Affiliations 

  • 1 Department of Ecology, State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol and School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University
  • 2 Department of Ecology, State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol and School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, . chuchjin@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 3 Department of Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA
  • 4 Department of Environmental Studies, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA, USA
  • 5 Wildland Resources Department, Utah State University, Logan, UT, USA
  • 6 Swiss Federal Research Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL, Forest Resources and Management, Birmensdorf, Switzerland
  • 7 UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology Bush Estate, Midlothian, UK
  • 8 Biology Department, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, ON, Canada
  • 9 Department of Renewable Resources, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
  • 10 Department of Biological Sciences, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, USA
  • 11 Forest Global Earth Observatory, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Washington, DC, USA
  • 12 School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK
  • 13 Center for Conservation and Sustainability, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, National Zoological Park, Washington, DC, USA
  • 14 International Master Program of Agriculture, National Chung Hsing University
  • 15 CAS Key Laboratory of Forest Ecology and Management, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • 16 CAS Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • 17 Harvard Forest, Harvard University, Petersham, MA, USA
  • 18 College of Forestry and Landscape Architecture, South China Agricultural University
  • 19 Department of Plant Science and Technology, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
  • 20 Institut de Recherche en Ecologie Tropicale/Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique et Technologique, Libreville, Gabon
  • 21 Conservation Ecology Center, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, National Zoological Park, Front Royal, VA, USA
  • 22 School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, QLD, Australia
  • 23 CAS Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • 24 Department of Biological Sciences, National Sun Yat-sen University
  • 25 Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, National Chiayi University
  • 26 School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
  • 27 Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, National Dong Hwa University
  • 28 Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
  • 29 Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry, Pacific Southwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Hilo, Hawaii, USA
  • 30 Departamento Ecologia, Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Biociências, Cidade Universitária, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
  • 31 Key Laboratory of Agro-ecological Processes in Subtropical Region, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • 32 School of Ecology and Environment, Northwestern Polytechnical University
  • 33 Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
  • 34 Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
  • 35 Department of Forest Ecology, Silva Tarouca Research Institute, Brno, Czech Republic
  • 36 Key Laboratory of Aquatic Botany and Watershed Ecology, Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • 37 Center for Ecological Research, Northeast Forestry University
  • 38 Wilderness Institute and Department of Forest Management, University of Montana, Missoula, MT, USA
  • 39 Guangxi Key Laboratory of Plant Conservation and Restoration Ecology in Karst Terrain, Guangxi Institute of Botany, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • 40 Research Institute of Tropical Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry
  • 41 Key Laboratory of Vegetation Restoration and Management of Degraded Ecosystems, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • 42 The Administrative Bureau of Naban River Watershed National Nature Reserve
  • 43 Heilongjiang Key Laboratory of Forest Ecology and Forestry Ecological Engineering, Heilongjiang Forestry Engineering and Environment Institute
  • 44 ECNU-Alberta Joint Lab for Biodiversity Study, Tiantong National Station for Forest Ecosystem Research, East China Normal University
  • 45 Guangdong Chebaling National Nature Reserve
  • 46 State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • 47 Environmental Change Institute, School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
  • 48 Natural England, York, UK
  • 49 Biology Center of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Entomology and the University of South Bohemia, Ceske Budejovicve, Czech Republic
  • 50 Área de Biodiversidad y Conservación, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Móstoles, Madrid, Spain
  • 51 Forest Ecology and Management Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands
  • 52 Forest Ecology Group, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Edgewater, MD, USA
  • 53 Southeast Asia Rainforest Research Partnership, Danum Valley Field Centre, Lahad Datu, Sabah, Malaysia
  • 54 College of Life and Environmental Science, Minzu University of China
  • 55 Zhejiang Tiantong Forest Ecosystem National Observation and Research Station, School of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, East China Normal University
  • 56 Department of Soil and Water Conservation, National Chung Hsing University
  • 57 Department of Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
  • 58 Department of Plant & Microbial Biology, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, USA
  • 59 Yunnan Lijiang Forest Ecosystem National Observation and Research Station, Kunming Instituted of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • 60 MOE Key Laboratory of Biosystems Homeostasis & Protection, College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University
  • 61 Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, PR, USA
Nat Commun, 2021 05 25;12(1):3137.
PMID: 34035260 DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-23236-3

Abstract

Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) and ectomycorrhizal (EcM) associations are critical for host-tree performance. However, how mycorrhizal associations correlate with the latitudinal tree beta-diversity remains untested. Using a global dataset of 45 forest plots representing 2,804,270 trees across 3840 species, we test how AM and EcM trees contribute to total beta-diversity and its components (turnover and nestedness) of all trees. We find AM rather than EcM trees predominantly contribute to decreasing total beta-diversity and turnover and increasing nestedness with increasing latitude, probably because wide distributions of EcM trees do not generate strong compositional differences among localities. Environmental variables, especially temperature and precipitation, are strongly correlated with beta-diversity patterns for both AM trees and all trees rather than EcM trees. Results support our hypotheses that latitudinal beta-diversity patterns and environmental effects on these patterns are highly dependent on mycorrhizal types. Our findings highlight the importance of AM-dominated forests for conserving global forest biodiversity.

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.