Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 184 in total

  1. Kuan JW, Su AT, Leong CF, Osato M, Sashida G
    Int J Hematol, 2019 Jan;109(1):130.
    PMID: 30406326 DOI: 10.1007/s12185-018-2556-6
    The author would like to correct the error in the publication of the original article. The corrected detail is given below for your reading.
    Matched MeSH terms: Reading
  2. Islam MT, Rahman MN, Samsuzzaman M, Mansor MF, Misran N
    Sensors (Basel), 2018 Dec 01;18(12).
    PMID: 30513712 DOI: 10.3390/s18124213
    A digit 8-shaped resonator inspired metamaterial is proposed herein for sensor applications. The resonator is surrounded by a ground frame and excited by a microstrip feedline. The measurement of the sensor can be performed using common laboratory facilities in lieu of using the waveguide, as the resonator, ground frame, and feedline are all on the same microstrip. To achieve metamaterial properties, more than one unit cell is usually utilized, whereas, in this work, a single cell was used to achieve the metamaterial characteristics. The properties of the metamaterial were investigated to find the relationship between the simulation and measurements. The proposed metamaterial sensor shows considerable sensitivity in sensor application. For the sensor application, FR4 and Rogers RO4350 materials were used as the over-layer. The sensor can measure dielectric thickness with a sensitivity of 625 MHz/mm, 468 MHz/mm, and 354 MHz/mm for the single over-layer, double over-layers, and multiple over-layers, respectively. The proposed prototype can be utilized in several applications where metamaterial characteristics are required.
    Matched MeSH terms: Reading Frames
  3. Buari NH, Chen AH, Musa N
    J Optom, 2014 Oct-Dec;7(4):210-6.
    PMID: 25323642 DOI: 10.1016/j.optom.2013.12.009
    A reading chart that resembles real reading conditions is important to evaluate the quality of life in terms of reading performance. The purpose of this study was to compare the reading speed of UiTM Malay related words (UiTM-Mrw) reading chart with MNread Acuity Chart and Colenbrander Reading Chart.
    Matched MeSH terms: Reading*
  4. Alhajj MN, Mashyakhy M, Ariffin Z, Ab-Ghani Z, Johari Y, Salim NS
    J Contemp Dent Pract, 2020 Sep 01;21(9):956-960.
    PMID: 33568578
    AIM: This study aimed to assess the quality and readability of the available health information on the net regarding denture hygiene.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three search engines (Google, Yahoo!, and Bing) were searched. The first 20 consecutive websites from each engine were obtained and checked for eligibility. For the quality of the websites, the Health on the Net Foundation Code of Conduct (HONcode), the DISCERN tool, the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) Benchmarks, and Google PageRank were used for the assessment of the included websites. For readability, an online web tool was used, including well-known analyzing indices [Flesch Kincaid grade level (FKGL), Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG), and Flesch Reading Ease (FRE)]. The acceptable readability level was set to be ≥80.0 for the FRE and <7 for the FKGL and SMOG. The data were presented in frequencies and percentages.

    RESULTS: Out of the 60 screened websites, 14 websites were eligible for analysis. There was only one (7.1%) website that had the HONcode seal. The mean score of all websites based on the DISCERN tool was 29.6 ± 12.1, with no website achieved the high score (≥65). Only one (7.1%) website scored >5 based on Google PageRank. Regarding JAMA benchmarks, all websites achieved a mean score of 2.57 ± 1.1. The mean grade level based on the FKGL was 8.4 ± 6.3. All websites had a score of <7 according to the SMOG index. The mean score of the readability ease index was 90.5 ± 16.4.

    CONCLUSION: Most of the dental health information on denture hygiene available on the Arabic websites did not have the required level of quality, regardless of being readable and comprehensible by most of the general people.

    CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Directing the patients to the appropriate websites related to their cases is the responsibility of the dentists.

    Matched MeSH terms: Reading*
  5. Lee LW
    Ann Dyslexia, 2008 Jun;58(1):37-57.
    PMID: 18293088 DOI: 10.1007/s11881-007-0011-0
    Malay is an alphabetic language with transparent orthography. A Malay reading-related assessment battery which was conceptualised based on the International Dyslexia Association definition of dyslexia was developed and validated for the purpose of dyslexia assessment. The battery consisted of ten tests: Letter Naming, Word Reading, Non-word Reading, Spelling, Passage Reading, Reading Comprehension, Listening Comprehension, Elision, Rapid Letter Naming and Digit Span. Content validity was established by expert judgment. Concurrent validity was obtained using the schools' language tests as criterion. Evidence of predictive and construct validity was obtained through regression analyses and factor analyses. Phonological awareness was the most significant predictor of word-level literacy skills in Malay, with rapid naming making independent secondary contributions. Decoding and listening comprehension made separate contributions to reading comprehension, with decoding as the more prominent predictor. Factor analysis revealed four factors: phonological decoding, phonological naming, comprehension and verbal short-term memory. In conclusion, despite differences in orthography, there are striking similarities in the theoretical constructs of reading-related tasks in Malay and in English.
    Matched MeSH terms: Reading*
  6. Ariff KM
    Med J Malaysia, 1998 Sep;53(3):313-8; quiz 319-20.
    PMID: 10968175
    Matched MeSH terms: Reading*
  7. Abd Ghani A, Muslim NH, Zakaria MN
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol, 2020 May;132:109907.
    PMID: 32018165 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2020.109907
    OBJECTIVE: Language disorders can affect reading skills contributing to poor academic achievements. As such, it is vital for speech language pathologists to identify the potential language-based reading problems among children. To achieve this, specific reading assessments should be developed and studied. Thus, the present study aimed to determine the effects of gender and academic achievement on oral reading fluency (ORF) and silent reading fluency (SRF) among Year 2 Malaysian children.

    METHODS: In this study that employed a comparative design, fifty-nine typically developing Malaysian children (24 boys, aged from 8 years, 0 months to 8 years, 11 months) were enrolled. They were chosen from three different classrooms (consisting of high achieving, medium achieving and low achieving students, respectively) in a primary school. Their ORF and SRF skills were assessed according to the established methods.

    RESULTS: As revealed by two-way ANOVA results, both ORF and SRF scores were found to be comparable between boys and girls (p > 0.05). In contrast, ORF and SRF results between the three classrooms were significantly different from each other (p 

    Matched MeSH terms: Reading*
  8. Wong LP
    Malays Fam Physician, 2008;3(1):14-20.
    PMID: 25606106 MyJurnal
    Qualitative data is often subjective, rich, and consists of in-depth information normally presented in the form of words. Analysing qualitative data entails reading a large amount of transcripts looking for similarities or differences, and subsequently finding themes and developing categories. Traditionally, researchers 'cut and paste' and use coloured pens to categorise data. Recently, the use of software specifically designed for qualitative data management greatly reduces technical sophistication and eases the laborious task, thus making the process relatively easier. A number of computer software packages has been developed to mechanise this 'coding' process as well as to search and retrieve data. This paper illustrates the ways in which NVivo can be used in the qualitative data analysis process. The basic features and primary tools of NVivo which assist qualitative researchers in managing and analysing their data are described.
    Matched MeSH terms: Reading
  9. Mohd Fauzi Haris, Saaidi Ismail, Mohamad Safuan Sulaiman, Mohd Dzul Aiman Aslan, Siti Nurbahyah Hamdan, Maslina Mohd Ibrahim, et al.
    The remote measurements of radiation level at an identified location, are not only important for
    collecting data or monitoring radiation level per se, but also crucial for workers who deal with
    radiation sources. A device for checking an on-site radiation level has been developed quite a
    long time ago under the name of Geiger Muller and widely known as a Geiger counter. The
    reading of the output can be seen on the device on-site and on real-time basis. Nowadays, with
    the fast evolution of computer and networking technology, those reading not only can be read
    real-time but also from a remote location that makes workers able to enter the risky area more
    safely. The collected data reading also can be analyzed for predicting the future trending
    pattern. The data is transferred from the monitoring devices to a server through a network. This
    paper discusses about several critical issues on the design, implementation and deployment that
    relates to the devices, interface programs, hardware and software that allow all parameters such
    as radiation levels reading and the timestamp of the data-logging can be collected and stored in
    a central storage for further processes. The compatibility issue with regards to technology
    change from the previous system will also be discussed. The system has many advantages
    compared to previous system and conventional method of doing the area monitoring in term of
    sustainability and availability.
    Matched MeSH terms: Reading
  10. Othman, N., Kamarudin, S.K., Mamat, M.R., Azman, A., Rosli, M.I., Takrif, M.S.
    In this study, the numerical simulation in a mixing vessel agitated by a six bladed Rushton turbine has
    been carried out to investigate the effects of effective parameters to the mixing process. The study is intended to screen the potential parameters which affect the optimization process and to provide the detail insights into the process. Three-dimensional and steady-state flow has been performed using the fully predictive Multiple Reference Frame (MRF) technique for the impeller and tank geometry. Process optimization is always used to ensure the optimum conditions are fulfilled to attain industries’ satisfaction or needs (ie; increase profit, low cost, yields, etc). In this study, the range of recommended speed to accelerate optimization is 100, 150 and 200rpm respectively and the range of recommended clearance is 50, 75 and 100mm respectively for dual Rushton impeller. Thus, the computer fluid dynamics (CFD) was introduced in order to screen the suitable parameters efficiently and to accelerate optimization. In this study,
    Matched MeSH terms: Reading Frames
  11. Ngeow, W.C., Mohd Noor, N.S., Mohd Tahir, N.N.
    Malaysian Dental Journal, 2007;28(1):16-23.
    The objective of this part of the study was to understand the current trend on readership of the Malaysian Dental Journal (MDJ) among Malaysian dentists. Their views on the contents and quality of the Malaysian Dental Journal were enquired. We also enquired the reasons they chose-to/chose-not-to read the MDJ. Of the 225 dentists surveyed, the number of MDJ readers was 101; with only 24.75% reading all issues published. The editorial section was rated as “useful” by 70.3% of readers, while 79.2%, 87.1%, 87.1% and 80.2% of readers rated the research article section, the review article section, the case reports section and book recommendation section similarly respectively. Feedback from readers indicated that they wanted more case reports, more review articles on “how to do it” and on medical problems in dentistry. More than half (55.45%) of the MDJ readers preferred to receive the journal in both hard and soft copies. For the non-readers, the most common reasons cited for not reading the MDJ was not being able to access to the journal, followed by not having time to read. Our finding suggested that the respondents preferred to learn from colleagues’ experience and to read article that can improve their clinical knowledge and skill.
    Matched MeSH terms: Reading
  12. Saqib Iqbal Hakak, Amirrudin Kamsin, Mohd. Yamani Idna Idris, Abdullah Gani, Saber Zerdoumi
    There has been an increase of content related to Quran and Hadith on the internet over the past few years. Diacritical Digital Quran is very sensitive to tampering. Diacritics are the symbols used beneath/above Quranic verses for reading purposes of the Quran. Minor change in diacritics can alter the meaning of a particular Quranic verse. Hence, there is a need for an authentication system to differentiate between fake and original verses. In this work, a model is proposed related to automatic authentication of Digital Quran. Authentication model is divided into two phases: tokenisation and authentication. For tokenisation, regular expressions are used to split input Quranic verse into single characters. In case of authentication, existing and standard exact matching algorithm i.e. Quick search (QS) is used. On testing the proposed model by comparing popular search engines and other related existing works, our approach is 100 % accurate in terms of full verse detection.
    Matched MeSH terms: Reading
  13. Nurain Azmi, Sabirin Mustafa, Nur Hazirah Mohd Yunos, Wan Nor Azlin Wan Mohd Sakri, Muhammad Nazzim Abdul Halim, Amin Aadenan
    In this paper, a simple analysis yet a straight forward method of determining the Planck’s constant by
    evaluating the stopping potential of five different colors of light emitting diodes (LEDs) is presented.
    The study aimed to identify the Planck’s constant based on the relationship between the potential
    difference of LEDs to their respective frequencies under room temperature with low illumination of
    ambient light by applying a simple theoretical analysis. The experiment was performed by connecting
    the circuit in series connection and the voltage reading of LEDs were recorded and then presented in a
    graph of frequency, f versus stopping voltage, Vo. To determine the Planck’s constant, the best fit line
    was analyzed and the centroid was also identified in order to find the minimum and maximum errors
    due the gradient of the graph. From the analysis, results showed that the Planck constant value was
    (5.997 ± 1.520) × 10–34 J.s with approximately 10% of deviation from the actual value. This
    demonstrates that a simple analysis can be utilized to determine the Planck’s constant for the purpose
    of the laboratory teaching and learning at the undergraduate level and can be served as a starting point
    for the students to understand the concept of quantization of energy in Modern Physics more
    effectively. This is to further suggest that the Planck’s constant can be identified via a low-cost and
    unsophisticated experimental setup.
    Matched MeSH terms: Reading
  14. Sinin Hamdan, Iran Amri Musoddiq, Ahmad Fauzi Musib, Marini Sawawi
    The tone of peking 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 1’ was investigated using time-frequency analysis (TFA). The frequencies were measured using PicoScope oscilloscope, Melda analyzer in Cubase version 9 and Adobe version 3. Three different approaches for time-frequency analysis were used: Fourier spectra (using PicoScope), spectromorphology (using Melda analyzer) and spectrograms (using Adobe). Fourier spectra only identify intensity-frequency within entire signals, while spectromorphology identify the changes of intensity-frequency spectrum at fixed time and Adobe spectrograms identify the frequency with time. PicoScope reading produces the spectra of the fundamental and overtone frequencies in the entire sound. These overtones are non-harmonic since they are non-integral multiples of the fundamental. The fundamental frequencies of peking 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 were 1066Hz (C6), 1178Hz (D6), 1342Hz (E6), 1599Hz (G6) and 1793Hz (A6) respectively while peking 1’was 2123Hz (C7) i.e. one octave higher than peking 1. Melda analyzer reading proved that all peking sustained the initial fundamental frequency and overtone at t=0 until 2s. TFA from Adobe reading provides a description of the sound in the time-frequency plane. From TFA, peking 1, 2 and 6 exhibited a much gentler attack and more rapid decay than peking 3, 5 and 1’.
    Matched MeSH terms: Reading
  15. Lee K, Ng SF, Ng EL, Lim ZY
    J Exp Child Psychol, 2004 Oct;89(2):140-58.
    PMID: 15388303 DOI: 10.1016/j.jecp.2004.07.001
    Previous studies on individual differences in mathematical abilities have shown that working memory contributes to early arithmetic performance. In this study, we extended the investigation to algebraic word problem solving. A total of 151 10-year-olds were administered algebraic word problems and measures of working memory, intelligence quotient (IQ), and reading ability. Regression results were consistent with findings from the arithmetic literature showing that a literacy composite measure provided greater contribution than did executive function capacity. However, a series of path analyses showed that the overall contribution of executive function was comparable to that of literacy; the effect of executive function was mediated by that of literacy. Both the phonological loop and the visual spatial sketchpad failed to contribute directly; they contributed only indirectly by way of literacy and performance IQ, respectively.
    Matched MeSH terms: Reading*
  16. Nahar L, Jaafar A, Ahamed E, Kaish AB
    Assist Technol, 2015;27(3):172-82.
    PMID: 26427745 DOI: 10.1080/10400435.2015.1011758
    Visually impaired students (VIS) are unable to get visual information, which has made their learning process complicated. This paper discusses the overall situation of VIS in Bangladesh and identifies major challenges that they are facing in getting education. The Braille system is followed to educate blind students in Bangladesh. However, lack of Braille based educational resources and technological solutions have made the learning process lengthy and complicated for VIS. As a developing country, Bangladesh cannot afford for the costly Braille related technological tools for VIS. Therefore, a mobile phone based Braille application, "mBRAILLE", for Android platform is designed to provide an easy Braille learning technology for VIS in Bangladesh. The proposed design is evaluated by experts in assistive technology for students with disabilities, and advanced learners of Braille. The application aims to provide a Bangla and English Braille learning platform for VIS. In this paper, we depict iterative (participatory) design of the application along with a preliminary evaluation with 5 blind subjects, and 1 sighted and 2 blind experts. The results show that the design scored an overall satisfaction level of 4.53 out of 5 by all respondents, indicating that our design is ready for the next step of development.
    Matched MeSH terms: Reading*
  17. Jorquera R, González C, Clausen P, Petersen B, Holmes DS
    Database (Oxford), 2018 01 01;2018:1-6.
    PMID: 30239665 DOI: 10.1093/database/bay089
    Efficient extraction of knowledge from biological data requires the development of structured vocabularies to unambiguously define biological terms. This paper proposes descriptions and definitions to disambiguate the term 'single-exon gene'. Eukaryotic Single-Exon Genes (SEGs) have been defined as genes that do not have introns in their protein coding sequences. They have been studied not only to determine their origin and evolution but also because their expression has been linked to several types of human cancer and neurological/developmental disorders and many exhibit tissue-specific transcription. Unfortunately, the term 'SEGs' is rife with ambiguity, leading to biological misinterpretations. In the classic definition, no distinction is made between SEGs that harbor introns in their untranslated regions (UTRs) versus those without. This distinction is important to make because the presence of introns in UTRs affects transcriptional regulation and post-transcriptional processing of the mRNA. In addition, recent whole-transcriptome shotgun sequencing has led to the discovery of many examples of single-exon mRNAs that arise from alternative splicing of multi-exon genes, these single-exon isoforms are being confused with SEGs despite their clearly different origin. The increasing expansion of RNA-seq datasets makes it imperative to distinguish the different SEG types before annotation errors become indelibly propagated in biological databases. This paper develops a structured vocabulary for their disambiguation, allowing a major reassessment of their evolutionary trajectories, regulation, RNA processing and transport, and provides the opportunity to improve the detection of gene associations with disorders including cancers, neurological and developmental diseases.
    Matched MeSH terms: Open Reading Frames/genetics*
  18. Valentini A, Ricketts J, Pye RE, Houston-Price C
    J Exp Child Psychol, 2018 03;167:10-31.
    PMID: 29154028 DOI: 10.1016/j.jecp.2017.09.022
    Reading and listening to stories fosters vocabulary development. Studies of single word learning suggest that new words are more likely to be learned when both their oral and written forms are provided, compared with when only one form is given. This study explored children's learning of phonological, orthographic, and semantic information about words encountered in a story context. A total of 71 children (8- and 9-year-olds) were exposed to a story containing novel words in one of three conditions: (a) listening, (b) reading, or (c) simultaneous listening and reading ("combined" condition). Half of the novel words were presented with a definition, and half were presented without a definition. Both phonological and orthographic learning were assessed through recognition tasks. Semantic learning was measured using three tasks assessing recognition of each word's category, subcategory, and definition. Phonological learning was observed in all conditions, showing that phonological recoding supported the acquisition of phonological forms when children were not exposed to phonology (the reading condition). In contrast, children showed orthographic learning of the novel words only when they were exposed to orthographic forms, indicating that exposure to phonological forms alone did not prompt the establishment of orthographic representations. Semantic learning was greater in the combined condition than in the listening and reading conditions. The presence of the definition was associated with better performance on the semantic subcategory and definition posttests but not on the phonological, orthographic, or category posttests. Findings are discussed in relation to the lexical quality hypothesis and the availability of attentional resources.
    Matched MeSH terms: Reading*
  19. Bhandari M, Wei Ern RL, Majumder C, Ho D
    Med J Malaysia, 2019 02;74(1):30-33.
    PMID: 30846659
    PURPOSE: To determine the effects of ChromaGen blue filter lens in reading speed, accuracy and contrast sensitivity.

    METHODS: A cross-over, randomised study was carried out on 40 individuals (11 males and 29 females) aged 21 to 30 years. The rate of reading and reading accuracy was calculated with and without ChromaGen blue filter lens in all subjects. Wilkins Rate of Reading Test was used to measure the rate of reading and reading accuracy. Contrast sensitivity was also evaluated by using with and without the ChromaGen blue filter lens.

    RESULTS: The mean rate of reading with and without ChromaGen blue filter lens was 160.58±16.03 words per minute and 150.52±15.66 words per minute respectively, with significant difference of p<0.001. The mean of reading accuracy (words correctly read per minute) in subjects, with ChromaGen blue filter was 149.30±0.79 words and without using filter lens was 148.53±1.11 words and found to be significant (p<0.001). There was no significant difference in the contrast sensitivity between subjects with and without the ChromaGen blue filter lens (p=0.083). No significant correlation was noted between the reading speed with age, spherical equivalent, contrast sensitivity, and reading accuracy.

    CONCLUSION: This study concludes that there was an increase of 6.68% in the rate of reading and improvement of 0.52% in accuracy among subjects with ChromaGen blue filter lens.

    Matched MeSH terms: Reading*
  20. Aamir, Siddiqua
    The aim of review was to find the recent evidence for the management of conversion disorder. The study was conducted at the Psychiatry Unit of Govt. Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan. A systematic literature search was done using Medline and Extra Medline. A total of 10 articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria. In the literature reviewed hypnosis and self hypnosis, psychoanalytical intervention, behavioral intervention, paradoxical intervention, treatment by strong suggestion and trans-cranial magnetic stimulation were the treatments used by the clinicians for the management of conversion disorder. Conclusion: The literature review did not give details concerning the treatment used for conversion disorders adequately. Behavioral interventions were in general found to be more successful treatment course for the management of conversion disorders.
    Matched MeSH terms: Reading
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