Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 68 in total

  1. Kohli S, Bhatia S
    Biomed J, 2015 May-Jun;38(3):244-9.
    PMID: 25355393 DOI: 10.4103/2319-4170.143519
    Proper function, esthetics, and cost are the prime factors to be considered while selecting bridge veneering materials. The purpose of the study is to evaluate color durability of acrylic veneer materials after immersion in common beverages at different time intervals.
    Matched MeSH terms: Polymethyl Methacrylate
  2. Hairenanorashikin Sharip, Rafidah Supar
    This experimental study investigated the significant different in image quality and dose between different
    automatic exposure of exposure parameter (AOP) mode in full field digital mammography (FFDM) system.
    CIRS012A and PMMA breast phantom (4cm, 5cm and 6 cm thickness) were used as subject using
    Senographe Essential FFDM system. TLD chip was used as dose measurement tool. Exposures were taken
    in cranio-caudal projection. 2 radiographers with more than 10 years of working experience in performing
    mammography scored the image independently. Kappa finds a good agreement between raters (kappa
    value=0.9, p0.05). DOSE mode is the preferred selection in optimizing between dose and image quality.
    Matched MeSH terms: Polymethyl Methacrylate
  3. John J, Ann Mani S, Palaniswamy K, Ramanathan A, Razak AA
    J Prosthodont, 2015 Apr;24(3):233-8.
    PMID: 24976147 DOI: 10.1111/jopr.12191
    PURPOSE: The purpose of this preliminary study was to evaluate the flexural properties of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) reinforced with oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) fiber.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: The flexural strength and flexural modulus of three OPEFB fiber-reinforced PMMA were compared with a conventional and a commercially available reinforced PMMA. The three test groups included OPEFB fibers of 0.5 mm thickness, 2.0 mm thickness, and OPEFB cellulose.

    RESULTS: All test group specimens demonstrated improved flexural strength and flexural modulus over conventional PMMA. Reinforcement with OPEFB cellulose showed the highest mean flexural strength and flexural modulus, which were statistically significant when compared to the conventional and commercially reinforced PMMA used in this study. OPEFB fiber in the form of cellulose and 0.5 mm thickness fiber significantly improved flexural strength and flexural modulus of conventional PMMA resin. Further investigation on the properties of PMMA reinforced with OPEFB cellulose is warranted.

    CONCLUSIONS: Natural OPEFB fibers, especially OPEFB in cellulose form, can be considered a viable alternative to existing commercially available synthetic fiber reinforced PMMA resin.

    Matched MeSH terms: Polymethyl Methacrylate/chemistry*
  4. Pahlevanzadeh F, Bakhsheshi-Rad HR, Kharaziha M, Kasiri-Asgarani M, Omidi M, Razzaghi M, et al.
    J Mech Behav Biomed Mater, 2021 04;116:104320.
    PMID: 33571842 DOI: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2021.104320
    Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) bone cements (BCs) have some drawbacks, including limited bioactivity and bone formation, as well as inferior mechanical properties, which may result in failure of the BC. To deal with the mentioned issues, novel bioactive polymethyl methacrylate-hardystonite (PMMA-HT) bone cement (BC) reinforced with 0.25 and 0.5 wt% of carbon nanotube (CNT) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) was synthesized. In this context, the obtained bone cements were evaluated in terms of their mechanical and biological characteristics. The rGO reinforced bone cement exhibited better mechanical properties to the extent that the addition of 0.5 wt% of rGO where its compressive and tensile strength of bioactive PMMA-HT/rGO cement escalated from 92.07 ± 0.72 MPa, and 40.02 ± 0.71 MPa to 187.48 ± 5.79 MPa and 64.92 ± 0.75 MPa, respectively. Besides, the mechanisms of toughening, apatite formation, and cell interaction in CNT and rGO encapsulated PMMA have been studied. Results showed that the existence of CNT and rGO in BCs led to increase of MG63 osteoblast viability, and proliferation. However, rGO reinforced bone cement was more successful in supporting MG63 cell attachment compared to the CNT counterpart due to its wrinkled surface, which made a suitable substrate for cell adhesion. Based on the results, PMMA-HT/rGO can be a proper bone cement for the fixation of load-bearing implants.
    Matched MeSH terms: Polymethyl Methacrylate*
  5. Hamzah, I.H., Sidek, O., Abd Manaf, A.
    ASM Science Journal, 2010;4(2):142-148.
    A preliminary study was carried out to fabricate a three electrode system based on electrochemical sensoring. The cyclic voltammetry (CV) technique was chosen to select the type of metal suitable for evaporation and to compare the results produced from the fabricated gold electrode with the conventional macro-electrode system. The methodology and apparatus used involved low cost apparatus and methodology such as soft lithography, wet-etching, thermal evaporation, direct current sputtering, polymethylmethacrylate moulding and polydimethylsiloxane coating. The experiment was conducted at a fixed scan rate of 100 mV/s by using 0.01 M K3Fe(CN)6 in 0.1M KCl and well known method using Randles-Sevcik equation, peak current ratio and voltage separation was used to analyze the characterization on the fabricated sensors. Electrodes of 6.5 mm2 and 0.26 mm2 were fabricated to prove the adsorption effect of the reactant and the influence of the electrode area on the value of the peak current. CV analysis proved that the fabricated sensor was reliable for a range of 24 h at 25ºC room temperature.
    Matched MeSH terms: Polymethyl Methacrylate
  6. Jamal NA, Tan AW, Yusof F, Katsuyoshi K, Hisashi I, Singh S, et al.
    Materials (Basel), 2016 Mar 30;9(4).
    PMID: 28773377 DOI: 10.3390/ma9040254
    In recent years, closed-cell porous Aluminum (Al) has drawn increasing attention, particularly in the applications requiring reduced weight and energy absorption capability such as in the automotive and aerospace industries. In the present work, porous Al with closed-cell structure was successfully fabricated by powder metallurgy technique using PMMA as a space holder. The effects of the amount of PMMA powder on the porosity, density, microstructure and compressive behaviors of the porous specimens were systematically evaluated. The results showed that closed-cell porous Al having different porosities (12%-32%) and densities (1.6478 g/cm³, 1.5125 g/cm³ and 1.305 g/cm³) could be produced by varying the amount of PMMA (20-30 wt %). Meanwhile, the compressive behavior results demonstrated that the plateau stress decreased and the energy absorption capacity increased with increasing amount of PMMA. However, the maximum energy absorption capacity was achieved in the closed-cell porous Al with the addition of 25 wt % PMMA. Therefore, fabrication of closed-cell porous Al using 25 wt % PMMA is considered as the optimal condition in the present study since the resultant closed-cell porous Al possessed good combinations of porosity, density and plateau stress, as well as energy absorption capacity.
    Matched MeSH terms: Polymethyl Methacrylate
  7. Nizam A, Mohamed SH, Arifin A, Mohd Ishak ZA, Samsudin AR
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 May;59 Suppl B:145-6.
    PMID: 15468860
    The aim of this study was to evaluate the tensile properties and water absorption of denture base material prepared from high molecular weight poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA) and alumina (Al2O3) as particulate filler. Specimens for mechanical testing were prepared by adding composite powder to the monomer followed by hand mixing as in dental laboratory procedure. The tensile strength of the prepared denture base material was slightly higher than commercial denture base material, while the water absorption was almost the same for all formulation of denture base materials.
    Matched MeSH terms: Polymethyl Methacrylate/chemical synthesis*
  8. Mohamed SH, Arifin A, Mohd Ishak ZA, Nizam A, Samsudin AR
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 May;59 Suppl B:25-6.
    PMID: 15468801
    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of powder-to-liquid ratio on the glass transition temperature (Tg) and the tensile properties of denture base material prepared from poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and hydroxyapatite (HA) previously treated with 3-trimethoxysilylpropyl methacrylate (gamma-MPS). Specimens for mechanical testing were prepared by adding composites powder (PMMA, BPO and HA) to the monomer (MMA and EGDMA) followed by hand mixing as in dental laboratory description usage. The glass transition temperature was studied by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). It was observed that the tensile properties and the Tg were affected by the powder-to-liquid ratio. The mechanical characterization of the materials were performed by using single edge notch-tension (SEN-T) specimens; the fracture toughness was slightly higher in formulation which contained HA filler compared to commercial denture base material.
    Matched MeSH terms: Polymethyl Methacrylate*
  9. Zainol Abidin MN, Goh PS, Said N, Ismail AF, Othman MHD, Hasbullah H, et al.
    ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2020 Jul 22;12(29):33276-33287.
    PMID: 32589391 DOI: 10.1021/acsami.0c08947
    The development of wearable artificial kidney demands an efficient dialysate recovery, which relies upon the adsorption process. This study proposes a solution to solve the problem of competitive adsorption between the uremic toxins by employing two adsorptive components in a membrane separation process. Dual-layer hollow fiber (DLHF) membranes, which are composed of a polysulfone (PSf)/activated carbon (AC) inner layer and a PSf/poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) outer layer, were prepared for co-adsorptive removal of creatinine and urea from aqueous solution. The DLHF membranes were characterized in terms of morphological, physicochemical, water transport, and creatinine adsorption properties. The membrane was then subjected to an ultrafiltration adsorption study for performance evaluation. The incorporation of AC in membrane, as confirmed by microscopic and surface analyses, has improved the pure water flux up to 25.2 L/(m2 h). A membrane with optimum AC loading (9 wt %) demonstrated the highest maximum creatinine adsorption capacity (86.2 mg/g) based on the Langmuir adsorption isotherm model. In the ultrafiltration adsorption experiment, the membrane removed creatinine and urea with a combined average percent removal of 29.3%. Moreover, the membrane exhibited creatinine and urea uptake recoveries of 98.8 and 81.2%, respectively. The combined action of PMMA and AC in the PSf DLHF membrane has made the adsorption of multiple uremic toxins possible during dialysate recovery.
    Matched MeSH terms: Polymethyl Methacrylate/chemistry*
  10. Husna Abdul Rahman, Haliza M. Haron, Naimah Mat Isa, Hasnida Saad
    ESTEEM Academic Journal, 2020;15(2):24-34.
    PMMA polymer microfiber doped Multi Walled Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNTs) was reported for alcohol sensing application. The sensitivity of the sensor is increasing relatively with the increment of the alcohol concentration which affects the transmission output power. However, the challenges are on choosing the right material and the simplicity on the fabrication of microfiber sensor for an improvement of the sensitivity of the sensor. A PMMA polymer microfiber doped MWCNTs was introduced for an application of alcohol detection system. Direct drawing technique was used to form a uniform waist size of microfiber sensor with 6µm diameter and 5mm length respectively. The performance of the fabricated sensor was tested with two types of alcohol, namely ethanol and 2-propanol at concentrations varying from 2% to 8% with 2% intervals. The performance which includes sensitivity, linearity and resolution were studied and analysed for the undoped PMMA and PMMA doped MWCNTs-doped polymer microfiber. The PMMA doped MWCNTs sensor which exhibited higher sensitivity for ethanol sensing with 83.23dBm/% with a linearity of 99.96% and a sensitivity of 73.75dBm/% with linearity 99.82% for 2- propanol sensing. The resolution has improved significantly by 0.0004% and 0.0007% respectively. In conclusion, PMMA doped MWCNTs was able to increase the sensitivity as well as the reproducibility of the microfiber sensor for the alcohol detection system.
    Matched MeSH terms: Polymethyl Methacrylate
  11. Hafizawati Zakaria, Norhamidi Muhamad, Abu Bakar Sulong, Mord Halim Irwan Ibrahim, Farhana Foudzi
    Sains Malaysiana, 2014;43:129-136.
    Micro powder injection molding (vim) is a promising process that may satisfy the demand on miniaturization parts to micro domain in mass production with low manufacturing cost. Three mol% yttria stabilized zirconia (Ysz) with nano-sized powder and binder system consists of polyethylene glycol (PEG), polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) and stearic acid (sA) were used. Nano-size powders with higher surface area generally require more binder to form a feedstock. As such, determination of the optimum powder loading of the feedstock for 1UPIM process is important. The rheological characteristics of different YSZ feedstocks with powder loading of 52 53 and 54 vol.% were investigated in terms of flow behavior as a function of viscosity and shear rate. Fairly low values of flow behavior exponent ranging from 025 to 0.39 (n<1) resulted in pseudoplastic flow behavior of the examined Yszfeedstock. The 52 vol.% feedstock exhibited the lowest viscosity resulting in highest activation energy and lowest moldability index of 1.862x10-6, while the 54 vol.% feedstock regardless to its high viscosity, yielded a low activation energy of 4.14 kJImol and high moldability index of 4.59x10-6. Based on rheological properties obtained, a powder loading of 54 vol.% has desirable feedstock characteristics for iumm process and exhibited molding ability for micro detail filling. The relationship between the optimum rheological properties obtained and the actual injection process was also determined. The results showed that the green parts were able to be injected without defects such as short shot or flashing.
    Matched MeSH terms: Polymethyl Methacrylate
  12. Zulfikar MA, Mohammad AW
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 May;59 Suppl B:141-2.
    PMID: 15468858
    Hybrid organic-inorganic membranes were fabricated using sol-gel technique using PMMA and TEOS with 80/20 (w/w) ratio at various solvents. The thin membrane films were then characterized using DSC and TGA. From DSC analysis, the Tg value of the PMMA moieties in hybrids membranes was in the order H-15-Toluene < Pure PMMA < H-15-THF < H-15-DMF. Furthermore, from TGA analysis it was found that the hybrid membranes have higher thermal stability compared to pure PMMA, and the type of solvents used play an important role in their degradation behavior.
    Matched MeSH terms: Polymethyl Methacrylate/analysis; Polymethyl Methacrylate/chemical synthesis*
  13. Mohamed SH, Arifin A, Mohd Ishak ZA, Nizam A, Samsudin AR
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 May;59 Suppl B:147-8.
    PMID: 15468861
    The aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanical properties and glass transition temperature (Tg) of a denture base material prepared from high molecular weight poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA) and alumina (Al2O3). The glass transition temperature was studied by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The effect of powder-to-liquid ratio was investigated. The result showed that the tensile properties and the Tg were slightly effected by the powder-to-liquid ratio. The ratio of 2.2:1 by weight of powder to liquid was found to be the best ratio for mixing the material to give the best result in this formulation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Polymethyl Methacrylate/analysis; Polymethyl Methacrylate/chemical synthesis*
  14. Zamri Radzi, Noor Hayaty Abu Kasim, Yahya, N.A., Gan, S.N., Daud, N.M., Saffai, L., et al.
    Ann Dent, 2007;14(1):46-51.
    The impact strength of a newly developed experimental polyurethane-based polymer which is derived from palm oil (Experimental PU) was compared with denture polymers; heat-cured and self cured polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) and ® Eclipse , light-activated urethane dimethacrylate prosthetic resin system. Ten specimens were ® prepared using heat-cured PMMA (Meliodent Heat Cure, Heraeus Kulzer, Germany), self cured PMMA ® (Meliodent Rapid Repair, Heraeus Kulzer, ® Germany), Eclipse baseplate resin (Dentsply, USA) and Experimental PU material. Specimens were prepared following manu- facturer’s instructions except for the Experimental PU material where it was prepared in bulk and sectioned to the desired dimension, 64 x 6 x 4 mm. A ‘V’ notch of approximately 0.8mm in depth was machine cut across the 6mm width. Prior to the Charpy type impact test, specimens were soaked in a water bath for 50 hours at 37ºC. ® Eclipse baseplate resin showed the highest 2 impact strength (2.73 kJ/m ±0.54) followed by ® 2 Meliodent Rapid Repair (2.50kJ/m ±0.65), ® 2 Meliodent Heat Cure (1.96kJ/m ±0.42) and 2 Experimental PU (1.04kJ/m ±0.29). One-way ANOVA showed significant interaction between materials (p
    Matched MeSH terms: Polymethyl Methacrylate
  15. Hamidi, M., Mohamed, S.N., Mustapha, R.I.P.R., Hassan, O.H., Yahya, M.Z.A.
    In this study, Li1+xAlxTi2-x(PO4)3 (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.5) was prepared by acetic acid-assisted sol-gel method. The structural properties of NASICON phosphates material with chemical formula LiTi2(PO4)3 were observed using the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. NASICON is a family of crystalline phosphate with a general network system consisting of PO4 tetrahedra, thus bands were assigned by vibrations contributed by basic phosphates, in the wavenumber region between 1300 cm-1 and 600 cm-1. Experimental spectra indicated that all Li1+xAlxTi2-x(PO4)3 (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.5), heat treated at 600°C and 700°C for 3 hours in air, samples showed the presence of phosphate peaks with shift in frequency as Al3+ is substituted into the structure, and with increasing temperatures. Some bands broadened and overlapped causing it hard to analyze the arising bands. It however determined the existence of NASICON structure in all of the samples under study.
    Matched MeSH terms: Polymethyl Methacrylate
  16. Tin, Ang Gaik, Mohamad Zailani Abu Bakar, Chen, Cheah Mooi
    The present investigation deals with the development of ethanol-vapour-sensing materials coated with the semiconducting oxide TiO2. Thick films of anatase TiO2 were deposited using the sol-gel dip-coating technique on alumina substrates by conventional alkoxide sol and modified sol added with Degussa P-25 as the sensing medium. It was shown that crystallised TiO2 anatase was obtained at the annealing temperature of 500oC. The fabricated TiO2 sensors exhibited highest sensitivity at the sensing temperature of 350 ºC. Sensitivity towards the ethanol vapour was further increased with UV light effect. The enhancement of the sensitivity of the modified catalytic pellet can be explained by the crystallite of anatase TiO2 and the effect of the photocatalytic of TiO2. The high sensitivity of the TiO2 film deposited with modified sol revealed that the modified sol could be a new alternative in the development of a TiO2 ethanol sensor.
    Matched MeSH terms: Polymethyl Methacrylate
  17. Azizul Isha, Nor Azah Yusof, Musa Ahmad, Dedy Suhendra, Wan Md. Zin Wan Yunus, Zulkarnain Zainal
    An artificial neural network (ANN) was applied for the determination of V(V) based on immobilized fatty hydroxamic acid (FHA) in poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA). Spectra obtained from the V(V)-FHA complex at single wavelengths was used as the input data for the ANN. The V(V)-FHA complex shows a limited linear dynamic range of V(V) concentration of 10 - 100 mg/ L. After training with ANN, the linear dynamic range was extended with low calibration error. A three layer feed forward neural network using backpropagation (BP) algorithm was employed in this study. The input layer consisted of single neurons, 30 neurons in hidden a layer and one output neuron was found appropriate for the multivariate calibration used. The network were trained up to 10000 epochs with 0.003 % learning rate. This reagent also provided a good analytical pedormance with reproducibility characters of the method yielding relative standard deviation (RSD) of 9.29% and 7.09% for V(V) at concentrations of 50 mg/ L and 200 mg/ L, respectively. The limit of detection of the method was 8.4 mg/ L.
    Matched MeSH terms: Polymethyl Methacrylate
  18. Abdullah, M.A.A., Mamat, M., Rusli, S.A., Kassim, A.A.
    ASM Science Journal, 2018;11(101):96-104.
    Considering its excellent thermal stability, alkyl phosphonium surfactant: triisobutyl(methyl)phosphonium
    (TIBMP) was used in this research as an intercalant for surface
    modification of Na+-MMT via ion exchange process forming organomontmorillonite
    (OMMT). The OMMT was then used as filler in poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) via
    melt intercalation technique. OMMT decomposed at a higher temperature than commercial
    alkyammonium modified MMT. Exfoliated and intercalated types of nanocomposites
    are obtained from PMMA/OMMTs at low and high content of OMMT loading, depending
    on the space of those clay platelets had to disperse in PMMA. The ability of OMMT to
    carry a certain load applied in PMMA matrix enhances the tensile strength in all composites.
    TIBMP are compatible with PMMA matrix, and significantly improves the tensile
    properties of PMMA composites.
    Matched MeSH terms: Polymethyl Methacrylate
  19. Kannaiyan K, Biradar Sharashchandra M, Kattimani S, Devi M, Vengal Rao B, Kumar Chinna S
    J Pharm Bioallied Sci, 2020 Aug;12(Suppl 1):S399-S403.
    PMID: 33149494 DOI: 10.4103/jpbs.JPBS_117_20
    Introduction: Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) has been widely accepted and used in dentistry owing to its working characteristics, aesthetics and stability in the oral environment, ease in manipulation, and inexpensive processing methods and equipment.

    Aim and Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the flexural strength of a high-impact PMMA denture base resin material and flexural strength of a commonly available heat cure PMMA denture base material with Kevlar, glass, and nylon fibers.

    Materials and Methods: The test samples were studied under two groups. The Group I (control group) comprised pre-reinforced PMMA (Lucitone 199; Dentsply Sirona Prosthetics, York, Pennsylvania, USA) consisting of 12 samples and second group comprised regular PMMA (DPI, Mumbai, India) reinforced with different fibers. The second test group was further divided into three subgroups as Group 2, Group 3, and Group 4 comprising 12 samples each designated by the letters a-l. All the samples were marked on both ends. A total of 48 samples were tested. Results were analyzed and any P value ≤0.05 was considered as statistically significant (t test).

    Results: All the 48 specimens were subjected to a 3-point bending test on a universal testing machine (MultiTest 10-i, Sterling, VA, USA) at a cross-head rate of 2 mm/min. A load was applied on each specimen by a centrally located rod until fracture occurred; span length taken was 50 mm. Flexural strength was then calculated.

    Conclusion: Reinforcement of conventional denture base resin with nylon and glass fibers showed statistical significance in the flexural strength values when compared to unreinforced high impact of denture base resin.

    Matched MeSH terms: Polymethyl Methacrylate
  20. Rahaman Ali AAA, John J, Mani SA, El-Seedi HR
    J Prosthodont, 2020 Aug;29(7):611-616.
    PMID: 30637856 DOI: 10.1111/jopr.13018
    PURPOSE: To assess the impact of thermal cycling on flexural properties of denture base acrylic resin reinforced with microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) derived from oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB).

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: The flexural strength and flexural modulus, following thermal cycling (5000 cycles of 5-55°C) of 3 MCC-reinforced poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA) specimens were compared with the conventional and commercially available high-impact PMMA. The 3 test groups were represented by addition of various weight combinations of MCC and acrylic powders.

    RESULTS: All 3 test groups with the addition of MCC demonstrated improved flexural strength and flexural modulus compared to the conventional resin, without and after thermal cycling. The highest mean flexural strength corresponded to the specimens reinforced with 5% MCC followed by 2% MCC.

    CONCLUSION: Addition of MCC derived from OPEFB to PMMA may be a viable alternative to the existing, commercially available synthetic reinforced PMMA resins. The potential application of natural fillers in the fabrication of a reinforced denture base resin needs further study.

    Matched MeSH terms: Polymethyl Methacrylate
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