Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 28 in total

  1. Foong SY, Liew RK, Lee CL, Tan WP, Peng W, Sonne C, et al.
    J Hazard Mater, 2022 01 05;421:126774.
    PMID: 34364214 DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.126774
    Waste furniture boards (WFBs) contain hazardous formaldehyde and volatile organic compounds when left unmanaged or improperly disposed through landfilling and open burning. In this study, pyrolysis was examined as a disposal and recovery approach to convert three types of WFBs (i.e., particleboard, plywood, and fiberboard) into value-added chemicals using thermogravimetric analysis coupled with Fourier-transform infrared spectrometry (TG-FTIR) and pyrolysis coupled with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS). TG-FTIR analysis shows that pyrolysis performed at an optimum temperature of 250-550 °C produced volatile products mainly consisting of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and light hydrocarbons, such as methane. Py-GC/MS shows that pyrolysis at different final temperatures and heating rates recovered mainly phenols (25.9-54.7%) for potential use as additives in gasoline, colorants, and food. The calorific value of WFBs ranged from 16 to 18 MJ/kg but the WFBs showed high H/C (1.7-1.8) and O/C (0.8-1.0) ratios that provide low chemical energy during combustion. This result indicates that WFBs are not recommended to be burned directly as fuel, however, they can be pyrolyzed and converted into solid pyrolytic products such as biochar with improved properties for fuel application. Hazardous components, such as cyclopropylmethanol, were removed and converted into value-added compounds, such as 1,4:3,6-dianhydro-d-glucopyranose, for use in pharmaceuticals. These results show that the pyrolysis of WFBs at high temperature and low heating rate is a promising feature to produce value-added chemicals and reduce the formation of harmful chemical species. Thus, the release of hazardous formaldehyde and greenhouse gases into the environment is redirected.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interior Design and Furnishings*
  2. Alabsi BA, Anbar M, Rihan SDA
    Sensors (Basel), 2023 Jun 16;23(12).
    PMID: 37420810 DOI: 10.3390/s23125644
    The increasing use of Internet of Things (IoT) devices has led to a rise in Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) and Denial of Service (DoS) attacks on these networks. These attacks can have severe consequences, resulting in the unavailability of critical services and financial losses. In this paper, we propose an Intrusion Detection System (IDS) based on a Conditional Tabular Generative Adversarial Network (CTGAN) for detecting DDoS and DoS attacks on IoT networks. Our CGAN-based IDS utilizes a generator network to produce synthetic traffic that mimics legitimate traffic patterns, while the discriminator network learns to differentiate between legitimate and malicious traffic. The syntactic tabular data generated by CTGAN is employed to train multiple shallow machine-learning and deep-learning classifiers, enhancing their detection model performance. The proposed approach is evaluated using the Bot-IoT dataset, measuring detection accuracy, precision, recall, and F1 measure. Our experimental results demonstrate the accurate detection of DDoS and DoS attacks on IoT networks using the proposed approach. Furthermore, the results highlight the significant contribution of CTGAN in improving the performance of detection models in machine learning and deep learning classifiers.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interior Design and Furnishings
  3. Liu J, Kamarudin KM, Liu Y, Zou J
    PMID: 33800764 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18052653
    BACKGROUND: An infectious disease can affect human beings at an alarming speed in modern society, where Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has led to a worldwide pandemic, posing grave threats to public security and the social economies. However, as one of the closest attachments of urban dwellers, urban furniture hardly contributes to pandemic prevention and control.

    METHODS: Given this critical challenge, this article aims to propose a feasible solution to coping with pandemic situations through urban furniture design, using an integrated method of Quality Function Deployment (QFD) and Analytic Network Process (ANP). Eight communities in China are selected as the research sites, since people working and living in these places have successful experience preventing and containing pandemics.

    RESULTS: Three user requirements (URs), namely, usability and easy access, sanitation, and health and emotional pleasure, are determined. Meanwhile, seven design requirements (DRs) are identified, including contact reduction, effective disinfection, good appearance, social and cultural symbols, ergonomics, smart system and technology and sustainability. The overall priorities of URs and DRs and their inner dependencies are subsequently determined through the ANP-QFD method, comprising the House of Quality (HQQ). According to the theoretical results, we propose five design strategies for pandemic prevention and control.

    CONCLUSION: It is demonstrated that the incorporated method of ANP-QFD has applicability and effectiveness in the conceptual product design process. This article can also provide a new perspective for pandemic prevention and control in densely populated communities in terms of product design and development.

    Matched MeSH terms: Interior Design and Furnishings
  4. Nabilah Zainal Abidin, Fawazul Khair Ibrahim, Raja Nafida Raja Shahminan
    This paper describes the culture of Traditional Malays, in particular the use of sustainable furniture inside a Traditional Malay House (TMH). The sample houses for this study were retrieved from archived reports, from the Centre for Built Environment in the Malay World (KALAM), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). Data collected were analysed using Componential Analysis for the presence of components (based on drawings of archival reports as well as photographic evidence from site visits). The findings showed that the Malays used a variety ofsustainable furniture in their houses. Additionally, their homes had built-in furniture, which indicated the houses were pre-designed based on its user.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interior Design and Furnishings
  5. Kaur H, Abdul Rahman Abdullah
    Some numerical methods for solving diffusion-convection equations in two dimensional space are formulated. Iterative scheme for each method is studied and numerical test to model problem is conducted. Comparison of methods is given in table form.
    Beberapa kaedah berangka bagi menyelesaikan persamaan resapan-olakan dalam ruang dua dimensi telah dirumuskan. Skema lelaran untuk setiap satunya dikaji dan pengujian berangka kepada masalah model dilakukan. Perbandingan antara kaedah telah diberikan secara berjadual.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interior Design and Furnishings
  6. Janic ES, Butigan V, Novakovic JD, Lekic M
    Sains Malaysiana, 2014;43:637-642.
    The extinction of Br2 molecules in gas state is measured for different wavelengths of incident light in interval of 370 - 570 nm by method of gas spectroscopy. The measurement is made on the basis of Franck-Condon's principle, under which a transition to a more excited state is done without changing the intercore distance (in further text, R). The graph of energy dependence on extinction is drawn. On the graph are recognized two Gausses slopes and their separation (deconvolution) is done. The complete Gausses functions are determined on graph. The method of mirror symmetry is applied on Gausses slopes of extinction and symmetrical extinction values (Es) are obtained. Borders of Franck-Condon's area are determined from ground state of Linear Harmonic Oscillator (LH0). Tables of dependence on R and the excitation energy are given. On the basis of these tables are drawn potential curves of electron energy E(R) in excited electronic states of Br2 molecules as functions of R in Franck-Condon's area.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interior Design and Furnishings
  7. Zaimi Mohamed, Suhaily Maizan Abdul Manaf, Sholehah Abdullah, Siti Fatimah Mardiah Hamzah, Salwani Affandi, Nur Azwani Mohamad Azmin, et al.
    Jurnal Inovasi Malaysia, 2018;2(1):17-30.
    Identifying courses and determining the number of classesto be opened are among the importantstepsin the early stage of classtimetable preparation. Any mistake that happened during thisstage will not only cause problemsto students but also disrupt other parties. Students will not be able to register courses as a result of an incomplete class timetable, while excess classes will result in lecturers wasting their time in empty classrooms. Further, the situation would also increase stress among lecturers who are also members of the timetable committee as they need to postpone classes to fix the timetable immediately. Based on Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Tansformation Program (TRANS4U), Faculty of Business and Management (FBM), UiTM Cawangan Terengganu have taken the initiative to further examine the issue and recommended the relevant process to be enhanced. Upon analysis of the primary causes of the problem and recommendation by team members, an electronic data managementsystem known as Course Setting and Tracking (CSETT) was developed. CSETT enables students to plan and monitor courses while providing latest information to be used by AcademicAdministrators and otherrelevant parties. With an up-to-date and easily accessed information, class timetable could be prepared accurately and fast. The effectiveness of CSETT was proven when class time table was able to be prepared within seven days compared to 14 days prior to system implementation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interior Design and Furnishings
  8. Akta? S
    Sains Malaysiana, 2016;45:1565-1572.
    In incomplete contingency tables, some cells may contain structural zeros. The quasi-independence model, which is a generalization of the independence model, is most commonly model used to analyze incomplete contingency tables. Goodness of fit tests of the quasi-independence model are usually based on Pearson chi square test statistic and likelihood ratio test statistic. In power divergence statistics family, the selection of power divergence parameter is of interest in multivariate discrete data. In this study, a simulation study is conducted to evaluate the performance of the power divergence statistics under quasi independence model for particular power divergence parameters in terms of power values.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interior Design and Furnishings
  9. Roll U, Feldman A, Novosolov M, Allison A, Bauer AM, Bernard R, et al.
    Nat Ecol Evol, 2017 11;1(11):1785.
    PMID: 29046563 DOI: 10.1038/s41559-017-0380-7
    In this Article originally published, owing to a technical error, the author 'Laurent Chirio' was mistakenly designated as a corresponding author in the HTML version, the PDF was correct. This error has now been corrected in the HTML version. Further, in Supplementary Table 3, the authors misspelt the surname of 'Danny Meirte'; this file has now been replaced.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interior Design and Furnishings
  10. Chin LE, Loong LC, Ngen CC, Beng TS, Shireen C, Kuan WS, et al.
    Am J Hosp Palliat Care, 2014 Dec;31(8):833-5.
    PMID: 24150973 DOI: 10.1177/1049909113509001
    Good communication is essential but sometimes challenging in pediatric palliative care. We describe 3 cases whereby miniature chairs made of various materials and colors were used successfully to encourage communication among pediatric patients, family, and health care professionals. This chair-inspired model may serve as a simple tool to facilitate complex discussions and to enable self-expression by children in the pediatric palliative care setting.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interior Design and Furnishings*
  11. College of Pathologists, Academy of Medicine of Malaysia
    Malays J Pathol, 2005 Jun;27(1):63-7.
    PMID: 16676696
    Matched MeSH terms: Interior Design and Furnishings/standards*
  12. Woo SP, Yasin Z, Tan SH, Kajihara H, Fujita T
    Zookeys, 2015.
    PMID: 26798290 DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.545.6415
    Five sea cucumber species including one new species of the genus Stichopus are reported from the shallow coral reefs of Straits of Malacca. The new species Stichopus fusiformiossa has unusual fusiform spicules in the tentacles, which are not found in the other species of the genus. Pseudo-tables and large perforated plates are newly recorded for Stichopus hermanni Semper, 1868 and Stichopus vastus Sluiter, 1887, respectively.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interior Design and Furnishings
  13. Rozar NM, Razik MA, Sidik MH, Kamarudin S, Ismail MR, Azid A, et al.
    Data Brief, 2020 Aug;31:105858.
    PMID: 32637478 DOI: 10.1016/j.dib.2020.105858
    This research paper provides for the identification of dry bulk terminal efficiencies on the basis of 10 key performance factors in Malaysian ports. Data were collected from 18 dry bulk ports in Malaysia in 2017 through an online questionnaire and distributed via e-mail. The dispersion of the respondents corresponds approximately to the structure of the Malaysian maritime terminal in dry bulk. The data provides port management perceptions towards 10 variables that have been surveyed. Each perception assessed the level of efficiency factors based on a percentage rate of 100%. Efficiency factors in dry bulk terminals have been identified with varying characteristics based on a descriptive analysis table. The dataset presented consists of a brief analysis of all 10 variables involved, including the minimum, maximum, mean, interquartile median and standard deviation. In addition to the descriptive analysis, the normality test and histogram were also performed. Data can be used to measure ports-efficiency factors in another research.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interior Design and Furnishings
  14. Ahmad Sayuti Zainal Abidin, Leman, A.M., Nor Mohd Razif Noraini
    This study intended to investigate the level on airborne microbe in indoor air for new constructed building. It was divided by three different phase of building commissioning in Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor. The first phase of the sampling was carried out after the building fully handed over from the main contractor to the building owner. Second phase of the sampling take place after the building is equipped with furniture. Phase three sampling is conducted after one month of building occupancy. Airborne microbes’ concentrations were determined by using a single stage impactor (Biosampler) as per requirement of National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) method, NIOSH Manual Analytical Method MAM 0800. The total concentration of airborne bacteria and fungi were average to 641 and 38 CFU/m³ in the first phase, 133 and 117 CFU/m³ in the second phase, and 389 and 52 CFU/m³ in the third phase. These findings indicate that although a new constructed building should be having a significant background level of airborne microbe (total bacteria and total fungi). The building owner should be aware to their indoor air status to protect the occupant from the safety and health problem (risk) especially for ventilated building.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interior Design and Furnishings
  15. Niestanak, S. Abedi, Faieza, A.A., Sulaiman, S., Rosnah, M.Y.
    This study of the implementation of enterprise resource planning (ERP) in a customer driven environment analyzes the critical success factors throughout the initialization phase. The dynamic and stochastic nature of customer driven environments results in a massive workload of product structure configuration tasks related to new arrivals on one hand and a constant updating process on the other. Meanwhile, the development and implementation of an ERP system was studied from the very first step (i.e. the feasibly study for implementing an ERP) to the last step (i.e. testing the outputs of the implemented system) in an office furniture company for three years. The study involved analyzing of the data collected that were from a series of interviews, as well as direct observations and reviewing of the company’s documents. Based on the output of the analysis phase, a top-down hierarchical analysis of goals and CSFs were carried out according to the CSF analysis method. Three top level objectives included reducing project failure risk, project cost, and project time. Analysing the primary results of the study (i.e. activity model, data flow diagram DFD of different levels, system problems and potential solutions descriptions, etc.) revealed that the critical phase of the implementation project would be product structure initialization and this should be taken into consideration as the bottleneck of production planning in customer driven environment, which dramatically reduced the ERP efficiency in this kind of environment. Moreover, initializing issues of the same process is the main obstacle to the success of the ERP implementation, as it considerably raises the project failure risk and cost. Therefore, the simplification, facilitation, and automation of the PSCM process, which lead to acceleration of this process, are the most significant success factors for the ERP implementation projects in customer driven environment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interior Design and Furnishings
  16. Shahriman Zainal Abidin, Rafeah Legino, Mohamad Hariri Abdullah, Nur Izyan Syazwani Ismail
    This paper discusses the three most prevalent elements of Islamic art that a r e embedded in modern furniture. This study is isolated from three design thinking approaches. A comparative study has been executed between three most apparent elements of Islamic art, which are arabesque, geometric and calligraphy. Those three types of design are applicable and relevant to modern furniture design nowadays. Therefore, the Islamic model was the paradigm in defining the furniture design character. The unstructured parameter within the appropriate method is a significant way of collecting the findings and usually used in the area of furniture design. The main results of this study are on how Islamic pattern is linked with the artistic design elements. The outcome of this investigation also contributes to a significant tendency in contemporary furniture design thinking solutions. Finally, this paper ends with discussions from three types of design thinking, which is the normative, reflective and hermeneutic design that collaborates with the current modern furniture design.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interior Design and Furnishings
  17. Mohmmed AO, Nasif MS, Al-Kayiem HH
    Data Brief, 2018 Feb;16:527-530.
    PMID: 29270452 DOI: 10.1016/j.dib.2017.11.026
    The data presented in this article were the basis for the study reported in the research articles entitled "Statistical assessment of experimental observation on the slug body length and slug translational velocity in a horizontal pipe" (Al-Kayiem et al., 2017) [1] which presents an experimental investigation of the slug velocity and slug body length for air-water tow phase flow in horizontal pipe. Here, in this article, the experimental set-up and the major instruments used for obtaining the computed data were explained in details. This data will be presented in the form of tables and videos.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interior Design and Furnishings
  18. Husnain AU, Mokhtar N, Mohamed Shah NB, Dahari MB, Azmi AA, Iwahashi M
    PLoS One, 2024;19(2):e0296969.
    PMID: 38394180 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0296969
    There are three primary objectives of this work; first: to establish a gas concentration map; second: to estimate the point of emission of the gas; and third: to generate a path from any location to the point of emission for UAVs or UGVs. A mountable array of MOX sensors was developed so that the angles and distances among the sensors, alongside sensors data, were utilized to identify the influx of gas plumes. Gas dispersion experiments under indoor conditions were conducted to train machine learning algorithms to collect data at numerous locations and angles. Taguchi's orthogonal arrays for experiment design were used to identify the gas dispersion locations. For the second objective, the data collected after pre-processing was used to train an off-policy, model-free reinforcement learning agent with a Q-learning policy. After finishing the training from the training data set, Q-learning produces a table called the Q-table. The Q-table contains state-action pairs that generate an autonomous path from any point to the source from the testing dataset. The entire process is carried out in an obstacle-free environment, and the whole scheme is designed to be conducted in three modes: search, track, and localize. The hyperparameter combinations of the RL agent were evaluated through trial-and-error technique and it was found that ε = 0.9, γ = 0.9 and α = 0.9 was the fastest path generating combination that took 1258.88 seconds for training and 6.2 milliseconds for path generation. Out of 31 unseen scenarios, the trained RL agent generated successful paths for all the 31 scenarios, however, the UAV was able to reach successfully on the gas source in 23 scenarios, producing a success rate of 74.19%. The results paved the way for using reinforcement learning techniques to be used as autonomous path generation of unmanned systems alongside the need to explore and improve the accuracy of the reported results as future works.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interior Design and Furnishings
  19. Ademola James, Rohani JM, Olusegun AG, Rani MR
    Work, 2014;47(2):173-81.
    PMID: 23324693 DOI: 10.3233/WOR-121530
    OBJECTIVE: The unavailability of anthropometric data especially in developing countries has remained a limiting factor towards the design of learning facilities with sufficient ergonomic consideration. Attempts to use anthropometric data from developed countries have led to provision of school facilities unfit for the users. The purpose of this paper is to use factor analysis to investigate the suitability of the collected anthropometric data as a database for school design in Nigerian tertiary institutions.
    PARTICIPANTS: Anthropometric data were collected from 288 male students in a Federal Polytechnic in North-West of Nigeria. Their age is between 18-25 years.
    METHODS: Nine vertical anthropometric dimensions related to heights were collected using the conventional traditional equipment. Exploratory factor analysis was used to categorize the variables into a model consisting of two factors. Thereafter, confirmatory factor analysis was used to investigate the fit of the data to the proposed model.
    RESULTS: A just identified model, made of two factors, each with three variables was developed. The variables within the model accounted for 81% of the total variation of the entire data. The model was found to demonstrate adequate validity and reliability. Various measuring indices were used to verify that the model fits the data properly. The final model reveals that stature height and eye height sitting were the most stable variables for designs that have to do with standing and sitting construct.
    CONCLUSION: The study has shown the application of factor analysis in anthropometric data analysis. The study highlighted the relevance of these statistical tools to investigate variability among anthropometric data involving diverse population, which has not been widely used for analyzing previous anthropometric data. The collected data is therefore suitable for use while designing for Nigerian students.
    KEYWORDS: Exploratory factor analysis; measurement model; school ergonomics
    Matched MeSH terms: Interior Design and Furnishings*
  20. Suriani MJ, Zainudin HA, Ilyas RA, Petrů M, Sapuan SM, Ruzaidi CM, et al.
    Polymers (Basel), 2021 May 10;13(9).
    PMID: 34068794 DOI: 10.3390/polym13091532
    The application of natural fibers is rapidly growing in many sectors, such as construction, automobile, and furniture. Kenaf fiber (KF) is a natural fiber that is in demand owing to its eco-friendly and renewable nature. Nowadays, there are various new applications for kenaf, such as in absorbents and building materials. It also has commercial applications, such as in the automotive industry. Magnesium hydroxide (Mg(OH)2) is used as a fire retardant as it is low in cost and has good flame retardancy, while polyester yarn (PET) has high tensile strength. The aim of this study was to determine the horizontal burning rate, tensile strength, and surface morphology of kenaf fiber/PET yarn reinforced epoxy fire retardant composites. The composites were prepared by hybridized epoxy and Mg(OH)2 PET with different amounts of KF content (0%, 20%, 35%, and 50%) using the cold press method. The specimen with 35% KF (epoxy/PET/KF-35) displayed better flammability properties and had the lowest average burning rate of 14.55 mm/min, while epoxy/PET/KF-50 with 50% KF had the highest tensile strength of all the samples. This was due to fewer defects being detected on the surface morphology of epoxy/PET/KF-35 compared to the other samples, which influenced the mechanical properties of the composites.
    Matched MeSH terms: Interior Design and Furnishings
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