Objectives: This study was conducted to detect the biofilm formation in bacterial isolates from chronic wound infections.
Materials and Methods: In the present study, ninety two isolates from chronic wound infections were identified by MALDI-TOF-MS (bioMerieux) and VITEK-2-MS (bioMerieux). These isolates were further screened for biofilm formation by three methods i. e., Tissue Culture Plate method (TCP), Tube Method (TM) and Congo Red Agar (CRA) method. Impact of biofilm production was correlated with the antibiotic resistant pattern.
Statistical Analysis: Statistical analysis was done for all three methods considering TCP as Gold Standard and parameters like senitivity and specificity of TM i.e. 47.2 and 100% respectively.
Results: Out of 92 isolates, biofilm formation was seen in 72 isolates (78.2%) by TCP method. 64 isolates were strong biofilm producers, 8 isolates were moderate biofilm producers and 20 isolates were nonbiofilm producing. High prevalence of biofilm formation was seen in nonhealing ulcers infected with Staphylococcus aureus followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae.
Conclusion: Among three screening methods used for detection of biofilm production, TCP method is considered to be a standard and most reliable for screening of biofilm formation in comparison to TM and CRA.
Case presentation: Here, we present a rare case of E. anophelis meningitis in a Danish male, who had a travel exposure to Malaysia 7 weeks before hospitalization. A multidrug-resistant Elizabethkingia species was isolated from blood and cerebrospinal fluid, and genomic sequencing was used to characterize the phylogenetic position of the isolate, which was determined as associated with previously described sublineage 11. The patient was successfully treated with intravenous moxifloxacin and rifampicin for 2 weeks with no major sequelae, but we did not find the source of transmission.
Conclusion: All clinical microbiologists should be aware of the present limitations of the MALDI-TOF MS systems for correct species identification, and therefore we recommend the use of genome sequencing for the correct identification at the species and sublineage level.
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