Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 423 in total

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  1. Zulkarnain, Rozli Zulkifli, Mohd Jailani Mohd Nor
    Sains Malaysiana, 2011;40:1179-1186.
    Penyelidikan ini dilakukan untuk mengkaji ciri akustik serabut sabut kelapa yang berpotensi digunakan sebagai bahan penyerap bunyi. Untuk meningkatkan ciri akustik serabut sabut kelapa pada frekuensi rendah, lapisan berliang digunakan di bahagian depan atau belakang bertujuan untuk meningkatkan nilai galangan permukaan. Bahan selanjutnya dilapisi dengan plat berlubang dengan nisbah keluasan yang berbeza. Sampel diuji mengikut piawaian antarabangsa ASTM E 1050-98 untuk menentukan pekali penyerapan bunyi. Daripada hasil uji kaji, plat 1 mm berlubang yang diperbuat daripada kepingan aluminium yang melapisi serabut sabut kelapa, didapati bahawa nilai maksimum pekali penyerapan bunyi berada pada frekuensi antara 2750 Hz hingga 2825 Hz iaitu dengan nilai 0.97. Nilai nisbah keluasan plat berlubang memberikan pengaruh penurunan pekali penyerapan bunyi pada frekuensi tinggi. Penurunan nilai pekali penyerapan bunyi terjadi apabila plat berlubang mempunyai nilai nisbah keluasan di bawah 0.22. Akan tetapi, penggunaan plat berlubang boleh meningkatkan prestasi penyerapan bunyi serabut sabut kelapa pada frekuensi rendah. Kesepakatan yang baik diperoleh daripada keputusan uji kaji dan analisis dengan pendekatan rangkaian elektrik setara yang digunakan untuk menghitung nilai pekali penyerapan bunyi. Ini menunjukkan bahawa pendekatan rangkaian elektrik setara boleh digunakan untuk merancang dan mengoptimumkan ciri akustik serabut sabut sebagai bahan penyerap bunyi.
    Matched MeSH terms: Aluminum
  2. Tan LL, Musa Ahmad
    Analisis kuantitatif telah dilakukan untuk menentukan kepekatan ion aluminium (Al3+) dalam larutan dengan menggunakan kaedah spektrofotometri UL-Nampak dan jaringan neural tiruan (ANN). Reagen morin telah digunakan untuk membentuk kompleks morin-Al(III). Pencirian terhadap reagen dalam larutan termasuk analisis kestabilan foto reagen, kesan pH, kesan kepekatan, masa rangsangan, julat kepekatan dinamik dan kebolehulangan telah dilakukan. Penggunaan ANN telah berupaya memanjangkan julat kepekatan dinamik ion Al3+ sehingga julat kepekatan 1-13 ppm.
    Matched MeSH terms: Aluminum
  3. Sarizal Md Ani, Andanastuti Muchtar, Norhamidi Muhamad, Jaharah A. Ghani
    Sains Malaysiana, 2013;42:1311-1317.
    Pencirian keseragaman campuran dan sifat reologi bahan suapan merupakan elemen penting dalam melaksanakan proses pengacuan suntikan seramik. Kesesuaian bahan suapan yang dibangunkan dapat mengurangkan masalah yang timbul ketika proses pengacuan suntikan, penyahikatan dan pensinteran. Justeru itu, kajian ini dijalankan untuk mengenal pasti pembebanan serbuk yang optimum berdasarkan kepada keseragaman campuran dan sifat reologi bahan. Pencirian keseragaman campuran ditentukan berdasarkan kepada nilai tork yang rendah dan berkeadaan mantap. Kajian reologi pula dilakukan dengan menggunakan mesin reometer rerambut. Ujian dijalankan pada julat suhu 150 dan 170oC dengan beban kenaan antara 20 dan 90 kgf. Bahan suapan yang digunakan terdiri daripada kombinasi serbuk seramik alumina-zirkonia bersama bahan pengikat polietilena berketumpatan tinggi, lilin parafin dan asid stearik. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahan suapan bersifat pseudoplastik dengan pencampuran bahan yang seragam dalam tempoh kurang daripada 30 min. Hasil keputusan juga mendapati pada pembebanan serbuk 57% isi padu adalah yang paling optimum untuk proses pengacuan suntikan seramik berdasarkan kepada nilai kelikatan, indeks hukum kuasa dan tenaga pengaktifan aliran yang rendah.
    Matched MeSH terms: Aluminum Oxide
  4. Titah HS, Purwanti IF, Tangahu BV, Kurniawan SB, Imron MF, Abdullah SRS, et al.
    J Environ Manage, 2019 May 15;238:194-200.
    PMID: 30851558 DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.03.011
    The emergence of the aluminium recycling industry has led to an increase in aluminium-containing wastewater discharge to the environment. Biological treatment of metal is one of the solutions that can be provided as green technology. Screening tests showed that Brochothrix thermosphacta and Vibrio alginolyticus have the potential to remove aluminium from wastewater. Brochothrix thermosphacta removed up to 49.60%, while Vibrio alginolyticus was capable of removing up to 59.72% of 100 mg/L aluminium in acidic conditions. The removal of aluminium by V. alginolyticus was well fitted with pseudo-first-order kinetics (k1 = 0.01796/min), while B. thermosphacta showed pseudo-second-order kinetics (k2 = 0.125612 mg substrate/g adsorbent. hr) in the process of aluminium removal. V. alginolyticus had a higher rate constant under acidic conditions, while B. thermosphacta had a higher rate constant under neutral pH conditions.
    Matched MeSH terms: Aluminum*
  5. Khairudin NF, Mohammadi M, Mohamed AR
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int, 2021 Jun;28(23):29157-29176.
    PMID: 33550559 DOI: 10.1007/s11356-021-12794-0
    This study deals with the development of alumina-supported cobalt (Co/Al2O3) catalysts with remarkable performance in dry reforming of methane (DRM) and least carbon deposition. The influence of Co content, calcination, and reduction temperatures on the physicochemical attributes and catalyst activity of the developed catalysts was extensively studied. For this purpose, several characterization techniques including ICP-MS, H2 pulse chemisorption, HRTEM, H2-TPR, N2 adsorption desorption, and TGA were implemented, and the properties of the developed catalysts were carefully analyzed. The impact of reaction temperature, feed gas ratio, and gas hourly space velocity (GHSV) on the reactants conversion and products yield was investigated. Use of 10%Co/Al2O3 catalyst, calcined at 500°C and reduced under H2 at 900°C in DRM reaction at 850°C, CH4/CO2 ratio of 1:1, and GHSV of 6 L.g-1.h-1 resulted in a remarkable catalytic activity and sustainable performance in long-term operation where great CO2 (96%) and CH4 (98%) conversions and high H2 (83%) and CO (91%) yields with a negligible carbon deposition (3 wt%) were attained in 100-h on-stream reaction. The good performance of the developed catalyst in DRM reaction was attributed to the small Co particle size with well-dispersion on the alumina support which increased the catalytic activity and also the strong metal-support interaction which inhibited any serious metal sintering and enhanced the catalyst stability.
    Matched MeSH terms: Aluminum Oxide*
  6. Thevi T, Abas AL
    Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ), 2021 6 25;18(72):414-419.
    PMID: 34165102
    Bauxite is an ore from which Aluminium is produced. Malaysia, once the leading producer of bauxite has reduced production as mining activity has caused community outrage. Due to concerns about health concerns, rising pollution and environmental hazards, the government has revoked the licenses of bauxite miners. We therefore did a meta-analysis to assess the relationship between exposure to Bauxite and Alumina with incidence of various types of cancers. Bauxite mines and alumina refineries. Individuals of all ages exposed to Bauxite and Alumina. Exposure to bauxite and alumina. Incidence due to overall cancers and specific types of cancers. Exposure to bauxite and alumina did not cause variations in incidence of overall cancer and specific types of cancer such as cancer of lip, cancer of the oral cavity and pharynx, cancer of digestive organs and others. We conclude that there is no evidence that bauxite or alumina exposure cause increase incidence of cancer but due to the small number of studies included in this review, we recommend more cohort studies to be done in future.
    Matched MeSH terms: Aluminum Oxide/adverse effects; Aluminum Oxide/analysis
  7. Matori KA, Wah LC, Hashim M, Ismail I, Zaid MH
    Int J Mol Sci, 2012;13(12):16812-21.
    PMID: 23222685 DOI: 10.3390/ijms131216812
    We report on a recycling project in which α-Al(2)O(3) was produced from aluminum cans because no such work has been reported in literature. Heated aluminum cans were mixed with 8.0 M of H(2)SO(4) solution to form an Al(2)(SO(4))(3) solution. The Al(2)(SO(4))(3) salt was contained in a white semi-liquid solution with excess H(2)SO(4); some unreacted aluminum pieces were also present. The solution was filtered and mixed with ethanol in a ratio of 2:3, to form a white solid of Al(2)(SO(4))(3)·18H(2)O. The Al(2)(SO(4))(3)·18H(2)O was calcined in an electrical furnace for 3 h at temperatures of 400-1400 °C. The heating and cooling rates were 10 °C /min. XRD was used to investigate the phase changes at different temperatures and XRF was used to determine the elemental composition in the alumina produced. A series of different alumina compositions, made by repeated dehydration and desulfonation of the Al(2)(SO(4))(3)·18H(2)O, is reported. All transitional alumina phases produced at low temperatures were converted to α-Al(2)O(3) at high temperatures. The X-ray diffraction results indicated that the α-Al(2)O(3) phase was realized when the calcination temperature was at 1200 °C or higher.
    Matched MeSH terms: Aluminum/chemistry*; Aluminum Oxide/chemistry*
  8. Madun, A., Wijeyesekera, D.C., Ahmad Tajuddin, S.A., Zainalabidin, M.H., Yunus, R., Baharudin, M.F.
    MyJurnal
    Seismic surface waves are a non-destructive technique used to obtain the dynamic properties of soil by measuring the shear wave velocity and calculating the shear modulus of soil. The shear modulus is one of the parameters to measure the stiffness of materials. This study evaluates soil profiles and the position of the sensor while conducting measurements of two , soil profiles, i.e. lateral and vertical non-homogeneities, using a continuous surface wave analysis (CSW) and multi-channel analysis of surface waves (MASW). Results showed the dispersive curve demonstrated an increased shear wave velocity with increasing depth for the sensor pair measurements on the clay (between columns), and decreased shear wave velocity with increasing depth for the sensor pair measurements on the column. In both instances the surface wave velocity results influenced by the depth and size of the wavelength, indicating that depth and wavelength controlled the volume of measurement in an elliptical shape. Therefore, the shear wave velocities and thus stiffness measured from the surface wave velocity techniques are represented the volume of soil measured across the sensor length.
    Matched MeSH terms: Aluminum Silicates
  9. Azman Jalar, Norinsan Kamil Othman, Emee Marina Salleh, Zaifol Samsu
    Sains Malaysiana, 2018;47:1251-1257.
    Keluli karbon amat mudah terkakis dalam pelbagai persekitaran terutamanya dalam keadaan berudara lembap dan suhu tinggi. Oleh sebab itu, permukaan keluli karbon perlu dilindungi dengan bahan atau logam yang mampu menangani serangan kakisan yang agresif dengan membentuk lapisan oksida dan lapisan antara logam yang bersifat pelindung. Kajian ini dijalankan untuk menentukan mikrostruktur permukaan dan kekerasan salutan aluminium (Al) tulen yang telah dihasilkan melalui teknik celupan panas. Celupan panas dalam leburan Al tulen dilakukan pada suhu berbeza untuk mendapatkan lapisan salutan yang optimum. Keputusan teknik celupan panas menunjukkan dua lapisan utama terhasil iaitu lapisan luar Al dan lapisan dalam aluminit (Fe-Al). Manakala lapisan dalam aluminida terdiri daripada dua lapisan yang berbeza iaitu lapisan nipis luar FeAl3 dan lapisan tebal dalam Fe2Al5. Keputusan daripada ujian mikrokekerasan Vickers menunjukkan bahawa nilai kekerasan lapisan aluminida meningkat dengan peningkatan suhu leburan Al manakala lapisan Al tidak menunjukkan sebarang perubahan yang ketara.
    Matched MeSH terms: Aluminum
  10. Zulfahmi Ali Rahman, Sahibin Abd. Rahim, Wan Muhd Razi Idris, Jasni Yaakob
    Sains Malaysiana, 2007;36(2):105-116.
    Secara geologi, kawasan Cameron Highland terdiri daripada batuan granit batolit yang merejah ke dalam batuan sedimen yang lebih tua. Rejahan jasad igneus asidik ini menyebabkan pembentukan batuan meta-sedimen dan batuan metamorfik lain sebagai sisa bumbung. Sekis sering ditemui telah mengalami luluhawa tinggi hingga sepenuhnya, berwarna kelabu cerah hingga gelap dengan butiran halus hingga sederhana dan struktur foliasi yang ketara. Manakala batuan granit mengandungi mineral kuarza, felspar dan butiran biotit dan/atau turmalin. Kebanyakan cerun potongan jalan raya yang dibina merentasi jasad batuan ini dan survei ketidakstabilan cerun dilakukan berdasarkan jenis, geometri dan cirian fiziko-kimia tanah cerun. Hasil cerapan lapangan menunjukkan bahawa jenis cerun yang gagal adalah jenis cerun tanah yang terdiri daripada jenis gelinciran cetek dan dalam. Antara faktor yang menyumbang kepada ketidakstabilan cerun adalah geometri cerun seperti cerun yang tinggi dan sudut muka cerun yang curam, sifat keperoian tanah pada cerun dan kekurangan litupan vegetasi permukaan. Ini menyebabkan permukaan cerun terdedah kepada hentaman terus hujan. Kesan daripada air larian permukaan juga menyebabkan pembentukan alur-alur hakisan pada muka cerun tanah. Sifat fiziko-kimia bahan cerun (tanah) seperti taburan saiz partikel, pH, kandungan ferum oksida, bahan organik, kandungan air, ketumpatan pukal dan sebenar serta keporosan juga didapati memainkan peranan sebagai faktor yang dalaman dalam mempengaruhi kestabilan cerun tertentu yang dikaji. Julat pH tanah yang rendah (sifat asidik) pada semua cerun mengurangkan kandungan ferum oksida dalam tanah yang bertindak sebagai bahan penyimen tanah. Ini menyebabkan agregatan tanah menjadi lemah dan mudah terhakis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Aluminum Silicates
  11. Looi PY, Mohamed AR, Tye CT
    J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2013 Oct;13(10):6988-95.
    PMID: 24245175
    In this study, performances of mesoporous Mo/Al2O3 catalysts prepared by sol-gel and post-hydrolysis methods in hydrocracking of atmospheric residual oil were compared. In addition, different methods: (i) the single step and (ii) conventional impregnation method to incorporate active metal over the mesoporous support were also investigated. For single step method, Mo/Al2O3 catalysts were synthesized directly by sol-gel and post-hydrolysis method. On the other hand, the impregnation method was a two step procedure which involved the production of alumina via sol-gel or post-hydrolysis method and followed by respective Mo impregnation. In general, mesoporous Mo/Al2O3 catalysts prepared by sol-gel method resulted in relatively higher surface area (> 400 m2/g) and large pore volume (- 0.8 cm3/g). Mo/Al2O3 catalysts prepared by sol-gel method exhibited higher hydrocracking activity as well. The Mo crystal size was found to relate directly with the hydrocracking result.
    Matched MeSH terms: Aluminum Oxide
  12. Hussein HT, Kadhim A, Al-Amiery AA, Kadhum AA, Mohamad AB
    ScientificWorldJournal, 2014;2014:842062.
    PMID: 25136694 DOI: 10.1155/2014/842062
    Influence of laser treatment on mechanical properties, wear resistance, and Vickers hardness of aluminum alloy was studied. The specimens were treated by using Nd:YaG laser of energy 780 mj, wavelength 512 nm, and duration time 8 ns. The wear behavior of the specimens was studied for all specimens before and after treatment by Nd:YaG laser and the dry wear experiments were carried out by sing pinon-disc technique. The specimens were machined as a disk with diameter of 25 mm and circular groove in depth of 3 mm. All specimens were conducted by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence analysis (EDS), optical microscopy, and Vickers hardness. The results showed that the dry wear rate was decreased after laser hardening and increased Vickers hardness values by ratio of 2.4:1. The results showed that the values of wear rate for samples having circular grooves are less than samples without grooves after laser treatment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Aluminum/chemistry*
  13. Khatir NM, Banihashemian SM, Periasamy V, Majid WH, Rahman SA, Shahhosseini F
    Sensors (Basel), 2011;11(7):6719-27.
    PMID: 22163981 DOI: 10.3390/s110706719
    A new patterning method using Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid (DNA) strands capable of producing nanogaps of less than 100 nm is proposed and investigated in this work. DNA strands from Bosenbergia rotunda were used as the fundamental element in patterning DNA on thin films of aluminium (Al) metal without the need for any lithographic techniques. The DNA strands were applied in buffer solutions onto thin films of Al on silicon (Si) and the chemical interactions between the DNA strands and Al creates nanometer scale arbitrary patterning by direct transfer of the DNA strands onto the substrate. This simple and cost-effective method can be utilized in the fabrication of various components in electronic chips for microelectronics and Nano Electronic Mechanical System (NEMS) applications in general.
    Matched MeSH terms: Aluminum/chemistry*
  14. Megat Harun Al Rashid Megat Ahmad, Abdul Aziz Mohamed, Azmi Ibrahim, Che Seman Mahmood, Putra, Edy Giri Rachman, Muhammad Rawi Muhammad Zin, et al.
    MyJurnal
    Alumina powder was synthesized from an aluminum precursor and studied using small angle neutron scattering (SANS) technique and complemented with transmission electron microscope (TEM). XRD measurement confirmed that the alumina produced was of high purity and highly crystalline D-phase. SANS examination indicates the formation of mass fractals microstructures with fractal dimension of about 2.8 on the alumina powder.
    Matched MeSH terms: Aluminum; Aluminum Oxide
  15. Mohamad Zaky Noh, Luay Bakir Hussain, Zainal Arifin Ahmad
    MyJurnal
    The joining of ceramic-metal could be done through a few techniques: brazing, diffusion bonding, friction welding etc. However, the mechanism of ceramic-metal joining was still not properly understood. In this study, alumina rod was bonded to mild steel rod via friction welding technique by using Al 1100 sheet as interlayer. The diameter of the rods was 10 mm. Friction pressure of 20 MPa and forging pressure of 40 MPa were used. Rotational speeds were maintained at 900 rpm and friction times of 2 to 20 seconds were applied. The joining strength was determined through four point bending test. The maximum bending strength, 240 MPa was obtained at the friction times of 20 seconds. Under optical microscope and SEM observation, the deformation of the aluminum interface was clearly obtained. Mechanical interlocking and close contact between the aluminaaluminum and aluminum-mild steel were observed at magnifications of 3000X. The strength of alumina-steel bonding is much dependent on the wettability of the alumina surface by the molten aluminum and the existing of mechanical interlocking between interlayer and sample materials.
    Matched MeSH terms: Aluminum; Aluminum Oxide
  16. CUMMINS GE, AUN YS, DAVIES TA
    Med J Malaya, 1958 Jun;12(4):613-7.
    PMID: 13577154
    Matched MeSH terms: Aluminum Silicates*
  17. Nik Muhamad NA, Hawari R, Shafie H
    Med J Malaysia, 2016 Aug;71(4):213-214.
    PMID: 27770125 MyJurnal
    Aluminium phosphide (ALP) is highly toxic and poisoning can result in high mortality rates. A 26-year-old female who allegedly ingested a toxic dose of ALP presented with vomiting and diarrhoea. She developed cardiac arrest with refractory pulseless ventricular tachycardia. Despite aggressive resuscitation, she succumbed to death seven hours following ingestion. In cases like this, a better outcome can be achieved with early arrival, prompt diagnosis, aggressive resuscitation and intensive monitoring.
    Matched MeSH terms: Aluminum*
  18. Ahmad A, Lajis MA, Yusuf NK
    Materials (Basel), 2017 Sep 19;10(9).
    PMID: 28925963 DOI: 10.3390/ma10091098
    Solid-state recycling, which involves the direct recycling of scrap metal into bulk material using severe plastic deformation, has emerged as a potential alternative to the conventional remelting and recycling techniques. Hot press forging has been identified as a sustainable direct recycling technique that has fewer steps and maintains excellent material performance. An experimental investigation was conducted to explore the hardness and density of a recycled aluminum-based metal matrix composite by varying operating temperature and holding time. A mixture of recycled aluminum, AA6061, and aluminum oxide were simultaneously heated to 430, 480, and 530 °C and forged for 60, 90, and 120 min. We found a positive increase in microhardness and density for all composites. The hardness increased approximately 33.85%, while density improved by about 15.25% whenever the temperature or the holding time were increased. Based on qualitative analysis, the composite endures substantial plastic deformation due to the presence of hardness properties due to the aluminum oxide embedded in the aluminum matrix. These increases were significantly affected by the operating temperature; the holding time also had a subordinate role in enhancing the metal matrix composite properties. Furthermore, in an effort to curb the shortage of primary resources, this study reviewed the promising performance of secondary resources produced by using recycled aluminum and aluminum oxide as the base matrix and reinforcement constituent, respectively. This study is an outline for machining practitioners and the manufacturing industry to help increase industry sustainability with the aim of preserving the Earth for our community in the future.
    Matched MeSH terms: Aluminum; Aluminum Oxide
  19. Marto A, Tan CS, Makhtar AM, Kung Leong T
    ScientificWorldJournal, 2014;2014:290207.
    PMID: 24757417 DOI: 10.1155/2014/290207
    The Critical State Soil Mechanic (CSSM) is a globally recognised framework while the critical states for sand and clay are both well established. Nevertheless, the development of the critical state of sand matrix soils is lacking. This paper discusses the development of critical state lines and corresponding critical state parameters for the investigated material, sand matrix soils using sand-kaolin mixtures. The output of this paper can be used as an interpretation framework for the research on liquefaction susceptibility of sand matrix soils in the future. The strain controlled triaxial test apparatus was used to provide the monotonic loading onto the reconstituted soil specimens. All tested soils were subjected to isotropic consolidation and sheared under undrained condition until critical state was ascertain. Based on the results of 32 test specimens, the critical state lines for eight different sand matrix soils were developed together with the corresponding values of critical state parameters, M, λ, and Γ. The range of the value of M, λ, and Γ is 0.803-0.998, 0.144-0.248, and 1.727-2.279, respectively. These values are comparable to the critical state parameters of river sand and kaolin clay. However, the relationship between fines percentages and these critical state parameters is too scattered to be correlated.
    Matched MeSH terms: Aluminum Silicates/standards; Aluminum Silicates/chemistry
  20. Hutagalung, Sabar D., Woon, Wu S., Khatijah A. Yaacob, Lockman, Zainovia
    MyJurnal
    P-type transparent conductive oxide of copper aluminum oxide (CuAlO2) thin films were prepared by using sol-gel method with nitrate solutions as starting precursor. Copper nitrate and aluminum nitrate were selected as raw materials that provide the copper and aluminum source. The CuAlO2 thin films were deposited on pre-cleaned silicon substrate by spin-coating technique. To study of phase formation of CuAlO2, as prepared sample was dried and subjected to heat treatment at various temperatures. The heat-treated samples were characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD) and energy dispersive x-ray (EDX). From XRD analysis result found that CuAlO2 phase was formed after annealing at 1100 o C for 4 hrs. EDX result of annealed sample at 1100 o C shows composition of Cu and Al that indicate the possibility of forming CuAlO2.
    Matched MeSH terms: Aluminum; Aluminum Oxide; Aluminum Compounds
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