• 1 a CIIMAR/CIMAR - Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research, University of Porto , Porto , Portugal
  • 2 b School of Science, Monash University Malaysia, Petaling Jaya , Selangor , Malaysia
  • 3 d CITAB-UTAD - Centre for Research and Technology of Agro-Environment and Biological Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro , Vila Real , Portugal
  • 4 e CIMO-ESA-IPB - Mountain Research Centre, School of Agriculture, Polytechnic Institute of Bragança, Campus de Santa Apolónia , Bragança , Portugal
  • 5 f Faculty of Science , School of Geography, University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Semenyih , Selangor Darul Ehsan , Malaysia , and
  • 6 g CBMA -- Centre of Molecular and Environmental Biology, Department of Biology, University of Minho, Campos de Gualtar , Braga , Portugal
PMID: 27158872 DOI: 10.3109/19401736.2015.1074223


Freshwater mussels of the family Unionidae exhibit a particular form of mitochondria inheritance called double uniparental inheritance (DUI), in which the mitochondria are inherited by both male and female parents. The (M)ale and (F)emale mitogenomes are highly divergent within species. In the present study, we determine and describe the complete M and F mitogenomes of the Endangered freshwater mussel Potomida littoralis (Cuvier, 1798). The complete M and F mitogenomes sequences are 16 451 bp and 15 787 bp in length, respectively. Both F and M have the same gene content: 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNA (trn) and 2 ribosomal RNA (rrn) genes. Bayesian analyses based on the concatenated nucleotide sequences of 12 PCGs and 2 rrn genes of both genomes, including mitogenome sequences available from related species, were performed. Male and Female lineages are monophyletic within the family, but reveal distinct phylogenetic relationships.

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.