Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 1348 in total

  1. Yang J, Chuan TB
    Comput Math Methods Med, 2022;2022:5088630.
    PMID: 35747130 DOI: 10.1155/2022/5088630
    Today's rule of law construction in China is walking between the conflict and coordination of factors such as reality and ideals, tradition and modernity, local and foreign, and local knowledge and universal principles, all while continuing to strengthen the unification of the legal system and advance the modernization of the rule of law. Traditional customary law, which is the most representative local resource culture, is unquestionably one of the most important themes in the formation of the rule of law. It has far-reaching significance for the development of ethnic jurisprudence, the reunderstanding of traditional culture, and the construction of ethnic unity and harmonious society. Based on this background, this paper uses big data technology to collect relevant experimental data and proposes a traditional customary law value assessment based on BPNN. The completed work is as follows: (1) this paper clarifies the concept of customary law and the difference between it and related concepts and introduces the domestic relevant research on traditional customary law and the interactive relationship between customary law and national law in dynamic legal practice and puts forward the status and influence of customary law in contemporary legal practice. (2) The related technologies of neural network are introduced, and a traditional customary value evaluation system that can be used for experiments is constructed. (3) Experiment with the designed data set to see if the BP model is feasible. The experimental results suggest that the model proposed in this study has a low error rate and performs well while evaluating traditional common law values.
    Matched MeSH terms: Knowledge*
  2. Muhamad Khair NK, Lee KE, Mokhtar M
    J Environ Manage, 2021 Jul 01;289:112491.
    PMID: 33813302 DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.112491
    Community-based monitoring is increasingly recognised as one solution to sustainable environmental management. However, the development of community-based monitoring has led to confusion or misconceptions regarding other similar initiatives. Through a review of the characteristics and synthesising criteria of effective community-based monitoring, this article addresses how to distinguish community-based monitoring from other forms of community engagement research. A review of relevant community-based monitoring literature identifies the characteristics of and knowledge gaps in procedures and governance structures. Additionally, evidence of common benefits, challenges and lessons learned for successful community-based monitoring are deliberated. As an outcome of the review, the article synthesises a set of community-based monitoring criteria as follows: (1) efficacy of initiatives, (2) technicality aspects, (3) feedback mechanisms and (4) sustainability. These synthesised criteria will be instrumental in designing customised community-based monitoring initiatives for environmental sustainability.
    Matched MeSH terms: Knowledge*
  3. Ramli N, Rahman NAA, Haque M
    Erciyes Medical Journal, 2018;40:210-217.
    DOI: 10.5152/etd.2018.18103
    Objective: Osteoporosis is usually asymptomatic until the first fracture occurs. The tendency of developing osteoporosis is higher in postmenopausal women. The purpose of the present study was to analyze the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) regarding osteoporosis among Allied Health Sciences students in a public university in Malaysia, its associated sociodemographic factors, and association between the KAP. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. The participants who were selected using convenience sampling were given a questionnaire that comprised four sections on sociodemographic and KAP regarding osteoporosis. Descriptive statistics, independent t-test, and correlation test were used accordingly to analyze data using SPSS version 20. Results: The total KAP scores were 39.62 (SD=2.87), 35.82 (SD=4.72), and 20.34 (SD=2.86), respectively. There was no significant association between KAP regarding osteoporosis with sexes (p=0.063, p=0.723, and p=0.162, respectively) of the participants, neither between knowledge and attitude with age (p=0.784 and p=0.366, respectively), or year of study (p=0.833 and p=0.468, respectively) of the participants. However, there was a minimal significant negative correlation between practice with age and year of study of the participants (r=-0.230, p=0.017 and r=-0.238, p=0.014, respectively). Finally, there was also a significant fair positive correlation between attitude and practice regarding osteoporosis (r=0.339, p<0.001). Conclusion: The participants in the present study had moderate/fair level of knowledge and attitude but poor practice regarding osteoporosis. Only age and year of study were found to be significantly negatively associated with practice, in addition to the fair positive correlation between attitude and practice. © 2018, AVES Ibrahim KARA. All rights reserved.
    Matched MeSH terms: Knowledge
  4. Reshma Mohamed Ansari, Atikah Abdul Latif, Norhafizah AbManan
    Histology, a branch of anatomy is a correlational science between structure of tissues and their
    functions. Knowledge of histology is emphasised for undergraduate medical students as a basic for
    clinical knowledge and research. To impart retainable and reproducible knowledge in histology, a new
    laboratory manual with images and clinical correlates was introduced to the Year I MBBS students
    in the Academic Session 2017/2018 during their general anatomy module. The objective structured
    practical examination marks between 101 students of Batches 2016/17 and 2017/18 were analysed.
    The difference in marks between both the batches were analysed using SPSS 20. Batch 2017/18
    students who used the new lab manual scored better than the previous batch who used the old
    manual. Independent t-test was not statistically significant. The students who used the new manual
    fared better than their seniors. Since the difference was not statistically significant, it can be concluded
    that if existent, drawbacks in the lab manual should be improved and adequate usage of the manual by
    the students should be emphasised. Nevertheless, usage of the new lab manual shows that the students
    could understand the subject and score better with less study hours.
    Matched MeSH terms: Knowledge
  5. Kwa SK
    Family Physician, 2000;11:18.
    Matched MeSH terms: Knowledge
  6. Ghani NDH, Abd Rahman MH, Mohamad Fadzil N, Mohammed Z, Mohd Rasdi HF, Shafie NS
    PLoS One, 2023;18(9):e0291062.
    PMID: 37682886 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0291062
    BACKGROUND: Most eye problems among children can be detected and treated at an early age to reduce the prevalence of visual impairment. Understanding the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) among parents about common children's eye problems is fundamental to encourage parents to seek early eye care services for their children. This study aims to develop a Parental Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice in Eye Problem among Children Questionnaire (PEPC-KAPQ) and evaluate its psychometric properties.

    METHODS: This study involved developing a questionnaire and was conducted in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from July 2021 until June 2022. The questionnaire was developed based on a literature review and expert consultation. The first phase includes a systematic literature review to generate the items for the questionnaire. A group of five panels was then invited to perform content validity for the questionnaire. Face validity was conducted among ten parents to get feedback for the questionnaire. Construct validity and reliability of the questionnaire were measured by which the questionnaire was administered to a total of 134 parents and 64 parents for reliability test.

    RESULT: The final PEPC-KAPQ consists of four main sections: demographic, knowledge, attitude, and practice with 52 items. The content validity index was 0.85 for all domains of KAP. Modified kappa showed excellent value for most items for all domains. The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin sampling adequacy showed acceptable scores of 0.84, and Bartlett's Test of Sphericity was significant (x2 = 3172.09, p<0.0001). Kuder-Richardson-2 of the domain knowledge was 0.95. Cronbach's α coefficient of domain attitude and practice were 0.92 and 0.88, respectively and the intraclass correlation of domain attitude and practice were 0.93 and 0.94 respectively. Bland and Altman's plots show that majority of the data fell within the limits of agreement.

    CONCLUSION: The findings of this validation and reliability study show that the developed questionnaire has a satisfactory psychometric property for measuring the KAP of parents regarding eye problems among children.

    Matched MeSH terms: Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*; Knowledge*
  7. Cheku Nurul Hasmaria Cheku Yahaya, Md Gapar Md Johar
    This paper aims to presents the implementation of Organizational Memory Information System (OMIS) framework in managing knowledge in organization. OMIS providing a way for organization to leveraging tacit knowledge in capturing, codifying, storing and transferring knowledge. Every year data, information and knowledge had increased then becomes wasted memories due to the retirement, replacement and resignation of staff. This can have a great impact if the knowledge is not used wisely for future purpose. This could give great impact when it is not used wisely. Organization become more efficient and competitive if they used the collections of memory in the form of collected data, information, and knowledge. Organizations which are not efficient will do the process, and study the same repeatedly. Implementation of this framework is a good way to increase effectiveness of knowledge sharing in university. But some knowledge is hard to capture especially tacit knowledge. Many organizations attempt to capture tacit knowledge and codify it so that it can be shared around the organization for greater value. So this paper is mainly focused on implementation of Organizational Memory Information System (OMIS) framework in order to manage knowledge more centralized and organized in organization.
    Matched MeSH terms: Knowledge; Knowledge Management
  8. Shahrinaz Ismail, Nordiana Jamaludin
    The advancement of technology has allowed a variety of tools for employees and
    managers, or knowledge workers, to choose as communication tools, especially for
    managing project teams. Instead of communicating and updating project progress
    through emails and short messaging system, social messaging (SM) applications, such
    as WhatsAppTM, are the current daily choice among them. The over-utilisation of the
    SM applications has given an opportunity for a research on project knowledge
    retention within project team, since it becomes an addiction to create new groups each
    time a new project team is formed. It is believed that project knowledge resides within
    these virtual groups, and this paper looks into how project knowledge is managed by
    analysing the communication patterns against a measurement metrics based on
    personal knowledge management (PKM) theory called GUSC Model. The
    communication patterns found existed in the SM application are qualitatively
    identified and mapped against the PKM processes within, with weighted score
    assigned to each process to quantitatively measure the overall project knowledge
    management participation. The differences among the organisational communication
    levels, namely upper and lower level communication levels, are analysed and the final
    result of participation expectation on member of SM application groups is presented.
    The outcome of this research recommends the future intervention on SM application
    usage and the application of knowledge management concept in current
    communication tool.
    Matched MeSH terms: Knowledge; Knowledge Management
  9. Lee CAL
    Stud Hist Philos Sci, 2019 10;77:130-140.
    PMID: 31701877 DOI: 10.1016/j.shpsa.2017.10.002
    This essay considers the development of the nuclear science programme in Malaysia from a transnational perspective by examining the interactions between state agents and other external nuclear-knowledge/technology related actors and agents. Going beyond the model of knowledge diffusion that brings together concerns articulated in Harris's (2011) geographies of long distance knowledge and Reinhardt's (2011) role of the expert in knowledge transfer, the proposed three-phase model of knowledge transfer theorises the pathways undertaken by a late-blooming participant of modern science and technology as the latter moves from epistemic dependency to increasing independence despite the hurdles encountered, and the underdevelopment of many areas of its technoscientific economy. The model considers tensions stemming from the pressures of expediency for meeting national developmental goals on the one side, and the call to support the objectives of basic science on the other. The three phases of the model are epistemic transition, epistemic transplantation and localisation, and epistemic generation (ETTLG). As additional support for the proposed model, three arguments are proffered as deeper explanations of the epistemic goal by using Malaysia as a case study: knowledge transfer for political legitimization, knowledge transfer for countering agnotology, and knowledge transfer for social engineering and science diplomacy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Knowledge*
  10. Ahmat Zainuri N, Abd-Rahman N, Halim L, Chan MY, Mohd Bazari NN
    Int J Environ Res Public Health, 2022 Nov 30;19(23).
    PMID: 36498088 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph192316013
    Pro-environmental behavior in addressing climate change is influenced by multi-dimensional factors-knowledge, values, intention and sociodemographic background. Correlational studies between environmental values and environmental behaviors have not been able to determine values or behaviors that need to be given priority in future interventions. Therefore, this study firstly determined the environmental values and pro-environmental behavior that are easy or difficult to embrace by 152 respondents with low socioeconomic background. Secondly, we identified the extent pro-environmental behavior is triggered by environmental values. This survey study employs the Rasch analysis model. The respondents had difficulty in associating themselves with biospheric values however readily demonstrated consideration toward altruistic values, especially related to concerns for future generations. In terms of environmental conservation behavior, the respondents were not willing to relinquish comfort easily, such as giving up self-driving and taking public transportation or reducing usage of electricity. In addition, adults of low socioeconomic background find it difficult to endorse statements such as getting involved in campaigns related to environmental conservation. Thus, younger family members must be educated about conservation behaviors such as environmental campaigns commonly offered at schools, and these youngsters can be encouraged to extend their role by educating their parents.
    Matched MeSH terms: Knowledge*
  11. Jan AA, Lai FW, Siddique J, Zahid M, Ali SEA
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int, 2023 Mar;30(13):36521-36532.
    PMID: 36547839 DOI: 10.1007/s11356-022-24842-4
    Recent years have seen a burgeoning interest in the involvement of corporate sustainability (CS) in sustainable development (SD), yet both concepts are fewer and newer in the academic field. This study aims to present a thorough bibliometric analysis that provides fresh new insights on the subject. Using VOSviewer software, this study analyzed and visualized 1214 documents for the period 2005-2021 in the Web of Science (WoS) database. The findings of the study indicate that the co-theme CS and SD are lasting but thriving research subjects. The findings also revealed that authors from the USA published the highest number of articles followed by the UK, Spain, Italy, and Germany. The co-authorship network showed strong links between these countries. Three main clusters are identified based on research titles frequently co-cited and have significant co-citation connections. In general, this study provides valuable insight into the current status and future trends for research on SDGs. The outcome of the study could be useful to policymakers, regulators, sustainability practitioners, and researchers in understanding the key research areas, influential authors, institutions, and countries actively involved in the field. Considering the involvement of corporate sustainability in sustainable development is a useful and informative endeavor for all community actors. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first comprehensive study that presents the holistic picture of CS and SD-related research to identify the knowledge map between the two subjects.
    Matched MeSH terms: Knowledge*
  12. Hassali MA, Wong ZY, Alrasheedy AA, Saleem F, Mohamad Yahaya AH, Aljadhey H
    SAGE Open Med, 2014;2:2050312114555722.
    PMID: 26770747 DOI: 10.1177/2050312114555722
    To investigate the impact of an educational intervention on doctors' knowledge and perceptions towards generic medicines and their generic (international non-proprietary name) prescribing practice.
    Matched MeSH terms: Knowledge
  13. Elkalmi R, Hassali MA, Al-Lela OQ, Jawad Awadh AI, Al-Shami AK, Jamshed SQ
    J Pharm Bioallied Sci, 2013 Jul;5(3):224-8.
    PMID: 24082699 DOI: 10.4103/0975-7406.116824
    The objective of this study was to explore the knowledge of the general population towards ADR and their reporting system.
    Matched MeSH terms: Knowledge
  14. Tamrin, K.F.
    Learning is often quoted as a lifelong process. In other words, life is about learning. As prominent institutions, universities are concerned with valued and measurable learning among undergraduate students so that their mastery level of a particular content knowledge can be quantitatively gauged. Of many types of assessments, summative assessment plays a greater role in majority of engineering courses due to nature of the content knowledge. This paper mathematically investigates the fairness issue of equal weightage for all summative assessments i.e., assignments, mid-term test and end-term examination. A multiple objective optimization on the basis of ratio analysis (MOORA) is utilized to assign equal weight for the aforementioned assessments. It was found that the number of students failing the selected engineering course increases by about five times using the MOORA method. The finding clearly reveals the advantages of the former method (unequal weights) as compared to MOORA method in terms of catering students with different learning styles and speed of knowledge acquisition.
    Matched MeSH terms: Knowledge
  15. Lim BC, Kueh YC, Arifin WN, Ng KH
    Malays J Med Sci, 2016 Jul;23(4):33-45.
    PMID: 27660543 MyJurnal DOI: 10.21315/mjms2016.23.4.5
    Heart disease knowledge is an important concept for health education, yet there is lack of evidence on proper validated instruments used to measure levels of heart disease knowledge in the Malaysian context.
    Matched MeSH terms: Knowledge
  16. Kader NM
    Family Physician, 1993;5:32-33.
    Matched MeSH terms: Knowledge
  17. Hatta Sidi, Sharifah Ezat Wan Puteh, Fairuz Nari Abdul Rahman
    Objective: To assess postgraduate candidates’ knowledge on basic sciences and to compare
    their achievement based on two years study in the Department of Psychiatry, National University of Malaysia (UKM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Methods: This is a study assessing
    areas of difficulties in basic sciences for the Malaysian postgraduate candidates sitting for
    mock MCQ examination papers in two consecutive years. Results: The candidates in both
    years failed on MCQ papers (scoring marks are only 43% and 40% for the year 2006 and
    2005 respectively), which is consistent with their final examination outcomes. The candidates in the year 2006 were much superior in neuroanatomy (percentages of median scores: 47% vs. 31%, p
    Matched MeSH terms: Knowledge
  18. Ahmed Tarajo Buba, Lee, Lai Soon
    The urban transit network design problem (UTNDP) involves the development of a transit route set and associated schedules for an urban public transit system. The design of efficient public transit systems is widely considered as a viable option for the economic, social, and physical structure of an urban setting. This paper reviews four well-known population-based metaheuristics that have been employed and deemed potentially viable for tackling the UTNDP. The aim is to give a thorough review of the algorithms and identify the gaps for future research directions.
    Matched MeSH terms: Knowledge Bases
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