MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case control study, we reviewed patients who became pregnant between 2004 and 2017. For this analysis, each pregnancy was considered an event. We divided pregnancies into 2 groups according to calcineurin inhibitor-based maintenance immunosuppression: group 1 (49 pregnancies) received cyclosporine, and group 2 (33 pregnancies) received tacrolimus. Patients also received steroids and azathioprine. Patients had regular antenatal follow-up at the Hamed Alessa Organ Transplant Center (Kuwait) and in the maternity hospital (monthly until month 7 and then weekly until delivery).
RESULTS: Of 750 female kidney transplant recipients within childbearing potential, there were 82 pregnancies (10.9%) in 49 recipients (6.5%). Seventy-eight pregnancies were planned, and 4 pregnancies occurred while women were using contraception. There was 1 triple pregnancy, 5 double, and 76 single pregnancies. Two women had preeclampsia as maternal complication, 2 had uncontrolled hypertension, and 7 developed graft dysfunction. Forty-seven women (57.3%) had caesarean section, and the remaining had vaginal deliveries. Of 89 babies, 86 were viable (1 intrauterine fetal death and 2 abortions). Eight babies were delivered prematurely with low birth weight, and 2 needed incubators. Mean serum creatinine levels were 97.9 ± 24, 109 ± 38, 100 ± 39, 120 ± 46, and 115 ± 57 μmol/L at baseline, first, second, and third trimesters, and postpartum, respectively. Twelve patients showed high panel reactive antibodies but without donor-specific antibodies.
CONCLUSIONS: Posttransplant pregnancy can be successful in most renal allograft recipients, but the increased risk of fetal and maternal complications, including low birth weight, spontaneous abortus, and preeclampsia, should be considered.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we compared patients diagnosed with chronic active antibody-mediated rejection who were treated with standard of care steroids, intravenous immunoglobulin, plasma exchange, and rituximab (n = 40) at our center versus those who received intravenous immunoglobulin only or just intensified maintenance immunosuppression (n = 28). All patients were followed for 12 months clinically and by laboratory tests for graft and patient outcomes.
RESULTS: The two groups were matched regarding mean recipient age (41.9 ± 15.4 vs 37.8 ± 15.5 y in patients with conservative versus combined treatment), recipient sex, mean body weight, and the cause of end-stage kidney disease. Most patients and their donors were males. Glomerulonephritis represented the most common cause of end-stage kidney disease in both groups followed by diabetic nephropathy. The type of induction and pretransplant comorbidities were not different between groups (P > .05) except for the significantly higher number of chronic hepatitis C infections in patients who received conservative treatment (P = .007). Mean serum creatinine values before and after treatment of chronic active antibodymediated rejection were comparable between groups (P > .05). Active treatment with heavier immunosuppression (rituximab and plasma exchange) was associated with posttreatment viral (cytomegalovirus and BK virus) and bacterial infections that necessitated more hospitalization (P > .05). However, graft and patient outcomes were significantly better in the active treatment group than in patients with conservative treatment (P = .002 and .028, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: Combined treatment of chronic active antibody-mediated rejection with plasma exchange, intravenous immunoglobulin, and rituximab can significantly improve outcomes after renal transplant.
Methods: A link to the online survey was sent to healthcare professionals (HCPs) in Asia interested in AYA cancer care. Questions covered the demographics and training of HCPs, their understanding of AYA definition, availability and access to specialised AYA services, the support and advice offered during and after treatment, and factors of treatment non-compliance.
Results: We received 268 responses from 22 Asian countries. There was a striking variation in the definition of AYA (median lower age 15 years, median higher age 29 years). The majority of the respondents (78%) did not have access to specialised cancer services and 73% were not aware of any research initiatives for AYA. Over two-thirds (69%) had the option to refer their patients for psychological and/or nutritional support and most advised their patients on a healthy lifestyle. Even so, 46% did not ask about smokeless tobacco habits and only half referred smokers to a smoking cessation service. Furthermore, 29% did not promote human papillomavirus vaccination for girls and 17% did not promote hepatitis B virus vaccination for high-risk individuals. In terms of funding, 69% reported governmental insurance coverage, although 65% reported that patients self-paid, at least partially. Almost half (47%) reported treatment non-compliance or abandonment as an issue, attributed to financial and family problems (72%), loss of follow-up (74%) and seeking of alternative treatments (77%).
Conclusions: Lack of access to and suboptimal delivery of AYA-specialised cancer care services across Asia pose major challenges and require specific interventions.
METHODS: In total, 311 patients underwent erect whole spine anteroposterior, lateral and lower limb axis films. Radiographic measurements included Transilium Pelvic Height Difference (TPHD; mm), Hip Abduction-Adduction angle (H/Abd-Add; °), Lower limb Length Discrepancy (LLD; mm), and Pelvic Hypoplasia (PH angle; °). The incidence and severity of pelvic obliquity were stratified to Lenke curve subtypes in 311 patients. The causes of pelvic obliquity were analyzed in 57 patients with TPHD ≥10 mm.
RESULTS: The mean Cobb angle was 64.0 ± 17.2°. Sixty-nine patients had a TPHD of 0 mm (22.2%). The TPHD was <5 mm in 134 (43.0%) patients, 5-9 mm in 104 (33.4%) patients, 10-14 mm in 52 (16.7%) patients, 15-19 mm in 19 (6.1%) patients, and ≥20 mm in only 2 (0.6%) patients. There was a significant difference between the Lenke curve types in terms of TPHD (p = 0.002). L6 curve types had the highest TPHD of 9.0 ± 6.3 mm followed by L5 curves, which had a TPHD of 7.1 ± 4.8 mm. In all, 44.2% of L1 curves and 50.0% of L2 curves had positive TPHD compared to 66.7% of L5 curves and 74.1% of L6 curves which had negative TPHD. 33.3% and 24.6% of pelvic obliquity were attributed to PH and LLD, respectively, whereas 10.5% of cases were attributed to H/Abd-Add positioning.
CONCLUSIONS: 76.4% of AIS cases had pelvic obliquity <10 mm; 44.2% of L1 curves and 50.0% of L2 curves had a lower right hemipelvis compared to 66.7% of L5 curves and 74.1% of L6 curves, which had a higher right hemipelvis. Among patients with pelvic obliquity ≥10 mm, 33.3% were attributed to PH, whereas 24.6% were attributed to LLD.
CONCLUSIONS: Open MM fracture with bone and soft tissue loss is rare. It is feasible to treat this injury with a novel surgical reconstruction technique involving autogenous bicortical iliac bone graft and radial forearm free flap.
METHODS: Retrospective analysis of clinical and cost data from July 2013 to September 2015 for patients with cholecystitis who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a tertiary care inpatient hospital. 190 lower-risk (Charlson-Deyo) patients were included. We assessed admitting service, length of stay, time from admission to surgery, time from surgery to discharge, number of imaging studies, and total cost.
RESULTS: Patients admitted to surgical (n=106) versus medical (n=84) service had shorter mean LOS (1.4 vs 2.6 days), shorter time from admission to surgery (0.4 vs 0.8 days), and shorter time from surgery to discharge (0.8 vs 1.1 days). Surgical service patients had fewer CT (38% vs 56%) and MRI (5% vs 16%) studies. Cholangiography (30 vs 25%) and ERCP (3 vs 8%) rates were similar. Surgical service patients had 39% lower median total costs ($7787 vs $12572).
CONCLUSIONS: Nonsurgical admissions of patients with cholecystitis are common, even among lower-risk patients. Routine admission to the surgical service should decrease LOS, resource utilization and costs.
METHODS: Information on socio-demographic characteristics, obstetrical history, and sun exposure were obtained through face-to-face interviews. Vitamin D intake was assessed using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration was measured and classified as deficient (< 30 nmol/L), insufficient (30-50 nmol/L), and sufficient (≥ 50 nmol/L).
RESULTS: Of the 535 pregnant women recruited, 42.6% were vitamin D deficient. They consumed an average of 8.7 ± 6.7 μg of vitamin D daily. A total of 80.4% of the vitamin D were obtained from the food sources, while 19.6% were from dietary supplements. Fish and fish products showed the highest contribution to vitamin D intake (35.8%). The multivariable generalized linear mixed models, with clinic as a random effect, indicates that higher intake of vitamin D is associated with lower odds of vitamin D deficiency among pregnant women (OR = 0.96; 95% CI = 0.93-0.99). The odds of having vitamin D deficiency was reduced by 87% in non-Malays (OR = 0.14; 95% CI = 0.05-0.41) compared to Malays. No associations were found between age, educational level, monthly household income, work status, gravidity, parity, pre-pregnancy body mass index, total hours of sun exposure, total percentage of body surface area, and sun exposure index per day with vitamin D deficiency.
CONCLUSION: Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent among Malaysian pregnant women. Considering the possible adverse obstetric and fetal outcomes of vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy, future nutrition education should emphasise on vitamin D-fortified foods consumption among pregnant women by taking into consideration ethnic differences.
PRESENTATION OF CASE: 1st case: A-39-years-old male, complain of irreducible right patella dislocation with valgus knee and already done soft tissue procedure for patella dislocation. Long-leg radiographs of the right leg showed 18° valgus mechanical angle. 2nd case: A-26-years-old obese female, complain of dislocation of left patella and history of surgery for dislocation at 5 years old. Long-leg radiographs of the right leg showed 11° valgus mechanical angle.
DISCUSSION: After knowing the cause of the patellar dislocation from history taking, physical and supporting examination, we performed lateral open wedge distal femoral osteotomy also MPFL and MCL reconstruction, and tibial tuberosity medialization osteotomy. There is improvement mean score in Tegner Lysholm Knee Scoring system and IKDC Scoring at 6 months after surgery.
CONCLUSION: Lateral open wedge distal femur osteotomy combine with MPFL and MCL reconstruction and tibial tuberosity medialization realignment procedure can be successfully done for improve irreducible patellar dislocation in valgus knee, from clinical and radiological evaluation have good outcome after surgery.