Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 94 in total

  1. Zaini MF, Razak IA, Khairul WM, Arshad S
    Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun, 2020 Mar 01;76(Pt 3):387-391.
    PMID: 32148881 DOI: 10.1107/S2056989020002054
    A new conjugated carbazole chalcone compound, (E)-3-[4-(9,9a-di-hydro-8aH-carbazol-9-yl)phen-yl]-1-(4-nitro-phen-yl)prop-2-en-1-one (CPNC), C27H18N2O3, was synthesized using a Claisen-Schmidt condensation reaction. CPNC crystallizes in the monoclinic non-centrosymmetric space group Cc and adopts an s-cis conformation with respect to the ethyl-enic double bonds (C=O and C=C). The crystal packing features C-H⋯O and C-H⋯π inter-actions whose percentage contribution was qu-anti-fied by Hirshfeld surface analysis. Quantum chemistry calculations including geometrical optimization and mol-ecular electrostatic potential (MEP) were analysed by density functional theory (DFT) with a B3LYP/6-311 G++(d,p) basis set.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chalcones
  2. Zainuri DA, Abdullah M, Zaini MF, Bakhtiar H, Arshad S, Abdul Razak I
    PLoS One, 2021;16(9):e0257808.
    PMID: 34582495 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0257808
    The Ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectra indicate that anthracenyl chalcones (ACs) have high maximum wavelengths and good transparency windows for optical applications and are suitable for optoelectronic applications owing to their HOMO-LUMO energy gaps (2.93 and 2.76 eV). Different donor substituents on the AC affect their dipole moments and nonlinear optical (NLO) responses. The positive, negative, and neutral electrostatic potential regions of the molecules were identified using molecular electrostatic potential (MEP). The stability of the molecule on account of hyperconjugative interactions and accompanying charge delocalization was analyzed using natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis. Open and closed aperture Z-scans were performed using a continuous-wave frequency-doubled diode-pumped solid-state (DPSS) laser to measure the nonlinear absorption and nonlinear refractive index coefficients, respectively. The valley-to-peak profile of AC indicated a negative nonlinear refractive index coefficient. The obtained single crystals possess reverse saturation absorption due to excited-state absorption. The structural and nonlinear optical properties of the molecules have been discussed, along with the role of anthracene substitution for enhancing the nonlinear optical properties. The calculated third-order susceptibility value was 1.10 x10-4 esu at an intensity of 4.1 kW/cm2, higher than the reported values for related chalcone derivatives. The NLO response for both ACs offers excellent potential in optical switching and limiting applications.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chalcones/chemistry*
  3. Moshawih S, Hadikhani P, Fatima A, Goh HP, Kifli N, Kotra V, et al.
    J Mol Graph Model, 2022 Dec;117:108307.
    PMID: 36096064 DOI: 10.1016/j.jmgm.2022.108307
    A Laplacian scoring algorithm for gene selection and the Gini coefficient to identify the genes whose expression varied least across a large set of samples were the state-of-the-art methods used here. These methods have not been trialed for their feasibility in cheminformatics. This was a maiden attempt to investigate a complete comparative analysis of an anthraquinone and chalcone derivatives-based virtual combinatorial library. This computational "proof-of-concept" study illustrated the combinatorial approach used to explain how the structure of the selected natural products (NPs) undergoes molecular diversity analysis. A virtual combinatorial library (1.6 M) based on 20 anthraquinones and 24 chalcones was enumerated. The resulting compounds were optimized to the near drug-likeness properties, and the physicochemical descriptors were calculated for all datasets including FDA, Non-FDA, and NPs from ZINC 15. UMAP and PCA were applied to compare and represent the chemical space coverage of each dataset. Subsequently, the Laplacian score and Gini coefficient were applied to delineate feature selection and selectivity among properties, respectively. Finally, we demonstrated the diversity between the datasets by employing Murcko's and the central scaffolds systems, calculating three fingerprint descriptors and analyzing their diversity by PCA and SOM. The optimized enumeration resulted in 1,610,268 compounds with NP-Likeness, and synthetic feasibility mean scores close to FDA, Non-FDA, and NPs datasets. The overlap between the chemical space of the 1.6 M database was more prominent than with the NPs dataset. A Laplacian score prioritized NP-likeness and hydrogen bond acceptor properties (1.0 and 0.923), respectively, while the Gini coefficient showed that all properties have selective effects on datasets (0.81-0.93). Scaffold and fingerprint diversity indicated that the descending order for the tested datasets was FDA, Non-FDA, NPs and 1.6 M. Virtual combinatorial libraries based on NPs can be considered as a source of the combinatorial compound with NP-likeness properties. Furthermore, measuring molecular diversity is supposed to be performed by different methods to allow for comparison and better judgment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chalcone*; Chalcones*
  4. Jantan I, Mohd Yasin YH, Jamil S, Sirat H, Basar N
    J Nat Med, 2010 Jul;64(3):365-9.
    PMID: 20349149 DOI: 10.1007/s11418-010-0410-0
    Five prenylflavonoids and two prenylchalcones from Artocarpus lowii King, A. scortechinii King and A. teysmanii Miq., and acetylated derivatives of cycloheterophyllin and artonin E were investigated for their ability to inhibit arachidonic acid (AA), collagen and adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation in human whole blood by using an electrical impedance method. Among the tested compounds, only cycloheterophyllin inhibited AA-induced platelet aggregation with an IC(50) value of 100.9 microM. It also showed strong inhibition against ADP-induced aggregation, with an IC(50) value of 57.1 microM. Isobavachalcone, 2',4'-dihydroxy-4-methoxy-3'-prenyldihydrochalcone, cycloartobiloxanthone, artonin E and artonin E triacetate showed selective inhibition against ADP-induced aggregation, with IC(50) values ranging from 55.3 to 192.0 microM, but did not show such effect against other inducers.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chalcones/isolation & purification*; Chalcones/pharmacology*; Chalcones/chemistry
  5. Bindya S, Chidan Kumar CS, Naveen S, Siddaraju BP, Quah CK, Raihan MA
    Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun, 2019 Feb 01;75(Pt 2):264-267.
    PMID: 30800464 DOI: 10.1107/S205698901900104X
    In the title chalcone derivative, C15H9BrCl2O, the aryl rings are inclined to each by 14.49 (17)°, and the configuration about the C=C bond is E. There is a short intra-molecular C-H⋯Cl contact present resulting in the formation of an S(6) ring motif. In the crystal, the shortest inter-molecular contacts are Cl⋯O contacts [3.173 (3) Å] that link the mol-ecules to form a 21 helix propagating along the b-axis direction. The helices stack up the short crystallographic a axis, and are linked by offset π-π inter-actions [inter-centroid distance = 3.983 (1) Å], forming layers lying parallel to the ab plane. A qu-anti-fication of the inter-molecular contacts in the crystal were estimated using Hirshfeld surface analysis and two-dimensional fingerprint plots.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chalcones
  6. Zainuri DA, Razak IA, Arshad S
    Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun, 2018 May 01;74(Pt 5):650-655.
    PMID: 29850084 DOI: 10.1107/S2056989018005467
    The title chalcone compounds, C27H18O (I) and C33H20O (II), were synthesized using a Claisen-Schmidt condensation. Both compounds display an s-trans configuration of the enone moiety. The crystal structures feature inter-molecular C-H⋯O and C-H⋯π inter-actions. Quantum chemical analysis of density functional theory (DFT) with a B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) basis set has been employed to study the structural properties of the compound. The effect of the inter-molecular inter-actions in the solid state are responsible for the differences between the experimental and theoretical optimized geometrical parameters. The small HOMO-LUMO energy gap in (I) (exp : 3.18 eV and DFT: 3.15 eV) and (II) (exp : 2.76 eV and DFT: 2.95 eV) indicates the suitability of these compounds for optoelectronic applications. The inter-molecular contacts and weak contributions to the supra-molecular stabilization are analysed using Hirshfeld surface analysis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chalcones
  7. Riswanto FDO, Rawa MSA, Murugaiyah V, Salin NH, Istyastono EP, Hariono M, et al.
    Med Chem, 2021;17(5):442-452.
    PMID: 31808389 DOI: 10.2174/1573406415666191206095032
    BACKGROUND: Chalcones, originated from natural product, have been broadly studied their biological activity against various proteins which at the molecular level, are responsible for the progress of the diseases in cancer (e.g. kinases), inflammation (oxidoreductases), atherosclerosis (cathepsins receptor), and diabetes (e.g. α-glucosidase).

    OBJECTIVE: Here we synthesize 10 chalcone derivatives to be evaluated their in vitro enzymatic inhibition activity against acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE).

    METHODS: The synthesis was carried out using Claissen-Schimdt condensation and the in vitro assay was conducted using Ellman Method.

    RESULTS: Compounds 2b and 4b demonstrated as the best IC50 of 9.3 μM and 68.7 μM respectively, towards AChE and BChE inhibition. Molecular docking studies predicted that this activity might be due to the interaction of the chalcones with important amino acid residues in the binding site of AChE such as SER200 and in that of BChE, such as TRP82, SER198, TRP430, TYR440, LEU286 and VAL288.

    CONCLUSION: Chalcone can be used as the scaffold for cholinesterase inhibitor, in particularly either fluorine or nitro group to be augmented at the para-position of Ring B, whereas the hydrophobic chain is necessary at the meta-position of Ring B.

    Matched MeSH terms: Chalcones/chemical synthesis; Chalcones/metabolism; Chalcones/chemistry*
  8. Break MKB, Chiang M, Wiart C, Chin CF, Khoo ASB, Khoo TJ
    Nutr Cancer, 2021;73(3):473-483.
    PMID: 32270712 DOI: 10.1080/01635581.2020.1751217
    Boesenbergia rotunda (L.) Mansf. is an edible herb that is commonly used in the cuisine of several Asian countries. Studies have shown that it possesses high bioactivity against a variety of cancer cells. In this study, we investigated the cytotoxic activity of Boesenbergia rotunda rhizomes and some of its constituents on nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells (HK1). MTT assay results showed that the methanolic and hexane extracts of Boesenbergia rotunda decreased HK1 cell viability with IC50 values of 136 µg/ml and 66 µg/ml, respectively. Cardamonin, a constituent of Boesenbergia rotunda, exhibited the highest cytotoxic activity with an IC50 value of 27 μg/ml. Further studies on cardamonin revealed that it inhibited the migration of HK1 cells, caused G2/M-phase arrest and induced apoptosis. Apoptosis was induced via activating caspase-8 and caspase-3, but independent of caspase-9. This indicated that cardamonin induced extrinsic apoptosis. Western blot analysis further showed that cardamonin caused extrinsic apoptosis, as the expression levels of intrinsic apoptosis-related proteins (Bcl-XL, Bcl-2 and Bax), were not affected. Finally, JC-1 staining of HK1 cells revealed an increase in the mitochondrial membrane potential after treatment, further proving that cardamonin did not induce apoptosis via the intrinsic pathway. These results reflect cardamonin's potential as an anticancer agent.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chalcones
  9. Sukumaran SD, Nasir SB, Tee JT, Buckle MJC, Othman R, Rahman NA, et al.
    J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem, 2021 Dec;36(1):130-137.
    PMID: 33243025 DOI: 10.1080/14756366.2020.1847100
    A series of C4-substituted tertiary nitrogen-bearing 2'-hydroxychalcones were designed and synthesised based on a previous mixed type acetylcholinesterase inhibitor. Majority of the 2'-hydroxychalcone analogues displayed a better inhibition against acetylcholinesterase (AChE) than butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE). Among them, compound 4c was identified as the most potent AChE inhibitor (IC50: 3.3 µM) and showed the highest selectivity for AChE over BuChE (ratio >30:1). Molecular docking studies suggested that compound 4c interacts with both the peripheral anionic site (PAS) and catalytic anionic site (CAS) regions of AChE. ADMET analysis confirmed the therapeutic potential of compound 4c based on its blood-brain barrier penetrating. Overall, the results suggest that this 2'-hydroxychalcone deserves further investigation into the therapeutic lead for Alzheimer's disease (AD).
    Matched MeSH terms: Chalcones/chemical synthesis; Chalcones/pharmacology*; Chalcones/chemistry
  10. Cheah SC, Appleton DR, Lee ST, Lam ML, Hadi AH, Mustafa MR
    Molecules, 2011 Mar 21;16(3):2583-98.
    PMID: 21441862 DOI: 10.3390/molecules16032583
    In the present study we investigated the effects of panduratin A, isolated from Boesenbergia rotunda, on proliferation and apoptosis in A549 human non-small cell lung cancer cells. Cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis was determined by the real-time cellular analyzer (RTCA), MTT assay and High Content Screening (HCS). The RTCA assay indicated that panduratin A exhibited cytotoxicity, with an IC₅₀ value of 4.4 µg/mL (10.8 µM). Panduratin A arrested cancer cells labeled with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) and phospho-Histone H3 in the mitotic phase. The cytotoxic effects of panduratin A were found to be accompanied by a dose-dependent induction of apoptosis, as assessed by DNA condensation, nuclear morphology and intensity, cell permeability, mitochondrial mass/ potential, F-actin and cytochrome c. In addition, treatment with an apoptosis-inducing concentration of panduratin A resulted in significant inhibition of Nuclear Factor-kappa Beta (NF-κB) translocation from cytoplasm to nuclei activated by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), as illustrated by the HCS assay. Our study provides evidence for cell growth inhibition and induction of apoptosis by panduratin A in the A549 cell line, suggesting its therapeutic potential as an NF-κB inhibitor.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chalcones/pharmacology*
  11. Awang K, Abdullah Z, Mukhtar MR, Litaudon M, Jaafar FM, Hadi AH, et al.
    Nat Prod Res, 2009;23(7):652-8.
    PMID: 19401920 DOI: 10.1080/14786410802323743
    Dunaliine A (1), a new amino diketone, has been isolated from the leaves of Desmos dunalii together with four known dihydrochalcones: 2',4-dihydroxy-4',6'-dimethoxy-3',5'-dimethyldihydrochalcone (2), 2',4-dihydroxy-4',6'-dimethoxydihydrochalcone (3), 2',4-dihydroxy-4',5',6'-trimethoxydihydrochalcone (4) and 2',4-dihydroxy-5'-methyl-4',6'-dimethoxydihydrochalcone (5). The structures of these compounds were established notably by spectral analysis (1D- and 2D- (1)H, (13)C NMR), UV, IR and HRMS.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chalcones/isolation & purification*
  12. Phang CW, Gandah NA, Abd Malek SN, Karsani SA
    Eur J Pharmacol, 2019 Jun 15;853:388-399.
    PMID: 31014923 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2019.04.032
    Flavokawain C (FKC), a naturally occurring chalcone, has previously been shown to inhibit the growth of colon carcinoma HCT 116 cells through induction of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. However, the possible underlying mechanisms of cell death as a response to FKC treatment remains unclear. In this study, we performed proteomic analysis of HCT 116 cells treated with FKC to identify proteins that change in abundance. This was followed by bioinformatic analysis to predict possible associated molecular targets or pathways involved in the observed effects of FKC. A total of 35 proteins that changed in abundance (17 increased and 18 decreased) were identified through two-dimensional gel electrophoresis followed by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/TOF MS). Using the Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA), these proteins were predicted to be involved in cell death and survival, cell cycle, cellular growth and proliferation, protein synthesis, post-translational modification and amino acid metabolism by. Further analysis of the transcript levels of selected proteins using qPCR showed that some of the genes exhibited similar change of profile to that of the proteins'. Our results have provided novel insights into the potential molecular mechanisms underlying FKC-induced apoptosis or cell death in colon cancer cells.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chalcones/pharmacology*
  13. Chaudhry AR, Irfan A, Muhammad S, Al-Sehemi AG, Ahmed R, Jingping Z
    J Mol Graph Model, 2017 08;75:355-364.
    PMID: 28651184 DOI: 10.1016/j.jmgm.2017.05.012
    In the present study, we use the state of art density functional theory (DFT) techniques to calculate the structural, optoelectronic and nonlinear optical (NLO) properties for two novel chalcone derivatives. The geometrical structures of chalcone derivatives compound 1 and 2 are optimized using periodic boundary conditions (PBC) in solid-state phase as well as isolated single molecular geometry in the gas phase. The reasonable agreement is found among experimental, solid-state and gas phase single molecular geometries, which provide us, further confidence to explore the potential of above-entitled derivatives as good functional materials for electro-optical applications. For instance, the frequency dependent real parts of dielectric functions are calculated for compound 1 and 2. The maximum value of real part of the dielectric function for compound 1 and 2 at 0eV are computed as 4.35 and 6.68 for the polarization vectors of (001) directions, respectively, which reveals the fact that the compound 1 and 2 might be good charge transport materials. The reflectivities of the compound 1 and 2 are 0.64 and 0.45 revealing that the compound 2 might be more efficient material for organic photovoltaic (OPV) applications. The results of the refractive index improved by doping the strong electron withdrawing groups (EWGs) shows that the compound 2 might be good refractor of the photon as compared to compound 1. The calculated values for static second-order polarizability are 3498 and 10464 a. u. and for frequency dependent second harmonic generations are 2557 and 6429 a. u. for compound 1 and 2, respectively, which indicates their significant potential for possible nonlinear optical applications.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chalcones/chemistry*
  14. Fahmi MZ, Aung YY, Ahmad MA, Kristanti AN, Sakti SCW, Arjasa OP, et al.
    Nanotheranostics, 2023;7(3):281-298.
    PMID: 37064612 DOI: 10.7150/ntno.80030
    The fluorescent imaging and drug delivery utilizing carbon dots nanomaterials (CDs) have attracted tremendously due to their unique optical ability and outstanding biocompatibility. Herein, we reported a new design of chalcone-loaded carbon dots (Chalcone-APBA-CDs) to serve chalcone transport onto cancer cells and enhance the CDs bioimaging and antitumor activity. The boronic acid was directly introduced to carbon dots (CDs) via pyrolysis process to drive CDs specifically to the cancer cell, and chalcone was mediated on CDs by ultrasonication to perform facile release of the drug delivery model. The successfully synthesized Chalcone-APBA-CDs were proved by their chemical structure, fluorescent activities, in vitro and in vivo analyses, and drug release systems using different pH. In addition, flow cytometry and confocal fluorescent imaging proved CDs' cellular uptake and imaging performance. In vitro analyses further proved that the Chalcone-APBA-CDs exhibited a higher toxicity value than bare CDs and efficiently inhibited the proliferation of the HeLa cells depending on their dose-response. Finally, the performance of Chalcone-APBA-CDs on cancer healing capability was examined in vivo with fibrosarcoma cancer-bearing mice, which showed a remarkable ability to reduce the tumor volume compared with saline (control). This result strongly suggested that the Chalcone-APBA-CDs appear promising simultaneously as cancer cell imaging and drug delivery.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chalcones*
  15. Md-Mustafa ND, Khalid N, Gao H, Peng Z, Alimin MF, Bujang N, et al.
    BMC Genomics, 2014;15:984.
    PMID: 25407215 DOI: 10.1186/1471-2164-15-984
    Panduratin A extracted from Boesenbergia rotunda is a flavonoid reported to possess a range of medicinal indications which include anti-dengue, anti-HIV, anti-cancer, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Boesenbergia rotunda is a plant from the Zingiberaceae family commonly used as a food ingredient and traditional medicine in Southeast Asia and China. Reports on the health benefits of secondary metabolites extracted from Boesenbergia rotunda over the last few years has resulted in rising demands for panduratin A. However large scale extraction has been hindered by the naturally low abundance of the compound and limited knowledge of its biosynthetic pathway.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chalcones/biosynthesis; Chalcones/genetics*; Chalcones/therapeutic use
  16. Syam S, Abdelwahab SI, Al-Mamary MA, Mohan S
    Molecules, 2012 May 25;17(6):6179-95.
    PMID: 22634834 DOI: 10.3390/molecules17066179
    Several chalcones were synthesized and their in vitro cytotoxicity against various human cell lines, including human breast adenocarcinoma cell line MCF-7, human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549, human prostate cancer cell line PC3, human adenocarcinoma cell line HT-29 (colorectal cancer) and human normal liver cell line WRL-68 was evaluated. Most of the compounds being active cytotoxic agents, four of them with minimal IC₅₀ values were chosen and studied in detail with MCF-7 cells. The compounds 1, 5, 23, and 25 were capable in eliciting apoptosis in MCF-7 cells as shown by multiparameter cytotoxicity assay and caspase-3/7, -8, and -9 activities (p < 0.05). The ROS level showed 1.3-fold increase (p < 0.05) at the low concentrations used and thus it was concluded that the compounds increased the ROS level eventually leading to apoptosis in MCF-7 cells through intrinsic as well as extrinsic pathways.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chalcones/chemical synthesis*; Chalcones/pharmacology*; Chalcones/chemistry
  17. Jamil S, Sirat HM, Jantan I, Aimi N, Kitajima M
    J Nat Med, 2008 Jul;62(3):321-4.
    PMID: 18404311 DOI: 10.1007/s11418-008-0226-3
    A new prenylated dihydrochalcone, 2',4'-dihydroxy-4-methoxy-3'-prenyldihydrochalcone (1), along with two known compounds, 2',4',4-trihydroxy-3'-prenylchalcone (2) and 2',4-dihydroxy-3',4'-(2,2-dimethylchromene)chalcone (3) were isolated from the leaves of Artocarpus lowii. The structures of 1-3 were elucidated by spectroscopic methods and by comparison with data reported in the literature. Compounds 1-3 showed strong free radical scavenging activity towards 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) measured by electron spin resonance (ESR) spectrometry.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chalcones/isolation & purification; Chalcones/pharmacology*; Chalcones/chemistry
  18. Rees KA, Bermudez C, Edwards DJ, Elliott AG, Ripen JE, Seta C, et al.
    J Nat Prod, 2015 Aug 28;78(8):2141-4.
    PMID: 26284978 DOI: 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.5b00410
    In an ongoing program to identify new anti-infective leads, an extract derived from whole plant material of Desmodium congestum collected in the Sarawak rainforest was found to have anti-MRSA activity. Bioassay-guided isolation led to the isolation of two new prenylated chalcones, 5'-O-methyl-3-hydroxyflemingin A (1) and 5'-O-methylflemingin C (2), which were closely related to the flemingins previously isolated from various Flemingia species. Chalcones 1 and 2, which were determined to be 4:6 enantiomeric mixtures by chiral HPLC, exhibited moderate activity against a panel of Gram-positive bacteria and were also cytotoxic to the HEK293 human embryonic kidney cell line.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chalcones/isolation & purification*; Chalcones/pharmacology; Chalcones/chemistry
  19. Tajudeen Bale A, Mohammed Khan K, Salar U, Chigurupati S, Fasina T, Ali F, et al.
    Bioorg Chem, 2018 09;79:179-189.
    PMID: 29763804 DOI: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2018.05.003
    Despite of a diverse range of biological activities associated with chalcones and bis-chalcones, they are still neglected by the medicinal chemist for their possible α-amylase inhibitory activity. So, the current study is based on the evaluation of this class for the identification of new leads as α-amylase inhibitors. For that purpose, a library of substituted chalcones 1-13 and bis-chalcones 14-18 were synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic techniques EI-MS and 1H NMR. CHN analysis was carried out and found in agreement with the calculated values. All compounds were evaluated for in vitro α-amylase inhibitory activity and demonstrated good activities in the range of IC50 = 1.25 ± 1.05-2.40 ± 0.09 µM as compared to the standard acarbose (IC50 = 1.04 ± 0.3 µM). Limited structure-activity relationship (SAR) was established by considering the effect of different groups attached to aryl rings on varying inhibitory activity. SMe group in chalcones and OMe group in bis-chalcones were found more influential on the activity than other groups. However, in order to predict the involvement of different groups in the binding interactions with the active site of α-amylase enzyme, in silico studies were also conducted.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chalcones/chemical synthesis; Chalcones/pharmacology*; Chalcones/chemistry
  20. Wong QA, Chia TS, Kwong HC, Chidan Kumar CS, Quah CK, Arafath MA
    Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun, 2019 Jan 01;75(Pt 1):53-57.
    PMID: 30713733 DOI: 10.1107/S2056989018017450
    The mol-ecular structure of the title chalcone derivative, C15H10FNO3, is nearly planar and the mol-ecule adopts a trans configuration with respect to the C=C double bond. The nitro group is nearly coplanar with the attached benzene ring, which is nearly parallel to the second benzene ring. In the crystal, mol-ecules are connected by pairs of weak inter-molecular C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds into inversion dimers. The dimers are further linked by another C-H⋯O hydrogen bond and a C-H⋯F hydrogen bond into sheets parallel to (104). π-π inter-actions occur between the sheets, with a centroid-centroid distance of 3.8860 (11) Å. Hirshfeld surface analysis was used to investigate and qu-antify the inter-molecular inter-actions.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chalcones
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