Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 255 in total

  1. Venkateskumar K, Parasuraman S, Gunasunderi R, Sureshkumar K, Nayak MM, Shah SA, et al.
    Int J Pharm Investig, 2016 Oct-Dec;6(4):194-200.
    PMID: 28123988 DOI: 10.4103/2230-973X.195925
    The objective of this study is to provide a mechanistic insight into solubility enhancement and dissolution of acyclovir (ACY) by polyethylene glycol20000 (PEG20000).
    Matched MeSH terms: Solubility
  2. Yeoh, Cheow Keat, Srimala Sreekantan, Sabar Derita Hutagalung, Zainal Arifin Ahmad
    CaCu3Ti4O12 was synthesized starting from a solution of TiO2 to which Ca and Cu nitrates were added. Due to the differences in the solubilities of the Ca, Cu and Ti, initial variations from ideal stoichiometry and a high solution pH was necessary to obtain stoichiometric CaCu3Ti4O12 precipitates. As precipitated samples were amorphous with CuO phases observed after drying of the precipitates at 300 oC. CaCu3Ti4O12 phases were observed after heat treatment at 1000 oC. XRD studies show the presence of CuO and TiO2 in addition to the CaCu3Ti4O12 for non stoichiometric samples. Observations under the SEM show the presence of Cu rich and Ti rich phases in addition to the CaCu3Ti4O12.
    Matched MeSH terms: Solubility
  3. Ling I, Kumari H, Mirzamani M, Sobolev AN, Garvey CJ, Atwood JL, et al.
    Chem. Commun. (Camb.), 2018 Sep 25;54(77):10824-10827.
    PMID: 30140821 DOI: 10.1039/c8cc05650a
    We report on the assembly of three-fold axially compressed icosahedral arrays of the bowl shaped p-sulfonatocalix[4]arene molecules in the solid-state, intricately bound to dipicolinate and yttrium(iii) ions, with the compression reflected in Hirshfeld surface analyses. Solution studies show dissolution of the icosahedra intact, but with a geometrical rearrangement to regular icosahedra.
    Matched MeSH terms: Solubility
  4. Tounsia Abbas-Aksil, Salem Benamara
    Sains Malaysiana, 2015;44:301-308.
    Lyophilized powder (LP) from Algerian arbutus wild berries (Arbutus unedo L.) was obtained. This present paper reports about the dissolution (releasing) properties of LP-based tablets, evaluated through the electric conductivity (EC) of distilled water which is employed as surrounding medium, at three different temperatures (291, 298 and 309 K). In addition to this, secondary physicochemical characteristics such as elementary analysis, color and compressibility were evaluated. Regarding the modeling of ionic transfer, among the three tested models, namely Peleg, Singh et al. and Singh and Kulshestha, the latter seems to be the most appropriate (R2 = 0.99), particularly in the case of compacted tablets under 2000 Pa. The temperature dependence of the dissolution process was also studied applying Arrhenius equation (R2>0.8) which allowed to deduce the activation energy, ranging from 18.7 to 21.4 kJ.mol-1 according to the model and compression force employed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Solubility
  5. Watanabe A, Moroi K, Sato H, Tsutsuki K, Maie N, Melling L, et al.
    Chemosphere, 2012 Aug;88(10):1265-8.
    PMID: 22564456 DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.04.005
    Wetlands are an important source of DOM. However, the quantity and quality of wetlands' DOM from various climatic regions have not been studied comprehensively. The relationship between the concentrations of DOM (DOC), humic substances (HS) and non-humic substances (NHS) in wetland associated sloughs, streams and rivers, in cool temperate (Hokkaido, Japan), sub-tropical (Florida, USA), and tropical (Sarawak, Malaysia) regions was investigated. The DOC ranged from 1.0 to 15.6 mg CL(-1) in Hokkaido, 6.0-24.4 mg CL(-1) in Florida, and 18.9-75.3 mg CL(-1) in Sarawak, respectively. The relationship between DOC and HS concentrations for the whole sample set was regressed to a primary function with y-intercept of zero (P<0.005) and a slope value of 0.841. A similar correlation was observed between DOC and NHS concentrations, with a smaller slope value of 0.159. However, the correlation coefficient of the latter was much larger when the data was regressed to a logarithmic curve. These observations suggest the presence of a general tendency that the increased DOC in the river waters was mainly due to the increased supply of HS from wetland soils, whereas the rate of the increase in the NHS supply has an upper limit which may be controlled by primary productivity.
    Matched MeSH terms: Solubility
  6. Gorajana A, Rajendran A, Yew LM, Dua K
    Int J Pharm Investig, 2015 Jul-Sep;5(3):171-8.
    PMID: 26258059 DOI: 10.4103/2230-973X.160857
    The objective of the current study is to increase the dissolution rate of cefuroxime axetil (CA) by formation of binary CA solid dispersion using water soluble carriers such as polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP K30) and polyethylene glycol (PEG 4000).
    Matched MeSH terms: Solubility
  7. Kang, O.L., Yong, P.F., Ma’aruf, A.G., Osman, H., Nazaruddin, R.
    In this work, oven-dried, freeze-dried and spray-dried agaro-oligosaccharide powders were characterized to investigate their physicochemical and antioxidant properties. Agaro-oligosaccharide powders were shown to exhibit high water solubility index (88.73 – 95.88%), water absorption capacity (0.96 – 2.57 g/g) and oil absorption capacity (0.40 – 0.45 g/g). Agaro-oligosaccharide powders were shown to possess moderate DPPH radical scavenging activity (10.65 – 14.59%), ABTS radical scavenging activity (44 .47 – 65.61%) and ferric reducing antioxidant activity (0.165 – 0.353). Agaro-oligosaccharide powders were further characterized with respect to thermal and pH stability. Agaro-oligosaccharide powders were shown to exhibit high temperature resistance (≤ 100oC) and acid/alkaline resistance.
    Matched MeSH terms: Solubility
  8. Nahar, M.K., Hashim, U., Zakaria, Z.
    This work was investigated the protein solubility properties of meat from chicken in different
    body part. The effects of fresh and freezing condition were studied on the protein solubility as
    a functional property of slaughter and non slaughtering chicken meat. Solubility of proteins
    was significantly reduced for slaughtering fresh meat and in contrast, non slaughtering fresh
    meat shows the higher protein solubility. On the other hand, frozen storage meat showed the
    difference amount of protein solubility between slaughtering and non slaughtering condition
    meat. Freezing condition also showed that the different solubility of different body part meat.
    The protein solubility of some parts was significantly increased and some were decreased
    between the slaughtering and non slaughtering condition.
    Matched MeSH terms: Solubility
  9. Othman M, Ariff AB, Rios-Solis L, Halim M
    Front Microbiol, 2017;8:2285.
    PMID: 29209295 DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.02285
    Lactic acid bacteria are industrially important microorganisms recognized for their fermentative ability mostly in their probiotic benefits as well as lactic acid production for various applications. Nevertheless, lactic acid fermentation often suffers end-product inhibition which decreases the cell growth rate. The inhibition of lactic acid is due to the solubility of the undissociated lactic acid within the cytoplasmic membrane and insolubility of dissociated lactate, which causes acidification of cytoplasm and failure of proton motive forces. This phenomenon influences the transmembrane pH gradient and decreases the amount of energy available for cell growth. In general, the restriction imposed by lactic acid on its fermentation can be avoided by extractive fermentation techniques, which can also be exploited for product recovery.
    Matched MeSH terms: Solubility
    Sains Malaysiana, 2013;42:1755-1761.
    Aluminum foams were fabricated by sintering dissolution process (SDP) using sodium chloride (NaCl) as space holder. The compositions of space holder, used in this study were 40 and 60 wt. % with different dissolution times; 1, 2 and 3 h. The effect of different dissolution times on compressive behavior and energy absorption of foams were evaluated. The result showed that by increasing space holder and dissolution times, energy absorption capability increases. For aluminum foam contains 60 wt. % NaCl, longer dissolution times resulted in thinner cell wall and cell structure become more unstable which lead to lower plateau region.
    Matched MeSH terms: Solubility
  11. Uthumporn U, Nadiah I, Izzuddin I, Cheng LH, Aida H
    Sains Malaysiana, 2017;46:223-229.
    This research mainly focused on isolation of non-starch polysaccharide (NSP) from different parts of cassava tuber by using water extraction and to evaluate the effect of NSP addition into flour on nutritional composition, swelling and solubility, pasting properties and dough characteristics by farinograph and extensograph. Three origins of (NSP) extracted were used: cassava peels, coarse and fine portions from cassava flesh. The isolation of NSP was done by using water extraction method and designated as water-extractable (WEP) and water un-extractable non starch polysaccharides (WUP). The percentage yield of WEP (0.24 - 1.64%) from water extraction was significantly lower as compared to WUP (2.58 - 4.33%). Upon the incorporation of 5% NSP, the cassava flour showed lower moisture content compared to the sample without the addition of NSP, while fats and crude fiber content of cassava flours were found to be increased upon the incorporation of 5% NSP from all origins. Swelling power and solubility of cassava flour were being reduced upon the incorporation of 5% of NSP from cassava peel and coarse portion of cassava flesh. The changes in dough characteristics showed that water absorption of the samples upon the addition of 5% NSP into wheat flour was found to be higher compared to control wheat flour. In contrast, dough stability and extensibility, tolerance index, resistance to extension, as well as the work input necessary for dough deformation from wheat flour with addition of 5% NSP resulted lower than control wheat flour. Overall, NSP extracted from cassava peels and coarse portion of cassava flesh performed similar characteristics and functional properties upon the incorporation into the flour.
    Matched MeSH terms: Solubility
  12. Mst Kamrun Nahar, Uda Hashim, Zarina Zakaria, Md Fazlul Bari
    Sains Malaysiana, 2017;46:719-724.
    This study examined the influence of pH and salt concentration on the protein solubility of slaughtered and non-slaughtered broiler chicken meat. Three types of salt (NaCl, Na2SO4, and (NH4)2SO4), five different pH levels (5.0, 6.0, 7.0, 8.0 and 9.0) and five salt concentrations (0.4, 0.8, 1.2, 1.6, and 2.0 M) were examined. Each type of salt showed distinctive activities for slaughtered and non-slaughtered meat protein solubility. Soluble protein concentration increased as pH increased (p<0.05) from pH5.0 to 8.0 and decreased from pH8.0 to 9.0. It was also observed that protein solubility increased as the salt concentration increased. Protein solubility significantly increased (p<0.05) in the non-slaughtered meat compared to the slaughtered meat at pH8.0 for Na2SO4 at 1.2 M.
    Matched MeSH terms: Solubility
  13. Hukmi, N.M.M., Sarbon, N.M.
    The aims of this study are to isolate and characterize acid soluble collagen (ASC) and pepsin soluble collagen (PSC) extracted from silver catfish (Pangasius sp.) skin. Isolated ASC and PSC collagen were characterized in terms of chemical composition (moisture, protein, fat and ash content), protein concentration, functional group, solubility, and morphological properties as compared to commercial collagen. Yields of ASC and PSC were 4.27% and 2.27%, respectively. The chemical compositions of raw skin were 34.64%, 2.81%, 3.68%, and 0.31%, while the chemical compositions of ASC and PSC were 94.21%, 3.48%, 0.81%, 59.15%, and 88.25%, 3.46%, 0.92%, and 29.24%, for moisture, protein, fat, and ash, respectively. ASC and PSC had protein concentrations of 2.27 mg/mL and 2.70 mg/mL, respectively. Functional group analysis revealed that both isolated collagens exhibited Amide A, II and III as a fingerprint for collagen structure. The highest solubility was found at pH 4 for ASC, pH 1 for PSC, and pH 5 for commercial collagen. The morphology of the isolated collagens was porous and they contained fibril. In conclusion, the characteristics of the isolated ASC and PSC from silver catfish (Pangasius sp.) skin indicate that value-added collagen can be produced from the alternative source of freshwater fish.
    Matched MeSH terms: Solubility
  14. Ahmad Zaharin Aris, Mohd Harun Abdullah, Praveena SM
    Groundwater is the prime source of freshwater in most small islands. A detailed groundwater and seawater chemistry study was undertaken from March 2006 to January 2007 to examine the evolution of groundwater in the shallow aquifer of Manukan Island, Sabah, Malaysia. Coastal groundwater aquifers especially for small islands are often exposed to heavy pumping and consequently to risks of seawater intrusion. Major ion chemistry analysis showed that the groundwater quality of the island experienced changes attributed to seawater intrusion. The groundwater has undergone a compositional change from Ca-rich to Na-rich which can be explained mostly by simple mixing process and cation exchange process. From the PHREEQC simulation model, calcite, dolomite and aragonite solubility showed positive mean values (0.65; 1.11; 0.51, respectively) of the saturation indices (SI) indicating supersaturation which attributed from the simple mixing and eventually cation exchange process. This information is important in protecting and remediating the disturbed aquifer situation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Solubility
  15. Bose A, Wui WT
    Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet, 2013 Sep;38(3):191-200.
    PMID: 23264125 DOI: 10.1007/s13318-012-0116-7
    The experimental study presents a brief and comprehensive perspective on the methods of developing a Level A in vitro-in vivo correlation (IVIVC) for extended oral dosage forms of water-insoluble drug domperidone. The study also evaluates the validity and predictability of in vitro-in vivo correlation using the convolution technique by one-compartmental first-order kinetic equation. The IVIVC can be substituted as a surrogate for in vivo bioavailability study for the documentation of bioequivalence studies as mandatory from any regulatory authorities. The in vitro drug release studies for different formulations (fast, moderate, slow) were conducted in different dissolution mediums. The f (2) metric (similarity factor) was used to analyze the dissolution data for determination of the most discriminating dissolution method. The in vivo pharmacokinetics parameters of all the formulations were determined by using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC/MS) methods. The absorption rate constant and percentage of absorption of drugs at different time intervals were calculated by using data convolution. In vitro drug release and in vivo absorption correlation were found to be a linear correlation model, which was developed by using percent absorbed drug release versus percent drug dissolved from the three formulations. Internal and external validation was performed to validate the IVIVC. Predicted domperidone concentrations were obtained by convolution technique using first-order one-compartmental fitting equation. Prediction errors estimated for C (max) and AUC (0-infinity) were found to be within the limit.
    Matched MeSH terms: Solubility
  16. Mirhosseini H, Amid BT
    Chem Cent J, 2013 Jan 04;7(1):1.
    PMID: 23289739 DOI: 10.1186/1752-153X-7-1
    BACKGROUND: A natural carbohydrate biopolymer was extracted from the agricultural biomass waste (durian seed). Subsequently, the crude biopolymer was purified by using the saturated barium hydroxide to minimize the impurities. Finally, the effect of different drying techniques on the flow characteristics and functional properties of the purified biopolymer was investigated. The present study elucidated the main functional characteristics such as flow characteristics, water- and oil-holding capacity, solubility, and foaming capacity.

    RESULTS: In most cases except for oven drying, the bulk density decreased, thus increasing the porosity. This might be attributed to the increase in the inter-particle voids of smaller sized particles with larger contact surface areas per unit volume. The current study revealed that oven-dried gum and freeze-dried gum had the highest and lowest compressibility index, thus indicating the weakest and strongest flowability among all samples. In the present work, the freeze-dried gum showed the lowest angle of repose, bulk, tapped and true density. This indicates the highest porosity degree of freeze dried gum among dried seed gums. It also exhibited the highest solubility, and foaming capacity thus providing the most desirable functional properties and flow characteristics among all drying techniques.

    CONCLUSION: The present study revealed that freeze drying among all drying techniques provided the most desirable functional properties and flow characteristics for durian seed gum.

    Matched MeSH terms: Solubility
  17. Omar AF, MatJafri MZ
    Sensors (Basel), 2013;13(4):4876-83.
    PMID: 23584118 DOI: 10.3390/s130404876
    This study presents a novel application of near infrared (NIR) spectral linearisation for measuring the soluble solids content (SSC) of carambola fruits. NIR spectra were measured using reflectance and interactance methods. In this study, only the interactance measurement technique successfully generated a reliable measurement result with a coefficient of determination of (R2) = 0.724 and a root mean square error of prediction for (RMSEP) = 0.461° Brix. The results from this technique produced a highly accurate and stable prediction model compared with multiple linear regression techniques.
    Matched MeSH terms: Solubility
  18. Lyn LY, Sze HW, Rajendran A, Adinarayana G, Dua K, Garg S
    Acta Pharm, 2011 Dec;61(4):391-402.
    PMID: 22202198 DOI: 10.2478/v10007-011-0037-z
    Piroxicam is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug with low aqueous solubility which exhibits polymorphism. The present study was carried out to develop polymorphs of piroxicam with enhanced solubility and dissolution rate by the crystal modification technique using different solvent mixtures prepared with PEG 4000 and PVP K30. Physicochemical characteristics of the modified crystal forms of piroxicam were investigated by X-ray powder diffractometry, FT-IR spectrophotometry and differential scanning calorimetry. Dissolution and solubility profiles of each modified crystal form were studied and compared with pure piroxicam. Solvent evaporation method (method I) produced both needle and cubic shaped crystals. Slow crystallization from ethanol with addition of PEG 4000 or PVP K30 at room temperature (method II) produced cubic crystal forms. Needle forms produced by method I improved dissolution but not solubility. Cubic crystals produced by method I had a dissolution profile similar to that of untreated piroxicam but showed better solubility than untreated piroxicam. Cubic shaped crystals produced by method II showed improved dissolution, without a significant change in solubility. Based on the XRPD results, modified piroxicam crystals obtained by method I from acetone/benzene were cube shaped, which correlates well with the FTIR spectrum; modified needle forms obtained from ethanol/methanol and ethanol/acetone showed a slight shift of FTIR peak that may be attributed to differences in the internal structure or conformation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Solubility
  19. Karim S, Baie SH, Hay YK, Bukhari NI
    Pak J Pharm Sci, 2014 May;27(3):425-38.
    PMID: 24811797
    Pelletized dosage forms can be prepared by different methods which, in general, are time consuming and labor intensive. The current study was carried out to investigate the feasibility of preparing the spherical pellets of omeprazole by sieving-spheronization. An optimized formulation was also prepared by extrusion-spheronization process to compare the physical parameters between these two methods. The omeprazole pellets were consisted of microcrystalline cellulose, polyvinylpyrrolidone K 30, sodium lauryl sulphate and polyethylene glycol 6000. The omeprazole delay release system was developed by coating the prepared pellets with aqueous dispersion of Kollicoat 30 DP. The moisture content, spheronization speed and residence time found to influence the final properties of omeprazole pellets prepared by extrusion-spheronization and sieving-spheronization. The Mann-Whitney test revealed that both methods produced closely similar characteristics of the pellets in terms of, friability (p=0.553), flowability (p=0.677), hardness (p=0.103) and density (bulk, p=0.514, tapped, p=0.149) except particle size distribution (p=0.004). The percent drug release from the coated formulation prepared by sieving-spheronization and extrusion spheronization was observed to be 84.12 ± 1.10% and 82.67 ± 0.96%, respectively. Dissolution profiles of both formulations were similar as indicated by values of f1 and f2, 1.52 and 89.38, respectively. The coated formulation prepared by sieving-spheronization and commercial reference product, Zimore ® also showed similar dissolution profiles (f1=1.22, f2=91.52). The pellets could be prepared using sieving-spheronization. The process is simple, easy, less time- and labor-consuming and economical as compared to extrusion-spheronization process.
    Matched MeSH terms: Solubility
  20. Nagrath V, Morel O, Malik A, Saad N, Meriaudeau F
    Springerplus, 2015;4:103.
    PMID: 25763310 DOI: 10.1186/s40064-015-0810-4
    The dot-com bubble bursted in the year 2000 followed by a swift movement towards resource virtualization and cloud computing business model. Cloud computing emerged not as new form of computing or network technology but a mere remoulding of existing technologies to suit a new business model. Cloud robotics is understood as adaptation of cloud computing ideas for robotic applications. Current efforts in cloud robotics stress upon developing robots that utilize computing and service infrastructure of the cloud, without debating on the underlying business model. HTM5 is an OMG's MDA based Meta-model for agent oriented development of cloud robotic systems. The trade-view of HTM5 promotes peer-to-peer trade amongst software agents. HTM5 agents represent various cloud entities and implement their business logic on cloud interactions. Trade in a peer-to-peer cloud robotic system is based on relationships and contracts amongst several agent subsets. Electronic Institutions are associations of heterogeneous intelligent agents which interact with each other following predefined norms. In Dynamic Electronic Institutions, the process of formation, reformation and dissolution of institutions is automated leading to run time adaptations in groups of agents. DEIs in agent oriented cloud robotic ecosystems bring order and group intellect. This article presents DEI implementations through HTM5 methodology.
    Matched MeSH terms: Solubility
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