The clinical, biochemical and pathological features of 31 patients with thyroid carcinoma managed at Hospital Universiti Sains Málaysia, Kubang Kerian from 1985 to 1989 were analyzed. There were 25 females and 6 males. The types of carcinoma were: papillary-17 cases; follicular-10 cases; medullary-2 cases and anaplastic-2 cases. For papillary carcinoma the mean age of the patients was 52.9 years. For follicular carcinoma the mean age was 48.3 years, for medullary carcinoma, 48.5 years and for anaplastic, 74.5 years. All patients had pre-existing goitre except for 2 and most presented with advanced disease. The mean duration of symptoms for papillary carcinoma was 3.7 years, follicular carcinoma 1.6 years, medullary carcinoma 13.5 years and anaplastic carcinoma 6 months. 12 patients presented with goitre of increasing size; 9 had compression symptoms; 4 presented with cervical lymph node enlargement and 6 presented with bony pains of whom 2 had paraplegia. None of the patients were ever thyrotoxic or hypothyroid. Treatment in general was unsatisfactory because of patients' non-acceptance of surgery and/or radioactive iodine.
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