Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 128 in total

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  1. Sanusi MS, Ramli AT, Gabdo HT, Garba NN, Heryanshah A, Wagiran H, et al.
    J Environ Radioact, 2014 Sep;135:67-74.
    PMID: 24787672 DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2014.04.004
    A terrestrial gamma radiation survey for the state of Selangor, Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya was conducted to obtain baseline data for environmental radiological health practices. Based on soil type, geological background and information from airborne survey maps, 95 survey points statistically representing the study area were determined. The measured doses varied according to geological background and soil types. They ranged from 17 nGy h(-1) to 500 nGy h(-1). The mean terrestrial gamma dose rate in air above the ground was 182 ± 81 nGy h(-1). This is two times higher than the average dose rate of terrestrial gamma radiation in Malaysia which is 92 nGy h(-1) (UNSCEAR 2000). An isodose map was produced to represent exposure rate from natural sources of terrestrial gamma radiation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gamma Rays*
  2. Guido E, Mussa R, Tamponi U, Aihara H, Al Said S, Asner DM, et al.
    Phys Rev Lett, 2018 Aug 10;121(6):062001.
    PMID: 30141661 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.062001
    We report the first observation of the hadronic transition ϒ(4S)→η^{'}ϒ(1S), using 496  fb^{-1} data collected at the ϒ(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e^{+}e^{-} collider. We reconstruct the η^{'} meson through its decays to ρ^{0}γ and to π^{+}π^{-}η, with η→γγ. We measure B(ϒ(4S)→η^{'}ϒ(1S))=[3.43±0.88(stat)±0.21(syst)]×10^{-5}, with a significance of 5.7σ.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gamma Rays
  3. Noriszura Ismail, Abdul Aziz Jemain
    This study suggests the regression models of Lognormal, Normal and Gamma for the construction of an insurance scoring system. Comparison between Lognormal, Normal and Gamma regression models were also carried out, and the comparison were centered upon three main elements; fitting procedures, parameter estimates and structure of scores. The main advantage of utilizing a scoring system is that the system may be used by insurers to differentiate between good and bad insureds and thus allowing the profitability of insureds to be predicted.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gamma Rays
  4. Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Ambrogi F, Asilar E, Bergauer T, et al.
    Eur Phys J C Part Fields, 2019;79(11):969.
    PMID: 31886778 DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-019-7451-7
    Measurements are presented of the triple-differential cross section for inclusive isolated-photon+jet events in

    p
    p

    collisions at


    s

    =
    8

    TeV as a function of photon transverse momentum (

    p

    T


    γ




    ), photon pseudorapidity (

    η

    γ




    ), and jet pseudorapidity (

    η
    jet

    ). The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of

    19.7



    fb

    -
    1




    that probe a broad range of the available phase space, for


    |


    η

    γ





    |
    <
    1.44


    and


    1.57
    <
    |


    η

    γ





    |
    <
    2.50


    ,


    |


    η
    jet


    |
    <
    2.5


    ,

    40
    <

    p

    T


    γ




    <
    1000




    GeV

    , and jet transverse momentum,

    p

    T

    jet

    , > 25


    GeV

    . The measurements are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative quantum chromodynamics calculations, which reproduce the data within uncertainties.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gamma Rays
  5. Hussein SZ, Yusoff KM, Makpol S, Mohd Yusof YA
    Clin Ter, 2014;165(2):e125-33.
    PMID: 24770820 DOI: 10.7471/CT.2014.1695
    Honey is a supersaturated solution of sugars, enriched with proteins, minerals, vitamins, organic acids and polyphenols. Gamma irradiation is a physical technique of food preservation which protects the honey from insects' and microbial contamination during storage. We investigated the effect of gamma irradiation on physicochemical properties in two types of Malaysian honey, Gelam and Nenas.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gamma Rays*
  6. Zahari NK, Sheikh Ab Hamid S, Yusof N
    Cell Tissue Bank, 2015 Mar;16(1):55-63.
    PMID: 24647964 DOI: 10.1007/s10561-014-9438-9
    Preserved human amniotic membrane either air dried or glycerol preserved has been used effectively to treat superficial and partial thickness wounds without leaving any obvious hypertrophic scar. The preserved amnion, sterilised by ionising radiation, is known as an effective barrier for heat, fluid and protein loss while adheres nicely on wound. Air drying slightly reduced the oxygen transmission rate (OTR) of the amnion and the value significantly dropped after 15 kGy (p < 0.05). Glycerol preservation significantly reduced (p < 0.05) the OTR indicating less oxygen transmitted through the well structured cells of the amnion. Increase in the OTR with the increasing radiation doses up to 35 kGy possibly due to direct effects of radiation that resulted in large intercellular gaps. Both preservation methods significantly increased (p < 0.05) the water vapour transmission rate (WVTR). However, the low WVTR in the air dried amnion at 15 and 25 kGy was postulated due to cross-linking of collagen. Changes in the biophysical properties can be linked to direct and indirect effects of radiation on collagen bundles. The radiation dose of 25 kGy caused no adverse effect on biophysical properties hence it is still acceptable to sterilize both the air dried and the glycerol preserved amnions.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gamma Rays*
  7. Blaauw M, Ridikas D, Baytelesov S, Salas PS, Chakrova Y, Eun-Ha C, et al.
    PMID: 28111485 DOI: 10.1007/s10967-016-5036-6
    Molybdenum-99 is one of the most important radionuclides for medical diagnostics. In 2015, the International Atomic Energy Agency organized a round-robin exercise where the participants measured and calculated specific saturation activities achievable for the (98)Mo(n,γ)(99)Mo reaction. This reaction is of interest as a means to locally, and on a small scale, produce (99)Mo from natural molybdenum. The current paper summarises a set of experimental results and reviews the methodology for calculating the corresponding saturation activities. Activation by epithermal neutrons and also epithermal neutron self-shielding are found to be of high importance in this case.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gamma Rays
  8. Selambakkannu, Sarala, Bakar, Khomsaton Abu, Ming, Ting Teo, Jamaliah Sharif
    MyJurnal
    In this studies gamma and electron beam irradiation was used to treat textile waste water. Comparisons between both types of irradiation in terms of effectiveness to degrade the pollutants present in textile waste water were done. Prior to irradiation, the raw wastewater was diluted using distilled water to a target concentration of COD 400 mg/l. The sample was irradiated at selected doses between the ranges of 10 kGy to 100 kGy. The results showed that irradiation has significantly contributed in the reduction of the highly colored refractory organic pollutants. The COD removal at the lowest dose, 10 kGy was reduced to 390 mg/l for gamma and 400 mg/l for electron beam. Meanwhile, at the highest dose, 100 kGy, the COD was reduced to 125 mg/l for gamma and 144 mg/l for electron beam. The degree of removal is influenced by the dose introduced during the treatment process. As the dose increased, the higher the removal of organic pollutant was recorded. However, gamma irradiation is more effective although the differences are not significant between gamma and electron beam irradiation. On the other hand, other properties of the wastewater such as pH, turbidity, suspended solid, BOD and color also shows a gradual decrease as the dose increases for both types of irradiation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gamma Rays
  9. Bakar Ghazali, Othman Mohammed, S.M., Ahmed Yousef Tanakkur, Nor Pa'iza M. Hasan
    MyJurnal
    This article presents an upgraded LUDLUM Scaler Ratemeter Model 2200 into a nucleonic thickness and level gauge. A vertical pipe scanning, consisting mediums such as SS-316, sand, wax, polyethylene, oil, water and air (empty) was done at Malaysian Nuclear Agency, Bangi, Selangor in order to obtain a shielding data as well as the corresponding voltage signals at the ratemeter. A simple comparator circuit with reference potentiometers and LED indicators was then designed and fabricated to work as a thickness or level gauge. The reference can be adjusted in accordance to type and thickness of the pipe/ container, the source intensity of X or Gamma ray, diameter of the pipe and also the distance between source and the NaI(Tl) detector.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gamma Rays
  10. Zalina Rahmat, Ismail Bahari, Muhammad Samudi Yasir, Redzuwan Yahaya, Amran Ab. Majid
    MyJurnal
    Concentrations of Natural Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM) and terrestrial gamma radiation have been shown to be associated with certain lithology and soil types. An attempt was made to statistically predict and validate environmental gamma radiation dose rates based on limited number of actual field measurements using sodium iodide (NaI(Tl)) detector. Statistical analysis including the correlations between the actual and predicted dose were made based on 32 different lithology and soil type combinations. Results of field measurements, have shown that more than 50% of the predicted data were not significantly different from the actual measured data. The interpolation method in GIS was used to produce an isodose map based on the prediction equation. A correlation of multiple regression on the predicted versus lithology and soils dose rates gave relationships of DP = 0.35 DL + 0.82 DS – 0.02, r2 = 0.736. A predicted isodose map was subsequently plotted base on 4 dose rates classes, ranging from 0.1 – 0.3 μSvhr-1.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gamma Rays
  11. Dolah MT, Samat SB, Kadni T
    Malays J Med Sci, 2000 Jan;7(1):47-53.
    PMID: 22844215
    Absorbed dose to water was measured with ionisation chambers NE 2561 (#267), NE 2581 (#334), NE 2571 (#1028), using the IAEA standard water phantom. The ionisation chamber was inserted in the water phantom at a reference depth dependent on the type of the radiation quality used. Three radiation qualities were used namely 1.25 MeV gamma ray, 6 MV x-rays and 10 MV x-rays. The values of the absorbed dose to water were determined by the N(K)- and N(X)- based methods, i.e with the use of IAEA, HPA, NACP, AAPM, NCRP and ICRU protocols. The aim of this study was to make an intercomparison of the results, by taking the IAEA protocol as a standard. The largest deviation contributed by any of these protocols was recorded for each quality. It was found that AAPM, NCRP and ICRU protocols contributed 0.94% for 1.25 MeV gamma ray, NACP contributed 2.12% for the 6 MV x-rays, and NACP contributed 2.35% for 10 MV x-rays. Since the acceptable limit of deviation set by the IAEA for this absorbed dose work is ± 3%, it is clear that the overall deviations obtained were all satisfactory.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gamma Rays
  12. Phuah CS, Che Abd Rahim Mohamed, Zaharuddin Ahmad
    Concentration of Ra-226 and Ra-228 activities in water and sediment samples were measured using the Liquid Scintillation Counter (LSC) and High Purity Germanium Gamma Spectrometry (HPGe). respectively. Concentrations of Ra-226 activity in sediment samples range from 18.93 Bg/ kg to 236.06 Bq/kg and for Ra-228 activity range from 12.59 Bg/kg to 410.60 Bq/kg. Meanwhile, concentrations of Ra-226 activity obtained in water samples range from 0.064 Bg/L to 0.199 Bq/L. These data indicate, that the distribution of Ra-228 and Ra-226 in the study area were varied from one sampling stations to another and is probably related to the contents of suspended particles.
    Penentuan kepekatan aktiviti Ra-226 dan Ra-228 dalam sampel air dan sedimen dilakukan masing-masing dengan Pembilang Sintilasi Cecair (LSC) dan Spektrometri Gamma Germanium Lampau Tulen (HPGe). Kepekatan aktiviti Ra-226 dalam sampel sedimen adalah berjulat dari 18.93 Bg/kg hingga 236.06 Bq/kg dan kepekatan aktiviti Ra-228 berjulat dari 12.59 Bg/kg hingga 410.60 Bq/kg. Kepekatan aktiviti Ra-226 dalam sampel air yang diperolehi pula berjulat dari 0.064 Bg/L hingga 0.199 Bq/L. Ini menunjukkan taburan Ra-228 dan Ra-226 di kawasan kajian adalah berubah mengikut lokasi kajian dan berkemungkinan dipengaruhi oleh sifat kandungan bahan terampai.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gamma Rays
  13. Hamizun Ismail, Azmin Sham Rambely, Rokiah Rozita Ahmad
    Sains Malaysiana, 2012;41:1043-1049.
    Kaedah pemarkahan dan penggredan sering dibincangkan dalam aspek penilaian pelajar. Kertas kerja ini bertujuan untuk membincangkan kaedah pemarkahan dan penggredan menggunakan persentil taburan markah. Kaedah pemarkahan dengan menggunakan min dan songsangan varians markah bagi setiap soalan dalam suatu peperiksaan sebagai pemberat kepada soalan berkenaan dibincangkan. Dalam membincangkan penggredan menggunakan persentil taburan markah, persentil boleh ditentukan dengan menganggar taburan bagi markah peperiksaan. Penganggaran dan penentuan persentil bagi dua taburan iaitu taburan normal dan taburan gamma digunakan. Perbandingan dilakukan terhadap keputusan bagi beberapa senario yang diperoleh. Keputusan menunjukkan bahawa kaedah pemarkahan berpemberat yang menggunakan pemberat yang berasaskan kepada tahap kesukaran soalan boleh digunakan untuk mernghasilkan peringkat gred yang lebih jelas dalam kalangan pelajar.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gamma Rays
  14. Nuradhiathy Abd Razak, Yong Zulina Zubairi, Rossita M. Yunus
    Sains Malaysiana, 2014;43:1599-1607.
    Missing values have always been a problem in analysis. Most exclude the missing values from the analyses which may lead to biased parameter estimates. Some imputations methods are considered in this paper in which simulation study is conducted to compare three methods of imputation namely mean substitution, hot deck and expectation maximization (EM) imputation. The EM imputation is found to be superior especially when the percentage of missing values is high as it constantly gives low RMSE as compared with other two methods. The EM imputation method is then applied to the PM10 concentrations data set for the southwest and northeast monsoons in Petaling Jaya and Seberang Perai, Malaysia which has missing values. Four types of distributions, namely the Weibull, lognormal, gamma and Gumbel distribution are considered to describe the PM10 concentrations. The Weibull distribution gives the best fit for the southwest monsoon data for Petaling Jaya. The lognormal distribution outperformed the others in describing the southwest monsoon in Seberang Perai. Meanwhile, for the northeast monsoon in both locations, gamma distribution is the best distribution to describe the data.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gamma Rays
  15. Supian Samat, Lee YK
    Sains Malaysiana, 2006;35:57-60.
    This note describes a method for the determination of the peak-to-total ratio, P/T versus gamma-ray energy of range 59.54-1836.03 keV of a HPGe detector. Results show that this ratio decreases with energy. To check the validity of these results, two approaches of results comparison, namely with the ratio reported by Cesana and Terrani in year 1989 and with the shape of total efficiency reported by Debertin and Helmer in year 1988 were taken. lt is shown that this method gives satisfactory results since the obtained values of P/T and the shape of the total efficiency curve were in good agreement with the reported works. The precautional step that need to be taken when dealing with energy 59.54 keV 241Am source and the reason for taking the total efficiency as the evaluation tool are given.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gamma Rays
  16. Mohajer S, Taha RM, Lay MM, Esmaeili AK, Khalili M
    ScientificWorldJournal, 2014;2014:854093.
    PMID: 25147870 DOI: 10.1155/2014/854093
    Sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia Scop. Syn. Onobrychis sativa L.) is a bloat-safe forage crop with high levels of tannins, which is renowned for its medicinal qualities in grazing animals. Mutagenesis technique was applied to investigate the influence of gamma irradiation at 30, 60, 90, and 120 Gy on mitotic behavior, in vitro growth factors, phytochemical and nutritional constituents of sainfoin. Although a percentage of plant necrosis and non-growing seed were enhanced by irradiation increment, the germination speed was significantly decreased. It was observed that gamma irradiated seeds had higher value of crude protein and dry matter digestibility compared to control seeds. Toxicity of copper was reduced in sainfoin irradiated seeds at different doses of gamma rays. Anthocyanin content also decreased in inverse proportion to irradiation intensity. Accumulation of phenolic and flavonoid compounds was enhanced by gamma irradiation exposure in leaf cells. HPLC profiles differed in peak areas of the two important alkaloids, Berberine and Sanguinarine, in 120 Gy irradiated seeds compared to control seeds. There were positive correlations between irradiation dose and some abnormality divisions such as laggard chromosome, micronucleus, binucleated cells, chromosome bridge, and cytomixis. In reality, radiocytological evaluation was proven to be essential in deducing the effectiveness of gamma irradiation to induce somaclonal variation in sainfoin.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gamma Rays*
  17. Saion E, Gharibshahi E, Naghavi K
    Int J Mol Sci, 2013;14(4):7880-96.
    PMID: 23579953 DOI: 10.3390/ijms14047880
    Size-controlled and monodispersed silver nanoparticles were synthesized from an aqueous solution containing silver nitrate as a metal precursor, polyvinyl alcohol as a capping agent, isopropyl alcohol as hydrogen and hydroxyl radical scavengers, and deionized water as a solvent with a simple radiolytic method. The average particle size decreased with an increase in dose due to the domination of nucleation over ion association in the formation of the nanoparticles by gamma reduction. The silver nanoparticles exhibit a very sharp and strong absorption spectrum with the absorption maximum λmax blue shifting with an increased dose, owing to a decrease in particle size. The absorption spectra of silver nanoparticles of various particle sizes were also calculated using a quantum physics treatment and an agreement was obtained with the experimental absorption data. The results suggest that the absorption spectrum of silver nanoparticles possibly derived from the intra-band excitations of conduction electrons from the lowest energy state (n = 5, l = 0) to higher energy states (n ≥ 6; Δl = 0, ±1; Δs = 0, ±1), allowed by the quantum numbers principle. This demonstrates that the absorption phenomenon of metal nanoparticles based on a quantum physics description could be exploited to be added into the fundamentals of metal nanoparticles and the related fields of nanoscience and nanotechnology.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gamma Rays*
  18. Saleh MA, Ramli AT, Alajeramie Y, Suhairul H, Aliyu AS, Basri NA
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry, 2013 Sep;156(2):246-52.
    PMID: 23538891 DOI: 10.1093/rpd/nct061
    An extensive survey was carried out for gamma dose rates (GDRs) in the Mersing district, Johor, Malaysia. The average value of GDR measured in the district was found to be 140 nGy h(-1), in the range of 40-355 nGy h(-1). The mean weighted dose rate to the population, annual effective dose equivalent, collective effective dose equivalent, lifetime cancer risk were 0.836 mSv y(-1), 0.171 mSv, 1.18 × 10(1) man Sv y(-1) and 6.98 × 10(-4) Sv y, respectively. An isodose map was produced for the district. One way analysis of variance was used to test for differences due to different geological formations present in the Mersing District.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gamma Rays*
  19. Burgess P
    J Radiol Prot, 2006 Jun;26(2):235-6; author reply 236-7.
    PMID: 16738419
    Matched MeSH terms: Gamma Rays*
  20. Ramli AT, Sahrone S, Wagiran H
    J Radiol Prot, 2005 Dec;25(4):435-50.
    PMID: 16340071
    Environmental terrestrial gamma radiation dose rates were measured throughout Melaka, Malaysia, over a period of two years, with the objective of establishing baseline data on the background radiation level. Results obtained are shown in tabular, graphic and cartographic form. The values of terrestrial gamma radiation dose rate vary significantly over different soil types and for different underlying geological characteristics present in the study area. The values ranged from 54 +/- 5 to 378 +/- 38 nGy h(-1). The highest terrestrial gamma dose rates were measured over soil types of granitic origin and in areas with underlying geological characteristics of an acid intrusive (undifferentiated) type. An isodose map of terrestrial gamma dose rate in Melaka was drawn by using the GIS application 'Arc View'. This was based on data collected using a NaI(Tl) scintillation detector survey meter. The measurements were taken at 542 locations. Three small 'hot spots' were found where the dose rates were more than 350 nGy h(-1). The mean dose rates in the main population areas in the mukims (parishes) of Bukit Katil, Sungai Udang, Batu Berendam, Bukit Baru and Bandar Melaka were 154 +/- 15, 161 +/- 16, 160 +/- 16, 175 +/- 18 and 176 +/- 18 nGy h(-1), respectively. The population-weighted mean dose rate throughout Melaka state is 172 +/- 17 nGy h(-1). This is lower than the geographical mean dose rate of 183 +/- 54 nGy h(-1). The lower value arises from the fact that most of the population lives in the central area of the state where the lithology is dominated by sedimentary rocks consisting of shale, mudstone, phyllite, slate, hornfels, sandstone and schist of Devonian origin which have lower associated dose rates. The mean annual effective dose to the population from outdoor terrestrial gamma radiation was estimated to be 0.21 mSv. This value is higher than the world average of 0.07 mSv.
    Matched MeSH terms: Gamma Rays*
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