    PMID: 23758747 DOI: 10.1186/1472-6882-13-129
    Antibacterial activity of honey is mainly dependent on a combination of its peroxide activity and non-peroxide components. This study aims to investigate antibacterial activity of five varieties of Malaysian honey (three monofloral; acacia, gelam and pineapple, and two polyfloral; kelulut and tualang) against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects
  17. Khosravi Y, Loke MF, Chua EG, Tay ST, Vadivelu J
    ScientificWorldJournal, 2012;2012:654939.
    PMID: 22792048 DOI: 10.1100/2012/654939
    Carbapenems are the primary choice of treatment for severe Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection. However, the emergence of carbapenem resistance due to the production of metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs) is of global concern. In this study, 90 imipenem- (IPM- or IP-) resistant P. aeruginosa (IRPA) isolates, including 32 previously tested positive and genotyped for MBL genes by PCR, were subjected to double-disk synergy test (DDST), combined disk test (CDT), and imipenem/imipenem-inhibitor (IP/IPI) E-test to evaluate their MBLs detection capability. All three methods were shown to have a sensitivity of 100%. However, DDST was the most specific of the three (96.6%), followed by IP/IPI E-test interpreted based on the single criteria of IP/IPI ≥8 as positive (62.1%), and CDT was the least specific (43.1%). Based on the data from this evaluation, we propose that only IRPA with IP MIC >16 μg/mL and IP/IPI ≥8 by IP/IPI E-test should be taken as positive for MBL activity. With the new dual interpretation criteria, the MBL IP/IPI E-test was shown to achieve 100% sensitivity as well as specificity for the IRPA in this study. Therefore, the IP/IPI E-test is a viable alternative phenotypic assay to detect MBL production in IRPA in our population in circumstances where PCR detection is not a feasible option.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects*
  18. Latha LY, Darah I, Kassim MJ, Sasidharan S
    Ultrastruct Pathol, 2010 Aug;34(4):219-25.
    PMID: 20594042 DOI: 10.3109/01913121003651513
    The antibacterial activity of Vernonia cinerea (L.) extract was investigated using the broth dilution method. The extract showed a favorable antimicrobial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa with a minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) value of 3.13 mg/mL. V. cinerea extract at (1/2), 1, or 2 times the MIC significantly inhibited bacterial growth with a noticeable drop in optical density (OD) of the bacterial culture, thus confirming the antibacterial activity of the extract on P. aeruginosa. Imaging using scanning (SEM) and transmission (TEM) electron microscopy was done to determine the major alterations in the microstructure of the extract-treated P. aeruginosa. The main abnormalities noted via SEM and TEM studies were the alteration in morphology of the bacterial cells. The main reason for this destruction was the severe alterations of the cell wall with the formation of holes, invaginations, and morphological disorganization caused by the extract. The authors conclude that the extract may be used as a candidate for the development of antimicrobial agents.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects*
  19. Raja NS, Singh NN
    J Microbiol Immunol Infect, 2007 Feb;40(1):45-9.
    PMID: 17332906
    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized, critically ill patients and patients with underlying medical conditions such as cystic fibrosis, neutropenia, and iatrogenic immunosuppression. The prevalence of multiresistant P. aeruginosa isolates has been increasing. The aim of this study was to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns in P. aeruginosa strains isolated at a university teaching hospital in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
    METHODS: The Laboratory Information System of the microbiology department was retrospectively reviewed to determine the susceptibility patterns of P. aeruginosa isolates to anti-pseudomonal antibiotics, from January to June 2005. Disk diffusion methods were employed and results were interpreted according to National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards guidelines.
    RESULTS: 505 clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa were tested. Major sources of these isolates included respiratory tract, wound, urine and blood. The rates of antimicrobial resistance of isolates were 6.73% to amikacin, 12.9% to gentamicin, 10.1% to netilmicin, 10.9% to ceftazidime, 11.3% to ciprofloxacin, 9.9% to imipenem, 10.8% to piperacillin, 9.4% to piperacillin-tazobactam and 0% to polymyxin B. Of the 505 isolates, 29 (5.74%) were found to be multidrug-resistant; these were most commonly isolated from respiratory tract specimens of patients in surgical units, followed by respiratory tract specimens in patients in medical units.
    CONCLUSIONS: The data in this study showed low rates of antibiotic resistance among P. aeruginosa isolates. Combinations of aminoglycosides plus beta-lactams or quinolones should be the appropriate choice for empirical therapy in P. aeruginosa infections. Active antibiotic susceptibility testing and surveillance should be continued in order to curtail the problem of antibiotic resistance.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects*
  20. Palillo ES, Salleh MA
    Microbiol. Immunol., 1992;36(11):1195-200.
    PMID: 1491621
    Four hundred and ninety-eight predominantly pyocin-type 10 clinical strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa were analyzed for resistance to carbenicillin, cefoperazone, cefotaxime, ceftazidime, gentamicin, amikacin and netilmicin. Based on NCCLS-recommended MIC breakpoints, 245 strains were found to be resistant, of which 41.6% were resistant to carbenicillin, 38% to gentamicin, 37.8% to netilmicin, 26.3% to cefoperazone, 17.9% to cefotaxime, 0.6% to amikacin and none to ceftazidime. Quadruple resistance to carbenicillin, cefoperazone, gentamicin and netilmicin was the most frequent pattern observed. Resistance to older antibiotics (kanamycin, streptomycin and tetracycline) and to mercuric chloride were also common. Conjugation experiments suggested that self-transmissible and non-transmissible plasmids occurred in at least 66 strains.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pseudomonas aeruginosa/drug effects*
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