Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 372 in total

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  1. Lee TS
    The rates of rise of the plasma potassium concentrations are not affected by the nature ot the preservative solutions although the solutions influence in a marked degree the rates of haemolysis. The rise in the plasma potassium luvel exhibits two phases. It rises very rapidly for the first ten days of storage, increasing to 12 times the initial concentration in that brief period, after which the change is by comparison much slower. Variation in storage temperature has a greater effect relatively on the increase in the extra-cellular potassium concentration than daily shaking. The plasma calcium level falls by about 25 per cent of the original quantity and then begins to rise when the blood starts to haemolyse. It is suggested that it is the ionised calcium that is affected in this phenomenon. Storage at 38 degree Celcius hastens this fall and rise and so also does the effect of daily shaking.
    Matched MeSH terms: Potassium
  2. Zulfahmi Ali Rahman, Sahibin Abd. Rahim, Wan Muhd Razi Idris, Jasni Yaakob
    Sains Malaysiana, 2007;36(2):105-116.
    Secara geologi, kawasan Cameron Highland terdiri daripada batuan granit batolit yang merejah ke dalam batuan sedimen yang lebih tua. Rejahan jasad igneus asidik ini menyebabkan pembentukan batuan meta-sedimen dan batuan metamorfik lain sebagai sisa bumbung. Sekis sering ditemui telah mengalami luluhawa tinggi hingga sepenuhnya, berwarna kelabu cerah hingga gelap dengan butiran halus hingga sederhana dan struktur foliasi yang ketara. Manakala batuan granit mengandungi mineral kuarza, felspar dan butiran biotit dan/atau turmalin. Kebanyakan cerun potongan jalan raya yang dibina merentasi jasad batuan ini dan survei ketidakstabilan cerun dilakukan berdasarkan jenis, geometri dan cirian fiziko-kimia tanah cerun. Hasil cerapan lapangan menunjukkan bahawa jenis cerun yang gagal adalah jenis cerun tanah yang terdiri daripada jenis gelinciran cetek dan dalam. Antara faktor yang menyumbang kepada ketidakstabilan cerun adalah geometri cerun seperti cerun yang tinggi dan sudut muka cerun yang curam, sifat keperoian tanah pada cerun dan kekurangan litupan vegetasi permukaan. Ini menyebabkan permukaan cerun terdedah kepada hentaman terus hujan. Kesan daripada air larian permukaan juga menyebabkan pembentukan alur-alur hakisan pada muka cerun tanah. Sifat fiziko-kimia bahan cerun (tanah) seperti taburan saiz partikel, pH, kandungan ferum oksida, bahan organik, kandungan air, ketumpatan pukal dan sebenar serta keporosan juga didapati memainkan peranan sebagai faktor yang dalaman dalam mempengaruhi kestabilan cerun tertentu yang dikaji. Julat pH tanah yang rendah (sifat asidik) pada semua cerun mengurangkan kandungan ferum oksida dalam tanah yang bertindak sebagai bahan penyimen tanah. Ini menyebabkan agregatan tanah menjadi lemah dan mudah terhakis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Potassium Compounds
  3. Teah YF, Abduraman MA, Amanah A, Adenan MI, Sulaiman SF, Tan ML
    Food Chem. Toxicol., 2017 Sep;107(Pt A):293-301.
    PMID: 28689918 DOI: 10.1016/j.fct.2017.07.011
    Elephantopus scaber Linn and its major bioactive component, deoxyelephantopin are known for their medicinal properties and are often reported to have various cytotoxic and antitumor activities. This plant is widely used as folk medicine for a plethora of indications although its safety profile remains unknown. Human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG) encodes the cardiac IKr current which is a determinant of the duration of ventricular action potentials and QT interval. The hERG potassium channel is an important antitarget in cardiotoxicity evaluation. This study investigated the effects of deoxyelephantopin on the current, mRNA and protein expression of hERG channel in hERG-transfected HEK293 cells. The hERG tail currents following depolarization pulses were insignificantly affected by deoxyelephantopin in the transfected cell line. Current reduction was less than 40% as compared with baseline at the highest concentration of 50 μM. The results were consistent with the molecular docking simulation and hERG surface protein expression. Interestingly, it does not affect the hERG expression at both transcriptional and translational level at most concentrations, although higher concentration at 10 μM caused protein accumulation. In conclusion, deoxyelephantopin is unlikely a clinically significant hERG channel and Ikr blocker.
    Matched MeSH terms: Potassium/metabolism*; Ether-A-Go-Go Potassium Channels/genetics*; Ether-A-Go-Go Potassium Channels/metabolism; Delayed Rectifier Potassium Channels/genetics*; Delayed Rectifier Potassium Channels/metabolism
  4. Zhang J, Mohamad FH, Wong JH, Mohamad H, Ismail AH, Mohamed Yusoff AA, et al.
    Malays J Med Sci, 2018 Feb;25(1):101-113.
    PMID: 29599640 DOI: 10.21315/mjms2018.25.1.12
    Background: Bamboo shoot has been used as a treatment for epilepsy in traditional Chinese medicine for generations to treat neuronal disorders such as convulsive, dizziness and headaches. 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (4-hba) is a non-flavonoid phenol found abundantly inDendrocalamus aspershoots (bamboo), fruits (strawberries and apples) and flowers. Kv1.4 is a rapidly inactivatingShaker-related member of the voltage-gated potassium channels with two inactivation mechanisms; the fast N-type and slow C-type. It plays vital roles in repolarisation, hyperpolarisation and signaling the restoration of resting membrane potential through the regulation of the movement of K+across the cellular membrane.

    Methods: Chemical compounds fromDendrocalamus asperbamboo shoots were purified and identified as major palmitic acids mixed with other minor fatty acids, palmitic acid, 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde, lauric acid, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid and cholest-4-ene-3-one. The response of synthetic 4-hydroxybenzoic acid was tested on Kv1.4 potassium channel which was injected into viable oocytes that was extracted fromXenopus laevis. The current were detected by the two-microelectrode voltage clamp, holding potential starting from -80 mV with 20 mV step-up until +80 mV. Readings of treatments with 0.1% DMSO, 4-hba concentrations and K channel blockers were taken at +60 mV. The ratio of tail/peak amplitude is the index of the activity of the Kv1.4 channels withn≥ 6 (number of oocytes tested). The decreases of the ratios of five different concentrations (1 μM, 10 μM, 100 μM, 1 mM and 2.5 mM) were compared with 0.1% DMSO as the control.

    Results: All concentration showed statistically significant results withP< 0.05 except for 100 μM. The normalised current of the 4-hba concentrations were compared with potassium channel blockers (TEA and 4-AP) and all groups showed statistically significant results. This study also showed that time taken for each concentration to affect Kv1.4 does not play any significant roles.

    Conclusion: 4-hydroxybenzoic acid was found to be able to enhance the inactivation of Kv1.4 by lowering the membrane potential so that the abnormal neuronal firing can be inhibited. With IC50 slightly higher than 10 μM, increasing concentrations (100 μM, 1 mM and 2.5 mM) had shown to exhibit toxicity effects. The best concentration from this study is 10 μM with Hill slope of 0.1799.

    Matched MeSH terms: Potassium Channels, Voltage-Gated; Potassium Channel Blockers; Kv1.4 Potassium Channel
  5. Tay YL, Teah YF, Chong YM, Jamil MFA, Kollert S, Adenan MI, et al.
    Toxicol Appl Pharmacol, 2016 08 15;305:22-39.
    PMID: 27260674 DOI: 10.1016/j.taap.2016.05.022
    Mitragyna speciosa Korth is known for its euphoric properties and is frequently used for recreational purposes. Several poisoning and fatal cases involving mitragynine have been reported but the underlying causes remain unclear. Human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG) encodes the cardiac IKr current which is a determinant of the duration of ventricular action potentials and QT interval. On the other hand, IK1, a Kir current mediated by Kir2.1 channel and IKACh, a receptor-activated Kir current mediated by GIRK channel are also known to be important in maintaining the cardiac function. This study investigated the effects of mitragynine on the current, mRNA and protein expression of hERG channel in hERG-transfected HEK293 cells and Xenopus oocytes. The effects on Kir2.1 and GIRK channels currents were also determined in the oocytes. The hERG tail currents following depolarization pulses were inhibited by mitragynine with an IC50 value of 1.62μM and 1.15μM in the transfected cell line and Xenopus oocytes, respectively. The S6 point mutations of Y652A and F656A attenuated the inhibitor effects of mitragynine, indicating that mitragynine interacts with these high affinity drug-binding sites in the hERG channel pore cavity which was consistent with the molecular docking simulation. Interestingly, mitragynine does not affect the hERG expression at the transcriptional level but inhibits the protein expression. Mitragynine is also found to inhibit IKACh current with an IC50 value of 3.32μM but has no significant effects on IK1. Blocking of both hERG and GIRK channels may cause additive cardiotoxicity risks.
    Matched MeSH terms: Potassium Channel Blockers/pharmacology*; ERG1 Potassium Channel/genetics; ERG1 Potassium Channel/metabolism; ERG1 Potassium Channel/physiology*
  6. Mente A, O'Donnell MJ, Dagenais G, Wielgosz A, Lear SA, McQueen MJ, et al.
    J. Hypertens., 2014 May;32(5):1005-14; discussion 1015.
    PMID: 24569420 DOI: 10.1097/HJH.0000000000000122
    Although 24-h urinary measure to estimate sodium and potassium excretion is the gold standard, it is not practical for large studies. We compared estimates of 24-h sodium and potassium excretion from a single morning fasting urine (MFU) using three different formulae in healthy individuals.
    Matched MeSH terms: Potassium/urine*
  7. Chua LS, Abdul-Rahaman NL, Sarmidi MR, Aziz R
    Food Chem, 2012 Dec 1;135(3):880-7.
    PMID: 22953800 DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.05.106
    The elemental profiles of six honey samples from Malaysia had been constructed using the data obtained from both ICP-AES and ICP-MS. Potassium and sodium were the most abundant minerals covering from 69.3-78.6% and 14.1-28.7%, respectively. The ratio of potassium to sodium was more than one. Even though the minerals and trace elements composition varied dependent on the type of honey samples, there was no statistically significant difference between the analysed honey samples, namely tualang, gelam, acacia and a few forest honeys based on two-factor ANOVA and cluster analysis. The total element content of honey samples were strongly correlated with the electrical conductivity, but only have moderate correlation with the ash content and honey colour based on the regression analysis. PCA result on the available elemental data from worldwide honeys, including honey samples from Malaysia revealed that potassium and sodium were the mineral markers to distinguish honey origin. Both tualang and gelam honey samples from Malaysia have close mineral profile with sesame honeys from Egypt and multifloral honeys from India, whereas forest honeys Malaysia were near to avocado honeys from Spain and multifloral honeys from India.
    Matched MeSH terms: Potassium/analysis
  8. Petrus AC, Ahmed OH, Muhamad AM, Nasir HM, Jiwan M
    ScientificWorldJournal, 2010 Jul 06;10:1282-92.
    PMID: 20623087 DOI: 10.1100/tsw.2010.121
    Agricultural waste, such as sago waste (SW), is one of the sources of pollution to streams and rivers in Sarawak, particularly those situated near sago processing plants. In addition, unbalanced and excessive use of chemical fertilizers can cause soil and water pollution. Humic substances can be used as organic fertilizers, which reduce pollution. The objectives of this study were to produce K- and ammonium-based organic fertilizer from composted SW and to determine the efficiency of the organic-based fertilizer produced. Humic substances were isolated using standard procedures. Liquid fertilizers were formulated except for T2 (NPK fertilizer), which was in solid form. There were six treatments with three replications. Organic fertilizers were applied to soil in pots on the 10th day after sowing (DAS), but on the 28th DAS, only plants of T2 were fertilized. The plant samples were harvested on the 57th DAS during the tassel stage. The dry matter of plant parts (leaves, stems, and roots) were determined and analyzed for N, P, and K using standard procedures. Soil of every treatment was also analyzed for exchangeable K, Ca, Mg, and Na, organic matter, organic carbon, available P, pH, total N, P, nitrate and ammonium contents using standard procedures. Treatments with humin (T5 and T6) showed remarkable results on dry matter production; N, P, and K contents; their uptake; as well as their use efficiency by maize. The inclusion of humin might have loosened the soil and increased the soil porosity, hence the better growth of the plants. Humin plus inorganic fertilizer provided additional nutrients for the plants. The addition of inorganic fertilizer into compost is a combination of quick and slow release sources, which supplies N throughout the crop growth period. Common fertilization by surface application of T2 without any additives (acidic and high CEC materials) causes N and K to be easily lost. High Ca in the soil may have reacted with phosphate from fertilizer to form Ca phosphate, an insoluble compound of phosphate that is generally not available to plants, especially roots. Mixing soil with humin produced from composted SW before application of fertilizers (T5 and T6) significantly increased maize dry matter production and nutrient use efficiency. Additionally, this practice does not only improve N, P, and K use efficiency, but it also helps to reduce the use of N-, P-, and K-based fertilizers by 50%.
    Matched MeSH terms: Potassium/metabolism*
  9. Adinata D, Wan Daud WM, Aroua MK
    Bioresour Technol, 2007 Jan;98(1):145-9.
    PMID: 16380249
    Palm shell was used to prepare activated carbon using potassium carbonate (K2CO3) as activating agent. The influence of carbonization temperatures (600-1000 degrees C) and impregnation ratios (0.5-2.0) of the prepared activated carbon on the pore development and yield were investigated. Results showed that in all cases, increasing the carbonization temperature and impregnation ratio, the yield decreased, while the adsorption of CO2 increased, progressively. Specific surface area of activated carbon was maximum about 1170 m2/g at 800 degrees C with activation duration of 2 h and at an impregnation ratio of 1.0.
    Matched MeSH terms: Potassium/chemistry*
  10. Shimpi T, Chawla A, Shikhare S
    Med J Malaysia, 2015 Feb;70(1):36-7.
    PMID: 26032528
    Foreign body (FB) aspiration is an emergency of concern at all ages. However, in adults, it can present with atypical symptoms such as shortness of breath, wheezing or rarely cyanosis. Aspiration of oral medications is seen in the elderly population with impairment of protective airway mechanism. Treatment of choice is endoscopic removal of the foreign body. We report such a case of foreign body aspiration (potassium chloride tablet), diagnosed on imaging and subsequently developed bronchostenosis. There are a very few reported cases of oral potassium supplement aspiration and associated complications in the literature.
    Matched MeSH terms: Potassium; Potassium Chloride
  11. Lin YK, Show PL, Yap YJ, Tan CP, Ng EP, Ariff AB, et al.
    J Biosci Bioeng, 2015 Dec;120(6):684-9.
    PMID: 26111602 DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiosc.2015.04.013
    Purification of cyclodextrin glycosyl transferase (CGTase) from Bacillus cereus using polyethylene glycol (PEG)-potassium phosphates aqueous two-phase flotation (ATPF) system was studied in this paper. The effects of varying PEG molecular weight, tie-line length (TLL) value, volume ratio (VR), pH value, crude concentration and gas nitrogen flotation time were investigated. The optimal condition for purification of CGTase was attained at 18.0% (w/w) PEG 8000, 7.0% (w/w) potassium phosphates, VR of 3.0, 20% (w/w) crude load at pH 7, and 80 min nitrogen flotation time at a flow rate of 5 L/min. With this optimal condition, purification factor (PFT) of 21.8 and a yield (YT) of 97.1% were attained. CGTase was successfully purified in a single downstream processing step using the ATPF.
    Matched MeSH terms: Potassium; Potassium Compounds
  12. Chong CS, Ahmad GU
    Health Phys, 1982 Aug;43(2):272-3.
    PMID: 7129886
    Matched MeSH terms: Potassium Radioisotopes/analysis*
  13. Maxwell O, Emmanuel JS, Olusegun AO, Cyril EO, Ifeanyi AT, Embong Z
    Radiat Prot Dosimetry, 2019 May 01;183(3):332-335.
    PMID: 30085254 DOI: 10.1093/rpd/ncy121
    Building materials of different brands were assessed for the concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K using HPGe detector. The activity concentrations in the measured samples ranged from 27 ± 8 to 82 ± 8 Bq kg-1 for 226Ra, 41 ± 4 to 101 ± 8 Bq kg-1 for 232Th and 140 ± 8 to 940 ± 19 Bq kg-1 for 40K, respectively. The Radium equivalent (Raeq) activity from the samples was found to be <370 Bq kg-1 as the recommended value for construction materials. This study will set a baseline data for significant standards on radiation exposure of the measured radionuclides in the selected building materials used in Nigeria.
    Matched MeSH terms: Potassium Radioisotopes/analysis*
  14. Teah YF, Abduraman MA, Amanah A, Adenan MI, Fariza Sulaiman S, Tan ML
    Data Brief, 2017 Oct;14:584-591.
    PMID: 28879216 DOI: 10.1016/j.dib.2017.08.008
    The data presented in this article are related to the research article entitled "The effects of deoxyelephantopin on the cardiac delayed rectifier potassium channel current (IKr) and human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG) expression" (Y.F. Teah, M.A. Abduraman, A. Amanah, M.I. Adenan, S.F. Sulaiman, M.L. Tan) [1], which the possible hERG blocking properties of deoxyelephantopin were investigated. This article describes the construction of human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293) cells overexpressing HERG potassium channel and verification of the presence of hERG mRNA and protein expression in this recombinant cell line.
    Matched MeSH terms: Potassium Channels; Delayed Rectifier Potassium Channels
  15. Foo KY, Hameed BH
    Bioresour Technol, 2011 Oct;102(20):9814-7.
    PMID: 21871796 DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2011.07.102
    Rice husk (RH), an abundant by-product of rice milling, was used for the preparation of activated carbon (RHAC) via KOH and K(2)CO(3) chemical activation. The activation process was performed at the microwave input power of 600 W for 7 min. RHACs were characterized by low temperature nitrogen adsorption/desorption, scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The adsorption behavior was examined using methylene blue as adsorbate. The K(2)CO(3)-activated sample showed higher yield and better pore structures and adsorption capacity development than the KOH-activated sample, with a BET surface area, total pore volume and monolayer adsorption capacity of 1165 m(2)/g, 0.78 cm(3)/g and 441.52 mg/g, respectively. The results revealed the feasibility of microwave heating for preparation of high surface area activated carbons from rice husks via K(2)CO(3) activation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Potassium/chemistry*; Potassium Compounds/chemistry*
  16. Leo CL, Leong WS, Tieh CS, Liew CK
    Med J Malaysia, 2011 Mar;66(1):66-7.
    PMID: 23765149 MyJurnal
    Hyperkalaemia is a life threatening acute medical emergency. Patients with end stage renal failure are more prone to get hyperkalaemia as potassium is normally excreted via the kidneys. Therefore, patients with end stage renal failure should avoid food with high potassium contents. Bananas are well known to have high potassium content. However, the 'king of fruits' the durian, has higher potassium content compared to bananas. We describe a case of life threatening hyperkalaemia in a lady with end stage renal failure who ate durians prior to her presentation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Potassium
  17. Yii MW, Zaharudin A, Norfaizal M
    Appl Radiat Isot, 2007 Dec;65(12):1389-95.
    PMID: 17697782
    The concentrations of 137Cs and 134Cs in Malaysian marine sediments were measured by gamma-ray spectrometry with a high-purity germanium (HPGe) detector connected to a multichannel analyzer. In general, the 137Cs concentration in Malaysian marine sediments has been found to be very low and less than 5 Bq/kg dry weight with the exception of those from a few sampling locations. The concentration of 134Cs was found to be less than the minimum detectable activity for the measuring condition used. Data reported in this paper were found to be comparable with results from within the region and thus can be used as reference data for the country.
    Matched MeSH terms: Potassium Radioisotopes
  18. Samat S, Evans C
    Sains Malaysiana, 2011;40:1355-1358.
    Eleven different brands of mineral water available in Malaysia were assessed in comparison with two criteria for ingested radiation dose. It is concluded that mineral water can only contribute a very small fraction of the typical daily intake of potassium, and that the radiation dose acquired from any of the brands can never exceed a small fraction of the recommended limits.
    Matched MeSH terms: Potassium
  19. Asis T, Zahrim AY, Assis K
    Sains Malaysiana, 2017;46:1201-1210.
    Pengkomposan tandan buah kosong (EFB) dan sisa efluen kilang (POME) merupakan pendekatan lestari bagi menukarkan EFB dan POME kepada baja kompos. Pengkomposan adalah satu proses biologi yang memerlukan pengawalan yang optimum agar nutrien yang terhasil adalah tinggi dan stabil. Cabaran utama yang dihadapi oleh industri kompos ialah untuk menghasilkan kompos yang bernutrien tinggi dan stabil. Objektif kajian ini ialah untuk menganalisis prestasi jangka panjang bagi loji kompos terpilih melalui kandungan nutrien kompos yang dihasilkan. Penyelidikan ini mengkaji prestasi tiga tahun bagi empat loji kompos di Malaysia iaitu loji kompos Merotai, loji kompos Binuang, loji kompos Tanah Merah dan loji kompos Elphil. Prestasi kandungan nutrien yang diambil kira termasuklah nitrogen, kalium, nisbah karbon kepada nitrogen, kandungan kelembapan dan agregat kompos. Sebanyak 1,465 set data nutrien dianalisis secara deskriptif. Secara keseluruhannya, prestasi kandungan nutrien kesemua loji kompos yang dikaji berjaya memenuhi keperluan minimum industri sawit. Namun terdapat kes kompos yang dihasilkan mengandungi nutrien kalium yang tidak mencapai keperluan minimum industri dan kandungan kelembapan kompos yang tinggi. Kesimpulannya, masih terdapat ruang untuk penambahbaikan dalam proses pengkomposan agar kompos yang dihasilkan mengandungi nutrien yang stabil dan memenuhi keperluan minimum industri
    Matched MeSH terms: Potassium
  20. Melissa MH, Azmi S
    Malays J Med Sci, 2013 Jul;20(4):47-55.
    PMID: 24043996 MyJurnal
    The concentrated potassium chloride injection is a high-alert medication and replacing it with a pre-mixed formulation can reduce the risks associated with its use. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical characteristics of patients receiving different potassium chloride formulations available at a private institution. The study also assessed the effectiveness and safety of pre-mixed formulations in the correction of hypokalaemia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Potassium Chloride
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