• 1 Institute for Medical Research, Jalan Pahang, 50588 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • 2 Melaka Manipal Medical College, Jalan Batu Hampar, Kuala Lumpur, 75150 Melaka Malaysia
  • 3 Institute for Public Health, Jalan Bangsar, 50590 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • 4 Allied Health College, Jalan Hospital, 47000 Sg. Buloh, Malaysia
Tob Induc Dis, 2017;15:9.
PMID: 28163668 DOI: 10.1186/s12971-016-0108-5


BACKGROUND: A multitude of studies have revealed that smoking is a learned behaviour during adolescence and efforts to reduce the incidence of smoking has been identified as long-term measures to curb the smoking menace. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence as well as the intra and inter-personal factors associated with smoking among upper secondary school students in selected schools in Peninsular Malaysia.

METHODS: A study was carried out in 2013, which involved a total of 40 secondary schools. They were randomly selected using a two-stage clustering sampling method. Subsequently, all upper secondary school students (aged 16 to 17 years) from each selected school were recruited into the study. Data was collected using a validated standardised questionnaire.

RESULTS: This study revealed that the prevalence of smoking was 14.6% (95% CI:13.3-15.9), and it was significantly higher among males compared to females (27.9% vs 2.4%, p 

* Title and MeSH Headings from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.