Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 163 in total

  1. Tsoi WF, Kua EH
    Med J Malaysia, 1982 Dec;37(4):300-5.
    PMID: 7167079
    This scale is constructed to meet the need for an efficient, rapid and economical method of
    measuring change in schizophrenic patients during the course of psychotropic medication (drug trial) in a multi-cultural, multi-lingual population of low educational level. Items are included only if (1) they can be elicited objectively, (2) they are important symptoms of schizophrenia and (3) they are frequent maniJestatz'on of the schizophrenic syndrome as recorded in Woodbridge Hospital. It could be used by a single rater but its reliability should be further improved if two raters are involved.
    Matched MeSH terms: Psychiatric Status Rating Scales*
  2. Saini SM, Hoffmann CR, Pantelis C, Everall IP, Bousman CA
    Psychiatry Res, 2019 02;272:106-113.
    PMID: 30580133 DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.068
    Child abuse is a major public health concern and a strong predictor of adult psychopathology. However, a consensus on how best to measure child abuse is not evident. This review aimed to critically appraise the methodological quality and measurement properties of published child abuse measures, examined the strength of evidence of these instruments for research use using the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement InstrumeNts (COSMIN) checklist and determined which measures were capable of providing information on the developmental timing of abuse. Systematic search of electronic databases identified 52 eligible instruments from 2095 studies. Only 15% (n = 8) of the instruments had strong to moderate levels of evidence for three or more of the nine COSMIN criteria. No instrument had adequate levels of evidence for all criteria, and no criteria were met by all instruments. Our results indicate there is no single instrument that is superior to all others across settings and populations. The availability of measures capable of capturing the effects of child abuse on brain development and associated behavioral phenotypes are limited. Refined instruments with a focus on capturing abuse events during development are warranted in addition to further evaluation of the psychometric properties of these instruments.
    Matched MeSH terms: Psychiatric Status Rating Scales/standards*
  3. Lim SY, Lim KB, Hor JW, Tan AH
    Mov Disord, 2020 10;35(10):1884-1885.
    PMID: 33068479 DOI: 10.1002/mds.28274
    Matched MeSH terms: Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  4. Mohd Harimi, A.R., Nadhrah, A.B., Nur Hidayah, Y., Zainora, M., Jemaima, C.H., Mushawiahti, M.
    Medicine & Health, 2020;15(1):198-207.
    Penilaian status kesihatan mental dalam kalangan pesakit penglihatan terhad (LV) bukan merupakan rutin pemeriksaan. Kajian ini dijalankan untuk mengenal pasti status kesihatan mental dalam kalangan pesakit LV menggunakan soal selidik "Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) Scale". Seramai 100 pesakit LV telah dipilih secara rawak. Pemeriksaan piawai LV dan penilaian kesihatan mental menggunakan soal selidik DASS-21 dan HAD scale telah dijalankan. Purata umur subjek adalah 62.77+9.15 tahun. Subjek terdiri daripada 63% Melayu, diikuti 26% Cina dan 11% India. Purata tahap penglihatan subjek adalah 0.45+0.24 LogMAR. Keputusan kajian menunjukkan min skor kemurungan dan kerisauan bagi soal selidik HAD Scale adalah 3.11+3.35 dan 2.85+3.21. Min skor kemurungan, kegelisahan dan tekanan bagi soal selidik DASS adalah 4.83+6.90, 3.58+3.79 dan 6.18+6.92. Ini menunjukkan min skor bagi kedua-dua soal selidik adalah dalam julat normal mengikut klasikasi tahap keterukan HAD dan DASS. Soal selidik HAD Scale menunjukkan 12% daripada subjek mengalami kemurungan dan 8% mengalami kegelisahan, manakala soal selidik DASS menunjukkan 7% mengalami kemurungan, 17% mengalami kegelisahan dan 24% mengalami tekanan. Ini menggambarkan bahawa kesihatan mental pesakit LV boleh terjejas disebabkan oleh gangguan penglihatan. Kesimpulannya, status kesihatan mental pesakit LV boleh ditentukan secara objektif menggunakan soal selidik DASS-21 dan HAD Scale. Penentuan status ini juga memastikan rawatan dan rehabilitasi yang lebih optimum dapat diberikan kepada pesakit LV.
    Matched MeSH terms: Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  5. Woodberry KA
    Asian J Psychiatr, 2015 Dec;18:97-8.
    PMID: 26498721 DOI: 10.1016/j.ajp.2015.09.005
    A recent article in this journal (Razali et al., 2015) reports the results of a 2-stage study screening for psychosis risk in Malaysia. The researchers incorporated both selective and indicated prevention strategies and included self-report items probing non-specific "early" experiences as well as attenuated psychotic symptoms associated with the prodromal phase of schizophrenia. Given that increased stigma and reduced services may reduce help-seeking in many Asian countries, population screening may be more important to early detection of individuals at risk for psychosis. In fact, the availability of large population centers and greater trust of providers may make Asian research centers uniquely suited for conducting badly needed research on screening strategies and the role of cultural factors in the emergence of psychosis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Psychiatric Status Rating Scales/standards*
  6. Wu Y, Levis B, Sun Y, Krishnan A, He C, Riehm KE, et al.
    J Psychosom Res, 2020 02;129:109892.
    PMID: 31911325 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2019.109892
    OBJECTIVE: Two previous individual participant data meta-analyses (IPDMAs) found that different diagnostic interviews classify different proportions of people as having major depression overall or by symptom levels. We compared the odds of major depression classification across diagnostic interviews among studies that administered the Depression subscale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D).

    METHODS: Data accrued for an IPDMA on HADS-D diagnostic accuracy were analysed. We fit binomial generalized linear mixed models to compare odds of major depression classification for the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM (SCID), Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI), and Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), controlling for HADS-D scores and participant characteristics with and without an interaction term between interview and HADS-D scores.

    RESULTS: There were 15,856 participants (1942 [12%] with major depression) from 73 studies, including 15,335 (97%) non-psychiatric medical patients, 164 (1%) partners of medical patients, and 357 (2%) healthy adults. The MINI (27 studies, 7345 participants, 1066 major depression cases) classified participants as having major depression more often than the CIDI (10 studies, 3023 participants, 269 cases) (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.70 (0.84, 3.43)) and the semi-structured SCID (36 studies, 5488 participants, 607 cases) (aOR = 1.52 (1.01, 2.30)). The odds ratio for major depression classification with the CIDI was less likely to increase as HADS-D scores increased than for the SCID (interaction aOR = 0.92 (0.88, 0.96)).

    CONCLUSION: Compared to the SCID, the MINI may diagnose more participants as having major depression, and the CIDI may be less responsive to symptom severity.

    Matched MeSH terms: Psychiatric Status Rating Scales/standards*
  7. Abdollahi F, Rohani S, Sazlina GS, Zarghami M, Azhar MZ, Lye MS, et al.
    Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci, 2014;8(2):11-21.
    PMID: 25053953
    There are various attempts to confirm variables that could predict postpartum depression in advance. This study determined antenatal risk factors for postpartum depression in women at risk of developing this disorder.

    A prospective cohort study was conducted with 2279 eligible women who attended at Mazandaran province' primary health centers from 32-42 weeks of pregnancy to eighth postpartum weeks. The women were screened for symptoms of depression using the Iranian version of Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. An Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale score of > 12 indicated possible postpartum depression. Univariate and multiple logistic regression models were used for data analysis.

    A total of 2083women during 32-42 weeks of gestation participated in this study and were followed up to 8-week postpartum. Four hundred and three (19.4%) mothers yielded scores above the threshold of 12. Depression and general health state in pregnancy based on Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (OR = 1.35, CI = 1.3-1.4) and General Health Questionnaire-28 (OR = 1.03, CI = 1.01-1.04), respectively were significant independent antenatal risk factors of depression symptoms at 8-week postpartum. Mothers who lived in nuclear families (OR = 1.38, CI = 1.04-1.84), whose husbands had lower educational status (OR = 0.95, CI = 0.91-0.99), and with delayed prenatal care (OR = 1.01, CI = 1.001-1.03) were more susceptible to postpartum depression.

    A comprehensive antenatal assessment focused on psychiatric problems, environmental and obstetric factors would benefit pregnant women in the prevention of postpartum depression.

    Cohort Study; Postpartum Depression; Prediction; Risk Factors
    Matched MeSH terms: Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  8. Wu Y, Levis B, Ioannidis JPA, Benedetti A, Thombs BD, DEPRESsion Screening Data (DEPRESSD) Collaboration
    Psychother Psychosom, 2021;90(1):28-40.
    PMID: 32814337 DOI: 10.1159/000509283
    INTRODUCTION: Three previous individual participant data meta-analyses (IPDMAs) reported that, compared to the Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM (SCID), alternative reference standards, primarily the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), tended to misclassify major depression status, when controlling for depression symptom severity. However, there was an important lack of precision in the results.

    OBJECTIVE: To compare the odds of the major depression classification based on the SCID, CIDI, and MINI.

    METHODS: We included and standardized data from 3 IPDMA databases. For each IPDMA, separately, we fitted binomial generalized linear mixed models to compare the adjusted odds ratios (aORs) of major depression classification, controlling for symptom severity and characteristics of participants, and the interaction between interview and symptom severity. Next, we synthesized results using a DerSimonian-Laird random-effects meta-analysis.

    RESULTS: In total, 69,405 participants (7,574 [11%] with major depression) from 212 studies were included. Controlling for symptom severity and participant characteristics, the MINI (74 studies; 25,749 participants) classified major depression more often than the SCID (108 studies; 21,953 participants; aOR 1.46; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.11-1.92]). Classification odds for the CIDI (30 studies; 21,703 participants) and the SCID did not differ overall (aOR 1.19; 95% CI 0.79-1.75); however, as screening scores increased, the aOR increased less for the CIDI than the SCID (interaction aOR 0.64; 95% CI 0.52-0.80).

    CONCLUSIONS: Compared to the SCID, the MINI classified major depression more often. The odds of the depression classification with the CIDI increased less as symptom levels increased. Interpretation of research that uses diagnostic interviews to classify depression should consider the interview characteristics.

    Matched MeSH terms: Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  9. Wan Mohamed Radzi CWJB, Salarzadeh Jenatabadi H, Samsudin N
    BMC Public Health, 2021 01 27;21(1):27.
    PMID: 33499833 DOI: 10.1186/s12889-020-09999-2
    BACKGROUND: Since the last decade, postpartum depression (PPD) has been recognized as a significant public health problem, and several factors have been linked to PPD. Mothers at risk are rarely undetected and underdiagnosed. Our study aims to determine the factors leading to symptoms of depression using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) analysis. In this research, we introduced a new framework for postpartum depression modeling for women.

    METHODS: We structured the model of this research to take into consideration the Malaysian culture in particular. A total of 387 postpartum women have completed the questionnaire. The symptoms of postpartum depression were examined using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), and they act as a dependent variable in this research model.

    RESULTS: Four hundred fifty mothers were invited to participate in this research. 86% of the total distributed questionnaire received feedback. The majority of 79.6% of respondents were having depression symptoms. The highest coefficients of factor loading analysis obtained in every latent variable indicator were income (β = 0.77), screen time (β = 0.83), chips (β = 0.85), and anxiety (β = 0.88). Lifestyle, unhealthy food, and BMI variables were directly affected by the dependent variable. Based on the output, respondents with a high level of depression symptoms tended to consume more unhealthy food and had a high level of body mass indexes (BMI). The highest significant impact on depression level among postpartum women was unhealthy food consumption. Based on our model, the findings indicated that 76% of the variances stemmed from a variety of factors: socio-demographics, lifestyle, healthy food, unhealthy food, and BMI. The strength of the exogenous and endogenous variables in this research framework is strong.

    CONCLUSION: The prevalence of postpartum women with depression symptoms in this study is considerably high. It is, therefore, imperative that postpartum women seek medical help to prevent postpartum depressive symptoms from worsening.

    Matched MeSH terms: Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  10. Razali R, Jean-Li L, Jaffar A, Ahmad M, Shah SA, Ibrahim N, et al.
    Compr Psychiatry, 2014 Jan;55 Suppl 1:S70-5.
    PMID: 24314103 DOI: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2013.04.010
    Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is a known precursor to Alzheimer disease, yet there is a lack of validated screening instruments for its detection among the Malaysian elderly.
    Matched MeSH terms: Psychiatric Status Rating Scales/standards*; Psychiatric Status Rating Scales/statistics & numerical data
  11. Arifin SRM, Cheyne H, Maxwell M
    AIMS Public Health, 2018;5(3):260-295.
    PMID: 30280116 DOI: 10.3934/publichealth.2018.3.260
    The purpose of this review was to examine articles related to recent epidemiological evidence of the prevalence of maternal postnatal depression (PND) across different countries and cultures and to identify specific epidemiological studies that have been carried out exclusively in Malaysia on the prevalence of maternal PND. The review was undertaken in two stages, an initial review and an updated review. At both stages systematic literature searches of online databases were performed to identify articles on the prevalence of maternal PND. A total of 124 articles concerning research conducted in more than 50 countries were included in the final analysis. There were wide variations in the screening instruments and diagnostic tools used although the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was the most common instrument applied to identify PND. The prevalence of maternal PND ranged from 4.0% to 63.9%, with Japan and America recording the lowest and highest rates, respectively. Within continents, a wide variation in reported prevalence was also found. The reported rates of maternal PND in Malaysia were much higher than that previously documented with a range of 6.8-27.3%. This review indicated that the widely cited prevalence of maternal PND of 10-15% underestimates rates of PND worldwide. The reasons for this variability may not be fully explained by review methods. Future studies should evaluate the nature of women's PND experiences across cultures to explain these wide variations.
    Matched MeSH terms: Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  12. Shazli Ezzat Ghazali, Ponnusamy, S., Normah Che Din, Nik Farideh Yousef Mohd Khan
    Tujuan kajian ini adalah untuk mengenal pasti perkaitan antara tahap kemurungan, kesihatan mental, kesan sokongan sosial dan kesejahteraan psikologi di kalangan mangsa rogol dengan aspek demografik. Subjek kajian seramai 30 wanita telah dipilih dari Pusat Perlindungan dan Pemulihan Wanita, di Batu Caves, Selangor. Kaedah ujian yang digunakan terdiri daripada Beck Depression Inventory, General Health Questionnaire-28, Provision Social Relation dan soalan demografik. Soalan diedarkan di kalangan mangsa diikuti dengan penerangan ringkas ke atas kaedah ujian. Analisis data menunjukkan terdapat perbezaan yang signifikan di antara faktor umur dan kesejahteraan psikologi mangsa (p = 0.004). Selain itu, kemurungan didapati mempengaruhi secara signifikan ke atas kesihatan mental (R' = 0.60, [F (1, 27) = 40.312, p < 0.0011). Kajian inijuga mendapati hubungan yang positif antara kesihatan mental dan kemurungan (r = 0.77). Ini bermaksud semakin tinggi kemurungan yang dialami mangsa, semakin tinggi kesan ke atas kesihatan mentalnya.
    Matched MeSH terms: Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  13. Ahmad Fuad Abdul Rahim, Mohd Jamil Yaacob, Muhamad Saiful Bahri Yusoff
    ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry, 2010;11(1):36-43.
    Objective: To determine the sensitivity, specificity and internal consistency of the Malay version GHQ-12 among medical student population. This study determined the appropriate GHQ-12 score to detect distressed medical students. Methods: The Malay version of GHQ-12 was derived based on two sources which were the original version GHQ-12 and the validated Malay version 30-items GHQ. The GHQ-12 and the Malay version Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) were administered to a total of 141 medical students. Distress diagnoses were made based on the Malay version BDI-II. ROC curve analysis was applied to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the GHQ-12 by testing against the BDI-II. Reliability analysis (Cronbach’s alpha and item total correlation) was applied to test internal consistency of the
    GHQ-12. The analysis was done using SPSS version 12.Results: The GHQ-12 sensitivity and specificity at cut-off point of 3/4 was 81.3% and 75.3% respectively with positive predictive value (PPV) of 62.9% as well as area under ROC curve more than 0.7. The Cronbach’s alpha value of the GHQ-12 was 0.85.Conclusion: This study showed the Malay version GHQ-12 is a valid and reliable screening tool in detecting distressed medical students. The
    GHQ-12 score equal to or more than 4 was considered as significant distress.
    Matched MeSH terms: Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  14. Ng, C.G., Amer Siddiq, A.N., Aida, S.A., Koh, O.H., Nor Zuraida, Z.
    Objective: The aim of this study is to translate the original English version of List of Threatening Experiences (LTE) into Malay and to test the reliability on a group of medical students. Method: The LTE was translated into Malay and back-translated. The Malay LTE (LTE-M) was then tested on a total of 237 medical students. They were given LTE-M, General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and English version of LTE. A week later, these students were again given the LTE-M. Results: The parallel and test-retest reliability were satisfactory for 7 out of the 12 event categories (Kappa=0.67- 0.88). However 3 event categories were not reported. There was no statistical significant difference in the BDI and GHQ scores between the students with and without threatening experiences. Conclusion: The parallel and test-retest reliability of the LTE-M were acceptable. An association between the threatening experiences and increased disorders was not established.
    Matched MeSH terms: Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  15. Yusoff MSB
    Objective: To determine the sensitivity, specificity and internal consistency of the Malay version GHQ-30 among medical student population. This study also determined the level of agreement between GHQ-30 and M-BDI.
    Methods: The Malay version GHQ-30 and Malay version Beck Depression Inventory (M-BDI) were administered to 190 medical students. ROC curve analysis was applied to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the GHQ-30 by testing against the M-BDI diagnoses. Reliability and Kappa analysis were applied to test internal consistency of the GHQ and to determine the level of agreement between GHQ-30 and M-BDI respectively.
    Results: 141 (74.2%) medical students participated in this study. The GHQ-30 sensitivity and specificity at cut-off point of 5/6 was 87.5% and 80.6% respectively with positive predictive value (PPV) of 70% as well as area under ROC curve was 0.84. The Cronbach’s alpha value of the GHQ-30 was 0.93. The Kappa coefficient was 0.64 (p<0.001).
    Conclusion: This study showed the Malay version GHQ-30 is a valid and reliable screening tool in detecting distressed medical students. The GHQ-30 score equal to or more than 6 was considered as significant distress. The GHQ-30 showed a good level of agreement with M-BDI in detecting distressed medical students.
    Keywords: Kelantan; Malaysia; medical student
    Matched MeSH terms: Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  16. Janaki, V., Suzaily, W., Abdul Hamid, A.R., Hazli, Z., Azmawati, M.N.
    Introduction: Auditory hallucination (AH) is often unexplored in depth in clinical practice. This study sought
    to ascertain the relationship between AH, depressive symptoms and quality of life (QOL) and its association
    with socio-demographic and clinical variables.

    Methods: This was a cross sectional study done in a
    psychiatry unit involving 60 schizophrenic patients between 18 to 60 years old. Psychotic Symptom Rating
    Scale – Auditory Hallucination subscale (PSYRATS-AH), Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS)
    and World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief scale (WHOQOL-BREF) were used as instruments.

    Results: Alcohol intake was found to be significantly associated with the severity of AH. A significant
    moderate positive correlation was found between AH total score and CDSS (r=0.53, p
    Matched MeSH terms: Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  17. Saifuddin, T.M., Harun, N.A.
    Manic symptoms secondary to hyponatremia is rare or might be underreported.
    Awareness of this phenomenon is important for therapeutic
    considerations of patients. We present a case of late onset mania in an elderly
    gentleman who was previously diagnosed to have Major Depressive Disorder.
    His manic symptoms improved without medication after sodium level was
    Matched MeSH terms: Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  18. Yang YN, Su JA, Pimsen A, Chen JS, Potenza MN, Pakpour AH, et al.
    BMC Psychiatry, 2023 Nov 08;23(1):819.
    PMID: 37940885 DOI: 10.1186/s12888-023-05210-z
    BACKGROUND: The Assessment of Criteria for Specific Internet-use Disorders (ACSID-11) is a consistent and comprehensive instrument to assess symptoms of specific internet-use disorders including those related to gaming, shopping, pornography use disorder, social networks use and gambling considering criteria in the eleventh revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). However, to date, there is little evidence supporting instruments assessing major types of specific internet use disorders in Thailand. The aim of this present study was to assess the psychometric properties of the ACSID-11 among Thai young adults.

    METHODS: A total of 612 participants were recruited. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) examined construct validity of the ACSID-11. Cronbach's α and McDonald's ω were used to assess reliability of the ACSID-11. Pearson correlations examined relationships between ACSID-11 domains and Internet Gaming Disorder Scale-Short Form (IGDS9-SF) scores.

    RESULTS: The CFA supported validity of the Thai version of the ACSID-11 and a four-factor structure. Specific domains of the Thai ACSID-11, particularly gaming, were positively and significantly correlated with IGDS9-SF scores.

    CONCLUSIONS: Data indicate that the Thai version of the ACSID-11 is a valid and reliable instrument to assess major types of specific internet use disorders. Additional studies are needed to further examine the validity and reliability of the Thai ACSID-11.

    Matched MeSH terms: Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  19. Wu Y, Levis B, Daray FM, Ioannidis JPA, Patten SB, Cuijpers P, et al.
    Psychol Assess, 2023 Feb;35(2):95-114.
    PMID: 36689386 DOI: 10.1037/pas0001181
    The seven-item Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale Depression subscale (HADS-D) and the total score of the 14-item HADS (HADS-T) are both used for major depression screening. Compared to the HADS-D, the HADS-T includes anxiety items and requires more time to complete. We compared the screening accuracy of the HADS-D and HADS-T for major depression detection. We conducted an individual participant data meta-analysis and fit bivariate random effects models to assess diagnostic accuracy among participants with both HADS-D and HADS-T scores. We identified optimal cutoffs, estimated sensitivity and specificity with 95% confidence intervals, and compared screening accuracy across paired cutoffs via two-stage and individual-level models. We used a 0.05 equivalence margin to assess equivalency in sensitivity and specificity. 20,700 participants (2,285 major depression cases) from 98 studies were included. Cutoffs of ≥7 for the HADS-D (sensitivity 0.79 [0.75, 0.83], specificity 0.78 [0.75, 0.80]) and ≥15 for the HADS-T (sensitivity 0.79 [0.76, 0.82], specificity 0.81 [0.78, 0.83]) minimized the distance to the top-left corner of the receiver operating characteristic curve. Across all sets of paired cutoffs evaluated, differences of sensitivity between HADS-T and HADS-D ranged from -0.05 to 0.01 (0.00 at paired optimal cutoffs), and differences of specificity were within 0.03 for all cutoffs (0.02-0.03). The pattern was similar among outpatients, although the HADS-T was slightly (not nonequivalently) more specific among inpatients. The accuracy of HADS-T was equivalent to the HADS-D for detecting major depression. In most settings, the shorter HADS-D would be preferred. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved).
    Matched MeSH terms: Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  20. Abdul Khaiyom JH, Mukhtar F, Ibrahim N, Mohd Sidik S, Oei TP
    Stress Health, 2016 Dec;32(5):543-550.
    PMID: 26620359 DOI: 10.1002/smi.2660
    The Catastrophic Cognitions Questionnaire-Modified (CCQ-M) is a common instrument for measuring catastrophic thoughts. In some countries, however, CCQ-M still poses concerns following the lack of appropriate validation among their populations. The current study aimed to examine the factor structure of the CCQ-M, the reliability, and the validity in community samples in Malaysia. The Malay version of CCQ-M and additional measures assessing the symptoms and cognitions relevant to anxiety disorders were completed by 682 university students and general community. Exploratory factor analysis revealed a two-factor structure accounting for 62.2% of the total variance. Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the two-factor model by deleting four items. The Cronbach's alpha coefficients for the total and the two subscales were .94, .90, and .92, respectively. Test-retest reliability analysis was conducted on 82 university students in the interval period of 14 days, and the result was r = .58. Evidence supported the concurrent, convergent, and discriminant validity. In conclusion, the 17-item CCQ-M-Malaysia is a valid and reliable instrument for assessing catastrophic cognitions among Malaysian populations. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Matched MeSH terms: Psychiatric Status Rating Scales/standards*
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