Sains Malaysiana, 2016;45:1197-1200.


Titanium dioxide (TiO2
) nanoparticles thin film has been successfully synthesized by a spray pyrolysis deposition method
by using an air compressor on a fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) substrate and was annealed at different temperature. TiO2
is the most common oxide as an electrode in dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC) which still has chances of improvements to
increase its efficiency as an electrode. The efficiency of a DSSC was relatively low but modifications on every part of a
DSSC were currently in research progress and an increase in adsorbed dye molecules was considered a potential. Thus,
the influences of annealing temperature on structural and morphological properties of TiO2
have been studied using
X-ray diffraction (XRD) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), respectively, while the efficiency of
the films in a solar cell was studied by a solar simulator. The FESEM result showed several degrees of porosity obtained
by varying the annealing temperature. The crystallinity of TiO2 investigated by XRD showed that the crystallinity of the
thin films was generally unaffected by the annealing temperature. The relationship between the properties and the
efficiency of the films as an electrode was also studied