Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 239 in total

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  1. Sahibin Abd. Rahim, Zulfahmi Ali Rahman, Muhd Barzani G, Wan Mohd Razi Idris, Mohamad Md. Tan
    Sains Malaysiana, 2008;37(4):341-350.
    Sixteen topsoil samples from Bukit Jernih, Gua Kelam and Bukit Merah were analysed for their major elements and heavy metal composition, together with several physico-chemical parameters. Major elements determined were SiO2, TiO2, Al2O3, Fe2O3, MnO, MgO, CaO, Na2O, K2O, P2O5, whereas heavy metals determined were As, Co, Cu, Cr, Ni, Pb and Zn. Physico-chemical parameters determined were percentage of organic matter, clay, silt and sand composition, pH and electrical conductivity. The results showed that the average soil pH in limestone soil was between 6.38 to 6.93, whereas average soil pH in quartzite soil was 6.23. The average soil electrical conductivity for all sampling stations was below 1.7 mScm-1. High organic matter content average was shown in soil samples from Bukit Jernih (7.45%), followed by Gua Kelam (5.21%) and Bukit Merah (3.31%). Soil samples from Bukit Jernih and Gua Kelam showed a clayey texture with more than 35% clay content, whereas soil from Bukit Merah was sandy in texture with more than 67% sand content. In general, soil samples from limestone area of Bukit Jernih and Gua Kelam recorded higher content of heavy metals compared to quartzite soil from Bukit Merah. The average concentration of Cr and Co at Bukit Jernih at 413 µg/g and 88 µg/g, respectively, whereas the concentration at Gua Kelam was 152 µg/g dan 76 µg/g. These concentrations exceeded the potential toxic concentration in soil. The main major elements were SiO2 followed by Al2O3 and Fe2O3. SiO2 content in quartzite soil from Bukit Merah(89.45%) was higher compared to limestone soil from Bukit Jernih (59.74%) and Gua Kelam (53.16%). Nevertheless, Al2O3 and Fe2O3 content in limestone soil was higher compared to quartzite soil. The percentage of easily ignited content in limestone soil was two fold higher than quartzite soil. Other major elements were less than 2.5%. The study showed that enrichment of Cr, Zn, Pb, Ni and Cu in soil was influenced by the presence of SiO2, Al2O3 and Fe2O3.
    Keywords: Enrichment; heavy metals; limestones hill; major elements; toxicity
    Matched MeSH terms: Minerals*
  2. Nazrun, A.S., Aqilah-Sn, S.M.Z, Sabarul, A.M., Isa, N.M., Zulfarina, S.M.
    Medicine & Health, 2014;9(1):1-10.
    MyJurnal
    Osteoporosis dikenali sebagai penyakit senyap kerana tidak mempunyai tanda-tanda awal. Ini disebabkan oleh kepadatan tulang yang berkurangan secara perlahanlahan seiring dengan peningkatan usia. Insiden penyakit ini semakin meningkat setiap tahun di seluruh dunia. Mengukur ketumpatan mineral tulang (BMD) menggunakan densitometry tulang konvensional (DXA) adalah praktikal dalam diagnosis osteoporosis tetapi kosnya adalah tinggi dan tidak dapat dilaksanakan dalam masyarakat. Untuk mengukur ketumpatan tulang, “quantitative ultrasound” (QUS) adalah teknik yang agak moden untuk diagnosis osteoporosis. Ianya agak mudah, konsisten, lebih murah dan kaedah yang selamat berbanding dengan teknik densitometry yang lain. Kedua-dua parameter QUS yang diukur pada masa kini adalah ultrasound jalur pengecilan (BUA) dan kelajuan bunyi (SOS). QUS juga dapat menjangka risiko patah. Ianya kini digunakan untuk memantau tindakbalas kepada rawatan anti-osteoporosis. Kajian in-vitro menunjukkan bahawa indeks QUS berhubungkait dengan BMD, bentuk tulang mikro dan parameter mekanikal. Oleh yang demikian, QUS berupaya untuk menjadi teknik baru untuk penilaian tulang.
    Matched MeSH terms: Minerals
  3. Omar, M., Sulaiman, I., Hassan, A.
    MyJurnal
    The measurements of absorbed dose rate in air around amang plant buildings were carried out using a scintillation detector. It was found that the mean radiation levels at seven amang plants were in the range of 1.6 – 5.5 µGy h -1. The individual maximum value measured was 56 µGy h -1. The annual dose to a worker transporting the minerals to the plant was estimated to be 1.5 mSv y -1.
    Matched MeSH terms: Minerals
  4. Sheikhy Narany T, Ramli MF, Aris AZ, Sulaiman WN, Juahir H, Fakharian K
    ScientificWorldJournal, 2014;2014:419058.
    PMID: 24523640 DOI: 10.1155/2014/419058
    Hydrogeochemical investigations had been carried out at the Amol-Babol Plain in the north of Iran. Geochemical processes and factors controlling the groundwater chemistry are identified based on the combination of classic geochemical methods with geographic information system (GIS) and geostatistical techniques. The results of the ionic ratios and Gibbs plots show that water rock interaction mechanisms, followed by cation exchange, and dissolution of carbonate and silicate minerals have influenced the groundwater chemistry in the study area. The hydrogeochemical characteristics of groundwater show a shift from low mineralized Ca-HCO3, Ca-Na-HCO3, and Ca-Cl water types to high mineralized Na-Cl water type. Three classes, namely, C1, C2, and C3, have been classified using cluster analysis. The spatial distribution maps of Na(+)/Cl(-), Mg(2+)/Ca(2+), and Cl(-)/HCO3 (-) ratios and electrical conductivity values indicate that the carbonate and weathering of silicate minerals played a significant role in the groundwater chemistry on the southern and western sides of the plain. However, salinization process had increased due to the influence of the evaporation-precipitation process towards the north-eastern side of the study area.
    Matched MeSH terms: Minerals/analysis; Minerals/chemistry
  5. Mohammad Firuz Ramli, Wan Nor Azmin Sulaiman, Noraini Surip, Mohamad Abd Manap
    Sains Malaysiana, 2010;39(1):333-336.
    The geological terrain mapping conducted by the Department of Mineral and Geosciences, Malaysia (JMG) is time-consuming especially for inaccessible or remote area. In order to improve the current practice, remotely sensed data such as aerial photographs and Landsat imagery were used to identify geological terrain features in Cameron Highlands, Pahang. It was found that features such as hillcrest, sideslope, footslope, straight slope, convex slope and concave slope were easily delineated using aerial photographs draped over a digital elevation model (DEM) compared to using Landsat imagery.
    Matched MeSH terms: Minerals
  6. Farrah-Hani, I., Mohamed Sam-Aan, H., K., Enda, Srijit D.
    Medicine & Health, 2020;15(2):321-326.
    MyJurnal
    Lecuran tar, walaupun dikelaskan sebagai kecederaan kimia, disebabkan oleh perbezaan mekanisma kecederaan dan kesukaran untuk mengeluarkan agen daripada kulit tanpa menyebabkan kerosakan kulit dengan lebih lanjutnya, merupakan satu masalah yang sukar untuk diselesaikan. Terutamanya, apabila pesakit pediatrik terlibat. Lecuran tar biasanya merupakan kecederaan pekerjaan dan kebanyakannya berlaku kepada lelaki dewasa. Dua kes dibentangkan di sini, seorang budak lelaki berusia enam tahun dan seorang gadis berusia 15 tahun yang mengalami luka lecuhan tar dan berjaya dirawat dengan menggunakan enema minyak mineral Fleet® dan paraffin tulle Bactigras®, yang mudah didapati di kebanyakan hospital.
    Matched MeSH terms: Minerals
  7. Subramaniam S., Mohamad, N.V., Chan, C.Y., Soelaiman, I.N., Chin, K.Y.
    Medicine & Health, 2020;15(1):70-77.
    MyJurnal
    Pengukuran ketumpatan mineral tulang oleh 'Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry' (DXA) adalah penting untuk mengenalpasti osteoporosis. Ralat ketepatan DXA adalah ukuran yang penting untuk menentukan perubahan sebenar dalam nilai ketumpatan mineral tulang. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji pekali variasi jangka pendek mesin QDR Wi DXA Discovery Hologic. Ketumpatan mineral tulang pinggul dan tulang belakang untuk lima belas sukarelawan (purata umur: 30.67 + 10.41 tahun) dan ketumpatan tulang keseluruhan badan untuk lima belas ekor tikus Sprague-Dawley betina (berusia tiga bulan) diimbas menggunakan mesin HDR Discover QDR Wi DXA. Setiap sukarelawan dan tikus menjalani imbasan sebanyak tiga kali untuk menilai kebolehulangan nilai ketumpatan tulang. Imbasan untuk subjek manusia dilakukan dalam tempoh 1 hingga 12 minggu. Untuk sampel haiwan, imbasan diulang pada hari yang sama selepas posisi semula. Ralat kepersisan dinyatakan sebagai peratusan pekali variasi (%CV). %CV diperolehi untuk tulang belakang lumbar adalah 1.8% dan 1.2% untuk tulang pinggul. %CV untuk keseluruhan BMD tikus adalah 1.4%. %CV jangka pendek yang ditunjukkan untuk kedua-dua manusia dan haiwan dalam kajian ini adalah setanding. Ralat kepersisan DXA mesti dipantau untuk memastikan prestasi yang optimum.
    Matched MeSH terms: Minerals
  8. Khan SU, Nuruddin MF, Ayub T, Shafiq N
    ScientificWorldJournal, 2014;2014:986567.
    PMID: 24701196 DOI: 10.1155/2014/986567
    This paper presents a review of the properties of fresh concrete including workability, heat of hydration, setting time, bleeding, and reactivity by using mineral admixtures fly ash (FA), silica fume (SF), ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS), metakaolin (MK), and rice husk ash (RHA). Comparison of normal and high-strength concrete in which cement has been partially supplemented by mineral admixture has been considered. It has been concluded that mineral admixtures may be categorized into two groups: chemically active mineral admixtures and microfiller mineral admixtures. Chemically active mineral admixtures decrease workability and setting time of concrete but increase the heat of hydration and reactivity. On the other hand, microfiller mineral admixtures increase workability and setting time of concrete but decrease the heat of hydration and reactivity. In general, small particle size and higher specific surface area of mineral admixture are favourable to produce highly dense and impermeable concrete; however, they cause low workability and demand more water which may be offset by adding effective superplasticizer.
    Matched MeSH terms: Minerals/chemistry*
  9. Chua LS, Abdul-Rahaman NL, Sarmidi MR, Aziz R
    Food Chem, 2012 Dec 1;135(3):880-7.
    PMID: 22953800 DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.05.106
    The elemental profiles of six honey samples from Malaysia had been constructed using the data obtained from both ICP-AES and ICP-MS. Potassium and sodium were the most abundant minerals covering from 69.3-78.6% and 14.1-28.7%, respectively. The ratio of potassium to sodium was more than one. Even though the minerals and trace elements composition varied dependent on the type of honey samples, there was no statistically significant difference between the analysed honey samples, namely tualang, gelam, acacia and a few forest honeys based on two-factor ANOVA and cluster analysis. The total element content of honey samples were strongly correlated with the electrical conductivity, but only have moderate correlation with the ash content and honey colour based on the regression analysis. PCA result on the available elemental data from worldwide honeys, including honey samples from Malaysia revealed that potassium and sodium were the mineral markers to distinguish honey origin. Both tualang and gelam honey samples from Malaysia have close mineral profile with sesame honeys from Egypt and multifloral honeys from India, whereas forest honeys Malaysia were near to avocado honeys from Spain and multifloral honeys from India.
    Matched MeSH terms: Minerals/analysis*
  10. Hu SJ, Kandaiya S
    Health Phys, 1985 Nov;49(5):1003-7.
    PMID: 4066325
    Matched MeSH terms: Minerals/analysis
  11. Marimuthu K, Thilaga M, Kathiresan S, Xavier R, Mas RH
    J Food Sci Technol, 2012 Jun;49(3):373-7.
    PMID: 23729859 DOI: 10.1007/s13197-011-0418-9
    The effects of different cooking methods (boiling, baking, frying and grilling) on proximate and mineral composition of snakehead fish were investigated. The mean content of moisture, protein, fat and ash of raw fish was found to be 77.2 ± 2.39, 13.9 ± 2.89, 5.9 ± 0.45 and 0.77 ± 0.12% respectively. The changes in the amount of protein and fat were found to be significantly higher in frying and grilling fish. The ash content increased significantly whereas that of the minerals (Na, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn and Mn) was not affected in all cooking methods. Increased in Cu contents and decreased in P contents were observed in all cooking methods except grilling. In the present study, the grilling method of cooking is found to be the best for healthy eating.
    Matched MeSH terms: Minerals
  12. Rahmat K, Wastie M, Abdullah B
    Biomed Imaging Interv J, 2007 Oct;3(4):e52.
    PMID: 21614300 MyJurnal DOI: 10.2349/biij.3.4.e52
    Primary bone lymphoma is an uncommon tumour accounting for approximately 4-5% of extra nodal lymphoma and less than 1% of all Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The radiographic appearance of primary bone lymphoma is variable. As lesions frequently resemble other disease processes namely chronic osteomyelitis and metastases, further imaging evaluation and histopathological examination allow early identification for appropriate treatment. The authors present a case of anaplastic large cell lymphoma of bone presenting with multifocal osseus involvement.
    Matched MeSH terms: Minerals
  13. Saba, Z.H., Suzana, M., Yasmin Anum, M.Y.
    Medicine & Health, 2013;8(1):3-18.
    MyJurnal
    Madu adalah bahan semulajadi yang dihasilkan oleh lebah madu, Apis mellifera, berpunca daripada madu yang diambil dari bunga yang berkembang atau cecair dari pokok dan tumbuhan yang dikenali sebagai madu nektar dan madu serangga masing-masing. Ia adalah larutan tepu gula, yang kaya dengan protein, mineral, vitamin, asid organik dan polifenol. Madu mempunyai pelbagai khasiat, sifat penyembuhan dan profilaktik disebabkan oleh komponen-komponen yang terkandung di dalamnya. Madu mempunyai beberapa khasiat kesihatan seperti penyembuhan luka, antimikrob, antioksidan dan potensi anti-radang. Ulasan ini adalah berkaitan komposisi nutrien, antioksidan dan kesan terapeutik madu dengan penekanan kepada madu di Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Minerals
  14. Mohd Nazry Salleh, Farizul Hafiz Kasim, Khairul Nizar Ismail, Che Mohd Ruzaidi Ghazali, Kamarudin Hussin, Saiful Azhar Saad, et al.
    MyJurnal
    Batu Reput’ is primary sediment mineral and abundantly found in Perlis. Perlis is one of the major producers of ‘Batu Reput’ in Malaysia that content large deposit of high-purity dolomite [CaMg (CO3)2]. Pure samples of ‘Batu Reput’ recently explored in the Koperasi Rimba Mas Padang Besar Quarry were investigated for their physical, chemical and mineralogical composition. SEM and XRD analysis methods were applied. The potential of ‘Batu Reput’ as a raw material in fertilizer production was investigated in this paper.
    Matched MeSH terms: Minerals
  15. Muhd Norhasri Mohd Sidek, Mohd Fadzil Arshad, Megat Azmi Megat Johari, Zaid Mohd Yazid, Amir Khomeiny, R.
    MyJurnal
    Metakaolin is a manufactured pozzolan produced by thermal processing of purified kaolinitic clay using electrical furnace. This study has examined the effect of Metakaolin on the properties of cement and concrete at a replacement level of 0%, 5%, 10% and 15%. The parameters studied were divided into two groups which are chemical compositions, water requirement, setting time and soundness test were carried out for cementitous properties. Workability, compressive strength and bending strength were test for concrete properties. Hardened concrete was cured under different type of curing conditions and tested.. The result showed that the inclusions of Metakaolin as cement replacement minerals have change some of the cementitous and concrete properties. This research reveals, the optimum effect for cementitous and concrete properties for metakaolin was 10%.
    Matched MeSH terms: Minerals
  16. Chee, Winnie Siew Swee, Ting, Geik Poh, Tan, Soon Yean, Chan, Siew Pheng, Zaitun Yassin, Suriah Abdul Rahman
    MyJurnal
    Kehilangan jisim tulang adalah lebih ketara selepas menopaus. Jangka masa menopaus dan umur yang meningkat dikaitkan dengan penurunan jisim tubuh tanpa lemak, peningkatan lemak badan dan peningkatan berat badan. Kajian ini melihat sumbangan relatif jisim tubuh tanpa lemak dan lemak badan ke atas ketumpatan mineral tulang (KMT) di kalangan 139 wanita Cina posmenopaus sihat di Kuala Lumpur. KMT di kawasan seluruh tubuh, tulang belakang ( L2-L4), leher femur dan keseluruhan tulang pinggul diukur dengan alat dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DxA). Hasil kajian mendapati 80% daripada wanita posmenopaus Cina mempunyai jisim tulang yang rendah (osteopenia) manakala 8% daripada mereka mengalami osteoporosis di bahagian tulang belakang atau tulang pinggul. Secara keseluruhan, lemak badan mempunyai korelasi yang positif dengan KMT di semua bahagian diukur (keseluruhan tubuh, r = 0.265, p < 0.001; tulang belakang r = 0.214, p < 0.05, leher femur, r = 0.254, p < 0.001; keseluruhan tulang pinggul r = 0.332, p < 0.001). Jisim tubuh tanpa lemak juga mempunyai korelasi yang positif dengan KMT kebanyakan kawasan diukur (keseluruhan tubuh, r = 0.239, p < 0.001; leher femur r = 0.365, p < 0.001; keseluruhan tulang pinggul r = 0.352, p < 0.001) kecuali tulang belakang. Analisis regresi menunjukkan lemak badan dapat meramal KMT pada keseluruhan badan (p < 0.0001) dan tulang belakang (p < 0.005) manakala jisim tubuh tanpa lemak dapat meramal KMT pada tulang femur dan tulang pinggul (p < 0.0001). Hasil kajian menunjukkan kedua-dua lemak tubuh dan jisim tubuh tanpa lemak memainkan peranan dalam mempengaruhi KMT, di mana lemak badan memainkan peranan yang lebih di kalangan wanita posmenopaus. Oleh itu, wanita posmenopaus perlu elakkan mempunyai berat badan yang terlalu rendah (kurang lemak badan) dan mengekalkan jisim tubuh tanpa lemak untuk mencegah osteoporosis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Minerals
  17. Suleiman AB
    MyJurnal
    In ancient times, before Hippocrates, disease and illness were attributed as a sign of divine dismay, and the Gods needed to be appeased to achieve a cure. Hippocrates and his followers showed courage in breaking away from this paradigm. They moved away from the divine and supernatural, to focus on the biology of the body. In the process they put the patient at the centre of their focus. They collected detailed case histories, dismissed religious and supernatural explanations and developed remedies in the form of diets, exercise and mixed minerals and herbs based on their understanding of ill health.
    Matched MeSH terms: Minerals
  18. Meor Yusoff, M.S., Latifah Amin
    MyJurnal
    XRF analysis was done on a local zircon samples and the result shows it has a high Fe, Th and U content. The high Fe content in Malaysian zircon had made the mineral to be classified as of a low-grade zircon. Presence of Fe in this mineral may be resulted from clay mineral coating found on the zircon surface. Chemical leaching technique was used for the removal of this Fe and the study also shows that a 600 o C heat pretreatment stage is important for the effectiveness of this process. Other parameters studied are the HCl concentration, leaching temperature and time. By using the optimum leaching parameters, the Fe content had been reduced to 0.049% and thus qualified it to be categorised as a premium grade zircon.
    Matched MeSH terms: Minerals
  19. Jamilah Ismail, Norsuhana Abdul Hamid
    MyJurnal
    Daging memainkan peranan penting dalam diet seseorang. Daging kaya dengan sumber protein, vitamin B12, vitamin D, asid lemak Omega 3 dan mineral seperti zink dan ferum. Walaupun daging membekalkan pelbagai keperluan nutrien yang diperlukan oleh tubuh, tetapi pengambilan daging juga boleh membawa kesan negatif kepada kesihatan. Oleh itu, di dalam artikel ini perbincangan akan menyentuh kepada risiko pengambilan daging merah kepada kesihatan. Pengambilan daging merah dalam kekerapan dan kuantiti yang tinggi boleh menyebabkan pelbagai penyakit antaranya seperti kanser dan kardiovaskular. Perbincangan juga di lakukan terhadap risiko pengambilan daging putih terhadap kesihatan. Pengambilan daging putih boleh mengundang pelbagai kesan negatif kepada kesihatan disebabkan oleh penggunaan hormon, antibiotik dan vaksin. Sebagai alternatif, daging ayam organik merupakan daging yang dicadangkan diambil oleh pengguna di dalam diet seharian. Prinsip penternakan ayam organik yang mementingkan sumber makanan ternakan tanpa penggunaan baja kimia dan racun perosak, aspek perumahan dan persekitaran yang mengutamakan kebajikan ternakan serta penjagaan kesihatan ternakan tanpa menggunakan hormon, antibiotik dan vaksin turut dibincangkan.
    Matched MeSH terms: Minerals
  20. Deva MP
    Int Psychiatry, 2005 Apr;2(8):14-16.
    PMID: 31507809
    Malaysia is a tropical country in the heart of South East Asia, at the crossroads of the ancient east-west sea trade routes. Although independent from British colonial rule only in 1957, it has a recorded history dating back to at least the first century CE, when the region was already the source of valuable mineral and forest produce that found markets in China, India and further west.
    Matched MeSH terms: Minerals
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